Synthesis and Design of Norfloxacin drug delivery system based on PLA/TiO2 nanocomposites: Antibacterial and antitumor activities

Publication date: March 2020Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 108Author(s): Nehal Salahuddin, Mohamed Abdelwahab, Mohamed Gaber, Sahar ElneanaeyAbstractBiodegradable, biocompatible and non-toxic polymer-based nanoparticles are the novel nanotherapeutic tool which is used for adsorption and encapsulation drugs. Extended release formulation of Norfloxacin antibiotic, chemotherapeutic agent model, drug in the form of encapsulated and loaded poly (lactic acid) nanocomposites-based Titanium dioxide (PLA/TiO2) was developed. Nanocomposites were prepared using different contents (1, 3, 5 wt %) and morphologies of TiO2 (spheres (S), rods (R). The dispersion of TiO2 was aided by ultrasonic technique followed by solution casting method. The morphology, particle size, crystallite size and composition of the nanocomposites were examined by SEM, TEM, XRD and FTIR. The crystallinity and thermal behavior of the nanocomposites were characterized by DSC and TGA. NOR was loaded onto TiO2 nanospheres (NOR@TiO2 (S)) and the optimum conditions for loading was investigated. Pseudo-second order model was the more adequate to represent the kinetic data. The equilibrium data followed Freundlich adsorption isotherm and the adsorption process was exothermic. NOR@TiO2 (S) was encapsulated into PLA and in vitro release behavior of drug was compared with NOR adsorbed into PLA (NOR@PLA) and nanocomposites (NOR@PLA/TiO2) using different pH (6.7, 7.4) media. To study the mechanism of NOR...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

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Conclusion This study revealed that Enterococcus species with biofilm potentials and extracellular virulence properties extensively occur in retail RTE shrimps. A significant number of isolated strains are resistant to antibiotics and harbor resistant and virulent genes, denoting a significant route of resistance and virulence dissemination to bacteria in humans. There is an inadequate understanding of the intricacies of antibiotic-resistant enterococci of food origin that belong to enterococci aside from E. faecium and E. faecalis. Findings from this study reveal detailed antibiotic resistance of E. durans, E. casselifla...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
François Chassagne1†, Xinyi Huang1†, James T. Lyles1 and Cassandra L. Quave1,2* 1Center for the Study of Human Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States 2Department of Dermatology, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States In the search for new therapeutic solutions to address an increasing number of multidrug-resistant bacterial pathogens, secondary metabolites from plants have proven to be a rich source of antimicrobial compounds. Ginkgo biloba, a tree native to China, has been spread around the world as an ornamental tree. Its seeds have been used as snacks and medical mater...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion Genomic analyses herein performed allowed us to confirm the recently (Pérez-Cataluña et al., 2018a,b) suggested amendment of A. butzleri as Al. butzlerii, comb. nov. Antimicrobial susceptibility tests defined Ab 55 and Ab 6V strains as resistant to vancomycin, tetracyclin, nalidixic acid (only Ab 55 whereas Ab 6V is intermediate resistant), erythromycin, and β-lactam antibiotics. Moreover, in our strains isolated from shellfish, we identified numerous virulence, antibiotic, and heavy metal resistance determinants, also additional to those previously found in the genome sequenced A. butzleri ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study, we sought to investigate whether SH0165 (serovar 5, high-virulent strain) and HN0001 (serovar 6, non-virulent strain) infection induces autophagy and the specific role of autophagy in bacterial invasion and inflammation during H. parasuis infection. Moreover, we explored the mechanism underlying autophagy regulated inflammation through inflammatory signaling cascades during H. parasuis infection. This observation could provide useful information for further understanding the role of autophagy in H. parasuis infection and improve our knowledge of new strategies against this pathogen. Materials and Methods B...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study we found blocking autophagy led to increased CP growth in both macrophages and mouse embryonic fibroblasts. In vivo, loss of the autophagy elongation component ATG16L1 specifically in myeloid cells led to increased mortality in response to CP infection, characterized by greater numbers of neutrophils and dendritic cells, but no change in the CP burden in the lungs. This was accompanied by an increase in inflammasome-active macrophages and IL-1β production. While induction of autophagy in macrophages led to reduced CP growth in vitro, in vivo treatment with rapamycin led to increased mortality of infected...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we demonstrated that the selective boosting of lung innate immunity is a conceptually advantageous approach for improving the effectiveness of antibiotic treatment and fighting antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Introduction Pneumonia constitutes a major cause of death, morbidity and health resource use worldwide. The main causative agents identified in adult patients hospitalized for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) are viruses (in 27–30% of cases, the most common being rhinovirus, influenza and coronavirus) and bacteria (14–23% of cases, with a marked predominance of Streptococcus pneumonia...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
moud Sitohy The present work was carried out to determine the characteristics and antibacterial activity of 7S and 11S globulins isolated from cowpea seed (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.). The molecular mass of 7S globulin was demonstrated by SDS-PAGE bands to be of about 132, 129 and 95 kDa corresponding the α/, α and β subunits. The molecular mass of 11S globulin was demonstrated by SDS-PAGE bands to be existed between 28 and 52 kDa corresponding the basic and acidic subunits. The minimum inhibitory concentrations MICs of 7S and 11S globulins isolated from cowpea seed were determined agains...
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
This study was carried out to investigate the biomedicinal potential of aqueous extract (1.25 and 2.5%) of three henna ecotypes (Shahdad, Roodbar and Bam) against Two types of Gram positive and negative bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus (ATCC 25923), Streptococcus agalactiae (ATCC 29933), Bacillus cereus (ATCC 14579), Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis (ATCC 19410), Klebsiella pneumonia (ATCC 700603), Escherichia coli (ATCC 25922) and Salmonella enterica serovar typhi (ATCC 19430). Henna extract prevent the growth of bacteria in a dose dependent manner. The species of K. pneumonia and B. cereus showed higher resistant to hen...
Source: Natural Product Research - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Nat Prod Res Source Type: research
This study was conducted to evaluate the efficiency of peppermint essential oil (PEO) loaded into nanostructured lipid carriers (PEO-NLC) on In-vitro antibacterial activity and In-vivo infected wound healing in mice model. The PEO-NLC was prepared using hot melt homogenization technique. Then, the morphology and size of PEO-NLC were determined by using Zeta potential (ZP) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analyses. For In vitro study, PEO and PEO-NLC were tested for antibacterial activities against Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Baci...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Despite a significant reduction in paediatric inpatient mortality in Malawi, infectious diseases remain the predominant cause. ABBREVIATIONS: ART: anti-retroviral therapy; Child PIP: Child Healthcare Problem Identification Programme; CCF: congestive cardiac failure; CNS: central nervous system; CoNS: coagulase-negative staphylococci; CSF: cerebrospinal fluid; DNA pcr: deoxyribonucleic acid polymerase chain reaction; ETAT: emergency triage assessment and treatment; LMIC: low- and middle-income countries; MDG: Millennium Development Goals; MRI: magnetic resonance imaging; MRSA: methicillin-resistant Staphyloc...
Source: Paediatrics and international child health - Category: Pediatrics Tags: Paediatr Int Child Health Source Type: research
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