Tick-borne encephalitis virus: molecular determinants of neuropathogenesis of an emerging pathogen.

Tick-borne encephalitis virus: molecular determinants of neuropathogenesis of an emerging pathogen. Crit Rev Microbiol. 2019 Jul 03;:1-22 Authors: Velay A, Paz M, Cesbron M, Gantner P, Solis M, Soulier E, Argemi X, Martinot M, Hansmann Y, Fafi-Kremer S Abstract Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) is a zoonotic agent causing severe encephalitis. The transmission cycle involves the virus, the Ixodes tick vector, and a vertebrate reservoir, such as small mammals (rodents, or shrews). Humans are accidentally involved in this transmission cycle. Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) has been a growing public health problem in Europe and Asia over the past 30 years. The mechanisms involved in the development of TBE are very complex and likely multifactorial, involving both host and viral factors. The purpose of this review is to provide an overview of the current literature on TBE neuropathogenesis in the human host and to demonstrate the emergence of common themes in the molecular pathogenesis of TBE in humans. We discuss and review data on experimental study models and on both viral (molecular genetics of TBEV) and host (immune response, and genetic background) factors involved in TBE neuropathogenesis in the context of human infection. PMID: 31267816 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Critical Reviews in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Crit Rev Microbiol Source Type: research

Related Links:

Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, Ahead of Print.
Source: Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewIn this review, we present the overview of emerging and neglected viruses associated with liver involvement.Recent FindingsHepatitis E virus (HEV) emerged in the last two decades, causing hepatitis in many parts of the world. Moreover, liver involvement was also described in some emerging arboviral infections. Many reports showed dengue-associated liver injury; however, chikungunya, West Nile, tick-borne encephalitis, and Zika virus are rarely associated with clinically manifest liver disease. In addition, some neglected highly prevalent viruses such as adenoviruses and parvovirus B19 are capable o...
Source: Current Infectious Disease Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
eer Wernike Tick-borne encephalitis is the most important tick-transmitted zoonotic virus infection in Eurasia, causing severe neurological symptoms in humans. The causative agent, the tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV), circulates between ticks and a variety of mammalian hosts. To study the interaction between TBEV and one of its suspected reservoir hosts, bank voles of the Western evolutionary lineage were inoculated subcutaneously with either one of eight TBEV strains or the related attenuated Langat virus, and were euthanized after 28 days. In addition, a subset of four strains was characterized in bank voles ...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
In conclusion, these newly developed cell lines may represent useful tools to study virus-cell interactions and to identify and characterize host cell factors involved in replication of rodent associated viruses. PMID: 31513859 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Virological Methods - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: J Virol Methods Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 August 2019Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Jiří Černý, Buyantogtokh Buyannemekh, Tersia Needham, Gantulga Gankhuyag, Dashzeveg OyuntsetsegAbstractTicks and tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) pose a considerable threat to human and animal health in Mongolia; a large and sparsely inhabited country whose economy is largely dependent on animal production. Intensive contact between herdsmen and their livestock, together with the use of pastures without fencing, allows contact between wildlife, domestic animals and humans, thus creating ideal conditions for epizoonos...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 June 2019Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and WildlifeAuthor(s): Annapaola Rizzoli, Valentina Tagliapietra, Francesca Cagnacci, Giovanni Marini, Daniele Arnoldi, Fausta Rosso, Roberto RosàAbstractIn the Anthropocene context, changes in climate, land use and biodiversity are considered among the most important anthropogenic factors affecting parasites-host interaction and wildlife zoonotic diseases emergence. Transmission of vector borne pathogens are particularly sensitive to these changes due to the complexity of their cycle, where the transmission of a...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, Ahead of Print.
Source: Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 June 2019Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Renat AdelshinAbstractTick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) can cause severe meningitis, encephalitis, and meningoencephalitis. TBEV represents a pathogen of high zoonotic potential and an emerging global threat. There are three known subtypes of TBEV: Far-Eastern, Siberian and European. Since 2001 there have been suggestions that two new subtypes may be distinguished: “178-79” and “886-84”. These assumptions are based on the results of the envelope gene fragment sequencing (Zlobin et al., 2001; Kovalev and...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 June 2019Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and WildlifeAuthor(s): Annapaola Rizzoli, Valentina Tagliapietra, Francesca Cagnacci, Giovanni Marini, Daniele Arnoldi, Fausta Rosso, Roberto RosàAbstractIn the great acceleration phase of the Anthropocene, changes in climate, land use and biodiversity are considered among the most important drivers of modifications in parasites-host interaction and wildlife zoonotic disease emergence. In the case of vector-borne diseases, changes in vector-host interaction require a continuous monitoring since this parameter con...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) is one of eight zoonoses carried by ticks in Norway (the others are Anaplasmosis, Babesiosis, Louping ill, Lyme borreliosis, Relapsing fever, Rickettsial spotted fever and Tularemia).  As displayed in the following graphs, rates of human TBE are considerably lower than those of other tick-borne diseases in Norway, and below TBE rates reported by neighboring countries. [1-3]     References: Berger S. Infectious Diseases of Norway, 2019. 387 pages , 138 graphs , 858 references. Gideon e-books,  https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-norway/ Berg...
Source: GIDEON blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: Ebooks Epidemiology Graphs ProMED Source Type: blogs
More News: Brain | Encephalitis | Genetics | International Medicine & Public Health | Microbiology | Neurology | Study | Tickborne Diseases | Zoonoses