Evaluation of the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of central nervous system infections in adults in the West Pannonian region.

[Evaluation of the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of central nervous system infections in adults in the West Pannonian region]. Orv Hetil. 2019 Oct;160(40):1574-1583 Authors: Fehér Z, Toldy E, Schneider F Abstract Introduction: Despite advancements in diagnostic capabilities and the availability of effective antimicrobial agents, community-acquired infections of the central nervous system (CNS) are still associated with high mortality rates. Aim: To assess the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of community-acquired CNS infections treated in the West Pannonian region between 2010 and 2016. Method: Clinical data of 176 patients were retrospectively analysed in two age cohorts: 15 to 65 and more than 65 years of age. Results: Neuroinfections were found to be bacterial in 81, viral in 91, parasitic in 1 and mixed in 3 cases during the observation period. The most frequent bacterial pathogens isolated were Streptococcus pneumoniae (20%) and Borrelia burgdorferi (16%). The most frequent viral pathogens isolated were tick-borne encephalitis virus (37%), herpes simplex virus (10%) and enterovirus (7%). Aetiology was unknown in 40 percent of all cases. The average incidence rate was 9.8/100 000 person/year with a mortality rate of 12%. In the cohort of patients aged>65 years, significantly higher frequencies of immunocompromising factors, lower Glasgow Coma Scale values at admission and confusion were observed (p-values: 0.008, ...
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Orv Hetil Source Type: research

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Authors: Varo R, Chaccour C, Bassat Q Abstract Despite recent successful efforts to reduce the global malaria burden, this disease remains a significant global health problem. Only in 2018, malaria caused 228 million clinical episodes, 2-4 million of which were severe malaria cases, and 405,000 were fatal. Most of the malaria attributable mortality occurred among children in sub-Saharan Africa. Nowadays, rapid diagnostic tests and artemisinin derivatives are two of the main pillars for the management of malaria. However, considering the current situation, these strategies are not sufficient to maintain a reducing t...
Source: Medicina Clinica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med Clin (Barc) Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The average cure rate with anthelminthic treatment is over 95%. Unfortunately, most treated patients in endemic areas become re-infected within months. Health education, personal hygiene, improved sanitary conditions, proper disposal of human excreta, and discontinuing the use of human fecal matter as a fertilizer are effective long-term preventive measures. Targeting deworming treatment and mass anthelminthic treatment should be considered in regions where A. lumbricoides is prevalent. PMID: 32628606 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Recent Patents on Inflammation and Allergy Drug Discovery - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Recent Pat Inflamm Allergy Drug Discov Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 June 2020Source: Fish &Shellfish ImmunologyAuthor(s): Libing Zheng, Jiayin Qiu, Jia Chen, Wei-Qiang Zheng, Ying Pan
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
(CNN) — After more than three months of shutdowns, mandatory quarantines, self-imposed exile from society and working from home, nature-lovers looking for a well-earned breath of fresh air could face a possible collision course between coronavirus and tick-borne illnesses this summer. A “perfect storm,” warns Eva Sapi, a University of New Haven biology professor and group director for the Lyme Disease Research Group. Noting the mild winter on the East Coast, Sapi says, “We do have a bad year for the ticks.” Hikers, campers and anyone else eager for an escape could “just explode into...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Seen On WBZ-TV Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN LYME DISEASE tick season ticks Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 5 July 2020Source: The Veterinary JournalAuthor(s): A.L. Hatke, D.R. Green, K. Stasiak, R.T. Marconi
Source: The Veterinary Journal - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In this study, we used N. vitripennis and three different fly pupa hosts (Lucilia sericata, Sarcophaga marshalli, and Musca domestica) to address this question, as well as to illustrate the potential transfer of bacteria through the trophic food chains. We found that N. vitripennis from different fly pupa hosts showed distinct microbiota, which means that the different fly hosts could affect the bacterial communities of their parasitic wasps. Some bacteria showed potential horizontal transfer through the trophic food chains, from the food through the fly to the parasitic wasp. We also found that the heritable endosymbiont ...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
We present a case of a young patient with pre-existing Hashimoto's thyroiditis and progressive cognitive complaints, absence-like episodes, and sporadic bilateral epileptiform frontal and frontotemporal activity. No abnormalities were observed during the neurological examination and on MRI. Antibodies to thyroid peroxidase (TPO) were elevated and remained positive while the symptoms were present. Levothyroxine and methylprednisolone did not ameliorate the complaints. Subsequent treatment with high-dose intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) led to improved cognitive functions and to the disappearance of the absence-like-episod...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
ute;pez-Guerrero Endocytosis is a pathway used by viruses to enter cells that can be classified based on the proteins involved, such as dynamin, clathrin or caveolin. Although the entry of herpes simplex type 1 (HSV-1) by endocytosis has been documented in different cell types, its dependence on clathrin has not been described whereas its dependence on dynamin has been shown according to the cell line used. The present work shows how clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME) is one way that HSV-1 infects the human oligodendroglial (HOG) cell line. Partial dynamin inhibition using dynasore revealed a relationship between decr...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Source: International Journal of Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Source Type: research
Welcome to the first case of the month provided by Idzi Potters and theInstitute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp. The following object was obtained during colonoscopy from a 35-year-old woman. It measures approximately 4 cm in length. Travel history is unknown. Identification?
Source: Creepy Dreadful Wonderful Parasites - Category: Parasitology Source Type: blogs
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