Flaviviruses and Kidney Diseases

Publication date: May 2019Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, Volume 26, Issue 3Author(s): Emmanuel A. BurdmannThe genus Flavivirus comprises approximately 73 viruses, which share several common aspects, such as dimension, structure, nucleic acid properties, and shape in electronic microscopy. Global incidence of flavivirus infection increased dramatically over the last decades, causing large outbreaks in several areas of the world. These viruses are expanding from endemic tropical and subtropical areas to previously nonendemic areas, affecting and causing diseases in millions of individuals worldwide and posing a formidable challenge to public health in several countries. The majority of clinically significant flavivirus-associated infections are mosquito borne (arboviruses—acronym for ARthropod-BOrne VIRUSES), such as dengue, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, Zika, and West Nile fever. Most diseases caused by flaviviruses are asymptomatic or manifest as self-limited, mild, undifferentiated febrile diseases. In a limited number of cases, these diseases may evolve to severe inflammatory, multisystem diseases, causing high morbidity and mortality. Some flaviviruses have been consistently identified in kidney tissue and urine and have been clinically associated with kidney diseases. In this review, we will provide an overview of the epidemiology, risk factors, kidney pathology, etiopathogenesis, and outcomes of acute and chronic kidney syndromes associated with...
Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: MethodsXAuthor(s): Bogdan C. Donose, Ashwin Vijayan Premavally, Marie-Laure Pype, Katrin DoedererABSTRACTMonitoring the loss of integrity in reverse osmosis (RO) membranes is crucial for protection of public health as small imperfections can result in catastrophic pathogen outbreaks. However, understanding the phenomena accompanying the loss of integrity in RO membranes relies on properly characterizing and interpreting performance data. Reproducing chemical and mechanical damage in model membranes that mimic the conditions of real-time operation is difficult. Mech...
Source: MethodsX - Category: Science Source Type: research
RESUMO: Introdu ção: A hanseníase é uma doença que guarda estreita relação com as condições sociais e econômicas. O Brasil é o único país que ainda não alcançou a meta de eliminação da doença como problema de saúde pública. Objetivo: Este trabalho teve como objetivo analisar a associação en tre a carência social dos municípios baianos e a detecção de casos novos de hanseníase na população, como instrumento para a defini&ccedi...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
This study aims to address how the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake influenced knowledge generation and diffusion compared to the research stemming from the 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake in the United States and the 1995 Hanshin Awaji Earthquake in Japan, for the three countries are exposed to high seismic risk. The findings show that (1) regarding research quantity, the influence of the Wenchuan Earthquake on disaster-related knowledge generation is just beginning compared with the gradual decreases in research on the other earthquakes; (2) regarding disciplinary development, the proportion of studies relating to the Wenchuan Earth...
Source: Safety Science - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
We present a 20-year-old male patient who presented himself after a car accident, and was diagnosed with a rupture of traumatic hydatid cysts due to hives rash. In the operation, a scolicidal gent was administered to the cyst, the cyst wall was partially excised and the germinative membranes were removed. Medical treatment with albendazole was started. The postoperative period was quiet. The intraperitoneal traumatic rupture of a hydatid cyst is rare, but it can cause severe anaphylactic reactions and biliary peritonitis. Although a rare and broken hydatid cyst due to trauma may present with skin lesions in a patient in an...
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): Leila Haghighi, Mohsen Akbaribazm, Zahra Arab-Mazar, Mohsen RahimiAbstractHematobium species of this parasite tends to bladder and mesenteric arteries and it causes lesions in the bladder wall, urethra, and renal tubes. A 25-year-old man living in Tehran (a non-endemic and very rare area for schistosoma) suffers from symptoms such as hematuria with suprapubic pain, dysuria, fever, nausea and vomiting. Urine analysis showed a lot of red blood cells, after using cystoscopy of the area and receiving a bladder biopsy, a definitive diagnos...
Source: Urology Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
We report outcomes of our initial experience with LP in 38 children from 2 months of age. Materials and Methods From June 2015 to December 2017 38 children aged 2-60 months (mean age 1.7 years) underwent LP for correction of PUJ obstruction. The mean pre operative anteroposterior diameter of the renal pelvis (APD) was 43,5mm and all patients had hydronephrosis (APD 21.4-76 mm) and obstructed curve on diuretic renogram. Anderson-Hynes pyeloplasty was the performed technique. Results are reported. Results Mean operative time was 107 minutes (70-180) with no conversion to open procedure. Pain control was needed mainly in the ...
Source: International Braz J Urol - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Journal of Sport and Health ScienceAuthor(s): George A. BrooksAbstractOnce thought to be a waste product of oxygen limited (anaerobic) metabolism, lactate is now known to form continuously under fully oxygenated (aerobic) conditions. Lactate shuttling between producer (driver) and consumer cells fulfills at least 3 purposes; lactate is: (1) a major energy source, (2) the major gluconeogenic precursor, and (3) a signaling molecule. Lactate Shuttle theory is applicable to diverse fields such as sports nutrition and hydration, resuscitation from acidosis and Dengue, t...
Source: Journal of Sport and Health Science - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur findings indicate that environmental attributes of walkability are associated with the physical function of elderly men in the context of Asia. Walking-friendly neighborhoods can not only promote older adults’ active behaviors but can also support their physical function.Graphical Abstract
Source: Journal of Sport and Health Science - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 February 2020Source: The Lancet Respiratory MedicineAuthor(s): Talha Khan Burki
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: MS is beneficial where the main aim is to attain a significant and long-lasting weight loss results. The RCTs have depicted the superiority which surgical mechanisms hold over medically based therapy, for enhancing glycaemic control, and achieving remission of diabetes. This type of surgery improves life quality, reduces incidences of other obesity and diabetes relating diseases like microvascular illness, sleep apnea, fatal disorder, and fatty liver disease. PMID: 32077829 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Cardiology Reviews - Category: Cardiology Tags: Curr Cardiol Rev Source Type: research
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