Diet Quality and Total Daily Price of Foods Consumed among Iranian Diabetic Patients
Background:The aim is to investigate the association between diet quality and daily price of foods consumed among Iranian diabetic patients.Methods:This cross ‑sectional study was conducted among 200 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) aged 30–70 years. General information, socioeconomic status, anthropometric and biochemical characteristics, and food prices were collected by pretested questionnaires. Dietary intakes were assessed using a se mi‑quantitative reliable and valid food frequency questionnaire. Modifed nutritionist IV and SPSS software were used for analyses.Results:The results of the present study indicated a direct relationship between total daily price of diet and nutrient adequacy ratio of Vitamin D, Vitamin B1, selenium, zinc, magnesium, potassium, and mean adequacy ratio of 11 micronutrients (Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Vitamin D, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B6, Vitamin B12, selenium, zinc, calcium, magnesium, and potassium) (P
Conclusion: There is a need to focus on improving adherence among type 2 diabetes patients and strengthening health care systems for regular supply of medicines and provide health education to the patients and their families emphasising the need of adherence to medications. PMID: 31299834 [PubMed - in process]
ConclusionsThe mean MPV was statistically significantly higher in the uncontrolled DM group and there was a statistically significant positive correlation between MPV and albuminuria.
ConclusionExperimental validation of network analysis revealed anti-diabetic effects of the plant product SGD, manifested most notably by improved serum profiles and diminished insulin resistance. These experimental results may have clinical implications.Graphical abstract
In conclusion, dietary polysaccharides can effectively ameliorate hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, low-grade inflammation, and oxidative stress in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and, thus, consumption of polysaccharides can be a valuable choice for diabetic control.
Authors: Emini-Sadiku M, Car N, Begolli L, Blaslov K, Haliti E, Bahtiri E Abstract Several studies have demonstrated the decreased insulin resistance (IR) in persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) treated with glimepiride. Those suggest this might be associated with observed higher concentrations of adiponectin. We assessed if there is a difference in IR and metabolic syndrome components between glimepiride and glibenclamide treatment as well as adiponectin concentration in T2DM. Our research observed 20 T2DM patients treated with glibenclamid and 20 switched to glimepiride (n = 20) treatment for 24 weeks. An...
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2019Source: The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular BiologyAuthor(s): Ping Yu, Haiyan Song, Jiaxin Gao, Bo Li, Ying Liu, Yanhe WangAbstractVitamin D (vit-D) supplementation can improve endothelial cell function in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with vit-D insufficiency or deficiency. In the present study, we aimed to compare the expression profiles of circRNAs, lncRNAs, miRNAs, and mRNAs between 1,25-(OH)2D3-treated endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and control cells, and to further construct the 1,25-(OH)2D3-regulated ceRNA networks in EPCs. RNA sequencing was perf...
Conclusions: A predictive model developed through a machine learning approach may assist health care organizations to identify which area-level SDH data to monitor for prediction of diabetes control, for potential use in risk-adjustment and targeting.
Purpose of review The purpose of this review is to present recent data that defines our current understanding of the role of the gut microbiome in the development of T2DM. Recent findings Recent studies focus on the physiology and molecular pathways of the gut microbiome–host interaction. Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) derived from the fermentation of plant-based nonsoluble fiber bind to G-protein-coupled receptors (GPR) GPR 41 and GPR 43 to induce enteroendocrine molecules that control appetite, and to upregulate intestinal gluconeogenesis gene expression that controls glucose regulation. “Metabolic endo...
Authors: Li W, Tong J, Li N, Liu P, Li Y, Wang S Abstract PMID: 31290301 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]