Metabolic impairments in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 2.

Metabolic impairments in patients with myotonic dystrophy type 2. Acta Myol. 2018 Dec;37(4):252-256 Authors: Vujnic M, Peric S, Calic Z, Benovic N, Nisic T, Pesovic J, Savic-Pavicevic D, Rakocevic-Stojanovic V Abstract Objectives: metabolic syndrome (MetS) increases risk of cardiovascular diseases and diabetes mellitus type 2. Aim of this study was to investigate frequency and features of MetS in a large cohort of patients with DM2. Materials &methods: this cross-sectional study included 47 DM2 patients. Patients were matched with 94 healthy controls (HCs) for gender and age. MetS was diagnosed according to the new worldwide consensus criteria from 2009. Results: mean age of DM2 patients was 52 ± 11 years, 15 (32%) were males, and mean disease duration was 15 ± 14 years. MetS was present in 53% of DM2 patients and 46% of HCs (p> 0.05). All components of the MetS appeared with the similar frequency in DM2 and HCs, respectively: hypertension 64 vs 52%, central obesity 62 vs 74%, hypertriglyceridemia 49 vs 39%, hyperglycemia 42 vs 33% and low HDL cholesterol 30 vs 42% (p> 0.05). DM2 patients were more commonly on lipid lowering therapy compared to HCs (12 vs 3%, p = 0.05). Fifteen (32%) patients with DM2 and only one (1%) subject from control group had diabetes mellitus (p
Source: Acta Myologica - Category: Neurology Tags: Acta Myol Source Type: research

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Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
Two Clinical Nurse Specialist opportunities are available to contribute towards the provision of excellent patient care within our Endocrinology and Diabetes Service.One post will be for our Queen Elizabeth Hospital (QEHB) site and the other for our Heartlands, Good Hope and Solihull Hospital site (HGS). Successful candidates will join a team of experienced specialist nurses in a tertiary Endocrine referral centre and will be given full structured training and supervision to develop their skills in Endocrinology.Application deadline is2 February 2020. Visit www.jobs.nhs.uk for full details and to apply. 
Source: Society for Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: news
Researchers reports an over 50% drop in overall death rates among people with diabetes living in Hong Kong from 2001-2016; younger people with diabetes less likely to experience improvement in survival, however.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Diabetes Headlines - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes & Endocrinology News Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS Our results highlight that interaction of Nr4a1 and LKB1 can mitigate T2DM by activating the AMPK/SIRT1 signaling pathway and inhibiting NF-kappaB activation. This may offer new insight for T2DM treatment. PMID: 31939452 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 January 2020Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Antonio Armario, Javier Labad, Roser NadalAbstractARMARIO, A, J. Labad and R. Nadal. Focusing attention on biological markers of acute stressor intensity: empirical evidence and limitations. NEUROSCIENCE AND BIOBEHAVIORAL REVIEWS. The availability of biological markers that objectively quantify stress is a highly relevant issue. However, experimental evidence suggests that most physiological changes elicited by emotional stressors do not reflect their intensity and are not useful for this purpose. Thus, we review exp...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Authors: Fontes MAP, Marzano LAS, Silva CC, Silva ACSE Abstract Despite the current availability of safe and efficient drugs for treating hypertension, a substantial number of patients are drug-resistant hypertensives. Aiming this condition, a relatively new approach named catheter-based renal denervation was developed. We have now a clinically relevant time window to review the efficacy of renal denervation for treating this form of hypertension. This short review addresses the physiological contribution of renal sympathetic nerves for blood pressure control and discusses the pros and cons of renal denervation pro...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 January 2020Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Milad Ashrafizadeh, Zahra Ahmadi, Saeed Samarghandian, Reza Mohammadinejad, Habib Yaribeygi, Thozhukat Sathyapalan, Amirhossein SahebkarAbstractMicroRNAs (miRs) are small non-coding pieces of RNA that are involved in a variety of physiologic processes such as apoptosis, cell proliferation, cell differentiation, cell cycle and cell survival. These multifunctional nucleotides are also capable of preventing oxidative damages by modulating antioxidant defense systems in a variety of milieu, such as in diabetes. Although the exact molecular mechan...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Driving blood glycaemia from hyperglycaemia to euglycaemia as fast as possible while avoiding hypoglycaemia is a major problem for decades for type-1 diabetes and is solved in this study. A control algorithm is designed that guaranties hypoglycaemia avoidance for the first time both from the theory of positive systems point of view and from the most pragmatic clinical practice. The solution consists of a state feedback control law that computes the required hyperglycaemia correction bolus in real-time to safely steer glycaemia to the target. A rigorous proof is given that shows that the control-law respects the positivity ...
Source: IET Systems Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In this study, a multiple-model strategy is evaluated as an alternative closed-loop method for subcutaneous insulin delivery in type 1 diabetes. Non-linearities of the glucose–insulin regulatory system are considered by modelling the system around five different operating points. After conducting some identification experiments in the UVA/Padova metabolic simulator (accepted simulator by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)), five transfer functions are obtained for these operating points. Paying attention to some physiological facts, the control objectives such as the required settling time and permissible boun...
Source: IET Systems Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In this study, a closed-loop control scheme is proposed for the glucose–insulin regulatory system in type-1 diabetic mellitus (T1DM) patients. Some innovative hybrid glucose–insulin regulators have combined artificial intelligence such as fuzzy logic and genetic algorithm with well known Palumbo model to regulate the blood glucose (BG) level in T1DM patients. However, most of these approaches have focused on the glucose reference tracking, and the qualitative of this tracking such as chattering reduction of insulin injection has not been well-studied. Higher-order sliding mode (HoSM) controllers have been emplo...
Source: IET Systems Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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