Clinical trials of intravenous vitamin C treatments for coronavirus commence in China
(Natural News) Researchers in China have begun clinical trials on the use of intravenous vitamin C as a remedy for the Wuhan coronavirus (CoVid-19). While government health authorities focus on pharmaceuticals and vaccines, Dr. Richard Cheng and his colleagues are investigating the simplicity with which injecting natural vitamin C can help to prevent the deadly... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - February 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Doctors Look to Existing Drugs in Coronavirus Fight
More than two dozen studies are under way or planned to test everything from traditional Chinese medicine to vitamin C, stem cells, steroids, and to medications developed to fight other viruses, like the flu and HIV. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - February 18, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Vitamin C may shorten ventilation in critically ill patients
(University of Helsinki) Vitamin C administration shortened the duration of mechanical ventilation in critical care patients, but the effect depended on the severity of illness. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - February 14, 2020 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Effect of Vitamin C, Hydrocortisone, and Thiamine vs Hydrocortisone Alone on Time Alive and Free of Vasopressor Support Among Patients With Septic Shock: The VITAMINS Randomized Clinical Trial
RCT (n=216) found that treatment with intravenous vitamin C, hydrocortisone, and thiamine, compared with intravenous hydrocortisone alone, did not significantly improve the duration of time alive and free of vasopressor administration over 7 days. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - February 6, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Increasing vitamin C intake can reduce hip fracture risk by 44 percent: Study
(Natural News) When it comes to healthy bones, people often look to calcium and vitamin D. However, experts suggest adding an unlikely vitamin to the mix: vitamin C. In a recent study published in Osteoporosis International, a team of researchers from Tufts University, Harvard Medical School and the Boston University School of Public Health revealed that taking vitamin C can potentially reduce... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 28, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

A hefty dose of vitamin C can help fight the common cold
(Natural News) Just like clockwork, the dreaded common cold comes around every year, causing runny nose, persistent coughing and misery. But does it really have to be this way? According to recent studies, it doesn’t. A study published in the journal Nutrients found that vitamin C is the key to recovering from the symptoms of the common cold.... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 24, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

High-Dose IV Vitamin C Does Not Speed Resolution of Septic Shock
FRIDAY, Jan. 24, 2020 -- Treatment with intravenous vitamin C, hydrocortisone, and thiamine does not improve the duration of time alive and vasopressor administration-free compared with intravenous hydrocortisone alone among patients with septic... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - January 24, 2020 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Vitamin Cocktail for Sepsis Fails; PPI for Stress Ulcer Prevention May Be Risky: ICU Studies Vitamin Cocktail for Sepsis Fails; PPI for Stress Ulcer Prevention May Be Risky: ICU Studies
A major new study of intensive care unit (ICU) patients with septic shock failed to find a benefit of giving an intravenous cocktail of vitamin C, hydrocortisone and thiamine, relative to hydrocortisone alone.Reuters Health Information (Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines)
Source: Medscape Critical Care Headlines - January 22, 2020 Category: Intensive Care Tags: Critical Care News Source Type: news

Incompetent doctor who sent a dying infant home twice loses licence
A family doctor who sent a dying infant home with instructions to give him water and juice with vitamin C and who failed to report criminal driving convictions has been stripped of his medical licence. (Source: CBC | Health)
Source: CBC | Health - January 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/Toronto Source Type: news

Vitamin C-B1-steroid combo linked to lower septic shock mortality in kids
(Ann& Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago) Treating septic shock in children with a combination of intravenous vitamin C, vitamin B1 and hydrocortisone (a commonly used steroid) is associated with lower mortality, according to a study from Ann& Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 21, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

VITAMINS trial report on vitamin C, hydrocortisone, thiamine for septic shock
(JAMA Network) In this   randomized clinical trial of about 200 patients with septic shock, combination treatment with intravenous vitamin C, hydrocortisone and thiamine compared with intravenous hydrocortisone alone didn't significantly improve the amount of time patients were alive and free of medicines that raise blood pressure (vasopressors) over seven days. The study findings are being released to coincide with presentation at the Critical Care Reviews Meeting 2020 in Belfast, Northern Ireland. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Scurvy is still a thing in Canada
(McMaster University) McMaster University researchers surveyed the data of patients of Hamilton's two hospital systems over nine years and found 52 with low Vitamin C levels. This included 13 patients who could be diagnosed as having scurvy, and an additional 39 who tested positive for scurvy but did not have documented symptoms. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Study quashes controversial vitamin C treatment for sepsis with global trial
(Monash University) A paper published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association by Monash researchers comprehensively quashes the idea that the vitamin C-based cocktail has any positive impact on patients with sepsis. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 17, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Women and girls left with burns and welts on their faces from 'unicorn' sheet masks
Several women and girls across the US have complained of facial burns after using Yes To's Grapefruit Vitamin C Glow-Boosting Unicorn Paper Mask, which has since been recalled. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - January 14, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Chronic stress is a cancer risk, but vitamin C can help
(Natural News) Chronic stress, a biological response to emotional pressure and demanding situations over a prolonged period of time, can bring about negative effects on your physical, mental and emotional well-being. These negative health effects could include a higher risk of heart disease, increased gut problems and even accelerated cognitive impairment. Now, recent research suggests... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 12, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Yes To recalls sheet mask after skin reactions
The skincare brand Yes To voluntarily recalled its Grapefruit Vitamin C Glow-Boosting Unicorn Paper Mask following reports of burning, redness and painful skin irritation. Dermatologist Elizabeth Hale joins “CBS This Morning” to discuss the dangers of the mask. (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - January 10, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Increasing vitamin C intake can reduce hip fracture risk by 44 percent: Study
(Natural News) When it comes to healthy bones, people often look to calcium and vitamin D. However, experts suggest adding an unlikely vitamin to the mix: vitamin C. In a recent study published in Osteoporosis International, a team of researchers from Tufts University, Harvard Medical School and the Boston University School of Public Health revealed that taking vitamin C can... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - January 9, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Myths in Emergency Medicine: Vitamin C Trial Lacks Answers for Sepsis
No abstract available (Source: Emergency Medicine News)
Source: Emergency Medicine News - January 1, 2020 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Myths in Emergency Medicine Source Type: news

Antioxidants also shield you from the harmful effects of water contaminants, according to study
(Natural News) Contaminants are ever present, even in seemingly clean water. Researchers suggest that antioxidants such as vitamin C and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) may help protect you from the harmful effects of hexavalent chromium, a contaminant commonly found in drinking water. Researchers from Olivet Nazarene University in Bourbonnais, Illinois looked at human cells to determine... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - November 25, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Vitamin C and other antioxidants can prevent cell toxicity linked to the water contaminant hexavalent chromium
(Natural News) Antioxidants such as vitamin C are often taken to boost immunity and prevent diseases, but these substances can also be used against a water contaminant called hexavalent chromium. This chemical contaminates the water supply in about 200 million American homes. Researchers from Olivet Nazarene University in Bourbonnais, Illinois discovered that vitamin C and other... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - November 22, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Study: Can antioxidants in green tea and vitamin C protect you from toxins in drinking water?
(Natural News) It may sound alarming, but access to safe drinking water in the U.S. is not guaranteed. Unfortunately, around 90 contaminants are regulated under the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Safe Drinking Water Act, despite multiple studies showing hundreds of contaminants present in the water supply. Despite the lack of implementation, there are still things that you can do to help keep your... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - November 13, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

ICU no longer – a daily dose of vitamin C proven to reduce ICU times
(Natural News) A study published in the journal Nutrients has shown evidence that ingesting large doses of vitamin C can shorten patient trips to the ICU. The authors of the study, Dr. Harri Hemila and Dr. Elizabeth Chalker, looked through previous publications that studied the effects of vitamin C on the length of ICU stay or the duration... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - November 12, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Vitamin C in surgical sepsis
The current review discusses the supplemental use of vitamin C as an adjunct in the management of sepsis and septic shock. The antioxidant properties of vitamin C are touted to be useful in modulating the inflammatory response, decreasing vasopressor requirements, and improving resuscitation. Current resuscitation practices are focused on addressing the hemodynamic instability and ensuring adequate oxygen delivery to tissues. The conceptual framework of the use of vitamin C during a resuscitation is to modulate in a beneficial fashion the inflammatory response to sepsis while concomitantly resuscitating and treating the in...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - October 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Effect of Vitamin C Infusion on Organ Failure and Biomarkers of Inflammation and Vascular Injury in Patients With Sepsis and Severe Acute Respiratory Failure: The CITRIS-ALI Randomized Clinical Trial
Experimental data suggest that intravenous vitamin C may attenuate inflammation and vascular injury associated with sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We aim to determine the effect of intravenous vitamin C infusion on organ failure scores and biological markers of inflammation and vascular injury in patients with sepsis and ARDS. In this preliminary study of patients with sepsis and ARDS, a 96-hour infusion of vitamin C compared with placebo did not significantly improve organ dysfunction scores or alter markers of inflammation and vascular injury. Further research is needed to evaluate the potential r...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - October 30, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Fitoterapia USA Inc. Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of MERO MACHO ARTIFICIAL PASSION FRUIT FLAVORED VITAMIN C LIQUID SUPPLEMENT Due to Presence of Active Ingredient Tadalafil
Fitoterapia USA Inc., recalls 19,000 bottles of MACHO ARTIFICIAL PASSION FRUIT FLAVORED VITAMIN C LIQUID SUPPLEMENT, liquid dietary supplement because FDA analysis has found the product to be tainted with Tadalafil. (Source: NCCAM Featured Content)
Source: NCCAM Featured Content - October 23, 2019 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: NCCIH Source Type: news

Top 34 Bestselling ‘ Fruit ’ Drinks For Kids Deemed Unhealthy
(CNN) — Americans spent $1.4 billion on the most popular brands of children’s fruit drinks and flavored waters last year. Yet according to nutritional guidelines, none of the drinks were healthy. Why would loving parents do this? Perhaps because US beverage companies spent $20.7 million to advertise fun, fruity drinks with added sugars to families in 2018, according to Children’s Drink Facts 2019, a new report from the University of Connecticut’s Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity. “I know that parents want their children to be healthy, but the sweetened drink market is just incredibly co...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - October 16, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN juice Source Type: news

20 Best foods for your daily vitamin C
(Natural News) Vitamin C, also called ascorbic acid, has a crucial role in many of the body’s daily functions. But the body does not make vitamin C on its own. You will have to consume it from food, such as fruits and vegetables. Learn more about the health benefits of vitamin C and the 20 best... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - October 11, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Effect of Vitamin C Infusion on Organ Failure and Biomarkers of Inflammation and Vascular Injury in Patients With Sepsis and Severe Acute Respiratory Failure: The CITRIS-ALI Randomized Clinical Trial
RCT (n=167) found no significant improvement in organ dysfunction scores or markers of inflammation and vascular injury for a 96 hour infusion of vitamin C vs placebo. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - October 3, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Could Vitamin C Infusions Save Patients With Sepsis?
Sepsis is a leading cause of death in U.S. hospitals, claiming as many as 300,000 lives a year, according to the U.S. National Institute of General Medical Sciences. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - October 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Does Vitamin C in Sepsis Live Up to the Hype? Does Vitamin C in Sepsis Live Up to the Hype?
An observational study of the effect of vitamin C on sepsis has been called'too good to be true.'Now we have results from a randomized controlled trial. Does it live up to the hype?Medscape (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - October 2, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Critical Care Commentary Source Type: news

No Benefit Found for High-Dose Vitamin C Infusions in Sepsis, ARDS
TUESDAY, Oct. 1, 2019 -- Compared with placebo, intravenous infusion of high-dose vitamin C does not improve organ dysfunction or alter markers of inflammation or vascular injury among patients with sepsis and acute respiratory distress syndrome... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - October 1, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Could Vitamin C Infusions Save Patients With Sepsis?
TUESDAY, Oct. 1, 2019 -- Massive vitamin C infusions could be a life-saver for patients with sepsis, an inflammatory condition run amok, new research suggests. Sepsis is a leading cause of death in U.S. hospitals, claiming as many as 300,000 lives... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - October 1, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Chicken Soup and Vitamin C: Not Enough to Fight Off the Flu
Richard Stefanacci, DO, MGH, MBA, AGSF, CMD, coeditor of Caring talks about how to keep the flu from striking this winter and what to do if it does. (Source: Caring for the Ages)
Source: Caring for the Ages - October 1, 2019 Category: Health Management Tags: Caring Source Type: news

Vegetarian Diets: Nutritional Considerations for Children & Teens
Dr. Ginger Kash on Vegetarian DietsVirginia Kash, MDVegetarian diets are becoming more popular, even among children and teens.  In general, eating a vegetarian diet is eating a plant-based diet and, therefore, avoiding or eliminating meat and meat products.There are different types of vegetarian diets:Semi-vegetarian: Meat occasionally is included in the diet, usually just fish and chicken, but no red meat.Pescatarian:  Fish and shellfish are included in the diet but no meats or poultry. Variations are a “pescatarian-vegetarian” which included milk and eggs or “pescatarian-vegan” whic...
Source: Pediatric Health Associates - September 27, 2019 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Healthy Habits Source Type: news

Vitamin C and Thiamine for Sepsis and Septic Shock
Sepsis and septic shock are medical emergencies resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Intravenous (IV) vitamin C, thiamine, and hydrocortisone have shown promise in reducing hospital mortality. The Memphis Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC) similarly implemented this regimen, called the vitamin C protocol, for patients presenting in sepsis or septic shock in the intensive care unit (ICU). Although no significant mortality benefit was observed, the vitamin C protocol was not associated with patient harm. In this Veteran population, there was reduced ICU length of stay, suggesting possible benefit. Though fur...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - September 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Fitoterapia USA Inc. Issues Voluntary Nationwide Recall of MERO MACHO ARTIFICIAL PASSION FRUIT FLAVORED VITAMIN C LIQUID SUPPLEMENT Due to Presence of Active Ingredient Tadalafil
Fitoterapia USA Inc., is voluntarily recalling 19,000 bottles of MACHO ARTIFICIAL PASSION FRUIT FLAVORED VITAMIN C LIQUID SUPPLEMENT, liquid dietary supplement to the consumer level. FDA analysis has found the product to be tainted with Tadalafil. Tadalafil is an active ingredient in a FDA- approved (Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New)
Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - September 17, 2019 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: FDA Source Type: news

Medical News Today: What happens when you take too much vitamin C?
Vitamin C is usually safe to take even at high dosages. However, people may experience mild side effects, such as digestive discomfort. Rarely, more serious side effects can occur. Learn more here. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - September 4, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Nutrition / Diet Source Type: news

Get out of the hospital ASAP: Vitamin C can mean shorter ICU stays, according to research
(Natural News) Researchers found a way to help people get out of the hospital as soon as possible. A new meta-analysis published in the journal Nutrients suggests that the administration of vitamin C can shorten the length of stay of a patient in the intensive care unit (ICU) on average by about eight percent. For... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - August 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

The health benefits of lemon water
(Natural News) You can find lemon water in restaurants and day spas as an alternative to tea or coffee. It’s a refreshing drink that offers a multitude of health benefits. Lemons are rich in vitamins and minerals, especially vitamin C. While water is vital for hydration, combining the two will ensure that you are adequately hydrated while... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - August 16, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

When life gives you lemons: 6 Healthy reasons to make them into lemonade
(Natural News) Lemons are full of vitamin C and beneficial plant compounds that contribute to their health benefits. Several studies suggest that drinking lemon water or lemonade boosts your heart health and promotes weight loss. Lemons: a vitamin C-rich superfood Lemons are citrus fruits rich in flavonoids, folate, potassium, and vitamin C. A quarter cup of fresh... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - August 11, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

11 nutrients and what they'll do for your skin according to beauty expert 
US beauty expert Mandi Nyambi has revealed the 11 nutrients you need for perfect skin in her new book, Fresh Face, which is released today, including vitamin C to boost collagen production. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - August 6, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Top 3 benefits of vitamin C serum
Topical vitamin C serums may have a range of benefits, such as protecting the skin against sun damage and evening out the skin tone. Learn about the benefits and how to use vitamin C serum here. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - July 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Dermatology Source Type: news

Sweet! Here are 7 reasons to eat sweet potatoes
(Natural News) Sweet potatoes may not be as popular as regular potatoes, which is too bad — since they’re packed with vitamins and minerals. One cup of sweet potatoes can provide more than 100 percent of the daily value of vitamin A. It’s also rich in vitamin C, dietary fiber, and manganese. Both purple and... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - July 10, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Broccoli You Are Sure to Love
FRIDAY, June 28, 2019 -- Looking to boost your fiber and vitamin C in one bite? Forget dietary supplements -- emerald green broccoli is the answer. Cup for cup, broccoli has more vitamin C than oranges, and only half the calories. It's also rich in... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - June 28, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Podcast: Antioxidants for male subfertility
As well as strategies that are focused mainly on the woman, interventions to help couples to become pregnant include some to directly help men who are subfertile and those targeting men where the couple has unexplained subfertility. One of the Cochrane Reviews with this focus on men looks at giving them oral supplementation with antioxidants, and new evidence was added to this in March 2019. We asked Rebecca Mackenzie ‐Proctor from the Auckland City Hospital in New Zealand to bring us to up-to-date..Many cases of male subfertility are thought to be due to the damaging effects of oxidative stress on sperm, with some estim...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - June 26, 2019 Category: Information Technology Authors: Lydia Parsonson Source Type: news

Safety of vitamin C in sepsis: a neglected topic.
Although vitamin C is essentially a nontoxic vitamin; however, it is important to be aware regarding the safety of high doses before the wide clinical use. Minor side effects of vitamin C have been reported, many being reported in earlier studies. High doses of vitamin C (up to 1.5 g/kg three times a week as intravenously) were safe in cancer patients with normal renal function and perfect glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity. As the dose and duration of administration of vitamin C in sepsis are lower and shorter than those used in cancer patients, it seems that it is relatively safe for this population. In ongoing t...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - June 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Vitamin C reduces time spent in the ICU, researchers find
(Natural News) People who end up in the intensive care unit of a hospital can shorten their expensive and uncomfortable stay thanks to vitamin C. In a recent meta-analysis, Australian and Finnish researchers found that supplementing with two grams of the vitamin each day could speed up the recovery of patients by a considerable margin.... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - June 10, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

New research finds vitamin C can prevent cell damage caused by toxins in drinking water
(Natural News) Illinois-based researchers tested out the effect of natural antioxidants – vitamin C and epigallocatechin gallate – on hexavalent chromium. They reported that the two antioxidants appear to inhibit the toxic effects of the increasingly widespread water contaminant. Hexavalent chromium is a heavy metal that has many industrial applications. It is a crucial part of chemicals employed in carbon and... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - June 3, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Why Frozen Fruit And Veggies May Be Better For You Than Fresh
(CNN) — You are probably aware that you should try to eat as many fruits and vegetables as you can for good health. But what if your favorite fruits are not in season, or the veggies on your Sunday shopping list will be eaten much later in the week? It might be time to favor frozen. Going frozen means you can enjoy your favorite berries or peaches during wintertime. It also means less spoilage, allowing you to enjoy produce when it’s close to its nutritional best — that is, whenever you decide to consume it. In fact, research has revealed that frozen fruits and vegetables can have just as many vitamins &m...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - May 31, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News CNN Source Type: news