Termination of pregnancy following prenatally diagnosed central nervous system malformations
ConclusionGeneral implementation of ultrasound screening in maternity care can significantly reduce the number of late TOPs in Germany. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - September 14, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Predicting cervical intraepithelial neoplasia recurrence in HIV-infected and -noninfected women by detecting aberrant promoter methylation in the CDH1, TIMP3, and MGMT genes
ConclusionsCIN recurrence was associated with glandular involvement and compromised margins in cone biopsy and HIV infection. The presence of CpG islands hemimethylation inTIMP3 andMGMT genes is a promising triage method in CIN recurrence. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - September 14, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Ovarian survival after pelvic radiation: transposition until the age of 35  years
AbstractPurposeTo evaluate the effectiveness of ovarian transposition (OT) prior to radiation therapy (RT) and to evaluate the effect of age on ovarian survival (OS) after OT.MethodsWe performed a retrospective control study, with women (aged    40 IU/L and/or estradiol 
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - September 14, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

The effects of tocolysis on neonatal septic death in women with PPROM: a retrospective cohort study
ConclusionsIn the setting of PPROM, tocolysis does not appear to increase the risk of neonatal septic death at 7 and 28  days. Therefore, consideration should be given to its administration if clinically indicated. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - September 11, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Physical plasma: a new treatment option in gynecological oncology
AbstractNon-thermal application of physical plasma is rapidly gaining importance for the future therapy and prevention of chronic inflammatory diseases and tumors. Here, we outline the importance of this innovative and less invasive therapy option, particulary for the treatment and prevention of gynecological cancers. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - September 11, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Roles of SIRT1/FoxO1/SREBP-1 in the development of progestin resistance in endometrial cancer
ConclusionSIRT1/FoxO1/SREBP-1 act as a pathway targeting PR and involve in the development of progestin resistance in Ishikawa cells. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - September 11, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Predicting attention deficit hyperactivity disorder using pregnancy and birth characteristics
ConclusionsThis analysis of maternal, prenatal, perinatal, and postnatal parameters found that smoking in pregnancy and a low Apgar score 1  min after birth are associated with a significantly greater risk for the development of ADHD. Beyond the question of the causal mechanism involved, this is a relevant finding, since smoking during pregnancy is a preventable risk factor. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - September 8, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Seroma in breast surgery: all the surgeons fault?
ConclusionThe most important factors for seroma production are extent and duration of breast surgery. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - September 8, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Major and minor complications after resection without bowel resection for deeply infiltrating endometriosis
ConclusionsThe major and minor complication rates were consistent with or lower than the literature data. Few studies have investigated complication rates associated with treatment for endometriosis in the sacrouterine ligaments and/or the rectovaginal septum. The high rates of impaired bladder function and sexual function after endometriosis surgery, as well as inadequate data, make further prospective studies on this topic necessary. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - September 6, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Impact of re-excision of residual adjacent vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia (VIN III) and histological tumour-free margin (hTFM) on survival in primary squamous cell carcinoma of vulva
ConclusionshTFM may be a potential prognostic indicator for DFS in vulvar cancer patients. Re-excision for residual adjacent VIN III could not be established as a prognostic factor for DFS after primary surgery in squamous cell cancer of vulva. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - September 6, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Risk of endometrial cancer in asymptomatic postmenopausal patients with thickened endometrium: data from the FAME-Endo study: an observational register study
AbstractPurposeTo evaluate the risk for endometrial cancer (EC) in a large series of asymptomatic patients with thickened endometrium at ultrasound examination based on previously published data of a theoretical cohort.MethodsIn a prospective register study, a total of 1024 women with thickened endometrium in ultrasound examination undergoing histological diagnosis by dilation, hysteroscopy and curettage were evaluated. 124 patients were excluded due to current medication with tamoxifen and/or presence of HNPCC leaving 900 patients for further analysis.ResultsMean [standard deviation (SD)] age of patients was 65.6 (8.6) ye...
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - September 4, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Esophageal achalasia and pregnancy: own observations in 43 patients and a review of the literature
ConclusionsIt is advisable to clarify the diagnosis if symptoms suspicious of an achalasia are present before a planned pregnancy. In case of manifest achalasia, surgical treatment should be performed before pregnancy and the improvement in the state of health should be anticipated, as, otherwise, a considerable deterioration of the symptoms during pregnancy may occur. Scientific impact of our observations is very limited and prospective clinical trials are required. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 10, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

How long women should be hospitalized after cesarean delivery
AbstractPurposeWe aimed to investigate the impact of early versus late discharge following cesarean delivery (CD) on re-admission rate.MethodsThis is a retrospective cohort study of all CDs performed between 2013 and 2016. Patients who underwent CD between 01/13 and 12/14, were routinely discharged on postoperative day (POD) 3 (early discharge) and were defined as T1 group. Patients who had CD between 01/15 and 12/16 were routinely discharged on POD 4 (late discharge) and were defined as T2 group. Data on re-admission rate and postpartum complications were compared between the groups.ResultsAs compared to the T2 group (n&t...
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 10, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

3D vocal power Doppler sonography for the estimation of tumor volume and vascularization in stage IB1 cervical cancer
AbstractPurpose To evaluate the tumor ’s volume and intratumoral vascularization with 3D vocal power Doppler ultrasound in patients with stage 1B1 cervical cancer.Methods This was a prospective study on patients with cervical cancer and stage 1B1 disease, which took place between 2012 and 2015. All women had an initial 2D ultrasound examination for the estimation of the tumor volume. Following this, 3D volumes of the cervix were acquired and were further analyzed using the Virtual Organ Computer Aided Analysis (VOCAL) program. In the selected volume, the vascular pattern (linear or complex vascularization) was al...
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 10, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

The effect of the systematic birth preparation program on fear of vaginal delivery and quality of life
ConclusionsThe current study indicates that systematic birth preparation program may decrease the rate of elective cesarean delivery by reducing fear of vaginal delivery and improve the quality of life at postpartum period. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 10, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Do probiotics effectively ameliorate glycemic control during gestational diabetes? A systematic review
ConclusionsThe present systematic review highlights the importance of probiotics for glycemic control and decrease of inflammatory markers in GDM. Further long-term studies should be conducted to elucidate this interaction. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 10, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Termination of pregnancy due to fetal central nervous system abnormalities performed after 24  weeks’ gestation: survey of 57 fetuses from a single medical center
ConclusionsCombining the two categories of CNS abnormalities, i.e., pregnant women who did not undergo any fetal evaluation (group 1) and those that could have been detected earlier (group 3) consists 54% from our cohort in which late TOP could have been avoided. On contrary, 39% fetuses from our study population had CNS developmental findings which could be detected only at advanced stage of gestation. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 10, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Magnesium sulphate can alleviate oxidative stress and reduce inflammatory cytokines in rat placenta of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy model
ConclusionsMgSO4 had beneficial effect on improving growth of offsprings in rat model of ICP. The protective effect of MgSO4 on alleviating oxidative damage and inflammatory response in placenta may play an important role in the process. MgSO4 may improve the function of placenta. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 10, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Meta-analysis of laparoscopy sentinel lymph node mapping in endometrial cancer
ConclusionsLaparoscopy sentinel lymph node localization is feasible and accurately predicts lymph node status in patients with EC. For patients with early stage clinical disease, it is very important to screen patients with no lymph node metastasis, reduce the range of surgical resection, reduce the incidence of the corresponding complications, and improve the quality of patients. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 10, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Effect of iron supplementation during early pregnancy on the development of gestational hypertension and pre-eclampsia
This study retrospectively reviewed the medical records of non-anemic pregnant women who received first antenatal care at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine Vajira Hospital, Navamindradhiraj University, Bangkok, Thailand, during the June 2009 –December 2010 study period. All included women had blood pressure and urine albumin level data that were recorded at each antenatal visit. The study population was divided into one of the two following groups: iron supplementation starting at gestational age (GA) 
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 10, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

GDF9- β promotes folliculogenesis in sheep ovarian transplantation onto the chick embryo chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) in cryopreservation programs
AbstractPurposeOvarian tissue (OT) cryopreservation is a treatment option for fertility preservation among young cancer patients. However, the procedure may involve a reduction in the GDF9- β expression and a delay in follicular growth after thawing and transplantation. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether supplementation of GDF9-β can compensate the reduction of this factor during the cryopresevation process and promote folliculogenesis after transplantation of thawed sheep ovarian tissue.MethodsSheep OT was cryopreserved using two methods of vitrification and slow freezing. Fresh and thawed OTs were th...
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 10, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Early missed abortion is associated with villous angiogenesis via the HIF-1 α/VEGF signaling pathway
ConclusionsOur results reveal a novel role for HIF-1 α/VEGF in regulating villous angiogenesis in early pregnancy and suggest that it may be a novel biomarker for missed abortion. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 10, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Mode of delivery of triplet pregnancy: hidden factors that should be considered
(Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 10, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Efficient prevention of preterm birth as a primary political task —results of the Thuringia campaign 2017
AbstractPrevention of preterm birth as a cause of serious risks for the infant as well as the mother is one of the still unsolved problems in modern medicine. The list of factors for miscarriage, prematurity and stillbirth is lengthy. The Thuringia preventional campaign 2017 offers an effective simple screening approach based on intravaginal pH measurement. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 10, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Reconstructive breast surgery with partially absorbable bi-component Seragyn ® BR soft mesh: an outcome analysis
ConclusionSERAGYN ® BR mesh can be used successfully in breast reconstructive surgery. Rates of major complications or reconstructive failure are comparable to the use of other synthetic or biological meshes. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 6, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Myo-inositol supplementation reduces the amount of gonadotropins and length of ovarian stimulation in women undergoing IVF: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials
AbstractPurposeTo evaluate whether oral myo-inositol supplementation (MI) is able to reduce the amount of gonadotropins (GA) and the length of controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (SL) in both Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) and non-PCOS women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF).MethodsWe performed a systematic review (PROSPERO ID: CRD42017069439) of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). We searched articles published in English between January 1985 to August 2017, using the combination of the Medical Subject Headings “Inositol” with “Ovulation Induction”, “follicle-stimulating hormone, h...
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 4, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

FTO , GCKR , CDKAL1 and CDKN2A/B gene polymorphisms and the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus: a meta-analysis
ConclusionsOur meta-analysis showed that two SNPs in particular(rs7754840 and rs7756992 inCDKAL1) were very strongly associated with GDM risk.GCKR rs780094 andCDKN2A/B rs10811661 polymorphisms were moderately associated with GDM risk. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 3, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Impact of a cervical dysplasia and its treatment on quality of life and sexual function
AbstractPurposeIn this case –control study, the impact on quality of life and sexual function in women with cervical dysplasia and conization will be evaluated, in order to address coping with such a premalignant lesion and to improve strategies for salutogenesis.MethodsThis multicenter case –control study evaluates women at special dysplasia outpatient clinic (T1) as well as 3 (T2) and 6 (T3) months after the diagnosis of a dysplasia. The women were subgrouped upon dysplasia only (S2) or dysplasia with conization (S1). Sexual function as well as cervix-related and general quality of life was assessed using val...
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 3, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Long-term treatment of endometriosis with dienogest: retrospective analysis of efficacy and safety in clinical practice
ConclusionsLong-term (60-month) treatment with dienogest 2  mg once-daily in women with endometriosis effectively reduced EAPP and avoided pain recurrence post-surgery. Dienogest was well tolerated and adverse effects were clinically managed. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 3, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Effects of etonogestrel implant on quality of life, sexual function, and pelvic pain in women suffering from endometriosis: results from a multicenter, prospective, observational study
ConclusionsEtonogestrel implants seem to be able to reduce pelvic pain, improve sexual function, and quality of life in patients with ovarian cysts suspected of endometriotic origin. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 3, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Demographic influence on maternal weight gain during pregnancy: where will we end up?
ConclusionsThese results show an increase in maternal weight gain during pregnancy over the last decades. However, the change in maternal weight is not dependent upon maternal age. The weight differences are consistent across nearly all age groups. Thus, age is not a risk factor for overweight and obesity. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 3, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Galectin-3 as a novel biomarker in women with PCOS
This study aimed at evaluating galectin-3 levels as a novel metabolic biomarker in women with PCOS.MethodsNinety consecutive women with PCOS fulfilling the inclusion criteria were divided into two groups according to the presence of metabolic syndrome as MetS+ and MetS −. Clinical, hormonal, and metabolic parameters and galectin-3 levels were compared between the groups. Correlation analyses were performed between galectin-3 and clinical and metabolic parameters.ResultsNinety PCOS subjects were enrolled in the study, 25 of which were diagnosed with MetS. Waist-to-hip ratio, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, tri...
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 1, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

New trial of progestin-primed ovarian stimulation using dydrogesterone versus a typical GnRH antagonist regimen in assisted reproductive technology
ConclusionsThe clinical and ongoing pregnancy rates in study group were comparable to those in control group. Therefore, PPOS with dydrogesterone is a reasonable option to provide COH. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - August 1, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Temporary intra-arterial balloon occlusion for placenta accreta spectrum disorders: always inflate?
(Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - July 9, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Intravenous carbetocin versus intravenous oxytocin for preventing atonic postpartum hemorrhage after normal vaginal delivery in high-risk singleton pregnancies: a triple-blind randomized controlled trial
AbstractPurposeTo compare the effectiveness of intravenous carbetocin to that of intravenous oxytocin for prevention of atonic postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) after vaginal delivery in high-risk singleton pregnancies.MethodsThis triple-blind randomized controlled trial included singleton pregnant women who delivered at Siriraj Hospital between August 2016 and January 2017 and who were 20  years or older, had a gestational age of at least 34 weeks, had a vaginal delivery, and had at least one risk factor for atonic postpartum hemorrhage. Immediately after vaginal delivery, participants were randomly assigned to receiv...
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - July 9, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

The impact of distractions and interruptions during Cesarean Sections: a prospective study in a London teaching hospital
AbstractPurposeDuring Cesarean Sections, distractions which interrupt task specific activities include auditory, equipment, theatre traffic, and irrelevant communication. Aims of this study were to investigate frequency and types of distractions and to assess impact on patient safety and theatre efficiency.MethodsProspective observational study in a London hospital in women undergoing elective and emergency Cesarean Sections. Distractions were recorded prospectively in primiparous women having uncomplicated elective and emergency Cesarean Sections over a 4 week period. Level of distraction is categorized as I: no noticeabl...
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - July 9, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Prenatal diagnosis of Wolf –Hirschhorn syndrome: from ultrasound findings, diagnostic technology to genetic counseling
ConclusionsThe most common intrauterine phenotypes of WHS were severe IUGR and typical facial appearance with other less consistent ultrasound findings. Noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) is one very promising screening tool for WHS. SNP array can improve diagnostic precision for detecting WHS, especially for the cryptic aberrations that cannot be identified by the traditional karyotyping. Ectopic kidney may be a previously unrecognized phenotype of WHS. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - July 9, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Efficacy of GnRH agonist trigger in women having history of follicular –endometrial asynchrony with clomiphene/IUI cycles in unexplained infertility
This study aims to compare the efficacy of GnRH-a with hCG in women with history of follicular –endometrial asynchrony after clomiphene in IUI cycles.MethodsThis prospective observational study recruited 631 women with unexplained infertility and follicular –endometrial asynchrony (follicle ≥ 18 mm, endometrial thickness (ET) 
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - July 9, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Foetal thymus size in pregnancies after assisted reproductive technologies
AbstractPurposeThe aim of our study was to compare thymus sizes in foetuses conceived using assisted reproductive technologies (ART) to those conceived naturally (control group).MethodsSonographic foetal thymus size was assessed retrospectively in 162 pregnancies conceived using ART and in 774 pregnancies conceived naturally. The anteroposterior thymic and the intrathoracic mediastinal diameter were measured to calculate the thymic –thoracic ratio (TT-ratio). The ART cases were subdivided into two groups: (1) intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI;n = 109) and (2) in vitro fertilisation (IVF;n =&...
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - July 9, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Day 6 blastocyst is associated with increased birth weight in full-term singleton newborns after frozen –thawed transfer
Conclusion(s)Day 6 FBT is associated with increased birth weight and contributes to the incidence of LGA newborns in FBT. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - July 9, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Sexual functioning after total versus subtotal laparoscopic hysterectomy
AbstractAimTo evaluate postoperative sexual functioning and the influence of patients ’ expectations on the change in sexuality following laparoscopic total (TLH) versus subtotal hysterectomy (LASH).MethodsA total of 120 women undergoing laparoscopic hysterectomy were preoperatively enrolled in this bicentric prospective study. Sexual functioning (SF) was evaluated using the female sexual function index (FSFI). Additionally, participants filled in a standardised questionnaire concerning expected changes in SF after surgery. At 3, 6 and 12  months following surgery, women were asked again to assess their level of...
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - July 9, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Nomogram for predicting para-aortic lymph node metastases in patients with cervical cancer
ConclusionWe have developed a robust tool that is able to predict PALN metastases in patients with cervical cancer. The nomogram could help physicians to decide whether prophylactic EFRT should be performed for patients with cervical cancer patients. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - July 9, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

High-density lipoproteins (HDL) composition and function in preeclampsia
ConclusionsHDL from women with PE reduced PON1 activity and increased ApoA1 release from HDL particles. This process was associated with increased HDL diameter, suggesting impaired HDL anti-oxidant activity. These changes might contribute to higher long-term cardiovascular risks among women with PE. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - July 9, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Prior cesarean section and placenta accreta spectrum disorders: some clarifications
(Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - July 9, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Complicated primary cesarean delivery increases the risk for uterine rupture at subsequent trial of labor after cesarean
ConclusionPostpartum hemorrhage and infection, in primary CD, seem to be associated with increased risk for uterine rupture during subsequent TOLAC. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - July 9, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Diagnosis and management of primary hepatic pregnancy: literature review of 31 cases
ConclusionsThe clinical diagnosis of PHP can be settled up by comprehensive analysis of serum HCG levels, ultrasound and imaging. The analysis should be assessed carefully before therapeutic procedure. Invasive methods should be preferential. Less-invasive approaches can be selected when the patients have stable hemodynamics and non-acute abdomen. (Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - July 9, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Gestational diabetes mellitus and periodontal diseases: a newly well-established association
(Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - July 9, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Reply to the letter to the editor
(Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - July 9, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Efficacy of aromatherapy to reduce labor pain
(Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - July 9, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Reply to the letter to the Editor
(Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics - July 9, 2018 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research