Rotavirus Vaccination Does Not Increase Type 1 Diabetes and May Decrease Celiac Disease in Children and Adolescents

Conclusions: RV vaccination using RotaTeq did not alter the occurrence of DM1 but decreased the prevalence of CD in childhood and adolescence. We propose that wild-type RV may trigger CD and the triggering effect can be prevented or reduced by RV vaccination.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Vaccine Reports Source Type: research

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In this study, we found that the PPL length of Korean SG isolates varied from 11 to 21 prolines and was longer than that of a live vaccine strain, SG 9R (9 prolines). According to growth competition in chickens, the growth of an SG isolate with a PPL length of 17 prolines exceeded that of an SG isolate with a PPL length of 15 prolines. We investigated the pseudogenes of the field isolates, SG 9R and reference strains in GenBank by resequencing and comparative genomics. The pseudogene profiles of the field isolates were notably different from those of the foreign SG strains, and they were subdivided into 7 pseudogene subgro...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Ricardo Lopes, Amanda Brinch Kruse, Liza Rosenbaum Nielsen, Telmo Pina Nunes, Lis AlbanAbstractIn modern livestock farming, there is an increasing understanding that antimicrobial (AM) consumption must be kept low – preferably without compromising animal welfare or productivity. This requires an understanding of the relationship between AM use, productivity, biosecurity, vaccination and herd demographics. To obtain this, we undertook an Additive Bayesian Network analysis using data from 2014-15, covering 157 Danish sow herd...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In conclusion, the results suggested that SAB could attenuate HUVEC cells damage treated with HG or PA via Sirt1 and might be a potential therapy agent for the diabetic cardiopathy treatment. PMID: 31118974 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Authors: Shi L, Feng L, Zhang M, Li X, Yang Y, Zhang Y, Ni Q Abstract Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Many trials have shown that Abelmoschus manihot could further improve proteinuria and protect kidney function in patients with DN when added to a renin-angiotensin system (RAS) blocker. A systematic assessment of the efficacy and safety of A. manihot in DN is essential. Eight electronic databases were searched to identify eligible trials published from inception to December 2017. The Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool was used to evaluate the methodological quality of eligi...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Authors: Zhu J, Xing G, Shen T, Xu G, Peng Y, Rao J, Shi R Abstract Backgrounds: Prediabetes is a condition in which a person's blood glucose levels are higher than normal physiological levels but lower compared to patients with diabetes. Up to 70% of individuals with prediabetes will eventually develop diabetes. To date, there have been no pharmaceutical drugs to treat diabetes. It is believed that early diagnosis and nonpharmacological intervention for prediabetes are critical for effective prevention of diabetes. Most individuals with prediabetes remain undiagnosed even after being evaluated using the standard t...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: This review contains information on medicinal plants used to manage diabetes mellitus, including their pharmacological properties and mechanisms of action as well as models used to investigate them. It also provides gaps that can form the basis for further investigations and development into useful medications for effective treatment of diabetes mellitus. PMID: 31118963 [PubMed]
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Authors: Zhou YX, Zhang RQ, Rahman K, Cao ZX, Zhang H, Peng C Abstract Geniposide is a well-known iridoid glycoside compound and is an essential component of a wide variety of traditional phytomedicines, for example, Gardenia jasminoides Elli (Zhizi in Chinese), Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. (Duzhong in Chinese), Rehmannia glutinosa Libosch. (Dihuang in Chinese), and Achyranthes bidentata Bl. (Niuxi in Chinese). It is also the main bioactive component of Gardeniae Fructus, the dried ripe fruit of Gardenia jasminoides Ellis. Increasing pharmacological evidence supports multiple medicinal properties of geniposide including...
Source: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: Evid Based Complement Alternat Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Redox BiologyAuthor(s): Núria Vall-llaura, Noèlia Mir, Lourdes Garrido, Celia Vived, Elisa CabiscolAbstractYeast Sir2 is an NAD-dependent histone deacetylase related to oxidative stress and aging. In a previous study, we showed that Sir2 is regulated by S-glutathionylation of key cysteine residues located at the catalytic domain. Mutation of these residues results in strains with increased resistance to disulfide stress. In the present study, these mutant cells were highly resistant to acetic acid and had an increased chronological life span. Mutant cells ...
Source: Redox Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
This study sought to examine whether disparities in health literacy, numeracy, self-care behaviors, and HbA1c persisted between non-Hispanic blacks and non-Hispanic whites after applying a robust adjustment for socioeconomic status (SES).MethodsFrom 2016 to 2018, adult patients with type 2 diabetes (N=444) were recruited from primary care clinics. Participants self-reported demographics; indicators of SES (i.e., income, education, health insurance, housing status, and financial strain); subjective health literacy and numeracy; and self-care behaviors. Participants also completed an HbA1c test. In 2018, differences were exa...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Authors: Yao Y, Gong H, Pang Y, Gu L, Niu S, Xu Y, Li P, Liu K, Tang L, Xuan Y, Gao Y, Zhang X Abstract BACKGROUND Mayo adhesive probability (MAP) score, an accurate and reliable predictor of adherent perinephric fat (APF), consists of posterior perinephric fat thickness and perinephric fat stranding. The present study aimed to identify the potential clinical characteristics associated with these 2 variables to further our understanding of APF. MATERIAL AND METHODS Clinical data of 346 patients subjected to minimally invasive nephrectomy was collected within our prospectively maintained database, between January 20...
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
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