Discussion
Presenter: Dr Emily Pan (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 7, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Paul Kurlansky Source Type: research

Analysis of the Revised Heart Allocation Policy and the Impact of Increased Mechanical Circulatory Support on Survival
This study evaluated waitlist mortality, Mechanical Circulatory Support utilization, and its impact on post-transplant survival. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 7, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Stefan Elde, Hao He, Bharathi Lingala, Mike Baiocchi, Hanjay Wang, William Hiesinger, J.W. MacArthur, Yasuhiro Shudo, Y. Joseph Woo Source Type: research

Commentary: Keeping the reversed Potts shunt reversed: insights from the 4th dimension
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 7, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Andrew B. Goldstone, Emile A. Bacha, Erika B. Rosenzweig Source Type: research

Commentary: Why a routine VA ECMO support strategy is a good idea in lung transplantation
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 7, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Anders Andreasson, Konrad Hoetzenecker Source Type: research

Commentary: Never PROMIS more than you can deliver
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 7, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Sue X. Wang, SangMin Kim, M. Blair Marshall Source Type: research

Early and Late Career Surgeon Deficiencies in Complex Cases
Reoperative cardiac surgery is technically more demanding and associated with increased risk compared to primary cardiac operations. Current data suggest evidence of a learning curve for complex reoperations during the first four years in practice. Outcomes improve and ultimately stabilize throughout the mid-career, then decline during the most senior years. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 6, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Marc R. Moon Source Type: research

Discussion
Presenter: Dr Laura Seese (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 6, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Joseph E. Bavaria Source Type: research

Endoscopic Pyloromyotomy Is Feasible and Effective in Improving Post –Lung Transplant Gastroparesis
Gastroparesis is a debilitating and difficult to manage problem that has been reported in 20-90% of lung and heart-lung transplant recipients. The primary objective was to evaluate safety and clinical effectiveness of per-oral endoscopic pyloromyotomy (POP) in relieving gastroparesis after lung transplant. Secondary objectives evaluated the effect of POP on gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) and allograft function. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 6, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Jesse M. Rappaport, Siva Raja, Scott Gabbard, Lucy Thuita, Madhusudhan R. Sanaka, Eugene H. Blackstone, Usman Ahmad, Cleveland Clinic Lung Transplantation Center, Heart, Vascular, and Thoracic Institute Source Type: research

Incidence of and Risk Factors for Pacemaker Implantation After the Modified Cryo-Maze Procedure for Atrial Fibrillation
The Maze procedure is a well-established treatment for atrial fibrillation. However, it is sometimes associated with bradycardia requiring pacemaker implantation. We assessed the rates of in-hospital and late-onset pacemaker implantation after the modified Cryo-Maze procedure and explored the risk factors for pacemaker implantation. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 6, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Takashi Kakuta, Satsuki Fukushima, Kimito Minami, Naonori Kawamoto, Naoki Tadokoro, Yoshikatsu Saiki, Tomoyuki Fujita Source Type: research

Applicant Perception of Virtual Interviews in Cardiothoracic Surgery: A Thoracic Education Cooperative Group Study
Abstract (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 6, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Melissa Taylor, Kirsten Freeman, J. Hunter Mehaffey, Tyler Wallen, Ikenna C. Okereke Source Type: research

Commentary: Guidance during uncertain times: Navigating the HeartWare HVAD recall
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 6, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Alexis Shafii, Kenneth Liao, Ravi K. Ghanta Source Type: research

Commentary: Lungs Across Borders: American Lungs in Canadian Patients
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 6, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Michael E. Bowdish, Mark L. Barr Source Type: research

Commentary: Age is in the eyes of the beholder
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 6, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Jennifer S. Lawton Source Type: research

Commentary: Direct Cardiac Compression Device for Bi-ventricular Support: If we put lipstick on a pig, is it still a pig?
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 6, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Nader Moazami, Deane Smith Source Type: research

Commentary: Systemic VADs for the Fontan Circulation: We can, but for whom and when?
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 6, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Jeremy L. Herrmann Source Type: research

Commentary: COVID-19: The Long(term) and Short(term) of It
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 4, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Alex M. Wisniewski, J. Hunter Mehaffey Source Type: research

Commentary: Optimizing Resources in Lung Cancer Survivorship
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 3, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Brian N. Arnold, Mara B. Antonoff Source Type: research

Commentary: Details and Concentration
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 3, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: William L. Holman, Robert A. Sorabella, James E. Davies Source Type: research

Commentary: “The Road Less Travelled…”
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 3, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Kevin P. Landolfo Source Type: research

Commentary: Why “tri” to repair the valve if it will just “lead” to recurrent regurgitation?
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 3, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Timothy J. Pirolli Source Type: research

Commentary: When you get to a fork in the road, take it
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 3, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Jack S. Shanewise Source Type: research

outine Systematic Sampling vs. Targeted Sampling during Endobronchial Ultrasound: A Randomized Feasibility Trial
Triple Normal lymph nodes, appearing benign on CT, PET, and endobronchial ultrasound, have (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 3, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Kerrie A. Sullivan, Forough Farrokhyar, Grigorios I. Leontiadis, Yogita S. Patel, Isabella F. Churchill, Danielle A. Hylton, Feng Xie, Andrew J.E. Seely, Jonathan Spicer, Biniam Kidane, Simon R. Turner, Kazuhiro Yasufuku, Wa ël C. Hanna Source Type: research

Commentary: In Analytics We Trust?
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 3, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: John D. Cleveland, S. Ram Kumar Source Type: research

Commentary: How cold should we go?
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 2, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: John A. Elefteriades, Bulat A. Ziganshin Source Type: research

Commentary: Just Shy of a Bullseye!
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 2, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Les James, Eugene A. Grossi Source Type: research

Commentary: Sternal Wound Complications and Internal Mammary Harvesting Technique: An Unresolved Debate
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 2, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Sameer A. Hirji, Hiba Ghandour, George Tolis Source Type: research

Commentary: An ounce of prevention, but an ounce of what?
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 2, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Peter D. Drevets, Richard Lee Source Type: research

Commentary: COVID 19: Adaptive Realignment makes me want to work eight days a week
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 2, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Richard Lazzaro, Matthew Inra Source Type: research

Commentary: Surgical aortic valve repair as the primary option for children with congenital aortic stenosis
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 2, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Joseph B. Clark Source Type: research

Commentary: An Opportunity To Create A More Diverse Workforce Early in the Pipeline
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 2, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Navyatha Mohan, Abe DeAnda Source Type: research

Commentary: Length Of Stay As Measure Of Quality: A Misty Strategy That Might Backfire
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 2, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Deborah Kozik, Bahaaldin Alsoufi Source Type: research

Low Parental Socioeconomic Position Results in Longer Post-Norwood Length of Stay
Length of stay (LOS) has been proposed to be used as a quality metric in congenital heart surgery, but LOS may be influenced by parental socioeconomic position (SEP). We aimed to examine the relationship between post-Norwood LOS and SEP. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 1, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Zachary A. Spigel, Alyssa Kalustian, Jessica Zink, Ziyad M. Binsalamah, Christopher A. Caldarone Source Type: research

Combined Norwood and Cavopulmonary Shunt as the first palliation in Late Presenters with Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome and Single Ventricle Lesions
We present our initial experience with this approach in carefully selected patients with unrestricted pulmonary blood flow and low pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 29, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Ahmed F. Elmahrouk, Mohamed F. Ismail, Amr A. Arafat, Ahmed M. Dohain, Azzahra M. Edrees, Ahmed A. Jamjoom, Osman O. Al-Radi Source Type: research

Atrial Fibrillation in Severe Aortic Stenosis: Prognostic Value and Results of Aortic Valve Replacement
Although atrial fibrillation (AF) is common, its impact on long-term mortality has not been reliably determined in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). We aimed to assess whether AF is associated with survival in patients with severe AS and to determine the impact of AF on the results of aortic valve replacement (AVR). (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 29, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Maciej Kubala, Yohann Bohbot, Dan Rusinaru, Sylvestre Mar échaux, Momar Diouf, Christophe Tribouilloy Source Type: research

Bayesian Post-hoc Analysis of Chemoradiation with and without Surgery in Patients with Locally Advanced Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Esophagus
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 29, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Nicolas Zhou, Kyung Hyun Lee, Claudia Pedroza, Wayne L. Hofstetter Source Type: research

Commentary: To POP or not to POP: That is the Question
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 28, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Daniel Powell Dolan, Ankit Bharat Source Type: research

Commentary: What ’s in the secret sauce? With so many ingredients, who knows…but maybe, who cares?
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 28, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Priscilla Yu, Joshua S. Wolovits Source Type: research

Patient and caregiver preferences and prioritized outcomes for cardiac surgery: A scoping review and consultation workshop
In light of the absence of patient and caregiver input in ERAS ® Cardiac Surgery guideline development, we conducted a scoping review to identify patient and caregiver preferences and prioritized outcomes related to perioperative care in cardiac surgery and its lifelong impact. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 26, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Neboj ša Oravec, Rakesh C. Arora, Brian Bjorklund, April Gregora, Caroline Monnin, Mudra G. Dave, Todd A. Duhamel, David E. Kent, Annette S.H. Schultz, Anna M. Chudyk Source Type: research

Systemic Ventricular Assist Device Support of the Fontan Circulation Yields Promising Outcomes: An Analysis of the STS Pedimacs and Intermacs Databases
Outcomes of ventricular assist device (VAD) support in patients with Fontan circulatory failure (or failing Fontan physiology) are largely unknown. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 26, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Edo K.S. Bedzra, Iki Adachi, David M. Peng, Shahnawaz Amdani, Jeffrey P. Jacobs, Devin Koehl, Ari Cedars, David L. Morales, The STS Fontan VAD Group Source Type: research

Commentary: ECMO is associated with longstanding functional limitations
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 26, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Benjamin S. Bryner Source Type: research

Del Nido Cardioplegia: Questions and (Some) Answers
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 26, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Stephen D. Waterford, Niv Ad Source Type: research

Commentary: Nurturing medical students interested in CT surgery: Lessons from the inaugural TSMA survey.
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 26, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Danial Ahmad, Vakhtang Tchantchaleishvili Source Type: research

Commentary: Race and Medicine: Not All Differences are Disparities
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 26, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Paul Kurlansky Source Type: research

Outcomes and experience of anatomical partial lobectomy
The use of limited anatomic resection for early-stage lung cancer is widely practiced worldwide. However, most studies have focused on standard segmentectomy or subsegmentectomy, and data on the short-term outcomes after anatomic sublobar resection in China are lacking. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 25, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Bin Qiu, Ying Ji, Fan Zhang, Guangyu Bai, Qi Xue, Mateusz Polaczek, Davide Tosi, Terumoto Koike, Shugeng Gao, Jie He Source Type: research

Commentary: Pump Exchange: Harmful Waste or Wise Investment?
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 25, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Ronald K. Woods, Iki Adachi, David LS. Morales Source Type: research

Traits of the Current Traditional Pathway Cardiothoracic Surgery Training Pool: Results of a Cross-sectional Study
As new paradigms for cardiothoracic surgery (CTS) training emerged in recent years, the traditional 2- or 3-year pathway has persisted as an option for trainees completing general surgery residencies. While the applicant pool for 6-year integrated (I-6) CTS training programs has been superficially explored, little data exist characterizing those applicants to the traditional CTS pathway and the impact of I-6 expansion on the traditional applicant pool. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 25, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Nathaniel Deboever, Erin M. Bayley, Ara A. Vaporciyan, Mara B. Antonoff Source Type: research

Commentary: Cardiothoracic Residency Interviews during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Time to Recalibrate and Reconnect Virtually.
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 25, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Robert E. Merritt Source Type: research

Commentary: Open Your Mind to an Open Pylorus
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 25, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Ross M. Bremner Source Type: research

Commentary: Lung transplant: No support is best
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 25, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Stephanie H. Chang, Matthew C. Henn Source Type: research

Doing the Wrong Thing for the Right Reasons: The Demise of the HVAD
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - November 24, 2021 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Isabel Balachandran, O.H. Frazier, Joseph G. Rogers Source Type: research