Effect of achieved hemoglobin level on renal outcome in non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients receiving epoetin beta pegol: MIRcerA CLinical Evidence on Renal Survival in CKD patients with renal anemia (MIRACLE-CKD Study)

AbstractBackgroundPrevious randomized-controlled trials have shown that targeting higher hemoglobin (Hb) levels using high dose of ESA in non-dialysis chronic kidney disease (NDCKD) patients resulted in poorer cardiovascular outcome; however, it remains unknown how high Hb levels achieved by ESA in clinical practice dose could affect renal outcome.MethodsIn a multicenter prospective observational study, Japanese NDCKD patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of ≥ 6 mL/min/1.73 m2 and renal anemia (Hb  
Source: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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Hemoglobin concentration (g/L; black circles), deviation (%) from idealized plasma volume (PV (%); white bars) and deviation (%) from idealized red blood cell volume (RBCV (%); grey bars) in non ‐anemic (left from vertical dotted line) and anemic (right from vertical dotted line) CKD male patients. This figure illustrates the fact that most patients with anemia in predialysis CKD have an increase in plasma volume and a relatively normal RBCV, supporting the fact that anemia of CKD may oft en be dilutional. AbstractAnemia is defined according to decreased blood hemoglobin concentration ([Hb]), which is considered a marker...
Source: Physiological Reports - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
The objective of the study was to examine overall anemia management trends in non-dialysis patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) from 2006 to 2015, and to evaluate the impact of Trial to Reduced Cardiovas...
Source: BMC Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
AbstractThe serum levels of hepcidin generally increase in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) due to inflammation or a decline in the glomerular filtration rate. However, the differences in the ferrokinetics among dialysis modalities are unclear. We investigated the relationship between serum levels of hepcidin and ferritin among non ‐dialyzed CKD (ND), hemodialysis (HD), and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. We recruited 285 CKD patients (117 ND, 80 HD, and 88 PD patients) and measured the serum levels of hepcidin‐25, ferritin, hemoglobin, iron, transferrin saturation (TSAT), albumin, and high sensitivity C...
Source: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur findings support the presence of erythropoiesis inhibitory substances in uremic sera. EPO/EPO-R-dependent mechanisms may play a role in inhibiting erythropoiesis. The in vitro bioassay described herein may serve as an indicator of rHuEPO responsiveness which may encourage further investigation of underlying mechanisms of EPO resistance.
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2018Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases, Volume 72, Issue 4Author(s): Yoshio N. HallThere is ongoing recognition that a wide array of social, economic, and environmental factors influence individuals’ opportunities to engage in health care and healthy behaviors. Despite spending $34 billion annually on the care of patients with end-stage renal disease, the American public and nephrology community remain remarkably complacent about addressing “upstream” factors that influence the prevention, progression, and treatment of chronic kidney diseases. Recently, a growing number ...
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur findings support the presence of erythropoiesis inhibitory substances in uremic sera. EPO/EPO-R-dependent mechanisms may play a role in inhibiting erythropoiesis. The in vitro bioassay described herein may serve as an indicator of rHuEPO responsiveness which may encourage further investigation of underlying mechanisms of EPO resistance.
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Conclusions: TP0463518 induced dose-dependent EPO production, mainly derived from the liver in HV and CKD patients. These results suggest that TP0463518 is a new strategy for treating anemia in CKD, which can be used regardless of renal functions.Am J Nephrol 2018;48:157 –164
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundThis post-marketing surveillance (PMS) study evaluated the safety and effectiveness of long-term darbepoetin alfa (darbepoetin) for the treatment of renal anemia in Japanese non-dialysis chronic kidney disease patients.MethodsPatients were treated with darbepoetin and followed up for 3  years. Adverse events (AEs), adverse drug reactions (ADRs), hemoglobin (Hb) levels, and renal function were assessed. Patients were stratified by Hb level at the time of occurrence of cardiovascular-related AEs. Statistical analyses were performed to explore factors affecting the occurrence of AEs , cardiovascular-rel...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: TP0463518 induced dose-dependent EPO production, mainly derived from the liver in HV and CKD patients. These results suggest that TP0463518 is a new strategy for treating anemia in CKD, which can be used regardless of renal functions. PMID: 30176654 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Am J Nephrol Source Type: research
This study included 409 patients with CKD [glomerular filtration rate (GFR)  
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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