ShenQi FuZheng injection as an adjunctive treatment to chemotherapy in breast cancer patients: a meta-analysis.

This study assesses the clinical effect of SFI combined with chemotherapy for breast cancer patients. Materials and methods: Both English and Chinese databases were searched covering the time period of 1999- 2018 for relevant studies comparing the effect of SFI plus chemotherapy treatment with chemotherapy alone in patients with breast cancer. Target outcomes concerning treatment effect, performance status, immune system and toxic effects were extracted and combined using Stata version 15.0 software. Quality assessment was performed using the Jadad scale. Results: Forty-nine trials were included based on certain selection criteria. Only seven studies were rated as high-quality publications. Results of meta-analysis showed that SFI intervention can significantly improve objective tumour response, performance status, NK, CD3+, CD4+ and CD4+/CD8+ ratio and reduce occurrence of leucopenia, thrombocytopenia, haemoglobin reduction, liver dysfunction, gastrointestinal reaction, nausea and vomiting, bone marrow suppression and ECG changes. However, no significant difference was found between SFI and the control group regarding CD8+ levels, and renal disorders. Discussion and conclusions: SFI intervention appeared to be effective in improving clinical efficacy, immune function and reducing toxicity when combined with chemotherapy for breast cancer. However, our findings still need verification by high-quality trials. PMID: 31522596 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Pharmaceutical Biology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Pharm Biol Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe exposure –response analysis suggested that intermittent 7-day veliparib 120 mg BID dosing in a 21-day cycle provided additional efficacy without meaningfully impacting the safety and tolerability when co-administered with carboplatin and paclitaxel in patients with BRCA-deficient breast cancer. A higher d ose of veliparib is unlikely to provide greater benefit in this combination in patients with BRCA-deficient recurrent or metastatic breast cancer.
Source: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Corrado Tinterri Veronica Andrea Fittipaldo Giovanni Pappagallo Stefania Gori In the absence of identified therapeutic targets, chemotherapy is the main systemic treatment option for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). The achievement of a pathological complete response (pCR) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy leads to good outcome, whereas patients not achieving a pCR are at high risk of relapse. Various trials have evaluated the inclusion of platinum in neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimens for TNBC, leading to non-univocal results. The panel of the Italian Association of Medical Oncology (AIOM) Guidelines on Brea...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: No beneficial effects of either RT-HIIT or AT-HIIT on chemotherapy completion rates were found. However, combined resistance training and high-intensity interval training were effective to reduce hospitalization rates, and both exercise groups had a positive effect on thrombocytopenia. These are important findings with potential positive implications for the health of women with breast cancer and costs associated with treatment-related complications. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Completing the prescribed chemotherapy regimen is strongly associated with a good prognosis for patients with primary breast cancer...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research
Condition:   Chemotherapy-induced Thrombocytopenia Interventions:   Drug: Romiplostim;   Drug: Placebo Sponsor:   Amgen Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Discussion MDSCs violently emerge in pathological conditions in an attempt to limit potentially harmful immune and inflammatory responses. Mechanisms supporting their expansion and survival are deeply investigated in cancer, in the perspective to reactivate specific antitumor responses and prevent their contribution to disease evolution. These findings will likely contribute to improve the targeting of MDSCs in anticancer immunotherapies, either alone or in combination with immune checkpoint inhibitors. New evidence indicates that the expansion of myeloid cell differentiation in pathology is subject to fine-tuning, as its...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we identified a novel Bcl-2 inhibitor by QSAR screening, which exerted significant cytotoxic activity in breast cancer cells through inducing mitochondria-mediated apoptosis. Introduction Apoptosis is a process of cellular suicide through which unwanted or unhealthy cells are eliminated during organism development or cellular stress (Reed, 2002; Fernald and Kurokawa, 2013). Deregulated apoptosis is a characteristic of cancers (Doi et al., 2012; Roizen, 2012). The B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) family is composed of pro- and anti-apoptotic proteins, plays pivotal role in the mitochondrial pathway of apoptosi...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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