High-phosphorus environment promotes calcification of A7R5 cells induced by hydroxyapatite nanoparticles

This study simulated the high-phosphorus (Pi) environment in patients with chronic kidney disease. Nano-hydroxyapatite (HAP) crystals were used to damage rat aortic smooth muscle cells (A7R5) pre-damaged with different concentrations of Pi solution to compare the differences in HAP-induced calcification in A7R5 cells before and after injury by high-Pi condition. After the A7R5 cells were damaged by high-Pi environment, the following were observed. HAP resulted in declined cell viability and lysosomal integrity, release of lactate dehydrogenase, and increased reactive oxygen species production. The ability of high-Pi damaged cells to internalize HAP crystals declined; crystal adhesion and calcium deposition on the cell surface and alkaline phosphatase activities increased. Osteopontin expression and level of Runt-related transcription factor 2 were increased, and HAP-induced osteogenic transformation was enhanced. High-Pi condition promoted the adhesion of A7R5 cells to nano-HAP crystals and inhibited HAP endocytosis, increasing the risk of calcification.
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

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Authors: Ahn JY PMID: 31724387 [PubMed - in process]
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