Prediction of 5-year risk of diabetes mellitus in relatively low risk middle-aged and elderly adults

AbstractAimsTo determine the potential risk factors and construct the predictive model of diabetic risk among a relatively low risk middle-aged and elderly Chinese population.MethodsInformation of participants was collected in the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort study, a perspective cohort study of Chinese occupational population. The main outcome was incident type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Based on the conventional risk factors of diabetes, we defined low risk participants without underlying diseases such as coronary heart disease, stroke, cancer, dyslipidemia, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, obesity and family history of diabetes. Totally, 4833 participants from the Dongfeng-Tongji cohort study were enrolled, and of them, 171 had an incident diagnosis of T2DM during 4.6  years of follow-up period. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to estimate effects of risk factors. The restricted cubic spline regression and the Youden index were used to explore the optimal cutoffs of risk factors, and the C index was used to assess the discrimination power of prediction models.ResultsThere were significant linear relationships between BMI/TG level/fasting glucose level and incident diabetic risk among low risk participants. In the restricted cubic spline regression, when fasting glucose level was above 5.4  mmol/L, TG above 1.06 mmol/L and BMI above 22 kg/m2, the HRs (95% CIs) of diabetes were above 1.0. The detailed HRs (95% CI) were 1.29 (1.01, 1.64), 2.57 (1.00, 6.58), an...
Source: Acta Diabetologica - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 17 July 2019Source: Journal of Integrative MedicineAuthor(s): Pierre Watcho, Ismaelle Rosine Mpeck, Patrick Brice Defo Deeh, Modeste W.eu-Nya, Esther Ngadjui, Georges Romeo Fozin Bonsou, Pierre Kamtchouing, Albert KamanyiAbstractObjectiveCyclophosphamide (CP) is commonly used to treat some cancers, but its clinical efficacy is also linked with testicular toxicity. We investigated the effects of aqueous extract (AE) and methanolic extract (ME) of Helichrysum odoratissimum for reducing CP-induced reproductive toxicity in male rats.MethodsIn addition to a normal control (group 1), drugs or v...
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
This study used Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)-self-comparison and showed that acupuncture treatments for lumber disc herniation and sciatica demonstrated significant improvement in long term clinical outcomes. A total of 112 lumbar disc herniation and sciatica cases were treated with electric acupuncture for pain relief and function improvement from July 1998 to December 2006.ResultsAll the 112 cases filled out the ODI forms prior to receiving treatment. Among the 112 patients, 23 of them did not finish the 6-week treatments. 89 cases were evaluated with ODI after 6-week acupuncture treatments. Of those 89 cases, 67 case...
Source: World Journal of Acupuncture Moxibustion - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
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Source: World Journal of Acupuncture Moxibustion - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Geriatric Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Geriatric Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Geriatric Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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Source: Diabetes Metab - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Ann Nutr Metab Source Type: research
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