Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and antibiotic consumption results from 16 hospitals in Viet Nam- the VINARES project, 2012-2013

ConclusionsThese data are valuable in providing a baseline for AMR among common bacterial pathogens in Vietnamese hospitals and to assess the impact of interventions.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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Application of Antimicrobial Peptides of the Innate Immune System in Combination With Conventional Antibiotics—A Novel Way to Combat Antibiotic Resistance? Maria S. Zharkova1, Dmitriy S. Orlov1, Olga Yu. Golubeva2, Oleg B. Chakchir3, Igor E. Eliseev3, Tatyana M. Grinchuk4 and Olga V. Shamova1* 1Laboratory of Design and Synthesis of Biologically Active Peptides, Department of General Pathology and Pathophysiology, FSBSI Institute of Experimental Medicine, Saint Petersburg, Russia 2Laboratory of Nanostructures Research, Institute of Silicate Chemistry of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg, Russia ...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion The results of our study demonstrate that robenidine is not suitable as a sole antimicrobial agent for the treatment of Gram-negative pathogen infections due to the lack of activity against the majority of Gram-negative isolates except for A. baumannii and A. calcoaceticus. However, we demonstrated in vitro efficacy against all selected Gram-negative organisms when robenidine was tested in combination with EDTA or PMBN, including against multidrug-resistant strains. Therefore, robenidine may be an appropriate candidate as a component of a combination preparation for the treatment of otitis externa in dogs. This...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study shows low resistance to meropenem and tigecycline among the Enterobacteriaceae, and continued activity of linezolid, vancomycin and tigecycline against Gram-positive organisms. However, antimicrobial resistance continues to be problematic in Eastern Europe and requires continued surveillance.
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundTreatment and prevention of wound infection continues to be a challenging issue in clinical settings of Nepal especially in the context of globally growing problem of antimicrobial resistance. Study on opportunistic pathogens and sensitivity to commonly prescribed local antimicrobial agents are cardinal to reduce the disease burden of wound infections. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of methicillin resistantStaphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and extended spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) producing bacteria from wound infections of patients at a terti...
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsHigh bacterial contamination of frequently touched objects with variety of potential pathogens and normal flora was detected.S. aureus was the most common bacterial isolate. Biofilm forming ability offers additional survival advantage to the organisms on these objects. Present study highlights the need of improved hand hygiene among healthcare workers and regular cleaning/disinfection of sites of frequent public contact.
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Burn infections pose a serious obstacle to recovery. To investigate and analyze the antimicrobial resistance and distribution of pathogenic bacteria among hospitalized burn patients. A 3-year retrospective study was conducted in the southeast of China. The electronic medical records system was used to collect all clinical data on 1449 hospitalized patients from Fujian Medical University Union Hospital, the 180th Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA), the 92nd Hospital of PLA, and the First Hospital of Longyan City. A total of 1891 strains of pathogenic bacteria were detected from 3835 clinical specimens, and...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Authors: Tang X, Xiao M, Zhuo C, Xu Y, Zhong N Abstract Background: With the different situation for clinical antibiotic usage and its management in different regions and medical institutions, the antimicrobial resistance varied in different level. However, the epidemiological data of multi-drug resistant (MDR) strains from the department of respiration is limited. Thus, this study aims to investigate the epidemiology of bacteria isolated from inpatients of respiratory departments, and analyze the distribution variation of major multi-drug resistant bacteria in China. Methods: Based on data from China Antimicro...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2018 Source:European Polymer Journal, Volume 98 Author(s): Mona Damavandi, Lisa I. Pilkington, Kathryn A. Whitehead, Joels Wilson-Nieuwenhuis, Jordan McBrearty, Nina Dempsey-Hibbert, Jadranka Travis-Sejdic, David Barker Antimicrobial resistance is becoming a global health concern; as such, the need for new effective treatments and preventive measures is increasing. Poly(para-phenylene ethynylene) (PPE)- and poly(para-phenylene vinylene) (PPV)-poly[(2-(methacryloyloxy)ethyl) trimethylammonium chloride] (PMETAC) graft copolymers were tested against a range of clinically and industrially relevant ba...
Source: European Polymer Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Author Affiliations open 1Center for Disease Dynamics, Economics &Policy, Washington, DC, USA 2Public Health Foundation of India, New Delhi, Delhi, India 3Dept. of Veterinary Population Medicine, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minnesota, USA 4School of Public Health and Zoonoses, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, Punjab, India 5Dept. of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, USA 6SRL Diagnostics, FORTIS Hospital, Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India 7SRL Diagnostics, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India 8Veterinary &Animal Husbandry Extension, Guru Angad D...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
ConclusionThese first estimates confirm that MRSA, 3GC-REscherichia coli andKlebsiella pneumoniae account for the largest portion of the morbidity and mortality of infections due to MDRB in France. These results are not directly comparable with the European study because the methodology used differs in many respects. The differences identified between our study and previous studies underline the need to define a standardised protocol for international assessments of the morbidity and mortality of antibiotic resistance. Estimating morbidity and mortality will facilitate communication and awareness in order to reinforce adhe...
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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