Does Anxiety Cause PTSD or Does PTSD Cause Anxiety?

“PTSD is a whole-body tragedy, an integral human event of enormous proportions with massive repercussions.” ― Susan Pease Banitt This question came up in conversation when I was speaking with someone who has experienced severe panic attacks to the point of calling them “debilitating”, requiring inpatient care.  As they were sharing about the ordeal, they told me that when they contemplate the time spent seeking treatment and the aftermath, it ramped up both the anxiety and PTSD symptoms. Even as a career therapist with decades of experience treating people with stand-alone anxiety, with no overt PTSD symptoms, I had not considered that remembering the anxiety was re-traumatizing. I have heard clients share that anticipating panic attacks was in and of itself anxiety provoking. For this person and so many others, it is hard to determine the line between the two. As is the case for many who struggle with this condition, they experienced body memory, flashbacks and tremors, as if the events of the past were recurring. Reminding themselves, “I am here and now, not there and then,” alleviated some of the more intense indicators. This person is also intent on taking on challenges and resilience is one of their superpowers. Overcoming life changing physical conditions were part of the symbolic exercise equipment that helped them to become stronger and more flexible. They were aware that life events happen, unbidden at times and ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Anxiety and Panic Personal Psychotherapy PTSD Trauma Aromatherapy Breathing Exercise PTSD trigger Relaxation Self Care Source Type: blogs

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Conclusions: The constantly increasing prevalence of NAFLD in the general population can contribute to a growing role of NAFLD/NASH in HCC epidemiology. Moreover, some particular challenges specific for patients with liver steatosis may impede proper HCC diagnosis, treatment and follow-up. PMID: 31631714 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Medical Research and Opinion - Category: Research Tags: Curr Med Res Opin Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Although consumption of a WPND was associated with a larger estimated GV in this pilot study, a larger study is necessary to conclude whether patients must fast longer than 2 hours after consumption of a WPND. PMID: 31630511 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Perioperative, i.v. lidocaine administration influences postoperative serum concentrations of endocannabinoids and NAEs in children. PMID: 31630508 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research
CLINICS IN PERINATOLOGY
Source: Clinics in Perinatology - Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: The presentation of PPCRA has been sporadic in the majority of cases. Inflammatory and hereditary origins have been anecdotally cited. Our young patient showed concurrent presentation of inflammatory and hereditary origin of PPCRA. We suggest that a careful investigation of systemic inflammation should be done in children with suggestive extraocular symptoms in the setting of PPCRA. PMID: 31631731 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ophthalmic Genetics - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Ophthalmic Genet Source Type: research
Bone is richly innervated by nerve growth factor–responsive (NGF-responsive) tropomyosin receptor kinase A–expressing (TrKa-expressing) sensory nerve fibers, which are required for osteochondral progenitor expansion during mammalian skeletal development. Aside from pain sensation, little is known regarding the role of sensory innervation in bone repair. Here, we characterized the reinnervation of tissue following experimental ulnar stress fracture and assessed the impact of loss of TrkA signaling in this process. Sequential histological data obtained in reporter mice subjected to fracture demonstrated a marked ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
Antagonists of the type 1 cysteinyl leukotriene receptor (CysLT1R) are widely used to treat asthma and allergic rhinitis, with variable response rates. Alveolar macrophages express UDP-specific P2Y6 receptors that can be blocked by off-target effects of CysLT1R antagonists. Sensitizing intranasal doses of an extract from the house dust mite Dermatophagoides farinae (Df) sharply increased the levels of UDP detected in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of mice. Conditional deletion of P2Y6 receptors before sensitization exacerbated eosinophilic lung inflammation and type 2 cytokine production in response to subsequent Df challeng...
Source: Journal of Clinical Investigation - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Source Type: research
We report a longitudinal behavioral study in a methylazoxymethanol acetate (MAM) rat model of schizophrenia at three different age periods: prepuberty, late-puberty and early-adulthood. MAM-treated rats showed stable hypolocomotive activity, anxiety and cognitive deficits from late-puberty to early-adulthood. Therefore we detected the metabolites changes of adult MAM-treated rats using an in vitro proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H-NMR) method. In the MAM-treated rats, glutamate was increased in the thalamus and hypothalamus, glutamine was increased in the hippocampus and GABA was increased in the hippocampus and prefro...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
Authors: Liu S, Yang B, Yang P, Liu Z Abstract Formula-3 is a Chinese herbal medicine formula that was shown to inhibit food allergy in rats by stabilizing mast cells. But whether Formula-3 ameliorates food allergy through modulating the composition of intestinal microbiota remains to be explored. Here, we aimed to determine whether gut microbiota mediate the anti-food allergic effects of Formula-3. Mouse model of food allergy (FA) was induced by intragastrically administered with ovalbumin and cholera toxin for two weeks, then these mice were orally administrated daily with 1 ml PBS (0.1 mmol/L) or 1 ml Formula-3 ...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
In this study, a mouse model of chronic alcoholic hepatitis was established by eight weeks of Lieber-DeCarli liquid diet feeding; and LGG-s, BMMSCs or a combination of the two were used to explore a new therapeutic method for alcoholic liver disease and to study the mechanism. The results showed that the combined LGG-s and BMMSC treatment might have a synergistic effect and could improve the symptoms of alcoholic hepatitis by regulating inflammation, autophagy and lymphocyte subsets through the PI3k/NF-kB and PI3K/mTOR pathways. With the treatment, the autophagy rate accelerated, and alcohol-induced natural killer B (NKB) ...
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
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