Impact of discontinuing contact precautions against vancomycin resistant Enterococcus: Multicenter study in Argentina

Background: Contact precautions (CP) are widely recommended to prevent multidrug-resistant organism (MDRO) transmission avoiding colonization and infection. However, conflicting data exist regarding their effectiveness. Recent studies suggest that for endemic methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin resistant Enterococcus (VRE), standard measures and decolonization for MRSA could be effective.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: UMP. 431 Source Type: research

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Source: Infection and Drug Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infection and Drug Resistance Source Type: research
Staphylococcus aureus is an important pathogen causing a wide variety of diseases such as skin infections, food poisoning, pneumonia and septicemia in humans and animals. Among the bacterial agents of food poisoning, S. aureus is the most common agent worldwide. The aim of this study was to assess prevalence of SEA, SEB enterotoxin producing S. aureus isolated from foodborne outbreaks in Ira...
Source: African Journal of Microbiology Research - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The navicular bone may develop primary subacute osteomyelitis in immunocompetent child. Early diagnosis is important for prescribing effective conservative treatment.PMID:34703582 | PMC:PMC8521230 | DOI:10.1016/j.amsu.2021.102911
Source: Annals of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
This study clearly showed the antimicrobial chemical basis of Kumu, and the results demonstrated that HRMS coupled with MS Fragmenter and ChromGenius was a powerful tool for compound analysis, which can be used for other complex samples. Beta-carbolines reported here are important lead compounds in antibiotic discovery.
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionVancomycin combined with ciprofloxacin or a third generation cephalosporin provided the highest antimicrobial coverage of all  responsible pathogens identified in early PJI. Empiric treatment of gram-negative treatment can be safely terminated in the absence of gram-negative pathogens after 4 days of culturing in cases without preoperative antibiotic treatment.
Source: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Adenoviruses are endemic, primarily causing respiratory and ocular (pharyngoconjunctival fever) symptoms and gastroenteritis in infants and children. They also cause epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, pneumonia in military recruits and severe, life-threatening infections in transplant recipients. The hardy non-enveloped virus resists environmental degradation and is transmitted by aerosolized droplets, fomites and faecal-oral spread. Outbreaks occur in medical, day care, military and other facilities where people live in close proximity.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Viral infections Source Type: research
Cancers, Vol. 13, Pages 5375: Interplay between IL-10, IFN-γ, IL-17A and PD-1 Expressing EBNA1-Specific CD4+ and CD8+ T Cell Responses in the Etiologic Pathway to Endemic Burkitt Lymphoma Cancers doi: 10.3390/cancers13215375 Authors: Catherine S. Forconi David H. Mulama Priya Saikumar Lakshmi Joslyn Foley Juliana A. Otieno Jonathan D. Kurtis Leslie J. Berg John M. Ong’echa Christian Münz Ann M. Moormann Children diagnosed with endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL) are deficient in interferon-γ (IFN-γ) responses to Epstein–Barr Nuclear Antigen1 (EBNA1), the viral protein...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
are typically caused by opportunistic fungal pathogens in immunocompromised hosts. However, invasive disease can occur in immunocompetent individuals if the exposure is high or with primary (dimorphic) fungal pathogens (causes of endemic mycoses including Blastomyces, Coccidioides, Histoplasma, Paracoccidioides and Talaromyces spp.). Systemic fungal infections originate either in the lungs (Aspergillus, Cryptococcus, Mucorales, as a result of inhalation) or from endogenous flora (Candida spp.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Fungal infections Source Type: research
Staphylococci and streptococci are leading causes of healthcare and community-acquired bacterial infections worldwide. Within each genus, virulent species such as Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pyogenes and Streptococcus pneumoniae are associated with diverse syndromes of superficial infection, invasive infection and exotoxin production. Within each genus, less virulent species such as coagulase-negative staphylococci and viridans streptococci are common harmless human commensals but are frequently cultured from clinical samples.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Bacterial infections Source Type: research
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