Comparing apples with oranges: The funfair of statistics

The CHA2DS2-VASc score estimates the risk of stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation.1,2 The CHA2DS2-VASc score accounts for congestive heart failure; hypertension; age of at least 75  years (doubled); diabetes mellitus; previous stroke, transient ischemic attack or thromboembolism (doubled); vascular disease; age 65 to 74 years; and sex category (female). Should the CHA2DS2-VASc score be considered as a categorical or a continuous factor, if the patients have an incremental in crease in risk of death, stroke, or bleeding?
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Editorial Commentary Source Type: research

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Source: Gynecological Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
Source: Core Evidence - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Core Evidence Source Type: research
The findings could have implications regarding different strategies for managing hypertension in women compared to men, the study authors suggest.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Cardiology Headlines - Category: Cardiology Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news
Authors: Barton BB, Segger F, Fischer K, Obermeier M, Musil R Abstract Introduction: Antipsychotic-induced weight-gain (AIWG) is a very important, yet often neglected side-effect in the treatment with first and second generation antipsychotics. AIWG can increase the risk of developing metabolic syndrome, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Meta-analyses mostly concentrate on AIWG in schizophrenic and bipolar patients, even though antipsychotics are prescribed off-label across many other diagnostic groups (e.g. anxiety disorders, depression, autistic disorder).Areas covered: Pub Med and Web of Science were systemat...
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Drug Saf Source Type: research
Semin Thromb Hemost DOI: 10.1055/s-0037-1615261This is an observational study to investigate the efficacy and safety of nonvitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with bioprosthetic valves or prior surgical valve repair in clinical practice. A total of 122 patients (mean age: 74.1 ± 13.2; 54 females) with bioprosthetic heart valve or surgical valve repair and AF treated with NOACs were included in the analysis. The mean CHA2DS2-VASc (Congestive heart failure, Hypertension, Age>75 years, Diabetes mellitus, prior Stroke or transient ischemic attack, Vascul...
Source: Seminars in Thrombosis and Hemostasis - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Conclusions In contemporary clinical practice, up to three-fourths of patients with new-onset AF are now initially treated with a NOAC for stroke prevention. Those selected for NOAC treatment had lower stroke and bleeding risk profiles, were more likely treated by cardiologists, and had higher socioeconomic status. Trial registration clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT01701817
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Conclusion Higher CHA2DS2-VASc scores are associated with increased incidence of major bleeding in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation patients receiving rivaroxaban.
Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
ObjectivesTo compare the clinical characteristics of and use of oral anticoagulant (OAC) therapy in individuals aged 80 and older with atrial fibrillation (AF) with those of individuals younger than 80 with AF in clinical practice. DesignObservational study. SettingThe ReAl‐life Multicenter Survey Evaluating Stroke prevention strategies in Turkey trial (NCT02344901), a national observational registry. ParticipantsTurkish adults with nonvalvular AF (NVAF). MeasurementsAge data were collected at the time of entry into the registry and the octogenarian subgroup included all patients aged ≥ 80 years. We compared backgroun...
Source: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Clinical Investigation Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to report on the effect of using CHA2DS2VASc (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 years [doubled], type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus, stroke or transient ischemic attack or thromboembolism [doubled], vascular disease [prior myocardial infarction, peripheral artery disease, or aortic plaque], age 65-75 years, sex category [female]) rather than CHADS2 (congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 years, diabetes mellitus, and prior stroke) to determine candidacy for anticoagulant prophylaxis in insured patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). M...
Source: Clinical Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Ther Source Type: research
Conclusions Rivaroxaban is a valuable treatment option for patients with biological prostheses, repaired mitral valves, or a tubular aortic graft in order to prevent thromboembolic complications.
Source: Clinical Drug Investigation - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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