A novel ORF-1a based SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR assay to resolve inconclusive samples
The striking difference between previous SARS-CoV/MERS-CoV outbreaks and the ongoing SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is the increased contagious nature of the latter (Yang et al., 2020). This has resulted in over 100 million SARS-CoV-2 infections globally and ∼2.2 million deaths to date (WHO COVID-19 Dashboard, 2021). India bears the second largest burden of infected individuals with 10 million infections and over 150,000 deaths so far (ICMR COVID-19 Testing Status, 2021). Efficient and rapid diagnosis is critical to optimal management of disease sprea d as well as clinical management of COVID-19. (Source: International Journal of...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 10, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ketki Jawade, Akhauri Yash Sinha, Sharad Bhagat, Shilpa Bhowmick, Bhagyashree Chauhan, Snehal Kaginkar, Harsha Palav, Nandini Kasarpalkar, Pratik Devadiga, Kalyani Karandikar, Sachee Agarwal, Jayanthi Shastri, Kiran Munne, Vikrant M. Bhor, Smita D. Mahale Source Type: research

Type-Specific Incidence, Persistence and Factors Associated with Human Papillomavirus Infection among Female Sex workers in Benin and Mali, West Africa
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections, sexually transmitted infection (STI), plays a crucial role in cervical carcinogenesis (Bosch et al. 2002). These viruses are classified as low-risk HPV (LR-HPV), high-risk HPV (HR-HPV) and probable high-risk HPV (pHR-HPV) according to their involvement in the genesis of benign or malignant lesions (de Villiers et al. 2004). Persistent infection with one of the HR-HPV types is an essential condition for the development of cervical cancer (Schiffman et al. 2007). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 10, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Fatoumata Korika Tounkara, Ibrahima T éguété, Fernand A. Guédou, Denis Talbot, Cheick B. Traoré, Luc Béhanzin, Sidy Traoré, Ella Goma-Matsétsé, Marlène Aza-Gnandji, Bintou Keita, Julie Guenoun, François Coutlée, Michel Alary Source Type: research

A call to caution when hydroxychloroquine is given to elderly COVID-19 patients
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 10, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julian J. Gabor, Andrea Kreidenweiss, Stefan Weber, Moaaz Salama, Mihaly Sulyok, Zita Sulyok, Erik Koehne, Meral Esen, Benno Kreuels, Parichehr Shamsrizi, Erwin Biecker, Benjamin Mordm üller, Christoph P. Berg, Stefano Fusco, Carsten Köhler, Stefan Kubi Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 among inmates over 60 years of age during a COVID-19 outbreak in a penitentiary complex in Brazil: positive health outcomes despite high prevalence
The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the causative agent of the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The first COVID-19 case in Brazil was reported on February 26, 2020, and since then Brazil has reported over 10 million cases and 248,000 deaths as of February 24 (Painel Coronav írus, 2021). A COVID-19 outbreak started in a maximum-security penitentiary complex in Brasília, Federal District, on April 1. The complex is comprised by four prison units, hosting over 13,000 male inmates, and there were 2,064 COVID-19 confirmed cases by October 7, including 1,724 inmates. (Source: Internat...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 9, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Fernando A. Gouvea-Reis, Lairton S. Borja, Patr ícia O. Dias, Danniely C.S. Silva, Jadher Percio, Cássio Peterka, Guilherme O. Silva, Raphael N.P. Adjuto, Glaucia B. Tavares, Mayana B. Cunha, Claudia Feres, Janaína de Oliveira, Giselle Sodré, Wallace Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Managing the risks of making the wrong diagnosis: First, do no harm
Diagnostics are essential public health tools, yet their use, role and complexities are largely misunderstood. Researchers developing a diagnostic test, or end-users choosing from among available tests, make choices based on test performance to maximize success in identifying positives and negatives. However, equally important is to consider the risks of misdiagnosing someone as having or not having a condition, and its consequences, adopting basic risk-assessment and risk-management reasoning. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 9, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Piero Olliaro, Els Torreele Tags: Perspective Source Type: research

An Exploratory Study of Factors Associated with Difficulties in Accessing HIV Services During COVID-19 among Chinese Gay and Bisexual Men in Hong Kong
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 9, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yiu Tung Suen, Randolph C.H. Chan, Eliz Miu Yin Wong Source Type: research

Xpert MTB/RIF Ultra enhances tuberculous pleurisy diagnosis for patients with unexplained exudative pleural effusion who underwent a pleural biopsy via thoracoscopy: a prospective cohort study
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 9, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Shan Gao, Chong Wang, Xia Yu, Tianlu Teng, Yuanyuan Shang, Junnan Jia, Lingling Dong, Liping Zhao, Shuku Liu, Naihui Chu, Hairong Huang Source Type: research

Evaluating the impact of the travel ban within mainland China on the epidemic of the COVID-19
The global outbreak caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). The number of imported SARS-CoV-2 cases in many countries has been rising due to large-scale geographic spread (Candido et al., 2020; Li et al., 2020). The ongoing epidemic of COVID-19 presents significant challenges to the development of the economy. As of November 15, 2020, the COVID-19 epidemic has caused 53.7 million confirmed cases and 1.3 million deaths worldwide (2020f). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 6, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ling Xue, Shuanglin Jing, Wei Sun, Maoxing Liu, Zhihang Peng, Huaiping Zhu Source Type: research

Culture conversion at six months in patients receiving bedaquiline- and delamanid-containing regimens for the treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 3, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Shynar M. Maretbayeva, Anar S. Rakisheva, Malik M. Adenov, Lyazzat T. Yeraliyeva, Yerkebulan Zh. Algozhin, Assel T. Stambekova, Elmira A. Berikova, Askar Yedilbayev, Michael L. Rich, Kwonjune J. Seung, Assiya M. Issayeva Source Type: research

The spatiotemporal trend of renal involvement in COVID-19: a pooled analysis of 17,134 patients
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 3, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yi-Fu Feng, Kun-Peng Wang, Jing-Gang Mo, Ying-He Xu, Lie-Zhi Wang, Chong Jin, Xiang Chen, Bin Yi Source Type: research

High-flow oxygen therapy in elderly patients infected with SARS-CoV2 with a contraindication for transfer to an intensive care unit: a preliminary report
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 3, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jean-Christophe Lagier, Sophie Amrane, Morgane Mailhe, Marc Gainnier, Sylvie Arlotto, St éphanie Gentile, Didier Raoult Source Type: research

Are we ready to deal with a global COVID-19 pandemic? Rethinking countries' capacity based on the Global Health Security Index
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 3, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ye Ji, Jun Shao, Bilin Tao, Huan Song, Zhongqi Li, Jianming Wang Source Type: research

Emergence of Indian lineage of ECSA chikungunya virus in Djibouti 2019
Chikungunya (CHIK) is a high-impact arboviral disease, which is emerging worldwide since the early XXIst century. CHIK virus (CHIKV) is an arthrotropic alphavirus transmitted to humans by mosquitoes. Two to twelve days after an infective bite, the CHIKV infection commonly consists of an acute stage with brutal onset of febrile diffuse arthralgia, rash and occasional complications in patients with underlying conditions; in adults, the outcome is frequently followed by long-lasting polyarthralgia and stiffness, mood changes and fatigue for months to years. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 3, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Toscane Fouri é, Aissata Dia, Quentin Savreux, Vincent Pommier de Santi, Xavier de Lamballerie, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Fabrice Simon Source Type: research

Multi-organ failure with necrotic skin lesions due to infection with Chlamydia psittaci
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 3, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Renske Meijer, Paula van Biezen, Gerrie Prins, Henk-Jan Boiten Source Type: research

Response to “Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies in Pediatric Healthcare Workers (pHCWs)”
We read with interest the recently published article by Morris et al., “Prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 Antibodies in Pediatric Healthcare Workers (pHCWs).” The study demonstrated pHCWs in the pediatric emergency department (ED) had a higher prevalence of anti-SARS-CoV-2-IgG than pHCWs outside the ED. It also points to universal personal protective equipment (PPE) for pHC Ws in the pediatric ED until communicable disease can be definitively ruled out (Morris et al., 2021). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 3, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: David Greenky, Matt Linam, Anna Yaffee, Brian Costello, Brittany Murray Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Isoniazid-monoresistant tuberculosis in France: risk factors, treatment outcomes and adverse events
Isoniazid-resistant, rifampicin-susceptible tuberculosis (HR-TB) is the most prevalent form of drug-resistant TB worldwide (besides streptomycin resistance) with estimates rising up to 7% among new TB cases and to 8 to 11% among previously treated TB cases (World Health Organization, 2018; Dean et al., 2020). HR-TB is associated with a higher risk of acquiring further drug resistance and in particular of evolving towards multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB), defined by resistance to both isoniazid and rifampicin (Menzies et al., 2009; Jacobson et al., 2011; Gegia et al., 2012). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 3, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Marwa Bachir, Lorenzo Guglielmetti, Simone Tunesi, Typhaine Billard-Pomares, Sheila Chiesi, J érémy Jaffré, Hugo Langris, Valérie Pourcher, Frédéric Schramm, Nadine Lemaître, Jérôme Robert, on behalf of the Isoniazid Resistance Group Source Type: research

Simultaneously Complete but Not Partial Taste and Smell Losses were Associated with SAR-CoV-2 Infection
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 2, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Dunyaporn Trachootham, Supeda Thongyen, Aroonwan Lam-Ubol, Nattida Chotechuang, Wannarat Pongpirul, Wisit Prasithsirikul Source Type: research

Microbiological diagnosis of polymicrobial periprosthetic joint infection revealed superiority of investigated tissue samples compared to sonicate fluid generated from the implant surface
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 2, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Heime Rieber, Andre Frontzek, Stephanie Heinrich, Andreas Breil-Wirth, Julian Messler, Stefan Hegermann, Martin Ulatowski, Christos Koutras, Enno Steinheisser, Thomas Kruppa, Martin Fischer, Michael Hammer, Arjan Mullahi, Thomas Morawietz Source Type: research

Hausdorff and Flores Author Reply to Letter to the Editor by Prof G. Bauer (THEIJID-D-21-00652)
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 2, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: William P. Hausdorff, Jorge Flores Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Comment to the manuscript by William P. Hausdorff and Jorge Flores: Low-dose and oral exposure to SARS-CoV-2 may help us understand and prevent severe COVID-19, IJID 103 (2021) 37 –41
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 1, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Georg Bauer Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Aortic thrombosis in a patient with COVID-19-associated hyperinflammatory syndrome
A 77-year-old man was admitted for severe PCR-confirmed COVID-19. The patient presented with severe hypoxemia and biological findings suggestive of hyperinflammatory syndrome: severe lymphopenia in combination with signs of hypercytokinemia (elevated C-reactive protein), coagulopathy (elevated D-dimer levels) and hepatic injury (elevated lactate dehydrogenase) (Webb et al., 2020). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - April 1, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Naomi Michotte, St éphane Allard, Marie-Christine Payen, Nicolas Dauby Tags: Medical Imagery Source Type: research

Predictors of adherence to HIV Post-Exposure Prophylaxis protocol among frontline healthcare workers at the Ho Teaching Hospital, Ghana
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 31, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rita Esi Suglo, Fortress Yayra Aku, Judith A. Anaman-Torgbor, Elvis Enowbeyang Tarkang Source Type: research

The use of non-invasive ventilation in COVID-19: a systematic review
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 30, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Zhufeng Wang, Yingzhi Wang, Zhaowei Yang, Hongkai Wu, Jingyi Liang, Hanwen Liang, Huimin Lin, Ruchong Chen, Younger Ou, Fengyan Wang, Yuan Wang, Yan Wang, Weizhan Luo, Naijian Li, Zhengtu Li, Jiaxing Xie, Mei Jiang, Shiyue Li Tags: Review Source Type: research

Generalized cowpox virus infection in an immunosuppressed patient
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 29, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ralph Wendt, J örg Tittelbach, Livia Schrick, Nils Kellner, Sven Kalbitz, Bettina Ruehe, Janine Michel, Sibylle Schliemann, Peter Elsner, Christoph Lübbert, Andreas Nitsche Tags: Medical Imagery Source Type: research

Erythema induratum of Bazin – a subcutaneous granulomatous vasculitis that caused difficulty in walking
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 29, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Satoshi Irifune, Kazuko Yamamoto, Sosuke Ishijima, Yuta Koike, Junya Fukuoka, Hiroshi Mukae Tags: Medical Imagery Source Type: research

Pertussis among Patients with Clinically Compatible Illness in the Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 29, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Solomon Taye, Zemene Tigabu, Debasu Damtie, Gizachew Yismaw, Clinton Moodley, Mark P. Nicol, Belay Tessema, Baye Gelaw, Feleke Moges Source Type: research

Bacille Calmette-Gu érin (BCG) Vaccine and Potential Cross-Protection against SARS-CoV-2 Infection – Assumptions, Knowns, Unknowns and Need for Developing an Accurate Scientific Evidence Base
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jean B. Nachega, Markus Maeurer, Nadia A. Sam-Agudu, Jeremiah Chakaya, Patrick D.M. Katoto, Alimuddin Zumla Source Type: research

Hospitalization of mild cases of community-acquired pneumonia decreased more than severe ones during the COVID-19 epidemic
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hiroyuki Nagano, Daisuke Takada, Jung-ho Shin, Tetsuji Morishita, Susumu Kunisawa, Yuichi Imanaka Source Type: research

Emergence and outcome of the SARS-CoV-2 “Marseille-4” variant
In Marseille, France, following a first SARS-CoV-2 outbreak in March-May 2020, a second epidemic phase occurred from June, involving ten new variants. The Marseille-4 variant caused an epidemic that started in August and is still ongoing. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Pierre-Edouard Fournier, Philippe Colson, Anthony Levasseur, Christian A. Devaux, Philippe Gautret, Marielle Bedotto, Jeremy Delerce, Ludivine Brechard, Lucile Pinault, Jean-Christophe Lagier, Florence Fenollar, Didier Raoult Source Type: research

Non tuberculous mycobacteria pulmonary disease: patients and clinicians working together to improve the evidence base for care
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Marc Lipman, Heinke Kunst, Michael R. Loebinger, Heather J. Milburn, Michael King Source Type: research

Circulating activated neutrophils in COVID-19: an independent predictor for mechanical ventilation and death
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: David Dennison, Murtadha Al Khabori, Sahimah Al Mamari, Allan Aurelio, Houda Al Hinai, Khuloud Al Maamari, Jalila AlShekaili, Ghalib Al Khadouri Source Type: research

The influence of maternal migration on child vaccination in Kenya: An inverse probability of treatment-weighted analysis
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julia M. Porth, Emily Treleaven, Nancy L. Fleischer, Martin K. Mutua, Matthew L. Boulton Source Type: research

An Asia-Pacific study on healthcare worker ’s perception and willingness to receive COVID-19 vaccination
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Nicholas W.S. Chew, Clare Cheong, Gwyneth Kong, Kailun Phua, Jinghao Nicholas Ngiam, Benjamin Y.Q. Tan, Bokun Wang, Fengyi Hao, Wanqiu Tan, Xiaofan Han, Bach X. Tran, Men Thi Hoang, Hai Q. Pham, Giang T. Vu, Yang Chen, Rivan Danuaji, Komalkumar RN, Meenak Source Type: research

Risk factors for death in suspected severe bacterial infection of infants aged < 90 days in Luanda, Angola
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tuula Pelkonen, Suvi Urtti, Ondina Cardoso, Moe H. Kyaw, Irmeli Roine, Heikki Peltola Source Type: research

Invasive pneumococcal disease among adults with hematological and solid organ malignancies: a population-based cohort study
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hannah M. Garcia Garrido, Mirjam J. Knol, Jarom Heijmans, Nina M. van Sorge, Elisabeth A.M. Sanders, Heinz-Josef Kl ümpen, Martin P. Grobusch, Abraham Goorhuis Source Type: research

COVID-19 and Syndemic challenges in ‘Battling the Big Three’: HIV, TB and malaria
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Thirumalaisamy P. Velavan, Christian G. Meyer, Meral Esen, Peter G. Kremsner, Francine Ntoumi Tags: Perspective Source Type: research

The need for protecting and enhancing TB health policies and services for forcibly displaced and migrant populations during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 25, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Michael Knipper, Ana Cristina Sedas, Salmaan Keshavjee, Aula Abbara, Naser Almhawish, Hani Ashawe, Leonid Lecca, Michael Wilson, Almuddin Zumla, Ibrahim Abubakar, Miriam Orcutt Source Type: research

Severe dengue outbreak associated with DENV-3 in the city of Manado, North Sulawesi, Indonesia
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 24, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Suryadi N.N. Tatura, Dionisius Denis, Marsha S. Santoso, Rahma F. Hayati, Billy J. Kepel, Benediktus Yohan, R. Tedjo Sasmono Source Type: research

Mask use, risk-mitigation behaviours and pandemic fatigue during the COVID-19 pandemic in five cities in Australia, the UK and USA: A cross-sectional survey
In the absence of a vaccine, non-pharmaceutical measures such as physical distancing, wearing masks and hand hygiene have been key to controlling COVID-19 during the first year of the pandemic (Seale et al., 2020). Whilst Asian countries have a longer history of wearing masks for both infection and pollution, especially after SARS (2003) (Burgess and Horii, 2012; Sin, 2016), the use of masks in the community is not a cultural norm in Western countries (MacIntyre and Chughtai, 2015), and mask wearing was initially discouraged, whilst handwashing was promoted. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Raina MacIntyre, Phi-Yen Nguyen, Abrar Ahmad Chughtai, Mallory Trent, Brian Gerber, Kathleen Steinhofel, Holly Seale Source Type: research

Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Hospitalized COVID-19 Patients in a MERS-CoV Referral Hospital during the Peak of the Pandemic
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mazin Barry, Nouf Althabit, Layan Akkielah, AbdulEllah AlMohaya, Muath Alotaibi, Sara Alhasani, Abdulwahab Aldrees, Abdulaziz AlRajhi, Ali AlHiji, Fahad Almajid, Aynaa AlSharidi, Fatimah S. Al-Shahrani, Naif H. Alotaibi, Abdulkarim AlHetheel Source Type: research

Differences in risk factors for hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human immunodeficiency virus infection by ethnicity: A large population-based cohort study in British Columbia, Canada
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mawuena Binka, Zahid Ahmad Butt, Geoffrey McKee, Maryam Darvishian, Darrel Cook, Stanley Wong, Amanda Yu, Maria Alvarez, Hasina Samji, Jason Wong, Mel Krajden, Naveed Zafar Janjua Source Type: research

No Increased Acute Kidney Injury Rate Through Giving an Intravenous Colistin Loading Dose in Pediatric Patients
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Noppadol Wacharachaisurapol, Surinda Kawichai, Ankanee Chanakul, Thanyawee Puthanakit Source Type: research

Salmonella contamination in ready-to-eat street food in Pakistan - implications for consumers and food safety
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jannat Raza, Tauseef M. Asmat, Mohammad Zahid Mustafa, Hina Ishtiaq, Kiran Mumtaz, Muhammad Moazam Jalees, Abdul Samad, Arsalan Ahmed Shah, Salma Khalid, Habib ur Rehman Source Type: research

Antibiotic use is associated with worse clinical outcomes in patients with cancer treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) have revolutionized the treatment of many cancer types (Golay and Andrea, 2020). Specifically, antibodies against the cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4), programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) or its ligand (PD-L1) have shown activity against melanoma, non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), renal cell carcinoma (RCC), head and neck cancer and other solid tumors (Golay and Andrea, 2020). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Maria Tsikala-Vafea, Neel Belani, Kendra Vieira, Hina Khan, Dimitrios Farmakiotis Source Type: research

COVID-19 pandemic in Malawi: Did public social-political events gatherings contribute to its first wave local transmission?
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Juliet Charity Yauka Nyasulu, Richard Junganiko Munthali, Alinane Linda Nyondo-Mipando, Himani Pandya, Laywell Nyirenda, Peter Nyasulu, Samuel Manda Source Type: research

Mask use, risk mitigation behaviours and pandemic fatigue during the COVID-19 pandemic in five cities in Australia, the UK and USA: a cross-sectional survey
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: C. Raina MacIntyre, Phi-Yen Nguyen, Abrar Ahmad Chughtai, Mallory Trent, Brian Gerber, Kathleen Steinhofel, Holly Seale Source Type: research

Emerging Non-Polio Enteroviruses recognized in the framework of the Acute Flaccid Paralyses (AFP) surveillance system in Northern Italy, 2016-2018
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 23, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Laura Pellegrinelli, Cristina Galli, Valeria Primache, Laura Bubba, Gabriele Buttinelli, Paola Stefanelli, Elena Pariani, Sandro Binda Source Type: research

Whipple ’s disease diagnosed in a patient with suspected sarcoidosis
Whipple ’s disease (WD) is a rare, multisystemic bacterial infection with an incidence of 1 : 1.000.000 caused by tropheryma whipplei, a gram-positive bacillus. It mostly affect the joints, digestive system, heart and/or nervous system (Obst et al., 2014). The typical symptom complex caused by small intes tinal involvement is diarrhea, weight loss and polyarthralgia. Other symptoms are variable and may include low-grade fever, lymphadenopathy, abdominal pain, chronic cough, anemia, neurological symptoms and skin hyperpigmentation (Ratnaike, 2000). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: David Totschnig, Tamara Seitz, Alexander Zoufaly, Sabine Hagenauer-Drektraan, Christoph Wenisch Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Circulation of Bordetella pertussis in vaccinated Cambodian children: a transversal serological study
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Gaelle Noel, Laurence Borand, Chanthy Leng, Chanthy Keang, Chhunly Botr, Bunnet Dim, Alexandra Kerleguer, Yik S. Peng, Navin Sreng, Vichit Ork, Mohand Ait-Ahmed, Nicole Guiso, Fabien Taieb Source Type: research

Minimizing the Impact of the Triple Burden of COVID-19, Tuberculosis and HIV on Health Services in sub-Saharan Africa
As of January 09, 2021, Africa reported 3,392,117 COVID-19 cases with 83,787 deaths [2.4% case fatality rate (CFR)] in Africa, to the World Health Organization (Coronavirus (COVID-19), n.d.-a). The highest number, and roughly 40% of confirmed cases (1, 214, 176 cases) were from South Africa, currently the epicentre of the pandemic on the continent (Coronavirus (COVID-19), n.d.-b). A year into the pandemic, Africa has consistently recorded lower COVID-19 incidence and mortality compared to Europe and North America (Coronavirus (COVID-19), n.d.-b; Nachega et al., 2020a,b). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - March 20, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jean B. Nachega, Nathan Kapata, Nadia A. Sam-Agudu, Eric H. Decloedt, Patrick D.M.C. Katoto, Tumaini Nagu, Peter Mwaba, Dorothy Yeboah-Manu, Pascalina Chanda-Kapata, Francine Ntoumi, Elvin H. Geng, Alimuddin Zumla Source Type: research