Gender differences in hospitalized adult patients with cellulitis. A prospective, multicenter study
Cellulitis, a common type of skin and soft tissue infection (SSTI), is a frequent cause of hospital admission of adult patients representing 1-14% of emergency room visits and 4-7% of hospital admissions among selected populations, especially among the elderly and those with obesity, diabetes and other comorbidities (Ellis Simonsen et al, 2006; McNamara et al, 2007). In a large American study that used data of patients aged 0-64 years from the HealthCore Integrated Research Database for the period 2005-2010, the SSTI incidence was 48 episodes per 1000 person years, a high rate that was twice that of the urinary tract infec...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 24, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Julio Collazos, Bel én de la Fuente, Javier de la Fuente, Alicia García, Helena Gómez, María Rivas-Carmenado, Tomás Suárez-Zarracina, Enrique García-Carús, Silvia Suárez, Héctor Enríquez, Paula Sánchez, María Alonso, Ian López-Cruz, Manuel M Source Type: research

Overt and occult hepatitis B infection after neonatal vaccination: mother-to-infant transmission and HBV vaccine effectiveness
Despite the availability of effective antiretroviral treatment and vaccine against hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis B virus infection (HBI) remains a public health problem in the world, especially in the developing countries (Polaris Observatory Collaborators, 2018, World Health Organization, 2017, Zampino et al., 2015). Most knowledge of HBI is based on one of the two types of HBI, i.e., hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive (or the overt one, HBIov). The other type, HBsAg-negative infection (or the occult one, HBIoc), remains under-study (Raimondo et al., 2019). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 24, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: An-qun Hu, Qian-ying Cai, Miao Zhang, Hai-yan Liu, Tian-lei Wang, Wen-hui Han, Qing Li, Wei Fan, Yi-jie Li, Yi-ning He, Ying-jie Zheng Source Type: research

Diagnostic value of the modified Duke criteria in suspected infective endocarditis – the PRO-ENDOCARDITIS study
Trial registration: NCT03365193 (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 24, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Amir A. Mahabadi, Ihab Mahmoud, Iryna Dykun, Matthias Totzeck, Peter-Michael Rath, Arjang Ruhparwar, Jan Buer, Tienush Rassaf Source Type: research

Is there a need to widely prescribe antibiotics in patients hospitalized for COVID-19?
SARS-CoV2 infection, also called COVID-19, is an emergent viral infection caused by a similar virus as SARS-CoV1 which was responsible for many cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003 with a high mortality. The SARS-CoV2 was discovered in December 2019 in China (Wu et al., 2020), and is spreading worldwide as a pandemic, reaching France in January 2020 (Lescure et al., 2020). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 24, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: F. Moretto, T. Sixt, H. Devilliers, M. Abdallahoui, I. Eberl, T. Rogier, M. Buisson, P. Chavanet, M. Duong, C. Esteve, S. Mahy, A. Salmon-Rousseau, F. Catherine, M. Blot, L. Piroth Source Type: research

The comparative ability of commonly used disease severity scores to predict death or a requirement for ICU care in patients hospitalised with possible sepsis in Yangon, Myanmar
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mar Mar Minn, Ne Myo Aung, De Zin Kyaw, Thet Tun Zaw, Pyae Nyein Chann, Hnin Ei Khine, Steven McLoughlin, Anthony D. Kelleher, Ne Lin Tun, Thin Zar Cho Oo, Phyu Sin Toe Myint, Matthew Law, Mar Mar Kyi, Josh Hanson Source Type: research

A Short Discussion About The SARS-CoV-2 mRNA-1273 Vaccine
SARS-CoV-2 has caused an international health crisis that is only second in severity to the 1918 influenza pandemic (Taubenberger and Morens, 2006) and for which current development efforts to contain its wildfire-like spread with a safe and effective vaccine constitute a dire necessity and an immediate call to action; while success with one or more of the vaccine candidates is assumed and anxiously anticipated, it is not guaranteed due to compressed development timelines, the likely lack of results from long term testing, the inchoateness of knowledge regarding betacoronavirus immunology and the correctness of current vac...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 22, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Bryan Oronsky, Harry E Gruber, Wendy Reiners, Tony R Reid Tags: Perspective Source Type: research

A Unique Tale of COVID-19 Induced Concomitant Overt DIC and Acute Bi-lateral Pulmonary Embolism
A priority call was initiated in the emergency triaging area when the paramedics brought in a 65-years-old lady who was saturating at 65% on room air. She was then initiated on full flow oxygen at 15 litres non breathing mask, which then elevated her saturations to about 92-95%. Upon stabilizing the patient, history revealed that for the past 7 days, the patient has been experiencing viral prodrome. Her symptoms were primarily fever, chest pain, cough with clear expectoration, and intermittent shortness of breath on exertion. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Saquib Navid Siddiqui, Roland Jayasekhar, Sonam Tshering, Ranjana Jugjali, Devipangaj Shanmugavadivel, Asheer Jawed, Mohammed Mostafizur Rahman Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Risk Assessment for COVID-19 Pandemic in Taiwan
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 21, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Shu-Wan Jian, Chien-Tse Kao, Yi-Chia Chang, Pi-Fang Chen, Ding-Ping Liu Tags: Perspective Source Type: research

Development and Evaluation of Reverse Transcription Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification for Rapid and Real-Time Detection of Kyasanur Forest Disease Virus
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 20, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jyoti S. Kumar, Pragya D. Yadav, Anita M. Shete, Triparna Majumdar, Savita Patil, Paban Kumar Dash Source Type: research

Rapid detection of SARS-CoV-2 under replicating or non-replicating status in samples using RT-PCR
Searching for animals susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 infection is one of the essential strategies to trace the origin of SARS-CoV-2 (Shi et al., 2020). It is also important to determine whether SARS-CoV-2-contaminated meat is from a SARS-CoV-2-infected animal or not. The classic method to determine the status of SARS-CoV-2 replication in tissues or cells is through culturing these samples in a BSL-3 facility, but this task is very labor- and time-consuming, as well as unsafe for researchers/technicians. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 20, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ming Liao, Jianmin Wu, Manman Dai, Huanan Li, Nan Yan, Runyu Yuan, Chungen Pan Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Omadacycline versus moxifloxacin in adults with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 20, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Antoni Torres, Lynne Garrity-Ryan, Courtney Kirsch, Judith N. Steenbergen, Paul B. Eckburg, Anita F. Das, Marla Curran, Amy Manley, Evan Tzanis, Paul C. McGovern Source Type: research

Performance assessment of 11 commercial serological tests for SARS-CoV-2 on hospitalized COVID-19 patients
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 20, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: C. Serre-Miranda, C. Nobrega, S. Roque, J. Canto-Gomes, C.S. Silva, N. Vieira, P. Barreira-Silva, P. Alves-Peixoto, J. Cotter, A. Reis, M. Formigo, H. Sarmento, O. Pires, A. Carvalho, D.Y. Petrovykh, L. Di éguez, J.C. Sousa, N. Sousa, C. Capela, J.A. Pal Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 seroconversion among 4040 Egyptian healthcare workers in 12 resource-limited healthcare facilities: A prospective cohort study
As of 15 November 2020, more than 54.5 million cases of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and 1.3 million deaths have been documented globally (Johns Hopkins University of Medicine, 2020). Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in healthcare workers (HCWs) reports, mainly in high-income settings, varied widely (0.4%-57.1%) with a pooled prevalence of 11% and 7% by reverse transcription –polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and serology testing, respectively (Gómez-Ochoa et al., 2020). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 20, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Aya Mostafa, Sahar Kandil, Manal H. El-Sayed, Samia Girgis, Hala Hafez, Mostafa Yosef, Saly Saber, Hoda Ezzelarab, Marwa Ramadan, Eman Algohary, Gehan Fahmy, Iman Afifi, Fatmaelzahra Hassan, Shaimaa Elsayed, Amira Reda, Doaa Fattuh, Asmaa Mahmoud, Amany M Source Type: research

Erratum to “Characteristics of COVID-19 epidemic and control measures to curb transmission in Malaysia” [Int J Infect Dis 101 (December) (2020) 409–411]
The publisher regrets the following errors in the final published paper: (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 19, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Chris Fook Sheng Ng, Xerxes T. Seposo, Meng Ling Moi, Muhammad Abdul Basit Ahmad Tajudin, Lina Madaniyazi, Mazrura Sahani Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

COVID-19 vaccines under the International Health Regulations – we must use the WHO International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis
The first vaccines against SARS-CoV-2 have now received emergency use authorization by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), European Medicines Agency (EMA) and national authorities in China, India, UK, and Russia; and are rapidly being distributed in more than 30 countries since the end of the 2020. So far vaccines are being used by the respective countries after national approval based on promising efficacy reports and safety data, however, data on some of these vaccines have not yet been published in international peer-reviewed journals. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 19, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eskild Petersen, Daniel Lucey, Lucille Blumberg, Laura D. Kramer, Seif Al-Abri, Shui Shan Lee, Tatiana de Castro Abreu Pinto, Christina W. Obiero, Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales, Richard Yapi, Aisha Abubakar, Paul Anantharajah Tambyah, Allison Holmes, Lin H Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Chikungunya virus ECSA lineage reintroduction in the northeasternmost region of Brazil
Since its emergence in East Africa, chikungunya virus (CHIKV) has caused more than 70 epidemics around the world mainly in Southeast Asian and Latin American countries (Mascarenhas et al., 2018). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 18, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Joilson Xavier, Vagner Fonseca, Joao Felipe Bezerra, Manoella do Monte Alves, Maria Ang élica Mares-Guia, Ingra Morales Claro, Ronaldo de Jesus, Talita Adelino, Emerson Araújo, Karina Ribeiro Leite Jardim Cavalcante, Stephane Tosta, Themis Rocha de Souz Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Characterization of Streptococcus pneumoniae Serotype 19F-Variants Occurring in Brazil Uncovers a Predominant Lineage that Can Lead to Misinterpretation in Capsular Typing
Streptococcus pneumoniae strains of serogroup 19 are frequently associated with pneumococcal disease and antimicrobial resistance and are also commonly recovered from asymptomatic nasopharyngeal carriers (Hackel et al., 2013; Isturiz et al., 2017; Ladhani et al., 2018; Moreno et al., 2020). Although this serogroup also comprises serotypes 19B and 19C, serotypes 19A and 19F account for the vast majority of serogroup 19 pneumococcal strains circulating worldwide (Bentley et al., 2006; Metcalf et al., 2016). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 18, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Laura M.A. Oliveira, Aline R.V. Souza, Tatiana C.A. Pinto, Lucia M. Teixeira Source Type: research

Viral arthralgia a new manifestation of COVID-19 infection? A cohort study of COVID-19-associated musculoskeletal symptoms
Singapore was one of the first countries to report its index case of COVID-19 on 23 January 2020 (Chotirmall et al., 2020). Since then, it has been one of the most successful in limiting community spread by extensive testing, meticulous contact tracing, active screening of at-risk groups, pre-emptive hospitalisation and mandatory mask-wearing (Chotirmall et al., 2020). As a result, hospitals have remained well-equipped and mortality rates from COVID-19 remains one of the lowest globally (Worldometers, 2020). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 18, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Caroline Wei Shan Hoong, Muhammad Nakib Monjur E Amin, Teck Choon Tan, Jer En Lee Source Type: research

Pharmacokinetic population of isoniazid in Tunisian tuberculosis patients
Isoniazid dose proposal in Tunisian Tuberculosis patients based on a validated pharmacokinetic model: Proportion of simulated patients achieving target isoniazid concentraion (C3H) with various dosage regimens taking into account acetylator status.A. Rapid/intermediate acetylator status, B. Slow acetylators status. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 18, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: N. Ben Fredj, H. Ben Romdhane, J.B. Woillard, M. Chickaid, N. Ben Fadhel, Z. Chadly, A. Chaabane, N. Boughattas, K. Aouam Source Type: research

Pharmacological strategies to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infection and to treat the early phases of COVID-19 disease
On 11th March 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) announced the first pandemic due to the spreading of SARS-CoV-2, a novel positive-sense, single-stranded RNA betacoronavirus identified in humans in December 2019 in China, causing the COVID-19 disease (Wang et al., 2020a; Zhou et al., 2020b). In the last years, 6 other outbreaks caused by coronavirus have been identified in humans, among them the SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV diseases have been found as the most pathogenic (Kuiken et al., 2003; Zaki et al., 2012; Zhong et al., 2003) and more recently the SARS-CoV-2 using the same cellular receptor as SARS-CoV, namely human a...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 18, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Lucia Scarabel, Michela Guardascione, Michele Dal Bo, Giuseppe Toffoli Tags: Review Source Type: research

Epidemiology, characteristics, and outcomes of hospitalized children with COVID-19 in Oman: A multicenter cohort study
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 18, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Laila S. Al Yazidi, Zaid Al Hinai, Badriya Al Waili, Hilal Al Hashami, Mohammed Al Reesi, Farhana Al Othmani, Balqees Al Noobi, Nuha Al Tahir, Nagi Elsidig, Lamya Al Barwani, Ibrahim Al Busaidi, Bushra Al Jabri, Abdullah Al Qayoudhi, Amal Al Maani, Nawal Source Type: research

COVID-19 within a large prison with high number of vulnerable adults in the UK, March to June 2020: an outbreak investigation and screening event
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by the most recently discovered severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The virus was unknown before the outbreak began in China in December 2019 and has since spread around the world (Zhu et al., 2020). The impact of the epidemic has been noted in many sectors of the community including institutional settings, such as prisons. Many prison residents are at higher risk of severe COVID-19 and death, due to significant co-morbidities and advanced age in some prisons (Amon, 2020; Kinner et al., 2020). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 16, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jennifer Wilburn, Eleanor Blakey, Amy Trindall, Helen Burr, Vince Tanti, Sue Doolan, Ian Palmer, Tony Jewell, Ravikumar Balakrishnan Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 among blood donors in the early month of the pandemic in Saudi Arabia
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is a novel coronavirus causing CoronaVirus Disease 19 (COVID-19) infection at a pandemic scale and with rapid spread and was first detected in Wuhan city, China in December 2019 (AlJishi and Al-Tawfiq, 2020; Drosten et al., 2015). COVID-19 has a wide clinical spectrum from an asymptomatic or mild infection in most cases to a severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) (Al-Tawfiq, 2020). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 16, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ayman Banjar, Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq, Amaal Alruwaily, Haleema Alserehi, Ada Al-Qunaibet, Rehab Alaswad, Hind Almutlaq, Abdullah Almudaiheem, Abdullah T. Khojah, Faisal Alsaif, Shaza Karim Almolad, Saeed Alqahtani, Abdullah AlJurayyan, Abdullah Alotaibi, Saf Source Type: research

Poor compliance with an antibiotic directive – a call for intensified monitoring
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Frederik Novak, Jens T. H ørlück, Jacob D. Redder, Paul W. Denton, Merete Storgaard Source Type: research

IgG antibody response demonstrates inverse correlation with viral load in Bangladeshi women with acute Hepatitis E virus Genotype 1 infection
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) commonly causes acute hepatitis in adults and chronic hepatitis in immunocompromised individuals (Wu et al., 2020). Annually estimated 20 million people reported to be affected with HEV and causing 44,000 deaths worldwide (WHO, 2020). It usually remains sub-clinical and seldom shows sign-symptoms of hepatitis and reflecting very low ( (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rosy Sultana, Md Tarikul Islam, Golam Sarower Bhuyan, Suprovath Kumar Sarker, Farjana Akther Noor, Mohabbat Hossain, Mamunur Rashid, Redwan Rahmat, K. Zaman, Mst. Noorjahan Begum, Zahid Hassan, Muhammad Manjurul Karim, Firdausi Qadri, Kaiissar Mannoor Source Type: research

Application of Acid-fast staining combined with MTB/RIF GeneXpert in the diagnosis of Nontuberculous Mycobacteria Pulmonary Disease
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 15, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Luxia Kong, Bangruan Xie, Qian Liu, Lijuan Hua, Anish Bhusal, Chen Bao, Jiannan Hu, Shuyun Xu Source Type: research

COVID-19 after kidney transplantation: Early outcome and renal function following antiviral treatment
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 13, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Alina Daciana Elec, Mihai Oltean, Patricia Goldis, Cristina Cismaru, Mihaela Lupse, Adriana Muntean, Florin Ioan Elec Source Type: research

No significant difference between Ceftriaxone and Cefotaxime on the emergence of antibiotic resistance in the gut microbiota of hospitalized patients: a pilot study
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 13, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Beno ît Pilmis, Olivier Jiang, Assaf Mizrahi, Jean-Claude Nguyen Van, Julie Lourtet-Hascoët, Olivier Voisin, Erwan Le Lorc’h, Sidonie Hubert, Elodie Ménage, Philippe Azria, Marie-Françoise Borie, Annabelle Mahé, Jean-Jacques Mourad, Eloïse Trabatt Source Type: research

Acute heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy exacerbated by systemic parechovirus-A1 infection in an infant
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 12, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Shun Maki, Yuta Aizawa, Yuki Ito, Masashi Suda, Akihiko Saitoh Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Severe bilateral optic neuropathy and meningitis secondary to invasive maxillary sinus aspergillosis
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 12, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Obry Sandra, Raoul Kanav Khanna, Marion Lacasse, K évin Reffet, Jean-Philippe Cottier, Adélaïde Chesnay, Clara Cohen Tags: Medical Imagery Source Type: research

Clinical applications of detecting IgG, IgM, or IgA antibody for the diagnosis of COVID-19: A meta-analysis and systematic review
The global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), has involved more than 200 countries, with 15,785,641 confirmed cases and 640,016 deaths worldwide(World Health Organization, 2020). Timely detection and quarantine of infected patients are critical measures to prevent the spread of the disease. Various diagnostic tests for COVID-19 have been reported(Beeching et al., 2020). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 12, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mengyu Chen, Rundong Qin, Jiang Mei, Zhaowei Yang, Weiping Wen, Jing Li Source Type: research

Dynamics of HIV-1 quasispecies diversity of participants under long-term antiretroviral therapy based on intra-host single-nucleotide variations
According to UNAIDS, 23.3 million (62%) people with HIV underwent antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 2018, an increase of 1.6 million from 2017 (UNAIDS, 2019). Currently, the primary and most effective strategy for HIV/AIDS prevention and treatment is combined antiretroviral therapy, and, in particular, the first-line antiretroviral drugs are the most widely used regimens (Kanters et al., 2016). Although ART has led to substantial gains in the reduction of mortality and morbidity of HIV/AIDS, the abundant genetic diversity and rapid variation, making it impossible to completely eradicate the virus in participants (Deeks et al...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yuanyuan Zhang, Qianqian Yin, Ming Ni, Tingting Liu, Chen Wang, Chuan Song, Lingjie Liao, Hui Xing, Shibo Jiang, Yiming Shao, Chen Chen, Liying Ma Source Type: research

Sequence analysis of Indian SARS-CoV-2 isolates shows a stronger interaction of mutated receptor binding domain with ACE2 receptor
Coronaviruses have been studied for more than fifty years and are known to infect multiple animal species including human. Though their pathogenesis and mechanism of replication have already been well described due to previous outbreaks (SARS-CoV in China, 2003 and MERS-CoV in Saudi Arabia, 2012), the current pandemic has propelled the whole world to research and investigate deeper into the pathogenesis of this virus. Coronaviruses belong to a diverse virus family which consists of four genera: Alpha, Beta, Gamma and Delta coronaviruses (Fehr and Perlman, 2015). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Pujarini Dash, Jyotirmayee Turuk, Santosh Ku Behera, Subrata Kumar Palo, Sunil K. Raghav, Arup Ghosh, Jyotsnamayee Sabat, Sonalika Rath, Subhra Subhadra, Khokan Rana, Debdutta Bhattacharya, Srikanta Kanungo, Jaya Singh Kshatri, Bijaya Kumar Mishra, Saroj Source Type: research

Predictive Modeling of Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Pulmonary Disease Epidemiology using German Health Claims Data
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are a diverse group of mycobacteria with variable pathogenicity that may cause progressive disease in susceptible hosts, first and foremost in subjects with concomitant chronic lung diseases like asthma, bronchiectasis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cystic fibrosis (Marras et al., 2016, Prevots and Marras, 2015). Pulmonary disease (PD) caused by NTM (NTM-PD) is the most common disease presentation in humans and an emerging challenge to healthcare systems (Diel et al., 2017a). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Felix C. Ringshausen, Raphael Ewen, Jan Multmeier, Bondo Monga, Marko Obradovic, Roald van der Laan, Roland Diel Source Type: research

Genghis Khan ’s death (AD 1227): an unsolvable riddle or simply a pandemic disease?
Genghis Khan, the honorific title of Borjigin Tem üjin (1162-1227), was not only considered one of the most famous conquerors in history, but also praised as the founding father of the Yuan Dynasty in China (1279-1368) and a supporter of religious tolerance. The Mongol Empire, 2.5 times larger by its territory than the Roman Empire, bridged Easter n and Western civilizations (Man, 2013). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Wenpeng You, Francesco M. Galassi, Elena Varotto, Maciej Henneberg Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Follow-up of a Rickettsia felis encephalitis: Some new insights in clinical and imaging features
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ziling Zeng, Chunjuan Wang, Cuicui Liu, Baojie Wang, Xin Meng, Yan Chen, Shougang Guo Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Splenic volume on computed tomography scans is associated with mortality in patients with sepsis
Sepsis remains a major cause of death. Every year more than one in four people die of sepsis in the world (Rhodes et al., 2017). Some people with a weakened immune system are more likely to acquire an infection that could lead to sepsis and have higher mortality (Gotts and Matthay, 2016). The spleen plays important roles in immune response and antigen processing (Lewis et al., 2019). Its first role is to serve as a reservoir of lymphocytes and erythrocytes, the second is as a place where opsonization occurs, and the third role is as a filter for removing encapsulated bacteria (Mebius and Kraal, 2005; Sadarangani, 2018). (S...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yumi Mitsuyama, Kentaro Shimizu, Atsushi Hirayama, Sho Komukai, Tetsuhisa Kitamura, Hiroshi Ogura, Takeshi Shimazu Source Type: research

COVID-19 and Healthcare Workers: A Systematic Review and Metaanalysis
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mandana Gholami, Iman Fawad, Sidra Shadan, Rashed Rowaiee, HedaietAllah Ghanem, Amar Omer, Hassan Samuel B. Ho Source Type: research

Sever iron deficiency anemia due to hookworm infection diagnosed by capsule endoscopy
We report a hookworm infection in a 34-year-old Pakistani patient with a barefoot walking habit who had a long journey by crossing multiple countries before arriving and hospitalization in France due to a severe iron-deficiency anemia. On arrival, an epigastric pain with a burning sensation for one month, vomiting for one week and 10  kg weight loss over six months was noticed. Blood examination revealed low hemoglobin (5.5 g/dL), microcytosis (59.5 fL MCV), hypochromia (24.1 g/dL MCHC), hypereosinophilia (2240 × 106/L; normal range (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hasna Chergui, Mohammad Akhoundi, Anthony Marteau, Bakhtiar Bejou, Celine Lekhal, David Deutsch, Stephane Mantelet, Robert Benamouzig, Arezki Izri Tags: Medical Imagery Source Type: research

The epidemiological and radiographical characteristics of asymptomatic infections with the novel coronavirus (COVID-19): A systematic review and meta-analysis
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Can Chen, Changtai Zhu, Danying Yan, Hongchao Liu, Danfeng Li, Yuqing Zhou, Xiaofang Fu, Jie Wu, Cheng Ding, Guo Tian, Lei Lan, Xiaoxiao Liu, Chenyang Huang, Robert Hecht, Lanjuan Li, Shigui Yang Source Type: research

Impact of reproduction number on multiwave spreading dynamics of COVID-19 with temporary immunity: a mathematical model
Between 24th August and today, nine phylogenetically confirmed cases of COVID-19 reinfection have been discovered worldwide – the first in Hong Kong (To et al., 2020), two more in Greater Noida, India (Sinha, 2020), two in Belgium (van Elslande et al., 2020; Selhorst et al., 2020), two in USA (Goldman et al., 2020; Tillett et al., 2020), one in Ecuador (CGTN 2020) and one in the Netherlands (Mulder et al., 2020). In ei ght of these cases, the patients were presumed immunocompetent; among these, the second infections were milder than the first in six cases and more severe in two. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: B Shayak, Mohit M Sharma, Manas Gaur, An Kumar Mishra Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients hospitalized with COVID-19 in Brazil: results from the Brazilian COVID-19 Registry
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Milena S. Marcolino, Patricia K. Ziegelmann, Maira V.R. Souza-Silva, Israel J. Borges do Nascimento, Luana M. Oliveira, Luanna S. Monteiro, Tha ís L.S. Sales, Karen B. Ruschel, Karina P.M.P. Martins, Ana Paula B.S. Etges, Israel Molina, Carisi A. Polancz Source Type: research

High-sensitivity C-reactive protein in HIV care: Tuberculosis diagnosis and short-term mortality in a cohort of Kenyan HIV patients in the DREAM programme
Tuberculosis (TB) is a communicable disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis and is one of the major causes of ill health and among the top 10 causes of death worldwide, as well as the leading cause of death by a single agent. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated that about 10 million people fell ill with TB in 2019, and approximately a quarter of the world population is infected with M. tuberculosis (World Health Organization, 2020). This is particularly evident in the countries of Sub-Saharan Africa, where the combination of TB and HIV has led to high mortality. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 10, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Fausto Ciccacci, Benjamin Welu, Harrison Ndoi, Irene Karea, Stefano Orlando, Davide Brambilla, Kenneth Munene, Piero Giglio, Brenda Opanga, Aiban Ronoh, Scolastica Mukwanjagi, Raymond Mwiraria, Giovanni Guidotti, Maria Cristina Marazzi Source Type: research

Uptake of antiretroviral treatment and viral suppression among men who have sex with men and transgender women in sub-Saharan Africa in an observational cohort study: HPTN 075
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 10, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Philip J. Palumbo, Yinfeng Zhang, William Clarke, Autumn Breaud, Mariya Sivay, Vanessa Cummings, Erica L. Hamilton, Xu Guo, Arthur Ogendo, Noel Kayange, Ravindre Panchia, Karen Dominguez, Ying Q. Chen, Theodorus G.M. Sandfort, Susan H. Eshleman Source Type: research

High Sensitivity C-Reaction Protein in HIV care: tuberculosis diagnosis and short-term mortality in a cohort of Kenyan HIV patients in the DREAM program
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 10, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Fausto Ciccacci, Benjamin Welu, Harrison Ndoi, Irene Karea, Stefano Orlando, Davide Brambilla, Kenneth Munene, Piero Giglio, Brenda Opanga, Aiban Ronoh, Scolastica Mukwanjagi, Raymond Mwiraria, Giovanni Guidotti, Maria Cristina Marazzi Source Type: research

Fast-breathing vs chest-indrawing childhood pneumonia: Baseline characteristics
In resource-constrained settings, World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines recommend using clinical symptoms and signs to classify and treat pediatric pneumonia. (World Health Organization (WHO), 2014) Children with cough lasting (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 9, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Amy Sarah Ginsburg, Susanne May Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Development of a quantitative one-step multiplex RT-qPCR assay for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 in a biological matrix
The Coronavirus genus comprises a variety of viral species that infect vertebrates, including human beings (1). As of May 2019, approximately 2,505 species belonging to this genus have been cataloged; however, only seven of these have been isolated in humans, all of which were linked to respiratory infections. Four of these species are considered common worldwide and trigger mild conditions (HCoV-229E, HCoV-NL63, HCoV-OC43, and HCoV-HKU1) (2,3) and three have been related to outbreaks and epidemics (SARS-CoV, MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV-2) (4 –6). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 9, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jackson Alves da Silva Queiroz, Rita de C ássia Pontello Rampazzo, Edivá Basílio da Silva Filho, Gabriella Sgorlon Oliveira, Suyane da Costa Oliveira, Luan Felipo Botelho Souza, Soraya dos Santos Pereira, Moreno Magalhães de Souza Rodrigues, Adriana C Source Type: research

A Comprehensive Systematic Review of CSF analysis that defines Neurological Manifestations of COVID-19
The novel Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues to present clinical challenges worldwide. Since the beginning of the pandemic, neurological manifestations have been vastly described in patients with COVID-19 [1 –3]. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 9, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Medha Tandon, Saurabh Kataria, Jenil Patel, Tejas R. Mehta, Maha Daimee, Viral Patel, Apoorv Prasad, Anisa Anila Chowdhary, Shruti Jaiswal, Shitiz Sriwastava Source Type: research

Predictors of COVID-19 testing rates: A cross-country comparison
Infection and mortality rates due to COVID-19 continue to surge; nearly one million (990,586) lives have been lost due to COVID and 32, 662, 857 cases have been documented (Dong et al., 2020). Robust testing systems are necessary to prevent localized outbreaks and forward transmission. Cross-country comparisons have been carried out largely to investigate COVID-19 mortality. Previous research has identified healthcare spending to be associated with higher mortality (Squalli, 2020), likely resultant of enhanced documentation of COVID-19 deaths. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 9, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Megan E Marziali, Robert S Hogg, Oluwamayowa A. Oduwole, Kiffer G Card Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Multiplex PCR Panel for the Microbiologic Diagnosis of Pneumonia in Hospitalized Patients: Experience from an Academic Medical Center
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), pneumonia, together with influenza, was the most common cause of death due to an infectious etiology in 2017 (Heron, 2017). Population based studies in the U.S estimate the incidence of community-acquired pneumonia at 250 cases per 100,000 residents/year (Marston et al., 1997), an estimate that has remained relatively stable over the last 30 years (Jain et al., 2015). At any given time, 1% of hospitalized patients receive treatment for hospital-acquired pneumonia, rendering pneumonia the most common healthcare-associated infection (Magill et al., 2018). (So...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - January 9, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ioannis M. Zacharioudakis, Fainareti N. Zervou, Dubrovskaya Yanina, Kenneth Inglima, Benjamin See, Maria Aguero-Rosenfeld Source Type: research