Cable ties for chest closure: ZipFix or ZipFail?
We read with great interest the randomized clinical trial (RCT) conducted by Marasco and colleagues comparing ZIPFIX (DePuy Synthes CMF, West Chester, Pa), a polymer cable tie system, with traditional wire cerclage in primary sternal closure after cardiac surgery in 118 patients.1 The authors reported no difference in postoperative pain (the primary outcome) despite more movement on ultrasonographic examination (the secondary outcome) in the ZipFix group. The authors conclude that ZIPFIX provides a reliable closure without any demonstrable benefit compared with wires. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Derrick Y. Tam, Stephen E. Fremes Tags: Adult: Sternal Closure: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Amplifying art of valve design by science
Percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation has become one of the most promising surgical strategies for performing dysfunctional right ventricle –pulmonary artery continuity reconstruction. Size limitations of the currently available valves for percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation application, however, hinder the treatment of many patients.1 Kan and colleagues2 have proposed a design for handmade trileaflet-valved conduits with minima l size restriction and developed a tool to be used by surgeons to obtain optimal parameters before operation. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Wei-Ling Chen, Tsung-Lung Yang, Chung-Dann Kan Tags: Congenital: Atrioventricular Valve Repair: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Discussion
Dr Vinod H. Thourani (Washington, DC). I would  like to thank the Association for the opportunity to discuss this excellent article by Dr Stulak and his colleagues from Mayo Clinic, and I would like to thank John for sending me the article and slides in advance. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Polymer cable tie closure of the sternum: Is it an acceptable fix?
It was enlightening to read the insightful letter to the Editor by Tam and Fremes1 regarding the randomized, controlled trial (RCT) conducted by Marasco and colleagues2 to compare ZIPFIX ties (DePuy Synthes, West Chester, Pa) with traditional wire cerclage for primary sternal closure. The investigators reported no difference in postoperative pain between the 2 groups (primary outcome). Follow-up ultrasonography, however, showed more movement in the ZIPFIX group, suggesting sternal instability. Notably, ultrasonographic follow-up in this study was incomplete, and ultrasonographically documented sternal dehiscence was not th...
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Shuab Omer Tags: Adult: Sternal Closure: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Discussion
Dr David D'Alessandro (Boston, Mass). I want to thank the Association and our moderators for the opportunity to discuss this article and the authors for providing the manuscript to review in advance. Dr Thalji, I commend you and your coauthors for this thoughtful review of the Mayo Clinic's 20-year experience operating on patients with severely low ejection fractions (EFs) when performing routine cardiac surgery. The long-term results of your entire cohort are commendable, a 5-year survival of 60%, which is higher than most published series of low EF surgery patients, yet we don't know anything about their functional statu...
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

To zip or wire: An ongoing debate
We thank Drs Tam and Fremes for their interest in our ZipFix sternal closure randomized controlled trial1 and for alerting us to a very similar trial published at the same time in Heart, Lung and Circulation.2 As they point out, on first glance, the results appear somewhat divergent between the 2 trials, despite similar study designs. However, closer inspection of the study protocols offers some explanation as to the varied results seen. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Silvana F. Marasco, Louise Fuller, Adam Zimmet, David McGiffin Tags: Adult: Sternal Closure: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Innovation and science: The future of valve design
Designing semilunar valves in children has been a constantly evolving and at the same time challenging field for both the clinicians and the engineers involved. Recent approaches embraced include analytic methods based on engineering principles promising a more scientific and precision-based approach. This requires a solid understanding of the precise mechanisms of normal valve operation, but superimposed on this is the constantly changing environment of the valve due to the growing child, a change of hemodynamics, or a disease process that evolves over time. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: John M. Karamichalis, Peter E. Hammer Tags: Congenital: Atrioventricular Valve Repair: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Discussion
Dr Y. Colson (Boston, Mass). The only disclosure that I have is an equipment loan for a camera from Novadaq, but otherwise, none. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Notice of Correction
Re: Saxena AK, Haxhija E, Kleinlein B, H öllwarth ME. Lymphoceles in premature infants after congenital diaphragmatic hernia repair: thoracoscopic management. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007;133:584-5. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Editors
EDITOR (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Recent Papers in the Seminars and Op Techs
Readers who found these articles interesting may also like to read these papers that can be found in recent issues of our sister publications, Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery and Operative Techniques in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Information for Readers
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

AATS International Thoracic Surgical Oncology Summit
Preliminary Program Now Available (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Announcement Source Type: research

AATS Focus on Thoracic Surgery: Lung and Esophageal Cancer
November 3-4, 2018 (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Announcement Source Type: research

AATS Foundation
Every day, cardiothoracic surgeons transform the lives of their patients around the world. Your support is critical to ensure the future of the specialty and the continued advancement of global innovation in cardiothoracic surgery. Please make a gift to the AATS Foundation to promote the specialty not only for the next generation of surgeons but also for the patients they serve. Donating to an AATS Foundation program helps to fulfill the mission of supporting cardiothoracic surgeons in research and education. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Announcement Source Type: research

WTSA 45th Annual Meeting
Save the Date! (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Announcement Source Type: research

Applications for WTSA Membership
The WTSA is now accepting Applications for Membership online for Active as well as Candidate membership status for  the 2019 membership cycle. Visit the WTSA Web site at www.westernthoracic.org to read the complete membership eligibility requirements and to initiate an online application. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Announcement Source Type: research

ABTS Announcement
The American Board of Thoracic Surgery's Maintenance of Certification program was adopted 9 years ago. Since that time, there has been a continuous evaluation in the Board's thinking about the overall process, based upon internal discussions and input from our Diplomates. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Announcement Source Type: research

ABTS Requirements for the 10-Year Milestone for Maintenance of Certification
Diplomates of the American Board of Thoracic Surgery (ABTS) who plan to participate in the 10-Year Milestone for the Maintenance of Certification (MOC) process as Certified-Active must hold a currently valid, full, and unrestricted license to practice medicine. Diplomates must  have privileges at a hospital(s) accredited by the JCAHO or other institutions judged acceptable by the Board. Diplomates must also submit letter(s) of reference documenting their level of clinical activity and stature within the surgical community from the VP of Medical Affairs and one other re sponsible member on staff at their prin...
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Announcement Source Type: research

AATS Week
Call for Abstracts and Videos (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Announcement Source Type: research

The WTSA 2018 Annual Meeting in Review
The 44th Annual Meeting of the Western Thoracic Surgical Association was held at the Ritz-Carlton Bacara in Goleta, California, June 27-30, 2018. The meeting included oral presentation of 22 original papers, panel discussions, a postgraduate course, and 23 other papers presented during concurrent forums in the disciplines of adult cardiac, general thoracic, and congenital heart disease. The Annual Meeting attracted 210 physicians and allied health professionals and provided an outstanding educational program with ample opportunities for open discussion, scientific debate, and the collegiality characteristic of the WTSA Ann...
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Announcement Source Type: research

WTSA Traveling Fellowship for Residents, Trainees, and Practicing Surgeons
The goal of this traveling fellowship is to promote interaction and learning between residents/trainees/practicing surgeons and WTSA members. The traveling fellow will visit a University-affiliated or academic practice of his/her choosing, within the boundaries of the WTSA (Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming, along with Canadian provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan), for a period of one to two weeks, under the sponsorship of a Western member at the hosting institution. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Announcement Source Type: research

Predicting Right Ventricular Failure Post LVAD: Frank and Starling Prevail Again
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: James K. Kirklin Source Type: research

A Focused Approach: Specialization in Coronary Revascularization
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: William Z. Chancellor, Irving L. Kron Source Type: research

Acute aortic dissections with entry tear in the arch: a report from the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissection (IRAD)
To analyze presentation, management, and outcomes of acute aortic dissections with proximal entry tear in the arch. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Santi Trimarchi, Hector W.L. de Beaufort, Jip L. Tolenaar, Joseph E. Bavaria, Nimesh D. Desai, Marco Di Eusanio, Roberto Di Bartolomeo, Mark D. Peterson, Marek Ehrlich, Arturo Evangelista, Daniel G. Montgomery, Truls Myrmel, G. Chad Hughes, Jehangir J. Ap Source Type: research

Does A Stitch In Time Still Save Nine? Sutureless Valves Take Aim at the Proverb
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 20, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Lawrence M. Wei, Harold G. Roberts, Vinay Badhwar Source Type: research

Rejuvenation of “Broken Heart” with Bioengineered Gel
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 19, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Devendra K. Agrawal, Aleem Siddique Source Type: research

Original Investigation Open Atrial Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement in Patients With Mitral Annular Calcification
Mitral valve replacement in the setting of severe mitral annular calcification remains a surgical challenge. Transcatheter mitral valve replacement (TMVR) using an aortic balloon-expandable transcatheter heart valve is emerging as a potential treatment option for high surgical risk patients. Transseptal, transapical, or transatrial access is not always feasible, so an understanding of alternative implantation techniques is important. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 19, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Hyde M. Russell, Mayra E. Guerrero, Michael H. Salinger, Melissa A. Manzuk, Amit K. Pursnani, Dee Wang, Hassan Nemeh, Rahul Sakhuja, Serguei Melnitchouk, Ashish Pershad, H. Kenith Fang, Sameh M. Said, James Kauten, Gilbert H.L. Tang, Gabriel Aldea, Ted E. Source Type: research

Newer advances, newer challenges?
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 18, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Demetrios N. Mallios, S. Ram Kumar Source Type: research

Unsuccessful Clinical Outcomes: Sometimes the Stepping Stones towards Valuable Innovation
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 15, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Kyle W. Riggs, David LS. Morales Source Type: research

A one-way street No More?
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 15, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Emile Bacha Source Type: research

Off-Pump or On-Pump CABG in Diabetes
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 15, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Chaim Locker Source Type: research

Editorial Commentary: Sternotomy for Esophagectomy? – Is it Worth the Risk?
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 15, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Sameer A. Hirji, Benjamin Wei Source Type: research

Thirty Year Experience with the St. Jude Medical Mechanical Valve Prosthesis
To evaluate long term outcomes of St. Jude Medical mechanical valve prosthesis implantation. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 15, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Scott Johnson, Martha R. Stroud, John M. Kratz, Scott M. Bradley, Fred A. Crawford, John S. Ikonomidis Source Type: research

Nitric Oxide: Might make it Better?
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 15, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: J. Hunter Mehaffey, Robert B. Hawkins Source Type: research

What Can We Learn From a Novel “Global Positioning System” in Persistent Atrial Fibrillation?
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 15, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Kenton Zehr Source Type: research

Always keep an open mind
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 15, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Victor Tsang Source Type: research

A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy versus Surgery for Patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is the preferred treatment modality for patients with inoperable early-stage non-small cell lung cancer. However, comparative outcomes between SBRT and surgery for high-risk patients remain controversial. The primary aim of the present meta-analysis was to assess overall survival in matched and unmatched patient cohorts undergoing SBRT or surgery. Secondary endpoints included cancer-specific survival, disease-free survival, disease recurrence, and perioperative outcomes. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 15, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Christopher Cao, Daniel Wang, Caroline Chung, David Tian, Andreas Rimner, James Huang, David R. Jones Source Type: research

Deep Sternal Wound Infection after Bilateral Internal Thoracic Artery Grafting: Insights from a Japanese National Database
Despite its survival benefits, bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting is not commonly utilized due to concerns over deep sternal wound infection (DSWI). The present study investigated the early outcome of BITA grafting and analyzed the risk of DSWI using a Japanese national database (the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database). (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 7, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Suguru Ohira, Hiroaki Miyata, Sachiko Yamazaki, Satoshi Numata, Noboru Motomura, Shinichi Takamoto, Hitoshi Yaku Source Type: research

Survival after Surgical Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation in Mitral Valve Surgery. Analysis from KROK (Polish Nationwide Heart Surgery Registry)
Surgical ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) performed at the time of other valvular- or non-valvular cardiac procedure is a mainstay of therapy; yet the data regarding its impact on remote survival are sparse. Current investigation aimed to evaluate late survival in patients undergoing mitral valve (MV) surgery with concomitant surgical ablation for AF. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 7, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Piotr Suwalski, Mariusz Kowalewski, Marek Jasi ński, Jakub Staromłyński, Marian Zembala, Kazimierz Widenka, Mirosław Brykczyński, Jacek Skiba, Michał Oskar Zembala, Krzysztof Bartuś, Tomasz Hirnle, Inga Dziembowska, Zdzisław Tobota, Bohdan J. Maru Source Type: research

Emergency room utilization is high after esophagectomy and feeding tube problems are the biggest culprit
Esophagectomy is a complex operation with potential for prolonged recovery. We aimed to identify the incidence of and risk factors for any and frequent emergency department visits within 1 year of esophagectomy. (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 7, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Biniam Kidane, Suha Kaaki, Dhruvin H. Hirpara, Yu Cindy Shen, Adam Bassili, Frances Allison, Thomas K. Waddell, Gail E. Darling Source Type: research

Ren é Favaloro and the fatherhood of the coronary bypass operation: Lest we forget
Lest thou forget the things which thine eyes have seen, and lest they depart from thy heart all the days of thy life: but teach them thy sons, and thy son's sons. —Deuteronomy 4:9 (Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 5, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Igor E. Konstantinov Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Discovery of biomarkers that diagnose kidney disease progression and novel patient management strategies needed now to prevent progressive kidney disease
We read with great enthusiasm the comments of Kalisnik and colleagues on our article published in the Journal1 as they reflected on future directions of our research. In our study,1 we found that progression to acute kidney disease (AKD) by 2 to 4  weeks after cardiac surgery can be predicted by early postoperative serum creatinine changes when using the KDIGO (Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes) acute kidney injury stages. AKI represents a subchronic disease state with significant implications for patient mortality, need for renal re placement therapy (as our study demonstrated), and quality of life. (Source: ...
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 5, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: K. Annette Mizuguchi, Prem Shekar, Gyorgy Frendl Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Here we go again: improving outcomes with pediatric lung retransplantation
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 5, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Jason M. Gauthier, Ruben G. Nava, Daniel Kreisel Source Type: research

Treating bleeding beyond correction stitches- or better- how to enhance hemostasis by topical pharmacological support
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 5, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Martin Czerny Source Type: research

Sleepless in Taiwan
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 5, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Daniel L. Miller Source Type: research

Failing Fontan Assist: From Tissue to Turbine
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 5, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Syed Bukhari, Manan Desai, Lok Sinha, Can Yerebakan Source Type: research

Biting the Dust with Medical Help: Should State Law Legitimize Physician-Assisted Suicide?
(Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 5, 2018 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Haider J. Warraich, Robert W. Sewell, Robert M. Sade Source Type: research