Thyroid gland and brain: Enigma of Hashimoto's encephalopathy

Publication date: Available online 23 November 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical Endocrinology &MetabolismAuthor(s): Leonid P. Churilov, Polina A. Sobolevskaia, Yuri I. StroevThe versatile clinical manifestations of the Hashimoto's chronic autoimmune thyroiditis often include psycho-neurological disorders. Although hypothyroidism disturbs significantly the ontogenesis and functions of central nervous system, causing in severe cases of myxedema profound impairment of cognitive abilities and even psychosis, the behavioral, motor and other psychoneurological disorders accompany euthyroid and slightly hypothyroid cases and periods of Hashimoto's disease as well, thus constituting the picture of so called “Hashimoto's encephalopathy”. The entity, although discussed and explored for more than 50 years since its initial descriptions, remains an enigma of thyroidology and psychiatry, because its etiology and pathogenesis are obscure. The paper describes the development of current views on the role of thyroid in ontogeny and functions of brain, as well as classical and newest ideas on the etiology and pathogenesis of Hashimot's encephalopathy. The synopsis of the world case reports and research literature on this disorder is added with authors' own results obtained by study of 17 cases of Hashimoto's thyroiditis with schizophrenia-like clinical manifestations. The relation of the disease to adjuvant-like etiological factors is discussed. Three major mech...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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