Inhibition of MMPs and ADAM/ADAMTS.

Inhibition of MMPs and ADAM/ADAMTS. Biochem Pharmacol. 2019 Feb 28;: Authors: Malemud CJ Abstract Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), A Disintegrin and Metalloproteinase (ADAM) and A Disintegrin and Metalloproteinase with Thrombospondin Motif (ADAMTS) are zinc-dependent endopeptidases that play a critical role in the destruction of extracellular matrix proteins and, the shedding of membrane-bound receptor molecules in various forms of arthritis and other diseases. Under normal conditions, MMP, ADAM and ADAMTS gene expression aids in the maintenance of homeostasis. However, in inflamed synovial joints characteristic of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. MMP, ADAM and ADAMTS production is greatly increased under the influence of pro-inflammatory cytokines. Analyses based on medicinal chemistry strategies designed to directly inhibit the activity of MMPs have been largely unsuccessful when these MMP inhibitors were employed in animal models of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. This is despite the fact that these MMP inhibitors were largely able to suppress pro-inflammatory cytokine-induced MMP production in vitro. A focus on ADAM and ADAMTS inhibitors has also been pursued. Thus, recent progress has identified the "sheddase" activity of ADAMs as a viable target and the development of GW280264X is an experimental ADAM17 inhibitor. Of note, a monoclonal antibody, GLPG1972, developed as an ADAMTS-5 inhibitor, entered a Phase I OA clinical ...
Source: Biochemical Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biochem Pharmacol Source Type: research

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This study examines the impact of the synthesis conditions on the physico-chemical properties and on the surface reactivity of the prepared materials. The analysis of the interactions of the samples with respect to a protein model (Bovin Serum Albumin), evaluated under the same experimental conditions, revealed a fast-kinetic process for the precipitated samples, compared to the crystals obtained by solid chemical reaction. Thus, the equilibrium conditions were reached in less than 20 min for the former while 6 h of contact were requested for the latter. However, all the obtained isotherms show a Langmuirian shape. The...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: Journal of Molecular StructureAuthor(s): Ravi Shankar, Rohit Singh, Gabriele Kociok-Köhn, Antonio FronteraAbstractStudies based on the role of non-covalent interactions in physical, chemical, and biological phenomena in supramolecular assemblies have gained considerable interest. Herein, we report a supramolecular assembly, [Zn(phen)2(H2O)2](EtSO3)2·2H2O (1) afforded by the reaction of a preformed zincate salt, [Et4N]2[Zn(OSO2Et)4] and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen). Compound 1 has been characterized by FTIR, 1H/13C NMR, elemental analysis, and single-crysta...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
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Source: Polymer - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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Source: Inorganica Chimica Acta - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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Source: Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
In this report, we analyzed gene expression profiles of paired specimens of keratinocyte carcinomas with their matched normal skin tissues as the control. Among several novel findings, we discovered a significant number of zinc finger encoding genes up-regulated in human BCC. In BCC, a novel link was found between hedgehog signaling, Wnt signaling, and the cilium. While the SCC cancer-stem-cell gene signature is shared between human and mouse SCCs, the hair follicle stem-cell signature of mice was not highly represented in human SCC. Differential gene expression (DEG) in human BCC shares gene signature with both bulge and ...
Source: Genes and Diseases - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
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