Diuretics in the Management of Cardiorenal Syndrome

Publication date: September 2018Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, Volume 25, Issue 5Author(s): Chandrika Chitturi, James E. NovakThe leading cause of death worldwide is cardiovascular disease. The heart and the kidneys are functionally interdependent, such that dysfunction in one organ may cause dysfunction in the other. By one estimate, more than 60% of patients with congestive heart failure develop chronic kidney disease. Volume overload and congestion are hallmarks of heart failure, and these findings are associated with severe symptoms and poor outcomes. Given the importance of congestion, diuretics remain a cornerstone of heart failure management. However, diuretic treatment remains largely empirical, with little evidence currently available to guide decisions. In this review, we discuss the pathophysiology of cardiorenal syndrome, the pharmacology of loop diuretics, mechanisms of diuretic resistance, and evidence-based treatment paradigms.
Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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We learn from basic physiology  lessons that human body is made up of 60 % water. What about heart ? There is no reason for the heart should behave differently from rest of the body . If my  assumptions are correct when the normal heart weighs 300g  , 180g of which should be  be water. The same thing could be applicable for LV mass( * Reference requested) Is there myocardial congestion in cardiac failure ? Genesis of edema in any tissue depends on local hydrostatic pressures, tissue resistive forces, osmotic balance, and cell membrane permeability. In the myocardium individual contri...
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