Automated diagnosis of celiac disease by video capsule endoscopy using DAISY Descriptors

This study exploits the use of DAISY descriptors to project two-dimensional images onto one-dimensional vectors. Shannon entropy is then used to extract features, after which a particle swarm optimization algorithm coupled with normalization is employed to select the 30 best features for classification. Statistical measures of this paradigm were tabulated. The accuracy, positive predictive value, sensitivity and specificity obtained in distinguishing celiac versus control video capsule images were 89.82%, 89.17%, 94.35% and 83.20% respectively, using the 10-fold cross-validation technique. When employing manual methods rather than the automated means described in this study, technical limitations and inconclusive results may hamper diagnosis. Our findings suggest that the computer-aided detection system presented herein can render diagnostic information, and thus may provide clinicians with an important tool to validate a diagnosis of celiac disease.
Source: Journal of Medical Systems - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research

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Discussion: Lane-Hamilton syndrome is very rare and it should be kept in mind in patients with pulmonary hemorrhage even without gastrointestinal symptoms. We gave gluten free diet and steroid to our patient because of active hemoptysis and respiratory symptoms and he was improved with the treatment. Although steroid treatment is controversial in the literature, it should be used in patients with active respiratory symptoms.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Paediatric bronchology Source Type: research
Gluten? Lactose? Stomach pain? Digestive troubles? Way too many people suffer from gastrointestinal issues, and much less are aware of the digital technologies that can come to their aid. Did you know that digestibles could successfully replace the dreaded colonoscopy? Or have you heard about microbiome testing? What about the swarm of health apps supporting dietary restrictions? We took a deep breath and jumped into the universe of digital technologies just to bring you as much information about the future of gastroenterology as possible. Will you jump after us? IBS, colorectal cancer, and other animals Referring to...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine Genomics Health Sensors & Trackers diet dieting digestibles digestion digital health gastro gastroenterologist gastroenterology gastrointestinal gluten gut Innovation lactose microbiome stomach techno Source Type: blogs
By just engaging in the basic strategies in the Wheat Belly Total Health, Wheat Belly 10-Day Grain Detox, or Undoctored programs, many mild cases of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, SIBO, reverse. These efforts thereby restore your ability to ingest prebiotic fibers without diarrhea, bloating, gas, abdominal discomfort, joint pain, and dark emotional feelings. Many people thereby are relieved of irritable bowel syndrome symptoms, fibromyalgia, or restless leg syndrome, or have greater power in reversing autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis. Unfortunately, not everybody enjoys reversal of SIBO with our b...
Source: Wheat Belly Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: SIBO grain-free probiotic undoctored wheat belly Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: A duodenal biopsy is more likely to be performed in younger patients, females, and for key indications such as weight loss, diarrhea, and anemia. Providers varied widely in the performance of duodenal biopsy. Further study is warranted to better understand the decision to perform duodenal biopsy and to determine the optimal scenarios for its performance.
Source: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: ONLINE ARTICLES: Original Articles Source Type: research
We thank Dr Freeman for his interest in our systematic review and meta-analysis.1 In his letter, he refers to the study from Vancouver in which 9665 adults underwent endoscopy over 30 years and 234 (2.4%) of them showed mucosal changes compatible with celiac disease.1,2 As the author points out, those with known positive celiac serologic testing, an established diagnosis of celiac disease, and a family history of celiac disease were excluded.1,2 However, these patients were referred for upper endoscopy for evaluation of 1 or more of the following symptoms: diarrhea, abdominal pain, weight loss, dyspepsia, and so forth.
Source: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
Conclusion: The diagnostic yield of VCE for Saudi patients with OGIB is comparable to that reported internationally; however, data for other VCE indications, including inflammatory bowel disease, are still lacking.
Source: The Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research
EUS-CPN has been shown to have a therapeutic effect on pancreatic cancer (PC) pain. However, little information is available about the use of EUS-CPN for UAP arising from non-pancreatic forms of cancer (nPC).
Source: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Monday abstract Source Type: research
This article provides commentary on the last ESPGHAN/NASPGHAN guidelines and on publications made after the consensus conference of 2015. The majority of infected children are asymptomatic and pediatric studies do not support a role forH. pylori in functional disorders such as recurrent abdominal pain. The role ofH. pylori infection in failure to thrive, children ’s growth, type I diabetes mellitus (T1DM), and celiac disease remains controversial. The diagnosis of infection should be based on upper-digestive endoscopy with biopsy-based methods. Eradication control after treatment should be based on validated non-inva...
Source: Pediatric Drugs - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
This article provides commentary on the last ESPGHAN/NASPGHAN guidelines and on publications made after the consensus conference of 2015. The majority of infected children are asymptomatic and pediatric studies do not support a role for H. pylori in functional disorders such as recurrent abdominal pain. The role of H. pylori infection in failure to thrive, children's growth, type I diabetes mellitus (T1DM), and celiac disease remains controversial. The diagnosis of infection should be based on upper-digestive endoscopy with biopsy-based methods. Eradication control after treatment should be based on validated non-invasive ...
Source: Paediatric Drugs - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Paediatr Drugs Source Type: research
Abstract Helicobacter pylori infection in children differs from that in adults, from the point of view of epidemiology, host response, clinical features, related diseases, and diagnosis, as well as treatment strategies. The prevalence of H. pylori infection, in both children and adults, is decreasing in the Western World as well as in some developing countries, which contrasts with the increase in childhood asthma and allergic diseases. Recurrent abdominal pain is not specific during H. pylori infection in children. The role of H. pylori infection and failure to thrive, children's growth, type I diabetes mel...
Source: Helicobacter - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: REVIEW ARTICLE Source Type: research
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