Body Mass Index and Prognosis in Ischemic Stroke Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

This study showed the overall presence of the obesity paradox in stroke patients with T2DM. However, obese patients had different risks of cardiovascular events and stroke.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 16 July 2019Source: Journal of Advanced ResearchAuthor(s): Laura Botta, Luigino Dal Maso, Stefano Guzzinati, Chiara Panato, Gemma Gatta, Annalisa Trama, Massimo Rugge, Giovanna Tagliabue, Claudia Casella, Bianca Caruso, Maria Michiara, Stefano Ferretti, Flavio Sensi, Rosario Tumino, Federica Toffolutti, Antonio Giampiero Russo, Anna Luisa Caiazzo, Lucia Mangone, Walter Mazzucco, Silvia IacovacciAbstractThe aims of this study were to provide life expectancy (LE) estimates of cancer patients at diagnosis and LE changes over time since diagnosis to describe the impact of cancer during patien...
Source: Journal of Advanced Research - Category: Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2019Source: Academic RadiologyAuthor(s): Henkjan Huisman
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionIt is feasible to use CNN based algorithm to accurately distinguish cancerous regions in OCT images. This fully automated method can overcome limitations of manual interpretation including interobserver variability and speed of interpretation and may enable real-time intraoperative margin assessment.
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 July 2019Source: Academic RadiologyAuthor(s): Ruoyao Cao, Yun Jiang, Jun Lu, Guogeng Wu, Lei Zhang, Juan ChenRationale and ObjectivesTo describe the application of time maximum intensity projection CTA (t-MIP CTA) in acute ischemic stroke and compare t-MIP CTA and single-phase CTA (sCTA) in assessing collateral circulation and predicting prognosis.Materials and MethodsTwenty-nine acute ischemic stroke patients who underwent one-stop CT angiography (CTA)-CT perfusion scan were reviewed retrospectively. sCTA and t-MIP CTA were developed by CT perfusion scanning data. Image quality and co...
Source: Academic Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 July 2019Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral ScienceAuthor(s): Kitty Kioskli, Kirsty Winkley, Lance M. McCrackenAbstractPainful diabetic neuropathy (PDN) is a distressing and disabling condition. There is, surprisingly, relatively little research into the role of psychological variables related to PDN. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between psychological flexibility, daily functioning, and distress in people with PDN. This cross-sectional study included 225 participants who were recruited from hospital services and online. In correlation analyses, accepta...
Source: Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
In this study, a data processing pipeline for spatially resolved metabolomics analysis of tumor microregion heterogeneity was developed and built into a graphical interface with MSI software. Biological tissue sections were analysed by ambient air-flow assisted desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry imaging. Histology-driven and characterized ion images overlay combined with metabolic feature-based spatial segmentation were developed to accurately extract the metabolic profile from the tissue microregion of interest. In addition, appropriate data pretreatment methods were investigated to evaluate their abilit...
Source: Analytica Chimica Acta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Anal Chim Acta Source Type: research
Abstract In cancer diagnostics, specific analysis of blood-circulating proteins biomarkers of cancer is often complicated both by their inherently low concentrations and by strong interference from serum/blood proteins. Here, we report a simple and robust electrochemical cellulase-linked sandwich assay on magnetic beads (MBs) for fM-sensitive analysis of the Human Epidermal growth factor Receptor-2 HER-2/neu protein that is over-expressed in most aggressive breast cancers. In the assay, a sandwich is assembled by capturing HER-2/neu on either antibody (Ab) or aptamer-modified MBs accompanied by reaction with the s...
Source: Analytica Chimica Acta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Anal Chim Acta Source Type: research
Ratiometric fluorescence monitoring of α-glucosidase activity based on oxidase-like property of MnO2 nanosheet and its application for inhibitor screening. Anal Chim Acta. 2019 Oct 24;1077:225-231 Authors: Shi M, Cen Y, Xu G, Wei F, Xu X, Cheng X, Chai Y, Sohail M, Hu Q Abstract In recent years, α-glucosidase (α-Glu) inhibitor has been widely used in clinic for diabetic and HIV therapy. Although different systems have been constructed for sensitive and selective detection of α-Glu and screening its inhibitor, the method based on ratiometric fluorescence for α-glucosidase ...
Source: Analytica Chimica Acta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Anal Chim Acta Source Type: research
Conclusion Activation of the Nrf2-dependent antioxidant system plays an important role in cell defense against oxidative stress damage, whereas the insufficiency of the Nrf2 system is associated with multiple aspects of the genesis and progression of metabolic diseases, posing a great risk to the cardiovascular system (Figure 1). The systemic increase of Nrf2 activity by several activators may be beneficial in the treatment of metabolic diseases. In addition, selective upregulation of Nrf2 genes may represent a potential therapy in obesity, diabetes and atherosclerosis. Looking to the future, experimental research that el...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study demonstrated that the incidence of ischemic heart disease and death were three times higher among men with low birth weight compared to men with high birth weight (5). Epidemiological investigations of adults born at the time of the Dutch famine between 1944 and 1945 revealed an association between maternal starvation and a low infant birth weight with a high incidence of hypertension and coronary heart disease in these adults (23). Furthermore, Painter et al. reported the incidence of early onset coronary heart disease among persons conceived during the Dutch famine (24). In that regard, Barker's findin...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
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