Initial experience of video capsule endoscopy at a tertiary center in Saudi Arabia

Conclusion: The diagnostic yield of VCE for Saudi patients with OGIB is comparable to that reported internationally; however, data for other VCE indications, including inflammatory bowel disease, are still lacking.
Source: The Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Source Type: research

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In conclusion, the role of the anesthetist should be to supervise endoscopy activities at every level. PMID: 31808663 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: CNB and SSNB have similar effects on pain relief, complications and functional recovery in patients receiving TKA. The optimal analgesic regimen for patients after TKA needs further identification. PMID: 31808660 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research
This study is focused on comparison of the dissolution behavior of matrix tablets (based on hypromellose and/or glyceryl behenate as retarding agent) of the same composition containing different type of drug – ionizing tramadol hydrochloride (TH) and non-ionizing pentoxifylline (PTX). The dissolution tests were performed in acidic medium (pH 1.2) and in alcoholic medim (20%, 40% of ethanol) and the changes of tablets were observed also photographically.It was found that the alcohol resistence of the hydrophilic-lipophilic formulations with TH and the hydrophilic-lipophilic formulations with PTX containing a higher am...
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical JournalAuthor(s): Abdalla M. Wedn, Sahar M. El-Gowilly, Mahmoud M. El-MasAbstractWidely different exposure times to endotoxic insults have been employed in reported studies. The current experimental study systematically evaluated the time-course and sex influences of endotoxic insult on survivability and cardiovascular and renal functions. Rats received i.p. lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 5 mg/kg) once or twice (over 2 successive days). Systolic blood pressure (SBP), biomarkers of renal function and inflammation, and vasodilator responsiveness of isol...
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the results suggest that, because of its bioactivity including the antioxidant, antimicrobial, and enzyme inhibition properties, the D. macrolepis can be accepted as a promising and natural source for the industrial applications. The present study is the first study, in which the bioactive components and the antioxidant, antimicrobial, and enzyme inhibition properties of endemic D. macrolepis plant were determined.
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
In this study, focal cerebral ischemia model was built by middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) for 2h followed by reperfusion. The investigation was carried out on 48 rats that were arranged into four groups (n=12): the sham group, I/R control group, I/R+propolis (50 mg/kg) group and I/R+propolis (100 mg/kg) group. The results revealed that propolis preserved rats against neuronal injury induced by cerebral I/R. It significantly reduced neurological deficit scores and improved motor coordination and locomotor activity in I/R rats. Propolis antagonized the damage induced by cerebral I/R through suppression of malondialde...
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study investigating a multiphenotypic approach, based on the comparative study of a wild type strain of P. aeruginosa, its isogenic OprF mutant. Both P. aeruginosa PAO1 and OprF mutant strains were grown in same condition and cultures were subjected to further analysis by SDS PAGE, pyocyanin production and biofilm formation that was analyse using scanning electron microscopy. Based on biofilm formation essay and pyocyanin production, the study showed that OprF plays a dynamic role in P. aeruginosa virulence. The absence of OprF results in slow growth rate corresponded to elongated lag phase and reduced biofilm product...
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical JournalAuthor(s): Khalid A. Alburikan, Hatem A. AbuelizzAbstractBackgroundMiddle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) is a respiratory disease caused by a novel coronavirus that was identified in 2012 in Saudi Arabia. It is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. We identified factors associated with the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus (MERSā€CoV) infection among suspected cases presented with sign and symptoms of upper respiratory infection or exposure to the virus. We also looked at the impact of medication history on vi...
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical JournalAuthor(s): Yasin Genc, Fatma Tugce Guragac Dereli, Iclal Saracoglu, Esra Kupeli AkkolAbstractPlantago major L. which is a medicinal plant with important biological activities, commonly used as traditional medicine. Potential inhibitory activities of the aqueous extract and three isolated constituents calceorioside B (1), homoplantaginin (hispidulin-7-O-glucoside) (2) and plantamajoside (3) from the aerial parts of Plantago major subsp. major L. (Plantaginaceae) have been tested against hyaluronidase, collagenase, and elastase, which play ...
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 7 December 2019Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical JournalAuthor(s): Sirajudeen Shaik Alavudeen, Moteb Khobrani, C.K. Dhanapal, Javid Iqbal Mir, Sultan Mohammed Alshahrani, Noohu Abdullah Khan, Abdulaziz Alhossan
Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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