The use of meta-analysis in infectious disease surveillance: Is it a relevant tool?
CONCLUSIONS The inhibition of S. Typhimurium colonization by CCW is associated w ith the increase in TCD4+ and TCD8+ cells.
New J. Chem., 2019, Advance Article DOI: 10.1039/C9NJ04432A, PaperShulin Jiao, YaoJia Li, Zhiguo Gao, Ruicheng Chen, Yan Wang, Zhihong Zou Schematic representation of a drug delivery system based on ZIF-8 for the therapy of invasive Candida albicans infections. To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above. The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
ConclusionsMG prevalence and antibiotic resistance in Welsh sexual health clinics is low. MG bacterial load did not correlate to clinical presentation, men have higher MG load/ml in urine than women, genders have different age bias for MG prevalence and urine and swabs are equivalent for detecting MG.
ConclusionGLASS is feasible to implement and more beneficial than laboratory-based surveillance. This study collects additional information beyond GLASS including causative bacteria and colonizing bacteria; types of UTI; and more specific criteria to distinguish HAI from CAI so that such data can be used for developing more valid local guidelines for selecting antibiotic therapy in UTI patients in addition to AMR surveillance in urine samples.
The association between Salmonella spp. and osteoarticular infections in pediatric patients with major sickle hemoglobinopathies has been well established. However, the contemporary microbiology of these infections in such patients is unknown. We conducted a retrospective review of medical records at Texas Children’s Hospital in Houston from 2000 to 2018 to investigate this question. Fifty cases were identified. In 23 (46%) cases, a pathogen was identified. Salmonella was the most common pathogen isolated, accounting for 61% of culture-positive cases followed by Staphylococcus aureus (21.7%).
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ConclusionsEthnopharmacological research has a consistent focus on food and plant sciences, (bio)chemistry, complementary medicine and pharmacology, with a more limited scientific acceptance in the socio-cultural sciences. Dynamic global contributions have been shifting from developed countries to economically and scientifically emerging countries in Asia, South America and the Middle East. Research on recording medicinal plant species used by traditional medicine continues, but the evaluation of specific properties or treatment effects of extracts and compounds has increased enormously. Moreover increasing attention is pa...
In this study, the obtained IC50 concentration of 51.25 μg/mL exhibits significant anticancer activity against A549 cells than other tested concentrations because of the release of zinc ions, which induce the cell apoptosis. Furthermore, studies on cell cycle validate that ZnO NPs arrest the cell cycle at the sub-G1 phase of A549 cells. These results suggest the utility of phytogenic ZnO NPs for various biomedical applications.Graphical abstract
Authors: Negrini TC, Koo H, Arthur RA Abstract Oral cavity harbors a complex and highly diverse microbial community. Cross-kingdom interactions between Candida and oral bacteria are critical for their co-existence, which may also affect the course and the severity of biofilm-mediated bacterial-mediated diseases. C. albicans has been found in polymicrobial biofilms associated with denture stomatitis, oral mucositis, dental caries, periodontal diseases, peri-implantitis, and root canal infection. Thus, it is of utmost importance to unravel the mechanisms of Candida-bacterial interactions and their impact on the onset...
Authors: Bertolini M, Dongari-Bagtzoglou A Abstract Candida albicans is an opportunistic pathogen colonizing the oropharyngeal, esophageal, and gastrointestinal mucosa in most healthy humans. In immunocompromised hosts, this fungal organism can cause mucosal candidiasis in these sites. C. albicans also causes fungemia, a serious consequence of cancer cytotoxic chemotherapy, which is thought to develop from fungal translocation through compromised mucosal barriers. Changes in endogenous bacterial population size or composition as well as changes in the host environment can transform fungal commensals into opportunis...
ConclusionsThe presence of 8 mg/mL of nicotine alone increased the metabolic activity and biofilm formation ofC. albicans. In the presence of 8 mg/mL of nicotine with different caffeine concentrations, the results suggest that, overall, caffeine at higher concentrations (16 and 32 mg/mL) inhibited the metabolic activity and biofilm formation ofC. albicans on acrylic denture resin most.