Psychology Around the Net: September 14, 2019

Let’s dive into this week’s Psychology Around the Net for some perspective on how we decide to trust the news we trust, new research on a hormone we secrete when we’re panicked, a survey that shows happy people don’t just ignore the social issues around them, and more. Substance Use in the Food Service Industry: The American Addiction Centers recently conducted a survey that sheds some light on substance use among workers in the food service industry, an industry that is often stereotyped for drug and alcohol use. Among some of the findings: 10% of workers report they work while under the influence of drugs on the majority of their shifts and 6% report the same for alcohol; 16% of workers report they use alcohol more now than in the beginning of their careers and 10.75% report they use drugs more now than previously; and more than 40% of food service workers report they consider casual substance use to be a part of their work culture. What can we do with this information? New Study: How Sexism Hurts Mental Health: Experiencing sexism can do more than just piss you off. According to a new study, women who reported experiencing sexism are three times more likely to also experience depression, psychological distress, and lower levels of self-rated and health and life satisfaction. In the News We Trust: Several factors work together to sway whether we think a publisher is trustworthy including, but not limited to, how load times, navigability, and adverti...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Psychology Around the Net Adhd food service Forgetfulness Happiness Hormones Inattention osteocalcin Pollyanna hypothesis sexism Social Issues Stress Substance Use women Source Type: blogs

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CJ Abstract BACKGROUND: Longitudinal research regarding young-adult college student alcohol use behaviors is needed to identify risk factors and inform interventions, particularly with regard to binge-drinking. METHODS: Data from 3,418 US college students (aged 18-25) in a two-year, six-wave panel study (64.6% female, 63.4% White) were used to examine alcohol use and binge-drinking trajectories, as well as predictors of differing trajectories across individual (sociodemographics, depressive symptoms, ADHD symptoms, early-onset substance use), interpersonal (adverse childhood events, social support, parental ...
Source: Addictive Behaviors - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addict Behav Source Type: research
AbstractIndigenous communities lack representation in psychiatric epidemiology despite disproportionate exposure to risk factors. We document the cumulative and 12-month prevalence of psychiatric disorders across the early life course among a sample of Indigenous young adults and compare prospective and retrospective reporting of lifetime mental disorders. This community-based participatory research includes data from 735 Indigenous people from 8 reservations/reserves. Personal interviews were conducted between 2002 –2010 and 2017–2018 totaling 9 waves; diagnostic assessments of DSM-IV-TR alcohol abuse/dependen...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
DiscussionAll cases were females with long-standing B/P type AN, often with multiple purging behaviors, other impulsive and non-impulsive comorbidities, and many environmental vulnerabilities. Different motivations were found for these extreme behaviors in addition to ED-related factors, mostly not related to suicide. The severity of the medical and psychological condition required multimodal medical and psychological inpatient interventions. The patients mostly did not comply with their treatment, showing considerable indifference to their grave medical condition.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
While recreational marijuana is legal in 11 states as of November 2019, more states gravitating toward legalizing the recreational use of the substance, and 33 states allowing medical marijuana, there’s apparently no stopping this trend. Cannabis, in the form of marijuana, hemp, and cannabidiol (CBD)  is being used for pain relief, to alleviate stress, cope with anxiety, and a number of other mental health disorders and addictions. Yet, there’s a dearth of clinical studies that have been conducted on the overall effects on a user’s health. Clearly, as Crain’s Detroit Business points out, more ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Medications Substance Abuse Cannabis Marijuana Source Type: blogs
Longtime readers of World of Psychology know I don’t have a lot of patience for the ridiculous shady marketing practices of the drug rehab industry, otherwise known as inpatient alcohol treatment centers. While there are many ethical, well-meaning providers in this space, there are dozens of companies who are still scraping bottom. Today I take a look at where American Addiction Centers is and where it’s going, and the new obfuscated marketing efforts of Freedom Healthcare of America. The inpatient drug rehab industry created its own problem. Led by the biggest names in the industry, such as American Addiction...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Alcoholism Ethics & Morality General Policy and Advocacy Substance Abuse Treatment AAC addiction campuses American Addiction Centers freedom healthcare Source Type: blogs
In conclusion, our study demonstrates that TS patients manifest “trait” abnormalities in the timing of sequential motor tasks, which are in keeping with the continuation phase of time processing, likely controlled by the sensorimotor loop of the cortico-basal ganglia network. We also show that the abnormal lateralization of fine motor control, previously reported in the context of the structural sequencing of fine motor tasks, extends also to motor timing accuracy. Finally, we highlight SMA connectivity as a potentially pivotal neural substrate of adaptive compensation of motor timing deficits in fine manual ta...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Fun seeking on the BAS and frustration intolerance should be considered as targets in prevention and intervention programs for IA among adolescents with ADHD.IntroductionThe negative effects of internet addiction (IA) have become a concern in the past decades. IA is characterized by persistent internet use despite negative consequences, loss of control, preoccupation with internet use, increasing amounts of time spent online, and withdrawal symptoms (1). Internet gaming disorders are listed in the “Conditions for Further Study” section in the Fifth Edition of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Men...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Does Prenatal Stress Shape Postnatal Resilience? – An Epigenome-Wide Study on Violence and Mental Health in Humans Fernanda Serpeloni1,2, Karl M. Radtke1,3, Tobias Hecker4, Johanna Sill1, Vanja Vukojevic5, Simone G. de Assis2, Maggie Schauer1, Thomas Elbert1 and Daniel Nätt6* 1Clinical Psychology and Neuropsychology, Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany 2Department of Studies in Violence and Health Jorge Careli, National School of Public Health of Rio de Janeiro – National Institute of Women, Children and Adolescents Health Fernandes Figueira, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, ...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
This article is for general educational purposes only and should not be relied upon as a substitute for individual professional advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you need help for an emotional or behavioural problem, please seek the assistance of a psychologist or other qualified mental health professional Greg is the director at Counselling in Melbourne, a private counselling practice in Melbourne, Australia. Greg has been involved in the medical profession for many years, and has immediate family members who also have also chosen careers in the medical field such as Theater Nurse, Midwife Sister Paramedic, GP and On...
Source: PickTheBrain | Motivation and Self Improvement - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: featured self improvement depression morning morning routine pickthebrain Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Nonmedical use of prescription stimulants is common in young adults and has profound public health associations including with a profundity of other drug use (licit and illicit), certain mental health diagnoses (especially gambling, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder ), worse scholastic performance, and riskier sexual practices. The majority of people with nonmedical use of prescription stimulants do not have ADHD, and its link with current ADHD symptoms was less marked than for certain other disorders. Clinicians should screen for the misuse of prescription stimulants as they may be associated with...
Source: Journal of Addiction Medicine - Category: Addiction Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
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