Consumption of fluoridated water found to have adverse effects on kidney and liver health in children
(Natural News) Repeated exposure to low levels of fluoride may be toxic to the kidneys and liver of children, found a study published in the journal Environment International. Researchers from the Icahn School of Medicine at Mt. Sinai examined how fluoride levels in water and blood may relate to renal and liver health. They found that... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 18, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Fluoride linked to IMPAIRED kidney and liver function in adolescents, warn researchers
(Natural News) A study that was recently published in the Environment International journal showed just how dangerous fluoride can be in adolescence. The study looked at the relationship between the levels of fluoride in young people’s drinking water and blood and the health of their kidneys and livers. The adolescents studied were part of the... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - September 12, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Efficacy of silver diamine fluoride and sodium fluoride in inhibiting enamel erosion: an ex vivo study with primary teeth
ConclusionConsidering phosphorus loss values, 10% SDF seems to be effective in inhibiting enamel erosion after 1% and 10% citric acid challenges, whereas 2% NaF only after 1% citric acid challenge. Regarding calcium loss values, both fluoride agents seem to have no impact on inhibiting enamel erosion after 1% and 10% citric acid challenges.  (Source: Dental Technology Blog)
Source: Dental Technology Blog - September 1, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

How Are Dental Abscesses Treated?
Discussion Dental caries are one of the most common infections. It is usually caused by Streptococcus viridans. Dental caries are also quite preventable with brushing the teeth at least twice a day with a fluoridated dentifrice, use of dental floss, and preventative dental appointments with application of fluoride varnish and sealants as appropriate. Additionally, fluoridation of the community water supply has significantly decreased dental caries and is a very effective public health measure. Fluoride binds within the dental matrix to strength it. Dental abscesses are usually caused by poor oral hygiene but others are at...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - August 24, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Fluoridated Water Protects Baby Teeth, Too
THURSDAY, Aug. 20, 2020 -- Fluoride in drinking water reduces the odds for severe cavities in baby teeth, researchers from New Zealand report. Although fluoridated toothpaste is widely available, fluoridated water continues to show a benefit in... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - August 20, 2020 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Fatal fluorosilicic acid exposure after a motor vehicle crash: a case report - Yorke JA, McNaughton-Filion L, Herath JC.
Fluorosilicic acid (FSA) is a corrosive liquid used in manufacturing and other processes. High-level exposures to FSA cause fluoride toxicity resulting in profound hypocalcemia, potentially leading to sudden death. Prompt recognition of exposure risk allow... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 13, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

A short de novo synthesis of nucleoside analogs
We present a process for rapidly constructing nucleoside analogs from simple achiral materials. Using only proline catalysis, heteroaryl-substituted acetaldehydes are fluorinated and then directly engaged in enantioselective aldol reactions in a one-pot reaction. A subsequent intramolecular fluoride displacement reaction provides a functionalized nucleoside analog. The versatility of this process is highlighted in multigram syntheses of d- or l-nucleoside analogs, locked nucleic acids, iminonucleosides, and C2'- and C4'-modified nucleoside analogs. This de novo synthesis creates opportunities for the preparation of diversi...
Source: ScienceNOW - August 6, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Meanwell, M., Silverman, S. M., Lehmann, J., Adluri, B., Wang, Y., Cohen, R., Campeau, L.-C., Britton, R. Tags: Chemistry reports Source Type: news

Skeletal fluorosis: an unusual manifestation of computer cleaner inhalant abuse - Liane BJ, Chow A, Kline D.
Skeletal fluorosis is a metabolic bone disease caused by accumulation of fluoride and is generally associated with chronic exposure to fluoride-contaminated groundwater, a phenomenon endemic to developing countries. Whereas elevated water fluoride concentr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 14, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Effects of desensitizing products on the reduction of pain sensitivity caused by in-office tooth bleaching: a 24-week follow-up
Journal of Applied Oral SciencePrint version ISSN1678-7757On-line version ISSN1678-7765J. Appl. Oral Sci. vol.28  Bauru  2020 Epub June 24, 2020https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-7757-2019-0755 AbstractObjective To clinically assess the effect of desensitizing gels and dentifrices on the reduction in pain sensitivity and color variation during tooth bleaching.Methodology A total of 108 volunteers were randomly separated into the following groups of n=12: GT/S-glycerine and thickener/sucralose; NF/S-potassium nitrate and sodium fluoride/sucralose; NA/S-potassium nit...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - July 2, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

Simple oral health steps help improve elite athletes' performance
(University College London) Elite athletes who adopted simple oral health measures, such as using high fluoride toothpaste and cleaning between their teeth, reported significantly reduced negative effects on performance related to poor oral health, finds a study led by UCL. (Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science)
Source: EurekAlert! - Social and Behavioral Science - June 18, 2020 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Comparison of Fluoride Release in Conventional Glass-Ionomer Cements with a New Mechanical Mixing Cement
Conclusions: A mechanical mixing was the material with the more constant fluoride release and after recharge showed the highest fluoride release which make it an important benefit for clinicians. (Source: Dental Technology Blog)
Source: Dental Technology Blog - May 5, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

How to intervene in the caries process: proximal caries in adolescents and adults —a systematic review and meta-analysis
ConclusionsProximal caries lesions can be managed successfully with non-operative, micro-invasive and restorative treatment according to lesion stage and caries activity.Clinical relevanceProximal caries treatment options like non-operative, micro-invasive and restorative care should be considered individually. (Source: Dental Technology Blog)
Source: Dental Technology Blog - April 23, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

Comparison of two caries prevention programs among Thai kindergarten: a randomized controlled trial
ConclusionsThe negligible difference in caries increment between the HRI and HRB groups implies that intensified prevention produced minimal additional benefit. Offering all children only basic prevention could have obtained virtually the same preventive effect with substantially less effort and lower cost. (Source: Dental Technology Blog)
Source: Dental Technology Blog - April 22, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

Oral Science Expands to the U.S. Market
Dental Health Company Oral Science Brings Its Best-Selling Oral Hygiene Products to the United StatesFORT LAUDERDALE, Fla., March 31, 2020 /PRNewswire/ -- Canadian dental health company, Oral Science is expanding its reach to the United States market. Known for producing high-quality oral hygiene products, Oral Science partners with dental professionals to supply a variety of rinses, toothpastes, and specialty items.Founded in 2004, Oral Science is known for its innovation in the field of dental health, making waves as a leader in both treatment and prevention of oral health conditions. Oral Scienc...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - April 7, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

What Causes Tachycardia?
Discussion Tachycardia is a rapid heart rate that is above normal for age and level of exertion. Tachycardia is common, particularly sinus tachycardia due to normally encountered circumstances such as pain, fever or exercise. It is usually a normal physiologic process but sustained tachycardia often indicates a potentially abnormal underlying cause. Sinus tachycardia has a rapid heart rate with normal P waves and P-R intervals and variations from moment to moment and respiration. Generally it is not over 200 beats/minute. Vagal stimulation can slow the heart rate; this is a gradual slowing, not an abrupt slowing seen in ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - March 23, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Experts Question Evidence Linking Fluoride to Lower IQ Experts Question Evidence Linking Fluoride to Lower IQ
A committee of experts that conducted a systematic review of the literature on neurodevelopmental and cognitive effects of fluoride exposure raises a number of concerns.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines)
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - March 6, 2020 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

National Academies Completes Peer Review of NTP Monograph
A National Academies committee was tasked with reviewing the National Toxicology Program’s draft monograph Systematic Review of Fluoride Exposure and Neurodevelopmental and Cognitive Health Effects. The committee focused on evaluating whether evidence as presented in the monograph supported NTP’s conclusions. The committee did not conduct its own independent evaluation of the evidence or conduct a data audit. Read More (Source: News from the National Academies)
Source: News from the National Academies - March 5, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: news

National Academies Completes Review of National Toxicology Program ’s Draft Monograph on Fluoride and Neurodevelopmental and Cognitive Effects
Today the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine released its review of the National Toxicology Program ’s (NTP) draft monograph Systematic Review of Fluoride Exposure and Neurodevelopmental and Cognitive Health Effects. (Source: News from the National Academies)
Source: News from the National Academies - March 5, 2020 Category: Science Source Type: news

Certain Fluoride is Unsafe for Children's Developing Brains
Developmental neurotoxicity is a serious risk associated with elevated fluoride exposure, whether due to community water fluoridation, natural fluoride release from soil minerals, or tea consumption (Source: Disabled World)
Source: Disabled World - March 2, 2020 Category: Disability Tags: Children and Youth Source Type: news

Certain Fluoride Unsafe for Children's Developing Brains
Developmental neurotoxicity is a serious risk associated with elevated fluoride exposure, whether due to community water fluoridation, natural fluoride release from soil minerals, or tea consumption (Source: Disabled World)
Source: Disabled World - March 2, 2020 Category: Disability Tags: Children and Youth Source Type: news

Study: Fluoride good for teeth, but over-exposure may damage enamel
In a study, researchers report that while fluoride has benefits for teeth, over-exposure can damage the ability of enamel cells to take in and store calcium. (Source: Health News - UPI.com)
Source: Health News - UPI.com - February 19, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Fluoride exposure alters Ca2+ signaling and mitochondrial function in enamel cells
Fluoride ions are highly reactive, and their incorporation in forming dental enamel at low concentrations promotes mineralization. In contrast, excessive fluoride intake causes dental fluorosis, visually recognizable enamel defects that can increase the risk of caries. To investigate the molecular bases of dental fluorosis, we analyzed the effects of fluoride exposure in enamel cells to assess its impact on Ca2+ signaling. Primary enamel cells and an enamel cell line (LS8) exposed to fluoride showed decreased internal Ca2+ stores and store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE). RNA-sequencing analysis revealed changes in gene express...
Source: Signal Transduction Knowledge Environment - February 18, 2020 Category: Science Authors: Aulestia, F. J., Groeling, J., Bomfim, G. H. S., Costiniti, V., Manikandan, V., Chaloemtoem, A., Concepcion, A. R., Li, Y., Wagner, L. E., Idaghdour, Y., Yule, D. I., Lacruz, R. S. Tags: STKE Research Articles Source Type: news

Chemical found in drinking water linked to tooth decay in children
IMAGE: Being exposed to PFAS--a class of chemicals found in drinking water--has been linked to higher rates of cancer, heart disease, thyroid dysfunction and other conditions. WVU School of Dentistry researchers...viewmore Credit: Aira Burkhart/West Virginia University Children with higher concentrations of a certain chemical in their blood are more likely to get cavities, according to a new study byWest Virginia UniversitySchool of Dentistry researchers. Manufactured chemical g roups called perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances are universal as a result of extensive manufacturing and use. Although manuf...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - February 11, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

Effect of high-fluoride dentifrice and bracket bonding composite material on enamel demineralization in situ
ConclusionHigh-fluoride dentifrice is effective in reducing demineralization on enamel adjacent to orthodontic brackets, while the fluoride-containing bonding composite resin does not influence it.Clinical SignificanceSince high-fluoride dentifrice was able to reduce demineralization adjacent to brackets, it can be an option to caries management in orthodontics patients. (Source: Dental Technology Blog)
Source: Dental Technology Blog - January 9, 2020 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

What are Indications for Wisdom Teeth Removal?
Discussion Third molars (M3) are often referred to as wisdom teeth. They begin calcification at 7-9 years and usually erupt between 17-26 years. They usually erupt behind the second molar into what may be limited space. M3 can also fail to erupt. Impacted M3 occur because of abnormal position, obstruction, or lack of space. There are 4 potential groups to consider for M3 management: Group 1 – symptomatic with clinical disease Epidemiology: common Clinical presentations: edema, pain, trismus Disease: caries, pericoronitis and infection are common Treatment: treatment of disease is important but extraction is recom...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - January 6, 2020 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pediatric Education Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

MouthWatch Names Three Winners of its First Annual “Tellie Awards” During GNYDM 2018
Metuchen, NJ – December 11, 2019 –MouthWatch, LLC a leader in dentist-managed teledentistry solutions, digital case presentation tools and intraoral imaging devices, recognized four teledentistry pioneers during its second annual Teledentistry Innovation Awards, affectionately known as the “Tellies”. The awards were presented during an exclusive invitation-only event hosted during the recent Greater New York Dental Meeting.The purpose of the Tellie Awards is two-fold:Highlight the many ways that teledentistry is being implemented across a broad spectrum of dental care including public health, privat...
Source: Dental Technology Blog - December 18, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

Simple test could prevent fluoride-related disease
(Northwestern University) Northwestern University synthetic biologists developed a simple, inexpensive new test that can detect dangerous levels of fluoride in drinking water. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 16, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Everything you need to know about fluoride treatment
Fluoride treatment may offer benefits to those at risk of tooth decay. Natural health advocates, however, question the safety of fluoride. We look at the benefits and side effects of fluoride and fluoride treatment. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - November 29, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Dentistry Source Type: news

Fluoride at High Levels'Presumed' a Neurodevelopmental Hazard Fluoride at High Levels'Presumed' a Neurodevelopmental Hazard
The National Toxicology Program found a link between high fluoride exposure in children and cognitive impairment, according to a draft report and systematic review.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - November 18, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Family Medicine/Primary Care News Source Type: news

Sick Of Pesticides? Remember Death In The Time Of Cholera.
Chlorine and fluoride are pesticides you drink every day in your tap water. The alternative is to get sick and die from foul water, so stop freaking out about it. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - November 16, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: John Cumbers, Contributor Source Type: news

Oral health for older adults
(American Geriatrics Society) Practicing good oral hygiene, using fluoride treatments, and getting regular dental care reduces oral infections and their complications. A recent article published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society offers a helpful overview of oral health for older adults, as well as tips for keeping your teeth and mouth in tip-top shape. Highlights from the article are summarized here. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - November 8, 2019 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

New Battery Can Be Bent, Stretched, and Twisted
As researchers eye flexible form factors for mobile and electronic devices of the future, it makes sense that engineers also are working to invent batteries and other components that also can stretch to accommodate these designs. To that end, a team of researchers in Switzerland has developed a battery that can be bent, stretched, and twisted, making it well-suited for these future devices, said Markus Niederberger, professor for multifunctional materials at ETH Zurich, where the research was conducted. A prototype of a flexible battery developed by researchers at ETH Zurich that can potentially be used for flexible elect...
Source: MDDI - October 30, 2019 Category: Medical Devices Tags: Design News Source Type: news

Comparison of Remineralising Potential of Nano Silver Fluoride, Silver Diamine Fluoride and Sodium Fluoride Varnish on Artificial Caries: An In Vitro Study
Conclusions: NSF was not found to be effective as sodium fluoride varnish and SDF on artificial enamel caries lesions. Additional investigation is needed to recommend it as an alternative agent to routine fluoride treatments. (Source: Dental Technology Blog)
Source: Dental Technology Blog - October 24, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

AIIMS finds high toxin levels in 16% of patients
Of 216 patients tested, 32 (16%) had high levels of dangerous metals and substances, including arsenic, lead, chromium, fluoride, iron and cadmium. (Source: The Economic Times)
Source: The Economic Times - September 18, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Effectiveness of fluoride varnish four times a year in preventing caries in the primary dentition: A 2 year randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS:The application of fluoride varnish four times a year prevented the incidence and reduced the severity of caries in pre-school children. (Source: Dental Technology Blog)
Source: Dental Technology Blog - September 7, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

Eighty Years Of Conflicting Data: What The Fluoride-IQ Debate Tells Us About Public Health
New research controversy and confusion make the news every day. Scientific publications are met with contradictory theories and widespread debate. So why did the fluoride-IQ debate (which more than 70 years old) make headlines again last week? And what does it tell us about public health? (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - August 26, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Nicole Fisher, Contributor Source Type: news

Effect of Er:YAG and Fluoride Varnishes for Preventing Primary Enamel Demineralisation
Conclusions: The results suggest that the treatment protocols employed in groups TCP-NaF, CPP-ACP-NaF, and L+ CPP-ACP-NaF had similar effects in terms of preventing demineralisation, as reflected in a higher percentage of healthy dental structure maintained. Hence, these treatments are recommended for clinical use as an effective preventive measure. (Source: Dental Technology Blog)
Source: Dental Technology Blog - August 22, 2019 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

Where is the national APOLOGY to the independent media that warned America about fluoride for DECADES before harm was finally acknowledged by the science establishment?
(Natural News) The so-called “greatest public health achievement of the 20th century” has been exposed as a total fraud, which begs the question: When will Americans receive an apology backed by compensation? We’re talking about the scam known as artificial water fluoridation, which was recently found in a study published in the Journal of the... (Source: NaturalNews.com)
Source: NaturalNews.com - August 22, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Is Fluoridated Water Affecting Our Kids' Intelligence? Is Fluoridated Water Affecting Our Kids' Intelligence?
Perry Wilson comments on'the best study to date'of the effect of maternal fluoride exposure during pregnancy on child IQ.Medscape (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - August 21, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pediatrics Commentary Source Type: news

Fluoride Exposure During Pregnancy Linked to Lower IQ in Sons
The authors of the study that found the association say more research is needed on maternal fluoride and child IQ. (Source: The Scientist)
Source: The Scientist - August 20, 2019 Category: Science Tags: News & Opinion Source Type: news

Is Fluoride in Drinking Water Safe? A New Study Reignites a Long-Standing Debate
A study published in JAMA Pediatrics has given new life to a long-running debate: whether adding fluoride to drinking water is a prudent way to prevent tooth decay, or a potentially toxic mistake. The research, which focused on mother-child pairs from six Canadian cities, found that high fluoride exposure during pregnancy was correlated with lower IQ scores among young children, especially boys. “Based on the current evidence, it is a reasonable recommendation to tell women to reduce their fluoride intake during pregnancy,” says study co-author Christine Till, an associate professor of psychology at York Univer...
Source: TIME: Health - August 20, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jamie Ducharme Tags: Uncategorized Research Source Type: news

Fluoride And IQ? What Is The Link, What This Study Says
A study just published in JAMA Pediatrics found an association between mothers drinking fluoridated water during pregnancy and the child's subsequent IQ scores. (Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News)
Source: Forbes.com Healthcare News - August 20, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Bruce Y. Lee, Contributor Source Type: news

New Study Raises Questions About How Fluoride Affects Children ’ s Development
(CNN) — Water fluoridation has been hailed by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as one of the top great public health achievements of the 20th century, but a new study raises questions about its role as a potential neurotoxin in utero. The study, published in the journal JAMA Pediatrics on Monday, found that increased levels of fluoride exposure during pregnancy were associated with declines in IQ in children. Previous research has made similar findings, but this is the first such study to evaluate the effect of fluoride on populations receiving what the US Public Health Service considers optimal leve...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - August 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Health – CBS Boston Tags: Health News Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN Fluoride Source Type: news

Could Fluoride Be Bad for Baby During Pregnancy?
Two out of every three U.S. residents now live in an area with fluoridated water, compared with 38% of Canadians and 3%  of Europeans, the researchers said in background notes. (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - August 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Maternal Exposure to Fluoride Linked to Lower Offspring IQ
MONDAY, Aug. 19, 2019 -- Maternal exposure to higher levels of fluoride during pregnancy may be associated with lower IQ scores in young children, according to a study published online Aug. 19 in JAMA Pediatrics. Rivka Green, from York University in... (Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News)
Source: Drugs.com - Pharma News - August 19, 2019 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Pregnant women who drink fluoride-treated water may have children with lower IQs, study suggests
A new study from York University in Toronto, Canada, found that there was a 4.5-point lower IQ score in boys for every 1mg/L increase of fluoride found in a mother's urine sample. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - August 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Can Maternal Fluoride Consumption During Pregnancy Lower Children's Intelligence?
A Canadian study suggests that fluoride consumed by pregnant women can affect the IQ of their children. No single study provides definitive answers, but the findings will no doubt stir debate.(Image credit: vitapix/Getty Images) (Source: NPR Health and Science)
Source: NPR Health and Science - August 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Richard Harris Source Type: news

Prenatal Fluoride Exposure and IQ in Kids: Is There a Link? Prenatal Fluoride Exposure and IQ in Kids: Is There a Link?
Though a new study, which uses a biomarker and robust methodology, suggests there is a link, experts point to study limitations and suggest caution in drawing conclusions from the findings.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines)
Source: Medscape Neurology and Neurosurgery Headlines - August 19, 2019 Category: Neurology Tags: Pediatrics News Source Type: news

Study prompts call for lower fluoride consumption by pregnant women
(Reuters Health) - Adding fluoride to the water supply prevents tooth decay, but women who drink fluoridated water during pregnancy may also trim the IQs of their male children by a few points, according to a Canadian study that suggests a serious drawback to a long-established public health intervention. (Source: Reuters: Health)
Source: Reuters: Health - August 19, 2019 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: healthNews Source Type: news

Could Fluoride Be Bad for Your Baby During Pregnancy?
MONDAY, Aug. 19, 2019 -- Fluoride exposure from drinking water during pregnancy could be making children less intelligent, a new Canadian study argues. Expectant moms with higher levels of fluoride in their urine tended to have kids with lower... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - August 19, 2019 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news