Feasibility of multi-atlas cardiac segmentation from thoracic planning CT in a probabilistic framework.

We present a probabilistic approach to segmentation, which provides a simple method to incorporate inter-observer variation, as well as a useful tool for evaluating the accuracy and sources of error in segmentation. A dataset consisting of 20 planning computed tomography images of Australian breast cancer patients with delineations of 17 structures (including whole heart, 4 chambers, coronary arteries and valves) was manually contoured by 3 independent observers, following a protocol based on a published reference atlas, with verification by a cardiologist. To develop and validate the segmentation framework a leave-one-out cross-validation strategy was implemented. Performance of the automatic segmentations was evaluated relative to inter-observer variability in manually-derived contours; measures of volume and surface accuracy (Dice similarity coefficient (DSC) and mean absolute surface distance (MASD), respectively) were used to compare automatic segmentation to the consensus segmentation from manual contours. For the whole heart, the resulting segmentation achieved a DSC of 0.944±0.024, with a MASD of 1.726±1.363mm. Quantitative results, together with the analysis of probabilistic labelling, indicate the feasibility of accurate and consistent segmentation of larger structures, whereas this is not the case for many smaller structures, where a major limitation in segmentation accuracy is the inter-observer variability in manual contouring....
Source: Physics in Medicine and Biology - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Phys Med Biol Source Type: research

Related Links:

ConclusionConventional BC-imaging modalities have both advantages and limitations. When utilized in combination, they are often complementary. For example, a limitation of mammography is low sensitivity in dense breasts. The addition of DBT lessens this limitation by providing three-dimensional (3D) images of the breast that minimizes the effect of overlying breast tissue. Additionally, US added to mammography in dense breasts increases screening sensitivity and has the advantages of accessibility and lack of ionizing radiation. MRI is currently the most sensitive method used for detecting BC. When MRI is not suitable for ...
Source: Clinical and Translational Imaging - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsBoth 18F-HX4 and 18F-FMISO PET/CT can be used as biomarkers for tumor hypoxia and radiotherapy-associated changes. The clinical utilization of these two PET tracers needs to be further validated.
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion High values of AUC, sensitivity, specificity, NPV and PPV encourage utilization of PET/CT for locoregional staging of nonmetastatic breast carcinoma. The significant correlation between the primary tumor SUVmax value and grade, ER status, PR status and Ki-67 level increases the prognostic predictive value of the preoperative PET/CT.
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Objective To evaluate metabolic and volume-based parameters of 18-Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography ((18F)FDG PET/CT) for primary mass and axillary lymph node (ALN) metastasis in relation to molecular subtype, and immunohistochemistry and inflammatory markers in patients with invasive ductal carcinoma. Methods A total of 129 patients (mean±SD age: 49.2±13.0 years) with invasive ductal breast cancer who had (18F)FDG PET/CT imaging prior to chemotherapy or surgery were included in this single-center retrospective study. Data on patient age, molecular subtype, ALN metastasi...
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusion The use of new semiquantitative PET parameters may increase the diagnostic yield of FDG PET in the case of abnormal incidental 18F-FDG accumulations.
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Both 18F-HX4 and 18F-FMISO PET/CT can be used as biomarkers for tumor hypoxia and radiotherapy-associated changes. The clinical utilization of these two PET tracers needs to be further validated. PMID: 31526971 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research
Cancer survival rates for esophagus, stomach, colon, rectum, pancreas, lung,...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AI predicts lung cancer survival from CT scan data Lancet: Cancer survival rates improve but vary widely Cancer deaths continue to fall, but CT lung screening lags ACS: U.S. cancer death rates continue to fall NEJM: Treatment, not screening, cuts breast cancer deaths
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news
llian Breast cancer represents a leading cause of death worldwide. Despite the advances in systemic therapies, the prognosis for patients with breast cancer liver metastasis (BCLM) remains poor. Especially in case of failure or cessation of systemic treatments, surgical resection for BCLMs has been considered as the treatment standard despite a lack of robust evidence of benefit. However, due to the extent and location of disease and physical condition, the number of patients with BCLM who are eligible for surgery is limited. Palliative locoregional treatments of liver metastases (LM) include transarterial embolization...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
ConclusionDespite guideline recommendations, a high rate of preoperative staging imaging is completed for patients with clinical stage 1 or 2 breast cancer who receive NAC, with few positive results.
Source: Annals of Surgical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 September 2019Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Joji Ota, Hajime Yokota, Hazuki Takishima, Akiyo Takada, Ryosuke Irie, Yuka Suzuki, Takeshi Nagashima, Takuro Horikoshi, Koichi Chida, Yoshitada Masuda, Takashi UnoAbstractPurposeOrgan-effective modulation (OEM) is a mechanism to reduce radiation dose to selected organs on computed tomography (CT). The purpose of this study was to measure radiation dose to the breast in Asian patients undergoing chest CT and to clarify the degree of exposure reduction.MethodWe randomly selected 60 female patients undergoing non-contrast chest...
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
More News: Anatomy | Australia Health | Biology | Breast Cancer | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Cardiology | CT Scan | Heart | Physics | Study | Toxicology