Evidence-based strategy for dental biofilms: Current evidence of mouthwashes on dental biofilm and gingivitis
Publication date: Available online 31 August 2018Source: Japanese Dental Science ReviewAuthor(s): Shoji Takenaka, Tatsuya Ohsumi, Yuichiro NoiriSummaryTherapeutic mouthwash (MW) is an adjunctive tool along with a regular oral hygiene routine of daily tooth brushing and daily flossing. Previous systematic reviews have demonstrated that it is effective against dental biofilm and gingival inflammation, for prevention of dental caries, and for managing one’s bad breath condition according to the active ingredients. MWs prevent the microorganisms from bacterial adhesion that corresponds to the initial step in biofilm formation.This review summarized the current state of evidence such as anti-biofilm, anti-gingivitis and cariostatic properties of MWs by evaluating systematic reviews from the past six years. The anti-biofilm property has been proven to be effective, with strong evidence of three main clinical efficacies.The most commonly studied active agent was chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX), followed by essential oil (EO) and cetylpyridinium chloride. All the systematic reviews are in complete agreement that CHX and EO provide statistically significant improvements in terms of plaque and gingival indices. These effects have held up over the years as the number of studies has increased. While the use of fluoride MW is proven to be effective in improving the oral health of both children and adults, the quality of evidence is still regarded as low.
Conclusions: Bronchial asthma had an overall deleterious effect on caries prevalence and severity, plaque, and gingivitis on primary and permanent teeth.
ConclusionsMyanmar students had a high prevalence of dental caries and gingivitis. Socioeconomic condition, oral hygiene status and oral health behaviours were all determined to be significant risk indicators.
Nguyen, Van Thai / Nguyen, Hong Loi / Nguyen, Toai / Jagom ägi, TriinPage 457 - 463Purpose: To determine the oral hygiene habits, levels of dental caries, and periodontal condition of patients with repaired cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) in Central Vietnam.Materials and Methods: A total of 78 patients (1-54 years old; median: 6 years) with CL/P were examined for dental caries, gingivitis and periodontitis using the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (dmft/DMFT) index, gingival bleeding on probing and periodontal pocket depth. Data about dental visits, brushing habits and socioeconomic status were collected.Results: A ...
ConclusionsWe report a case of a 32-year-old female who presented to Stony Brook School of Dental Medicine for screening, with a request for implants. Panoramic radiography revealed numerous features, including hypodontia, micrognathia, stunted roots, and multiple carious lesions. In addition to presenting a thorough clinical and dental profile of this case, we intend to conduct a literature review on this rare condition and compare the findings from our case with those reported in the literature and examine the treatment options that have been published for such cases.
Kenny-Caffey syndrome (KCS) is a rare inherited disorder, with only 65 cases reported between 1966 and 2012, almost exclusively in Middle Eastern populations. The syndrome is characterized by a multitude of signs and symptoms, including severe growth retardation, hypocalcemia associated with hypoparathyroidism, skeletal and facial deformities, thickened cortices of long bones, and medullary stenosis. In addition to skeletal and endocrine abnormalities, dental and maxillofacial anomalies are common in KCS, with features including, but not limited to, micrognathia, generalized hypodontia, delayed eruption, dental caries, and gingivitis.
Paras Ahmad, Usman Akhtar, Ahmed Chaudhry, Usman Rahid, Sarmad Saif, Jawaad Ahmed AsifEuropean Journal of General Dentistry 2019 8(3):55-62 Oral health is a cardinal element of nutritional as well as systemic well-being and plays a substantial part in sustaining optimum general health condition. Various factors influence oral health including metabolic diseases such as endocrine (diabetes mellitus [DM]), hematological, gastrointestinal, cutaneous, and neurological diseases. The intent of this review is to accentuate the correlation between DM and oral disorders, like those upsetting oral mucosa and supporting tissues. A r...
This study was designed to look at the species of bacteria that use nitrate and convert it into nitric oxide, which when swallowed helps maintain a widening of blood vessels that leads to the ongoing effect of exercise on blood pressure. Published in the journal Free Radical Biology and Medicine, the study asked participants to fast for the night and then run on a treadmill the next day for 30 minutes on two separate occasions. At one, 30, 60,and 90 minutes after each run they were asked to wash their mouths with either a placebo of mint-flavored water or antibacterial mouthwash. Blood and saliva samples were collected and...
Conclusion: Although there was no difference in caries experience among cohorts with eating disorder to without disorder, it is the dentists ’ duty to educate the person before they develop dental symptoms.
Conclusion: Although there was no difference in caries experience among cohorts with eating disorder to without disorder, it is the dentists’ duty to educate the person before they develop dental symptoms.
DiscussionThe findings of the trial have implications for embedding oral health interventions into school curricula guidance produced by national bodies, including departments for education and dental public health and guideline-development organisations.Trial registrationISRCTN registry,ISRCTN12139369. Registered on 10 May 2017.