Clinical relevance of colonization with antimicrobial-resistant bacteria (AMRB) and methicillin susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) for mothers during pregnancy

In this study, we screened for MSSA and AMRB, especially for methicillin-resistantS. aureus (MRSA) as well as extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producingE. coli. Potential risk factors for colonization with AMRB/MSSA and the potential effects of colonization with these on the obstetric population were investigated.MethodsFrom October 2013 until December 2015 pregnant women were screened before birth for colonization with AMRB/MSSA from the mammillae, nose, perianal and vaginal area. Before birth, the expectant mother was administered a standardized interview questionnaire by a trained interviewer. Data from the hospital admission records were also included.ResultsSamples from 651 pregnant women were analyzed. Colonization with MSSA was detected in 14.3% (n = 93), AMRB in 3.5% [(n = 23); MRSA:n = 3/ESBL:n = 20]. Significantly more colonization of AMRB/MSSA could be detected in women who had previously given birth compared to women who were nulliparous (p 
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

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In this study, we detected for just the second time a SINV infection in a diseased wild bird (common wood pigeon) from Central Europe. SINV was isolated by cell culture and the complete SINV genome sequence was determined. Phylogenetic analyses revealed a close affiliation to SINV genotype I with a high similarity to human isolate sequences from Finland, Sweden and Russia. The isolate was genetically distinct from the first avian isolate suggesting the circulation of at least two different SINV strains in Germany.In order to reveal the infection frequency in SINV positive mosquito regions 749 bird blood samples were assaye...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In conclusion, the BVDV proficiency test demonstrated that the used antigen/genome test systems allowed predominantly reliable diagnostics, while for four of the applied nine antibody ELISA kits adjustments are recommended.
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Enzyme and Microbial TechnologyAuthor(s): Soo-Yeon Yang, Tae-Rim Choi, Hye-Rim Jung, Ye-Lim Park, Yeong-Hoon Han, Hun-Suk Song, Ranjit Gurav, Shashi Kant Bhatia, Kyungmoon Park, Jung-Oh Ahn, Yung-Hun YangAbstractGlutaric acid is a C5 dicarboxylic acid that can be used as a building block for bioplastics. Although high concentrations of glutaric acid can be produced by fermentation or bioconversion, a large amount of α-ketoglutaric acid (α-KG) is necessary to accept the amine group from 5-aminovaleric acid. To decrease the demand for α-KG, we introd...
Source: Enzyme and Microbial Technology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Ilona Piekarz, Sabina Górska, Szczepan Odrobina, Marek Drab, Krzysztof Wincza, Andrzej Gamian, Slawomir GruszczynskiAbstractThis paper presents a microwave sensor designed as a capacitive matrix for label-free Escherichia coli detection. The mean value of capacitances’ change in the capacitive matrix sensor is an indicator of the bacteria detection. The theoretical analysis was confirmed by the realization of an exemplary sensor chip manufactured using the United Monolithic Semiconductor (UMS) PH25 process on a 10...
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 October 2019Source: MycoscienceAuthor(s): Katesaraporn Nuankeaw, Boonyanoot Chaiyosang, Thanapat Suebrasri, Somdej Kanokmedhakul, Saisaamorn Lumyong, Sophon BoonlueAbstractBioactive compounds of endophytic fungus Trichoderma polyalthiae were extracted from culture broth media. The crude extracts showed strong antimicrobial activity against human pathogens. Biologically active compounds were isolated and purified by chromatographic methods. The structures of the pure compounds were elucidated by spectroscopic methods. They were identified as Violaceol I and Violaceol II. These compounds...
Source: Mycoscience - Category: Biology Source Type: research
The Box-tree Moth, Cydalima perspectalis, is an Asian species of moth (usually seen in (Japan, China, Taiwan, Korea, the Russian Far East, and India), that is gradually spreading, presumably with the advent of box hedges on new housing estates, across the South East of England. Box-tree Moth, Cydalima perspectalis (Walker, 1859), to actinic light Jul 2019, VC29 It would’ve arrived as eggs/larvae on imported box (Buxus), first recorded here in 2007. Its larvae can destroy a box hedge. Another reason to go native when it comes to planting…probably too late for native box now though. I saw my first one in the tra...
Source: David Bradley Sciencebase - Songs, Snaps, Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Sciencebase Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONS: The rate of incidental DT during decompression for LSS with and without fusion in ≥3 levels was associated with BMI and previous surgery at the same spinal level. Invasivness (SII) is valid rather for variables proper to surgery such as bledding and Op-time but no with incidence for DT and subsequent CSF-leackage. PMID: 31601067 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: J Neurosurg Sci Source Type: research
Authors: Popova S, Dozet D, Burd L, Rehm J PMID: 31603754 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol industry-funded websites omit and misrepresent the evidence on key risks of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. This may "nudge" women toward continuing to drink during pregnancy. These findings suggest that alcohol industry-funded bodies may increase risk to pregnant women by disseminating misinformation. The public should be made widely aware of the risks of obtaining health information from alcohol industry-funded sources. PMID: 31603753 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs - Category: Addiction Tags: J Stud Alcohol Drugs Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 January 2020Source: Materials Letters, Volume 258Author(s): V. Poornima Parvathi, M. Umadevi, R. Sasikala, R. Parimaladevi, V. Ragavendran, J. Mayandi, G.V. SatheAbstractDevelopment of efficient antimicrobial agents is imperative for the persistent microbial pollution and contamination. Here, we have analyzed the enhancement in the antibacterial activity of TiO2 nanoparticles when co-doped with silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) and activated carbon (TAC). Highly active anatase phased TiO2 was observed in X-ray diffraction patterns and Raman spectra. Morphological studies revealed the formation of spherical ...
Source: Materials Letters - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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