Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity, the Metabolic Syndrome, and Type 2 Diabetes
AbstractPurpose of ReviewTo present current data on the coexistence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus in adults and children and to discuss possible mechanisms.Recent FindingsEmerging data suggest that risk factors for obesity and insulin resistance such as diabetes during pregnancy and intrauterine growth failure may also have a role in the development of ADHD. Furthermore, ADHD and obesity share lifestyle factors, such as abnormal eating patterns, binge eating, and a sedentary lifestyle. ADHD is a risk factor for components of the metabolic syndrome, particularly obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus, and also hypertension, both in adults and youth.SummaryAssociations of ADHD with obesity, diabetes, and hypertension have been ascertained, and various mechanisms have been proposed. Research is needed to decipher the shared genetic, pharmacological, and lifestyle risk factors. Individuals with ADHD should be treated as a high-risk group for cardiometabolic complications.
ConclusionThe national birth prevalence for omphalocele in Sweden is 1/10,000 newborn, with high termination rates. Over half of the pregnancies with prenatally diagnosed omphalocele will be terminated. Among those who continue the pregnancy, 1-year survival rates are high.Type of studyNational register studyLevel of evidenceIII.
Two thirds of patients with diabetes achieve a good visual outcome of 20/40 or better after cataract surgery, according to one of the largest studies to assess visual acuity in people with diabetes undergoing cataract surgery.Reuters Health Information
DIABETES is a lifelong condition that can cause serious health woes for those affected by it - here are the 10 hidden symptoms to look out for.
A screening of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in young pregnant women (≤25 years old) and their newborns was conducted. A total of 136 women were tested with urine samples in the immediate postpartum period. The prevalence was 18.4% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 11.9–24.9%) (25/136) and the rate of perinatal transmission was 35% (7/20). These results support the need for antenatal screening programs in high-risk women in Madrid (Spain).
Kyndal Nipper, who hails from outside Columbus, Georgia, had only a brief bout with COVID-19 but a more tragic outcome.Associated Press
Revel Pharmaceuticals is the result of work funded in large part by the SENS Research Foundation, with the support of its many philanthropic donors. That part of the history of the underlying research isn't covered in today's short article on the company, so it seems worth mentioning here. Cross-links are chemical bonds formed between molecules in the extracellular matrix. Some are necessary to structure and function, but other unwanted cross-links are added over the years, creating stiffness in flexible tissues such as blood vessel walls and skin. In the case of blood vessels, stiffness causes hypertension, and eventual m...
Hypoparathyroidism and hyperparathyroidism guidelines developed by more than 100 global experts were presented at the ASBMR meeting and will be published next year, replacing 2014 and 2016 guidelines.Medscape Medical News
Updated European guidelines also include a recommendation for siponimod in progressive MS and more detailed information on drug use in pregnancy.Medscape Medical News
In this one-hour webinar, NIH intramural investigator, Dr. Nicole Farmer, MD, will present her recent work on " The Role of Teaching Kitchens in Addressing Nutrition Disparities and Implementation Research. " Dr. Farmer is an internal medicine physician and is currently a Staff Scientist within the Translational Biobehavioral and Health Disparities Branch at the NIH Clinical Center. Her research covers three major areas: biopsychosocial outcomes of health behaviors, the role of cooking interventions on dietary behaviors and cardiovascular outcomes, and the role of social determinants of health in nutrition dispar...
Pathological findings of the islets can reflect the pathophysiologies of type 2 diabetes. Detailed pathological analysis enable to subclassify type 2 diabetes. ABSTRACTThe etiology of type 2 diabetes is multifactorial, in which environmental and genetic factors are involved to varying degrees. This suggests that its pathophysiology might vary depending on the individuals. Knowledge of the differences is critical, because these differences are directly linked to the care and treatmen t of the patients. Recent studies have attempted to carry out subclassifications of type 2 diabetes based on clinical an...