Low Prevalence of Latent Tuberculosis Infection among Contacts of Smear-Positive Adults in Brazil.
Low Prevalence of Latent Tuberculosis Infection among Contacts of Smear-Positive Adults in Brazil. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2019 Sep 03;: Authors: Oliveira-Cortez A, Froede EL, Melo AC, Sant'Anna CC, Pinto LA, Mauricio da Rocha EM, Di Lorenzo Oliveira C, Camargos P Abstract This follow-up cross-sectional study aimed to analyze the prevalence rate and risk factors related to latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) and active tuberculosis (TB) in children aged
Conclusion: To diagnose all TB forms, X-ray should be part of the diagnostic algorithm. The combination of X-ray and Xpert testing for high-risk clients was the most effective ACF approach in this setting. PMID: 31500551 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: Multiplex PCR method using two different sets of primers in combination of other diagnostic tools such as X-Rays and smear Microscopy are cheap, rapid and reliable methods for diagnosis of M. tuberculosis from clinical samples and able to identify most of smear positive cases with valuable accuracy. PMID: 30864512 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: This pilot study demonstrate the feasibility of a simultaneous population screening at the POC in rural areas for three "big diseases" (SCD, HIV and TB) through a temporary outreach clinic organized by local specialized staff in collaboration with local communities and international Academic Institutions and NGOs. The simultaneous screening with rapid test and standardized clinical examination is a model that could replicated in other rural settings in low resource countries. A further pilot study which will include a rapid test for TB, HIV and SCD is currently being planned.Figure.DisclosuresColomba...
Conclusion: introduction of flexible bronchoscopy in tertiary care centres greatly increase the detection of not only new cases of tuberculosis at an early stage, but also Multi-drug resistance Tuberculosi.
A 45-year-old man presented with generalized chorea. He had a history of low-grade fever, cough, and dyspnea for a couple of months. Physical examination revealed no abnormality except choreiform movements. Investigation showed anemia and eosinophilia on blood examination, proteinuria and hematuria on urine examination, deranged renal function, calcified pin-point foci on chest x-ray (Figure 1), and calcifications in both deltoid (Figure 2) and iliopsoas muscles (Figure 3) on the x-rays. Sputum smear and culture for tuberculosis were negative.
Conclusion: Enhanced case finding resulted in a significant increase in the case notification rate of national TB control program (RNTCP) with respect to NSN and NSP cases of TB.
Conclusion: Type 2 DM has no effect in the clinical presentation or the outcome of pulmonary TB, but may presented with atypical radiological presentation in presence of more than one lesion type in the same radiological film and presence of extra pleural extension; and type 2 DM is not an independent risk factors of pulmonary TB.
Conclusion The main conclusion of this study is that two workers were infected with cattle’s strain which confirms the role of slaughtered cattle in the transmission of this dangerous, chronic, and zoonotic disease to man.
We describe two successfully managed cases from Dumfries and Galloway, West of Scotland. The first was a 62 years old male who previously worked as an ambulance paramedic with a background history of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and both Mitral and Aortic (non-mechanical) repair. Chest Xray showed features of bronchiectasis and bilateral atlectasis. Sputum was smear negative however extended culture grew M. bohemicum after 12 weeks. This was reported to be resistant to Clarithromycin and Rifabutin. As this was a single isolate from a non sterile site and the patient was asymptomatic, no treatment was starte...
CONCLUSIONS: Intra-cavitory N2 laser therapy was found to have remarkable success as an adjunct to chemotherapy. PMID: 26557736 [PubMed]