Paraplegia via hematogenous dissemination of Cunninghamella elegans (mucormycosis) after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation
A 64-year-old man with myelodysplastic syndromes underwent an allogenic bone marrow transplant. He experienced a relapse four months later, and his disease progressed to acute myeloid leukemia. Despite salvage chemotherapy and donor lymphocyte infusion, his disease persisted, and he was admitted for pneumonia (Figure 1A). He was treated with tazobactam/piperacillin. Prophylactic voriconazole was switched to liposomal amphotericin B (L-AMB) (2.5 mg/kg). Cultures, serum β-D-glucan, and Aspergillus galactomannan antigen tests were negative. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Shuichi Shirane, Daisuke Watanabe, Noritaka Sekiya, Shin-ichiro Horiguchi, Yuho Najima Tags: Medical Imagery Source Type: research

Suboptimal drug exposure leads selection of different subpopulations of ceftazidime/avibactam-resistant KPC-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae in a critically ill patient
Ceftazidime/avibactam (CAZ-AVI) is currently endorsed as first-line treatment for CPE-related infections, due to its in vitro activity, safety profile, and lack of other feasible options (Zhanel et al. 2013). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 14, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Paolo Gaibani, Milo Gatti, Matteo Rinaldi, Cristina Crovara, Tiziana Lazzarotto, Maddalena Giannella, Donatella Lombardo, Stefano Amadesi, Pierluigi Viale, Federico Pea, Simone Ambretti Tags: Case report Source Type: research

Comparative effect of dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine versus artemether-lumefantrine on gametocyte clearance and hemoglobin recovery in children with uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Africa: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized control trials
Background (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 12, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Dawit Getachew Assefa, Gizachew Yesmaw, Eyasu Makonnen Source Type: research

Association between hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome and cancers
Introduction (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 12, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yong Jin Yi, Minsun Kang, Won-Keun Kim, Kyungmin Huh, Jonas Klingstr öm, Jin-Won Song, Jaehun Jung Source Type: research

The role of COVID-19 survivor status and gender towards neutralizing antibody titers 1, 2, 3 months after sinovac vaccine administration on clinical year medical student in Indonesia
INTRODUCTION (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rivaldo Steven Heriyanto, Andree Kurniawan, Felix Wijovi, Devina Adella Halim, Claudia Jodhinata, Elizabeth Marcella, Billy Susanto, Johan Wibowo, Michele Indrawan, Nadia Khoirunnisa Heryadi, Michelle Imanuelly, Jonathan Juniard Anurantha, Timotius Ivan H Source Type: research

Predictors and outcomes of diabetic foot ulcer infection with ESBL producing bacteria in a large tertiary center
The worldwide prevalence of diabetes is 9.3% and it is among the top 10 global causes of deaths (International Diabetes Federation, 2019). Diabetic foot is one of the most dreaded complications of diabetes and manifests as deep tissue loss in the foot of a patient with diabetes. The lifetime incidence of diabetic foot ulcers (DFU) is estimated at 19-34% (Armstrong et al., 2017; Zhang et al., 2017). A history of foot ulceration, prolonged diabetes duration, peripheral vascular disease (PVD), coronary artery disease (CAD), advanced peripheral neuropathy and end stage renal disease have all been found to be major risk factors...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Michal Leibovitch, Avivit Cahn, Yechiel N. Gellman, Amir Haze, Shahar Peled, Sharon Amit, Ofer Elishuv, Karen Olshtain-Pops Source Type: research

Who is more likely to return for TB test results? A survey at three high-burden primary healthcare facilities in Cape Town, South Africa
Introduction (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ronelle Burger, Judy Caldwell, Mareli Claassens, Khanya Mama, Pren Naidoo, Matthias Rieger, Laura Rossouw, Eddy van Doorslaer, Adam Wagstaff Source Type: research

Practice of COVID-19 preventive measures and risk of acute respiratory infections: a longitudinal study in students from 95 countries
After the widespread implementation of measures to mitigate COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019), influenza activity and influenza-like illnesses declined sharply (Olsen et al., 2020). The observed decline was attributed to artifactual changes related to hospital-seeking behaviors for respiratory illnesses and real changes related to a reduction in circulating respiratory viruses because of implementation of non-pharmaceutical interventions against COVID-19. Influenza data reported to the World Health Organization's FluNet platform in 2021 showed a continued decline in outpatient visits for influenza-like illnesses and conf...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Abednego Nzyuko Masai, Prof Levent Akin Source Type: research

The Effect of Melatonin on Thrombosis, Sepsis and Mortality Rate in COVID-19 Patients
Introduction (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Zainab Thanon Hasan, Dr. Mohammed Qasim Yahya Mal Allah Al Atrakji, Dr. Ahmed Kayes Mehuaiden Source Type: research

Protective Immunity after Natural Infection with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) – Kentucky, USA, 2020
INTRODUCTION (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kevin B. Spicer, Connor Glick, Alyson M. Cavanaugh, Douglas Thoroughman Source Type: research

Elimination of healthcare associated Acinetobacter baumannii infection in a highly endemic region
Introduction (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 11, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Onder Ergonul, Gizem Tokca, Şiran Keske, Ebru Donmez, Bahar Madran, Azize Kömür, Mehmet Gönen, Fusun Can Source Type: research

Study of perinatal transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in a Mexican public hospital
1. Introduction (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 7, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Adriana Ram írez-Rosas, Tizziani Benitez-Guerrero, Karina Corona-Cervantes, Juan Manuel Vélez-Ixta, Norma Gabriela Zavala-Torres, Jazmin Cuenca-Leija, Sarahi Martínez-Pichardo, María Esther Landero-Montes-de-Oca, Fernando Guadalupe Bastida-González, Source Type: research

Predicting the effective reproduction number of COVID-19: Inference using human mobility, temperature, and risk awareness
Introduction (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 7, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sung-mok Jung, Akira Endo, Andrei R. Akhmetzhanov, Hiroshi Nishiura Source Type: research

Characteristics and therapy of enteroviral encephalitis: case report and systematic literature review
Introduction. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 7, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Judith N. Wagner, Annette Leibetseder, Anna Troescher, Juergen Panholzer, Tim J. von Oertzen Source Type: research

Rapid screening for SARS-CoV-2 VOC Alpha (202012/01, B.1.1.7) using the Allplex ™ SARS-CoV-2 / FluA / FluB / RSV Assay
The current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has crucially affected the population and the health-care systems worldwide. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 7, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Nicla Giovacchini, Marco Coppi, Noemi Aiezza, Ilaria Baccani, Francesca Malentacchi, Simona Pollini, Alberto Antonelli, Gian Maria Rossolini Source Type: research

Infection fatality ratio and case fatality ratio of COVID-19
1. Introduction (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 7, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Guangze Luo, Xingyue Zhang, Hua Zheng, Daihai He Source Type: research

COVID-19 Pandemic Causes Increased Clinic Visits with Diagnosis of Tegumentary Leishmaniasis in Brazil in 2020
SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2), a highly pathogenic β-coronavirus (family Coronaviridae) is the etiologic agent of COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease 2019), the disease that gave rise to a difficult to control pandemic, especially in Brazil (Candido et al., 2020). Due to the lack of vaccines and drugs to contain the disease and given the high transmissib ility of the virus through aerosols and droplets, it became consensual in several countries around the world to take respiratory etiquette measures to reduce interactions between people and reduce the risks of transmission and slow the progres...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 7, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Marileia Chaves Andrade, Paulo Rog ério Ferreti Bonan, Edson Hilan, Nelson Pereira Marques, Sílvio Fernando Guimarães de Carvalho, Hercílio Martelli Junior Source Type: research

Examining SARS-CoV-2 Interventions in Residential Colleges Using an Empirical Network
When SARS-CoV-2 escalated to a pandemic in early 2020, universities and colleges around the world were forced to rapidly pivot to virtual instruction. Schools struggled to adapt to a new normal, sending students home as residential campuses, and even entire cities, were locked down to stop the spread of SARS-CoV-2. Studies have shown that the rapid shift to virtual instruction exacerbated pre-existing educational and social inequities, led to learning loss, and left students feeling unmotivated (Shin and Hickey, 2021). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 5, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hali L. Hambridge, Rebecca Kahn, Jukka-Pekka Onnela Source Type: research

COVID-19 and Antimicrobial Stewardship: Lessons Learned, Best Practices and Future Implications
Key Issues (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 4, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jacob Pierce, Michael P. Stevens Source Type: research

Antibody response to the inactivated SARS-CoV-2 vaccine among healthcare workers, Indonesia
Healthcare workers (HCWs) are at risk for SARS-CoV-2 infection due to the increased occupational exposure to SARS-CoV-2 (Nguyen et al., 2020). Protecting HCWs from SARS-CoV-2 infection would be beneficial for themselves and important for preventing disease transmission in healthcare and community setting (The Lancet, 2020). In addition, protecting HCWs from COVID-19 is crucial for the preservation and protection nation's healthcare system (The Lancet, 2020). Therefore, HCWs are given priority for COVID-19 vaccination as soon as the first COVID-19 vaccine was approved and deployed in Indonesia (Ophinni et al., 2020). (Sourc...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 3, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Cucunawangsih Cucunawangsih, Ratna Sari Wijaya, Nata Pratama Hardjo Lugito, Ivet Suriapranata Source Type: research

Persistent IgG anti-cardiolipin autoantibodies are associated with post-covid syndrome
Introduction (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 3, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Daniel Bertin, Elsa Kaphan, Samuel Weber, Benjamin Babacci, Robin Arcani, Benoit Faucher, Am élie Ménard, Alexandre Brodovitch, Jean Louis Mege, Nathalie Bardin Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 1, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

COVID-19 as a leading cause of hospitalizations with death in the Brazilian Public Health System in 2020
As a consequence of COVID-19 high death toll, some countries, as the United States, already states COVID-19 as one of the leading causes of death of the year 2020 (Ahmad and Anderson, 2021). Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, Brazil has also experienced a rapid growing number of cases and deaths (Castro et al., 2021b). In addition, COVID-19 has spread asymmetrically and unequally across social and economic groups, as well as geographic regions in Brazil, with the most vulnerable population and the Northeastern and Northern regions being the most affected (Dall'Alba and Rocha, 2021; Rocha et al., 2021). (Source: ...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 1, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ivan Ricardo Zimmermann, Mauro Niskier Sanchez, Layana Costa Alves, Gustavo Saraiva Frio, Fabr ício Vieira Cavalcante, Juan José Cortez-Escalante, Everton Nunes da Silva, Leonor Maria Pacheco Santos Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 variants of concern are associated with lower RT-PCR amplification cycles between January and March 2021 in France
At least three SARS-CoV-2 variants are currently major sources of concern: Alpha from lineage B.1.1.7 (Davies et  al., 2021; Volz et al., 2021), Beta from lineage B.1.351 (Tegally et al., 2021), and Gamma from lineage P.1 (Faria et al., 2021). Alpha and Gamma variants have been shown to be more contagious (Davies et al., 2021; Faria et al., 2021; Volz et al., 2021), while Beta and Gamma seem to evade im mune responses (Faria et al., 2021; Tegally et al., 2021). Although the mechanistic bases are still being investigated, the increased transmissibility could be driven by the N501...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 30, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Benedicte Roquebert, St éphanie Haim-Boukobza, Sabine Trombert-Paolantoni, Emmanuel Lecorche, Laura Verdurme, Vincent Foulongne, Sonia Burrel, Samuel Alizon, Mircea T. Sofonea Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

SARS-COV-2 antibody seroprevalence in the general population of Oman: results from four successive nationwide seroepidemiological surveys
Introduction (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 30, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Seif Salem Al-Abri, Adel Al-Wahaibi, Hanan Al-Kindi, Padmamohan J Kurup, Ali Al-Maqbali, Zayid Al-Mayahi, Mohammed Hamed Al-Tobi, Salim Habbash Al-Katheri, Sultan Albusaidi, Mahmood Humaid Al-Sukaiti, Ahmed Yar Mohammed Al Balushi, Iyad Omer Abdelgadir, N Source Type: research

Rapid antibody testing for SARS-CoV-2 vaccine response in pediatric healthcare workers
The COVID-19 pandemic and the responses enacted to limit its devastation have profoundly impacted almost all aspects of society. SARS-CoV-2 vaccinations have the potential to not only reduce morbidity and mortality associated with COVID-19 but also precipitate a return to “normal” life. In phase 2/3 trials, 2 doses of mRNA-1273 demonstrated 94% efficacy in preventing COVID-19, and BNT162b2 has been shown to be 95% effective in preventing COVID-19; both vaccines induce antibodies to the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein.(Baden et al., 2021; Polack, 2021) However, antibody response to vaccines can be highly variable, and ...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 30, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Theodore W. Heyming, Diane Nugent, Aprille Tongol, Chloe Knudsen-Robbins, Janet Hoang, John Schomberg, Kellie Bacon, Bryan Lara, Terence Sanger Source Type: research

Clinical Characteristics of Patients with Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19): Preliminary Baseline Report of Japan COVID-19 Task Force, a Nation-wide Consortium to Investigate Host Genetics of COVID-19
The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic has had a devastating effect worldwide, including in Japan (see https://www.mhlw.go.jp/stf/covid-19/kokunainohasseijoukyou.html). Host genome differences between populations may influence disease severity. This may explain why Asians, including Japanese, may have a lower risk of death (Price-Haywood EG et al., 2020; Zeberg H et al., 2020). The Japan COVID-19 Task Force was established in early 2020 as a nationwide multicenter consortium. We collected and analyzed clinical specimens from patients in more than 70 institutions nationwide since February 2020 and reported the results ...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 30, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hiromu Tanaka, Ho Lee, Atsuho Morita, Ho Namkoong, Shotaro Chubachi, Hiroki Kabata, Hirofumi Kamata, Makoto Ishii, Naoki Hasegawa, Norihiro Harada, Tetsuya Ueda, Soichiro Ueda, Takashi Ishiguro, Ken Arimura, Fukuki Saito, Takashi Yoshiyama, Yasushi Nakano Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Performance of the T-SPOT ®.COVID test for detecting SARS-CoV-2-responsive T cells
Introduction (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 30, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Margaret Kruse, Chris Dark, Megan Aspden, Daniel Cochrane, Rick Competiello, Maya Peltz, Luis Torres, Peter Wrighton-Smith, Magdalena Dudek Source Type: research

Bilateral uveitis after inoculation with COVID-19 vaccine: A case report
Background (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 30, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Lijie Pan, Yuting Zhang, Yan Cui, Xinyi Wu Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Nation-wide vector surveillance on Zika and Dengue did not indicate transmission of the “American lineage pandemic ZIKA virus” in India
Introduction (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 30, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: N. Pradeep Kumar, Ashwani Kumar, D. Panneer, S. Abidha, S. Muthukumaravel, T. Sankari, P.M. Ajithlal, Jessu Mathew, Suhana Koothradan, R. Paramasivan, M. Muniyaraj, Himmat Singh, Rekha Saxena, P. Vijayachari, I.P. Sunish, A.N. Shriram, Prafulla Dutta, Sau Source Type: research

WITHDRAWN: Early combination therapy with hydroxychloroquine and azithromycin reduces mortality in 10,429 COVID-19 outpatients
This article has been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause.The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 29, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Matthieu Million, Jean-Christophe Lagier, Herve Tissot-Dupont, Isabelle Ravaux, Catherine Dhiver, Christelle Tomei, Nadim Cassir, L éa Delorme, Sébastien Cortaredona, Stéphanie Gentile, Elisabeth Jouve, Audrey Giraud-Gatineau, Herve Chaudet, Laurence C Source Type: research

Treatment Incompletion of Tuberculosis in Patients with Lung Cancer: the Occurrence and Prediction Factors
Introduction (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 29, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Chung-Shu Lee, Chin-Chung Shu, Yi-Chen Chen, Kuang-Ming Liao, Chung-Han Ho Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Human Herpesvirus-6 Myelitis after Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-cell Therapy
INTRODUCTION (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Guy Handley, Fareed Khawaja, Divya S. Kondapi, Hun J. Lee, Gregory P. Kaufman, Sattva S. Neelapu, Luis E. Fayad, Sudhakar Tummala, Linda Chi, Paolo Strati, Victor E. Mulanovich Source Type: research

Household transmission of SARS-CoV-2: a prospective observational study in Bosnia and Herzegovina, August – December 2020
Introduction (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sanjin Musa, Esther Kissling, Marta Valenciano, Faris Dizdar, Mia Bla žević, Anes Jogunčić, Mirza Palo, Lore Merdrignac, Richard Pebody, Pernille Jorgensen Source Type: research

COVID-19 vaccination: effective utilization of low dead space (LDS) syringes
In the spring 2021, the only available vaccine for COVID-19 was the Pfizer-BioNTech mRNA COVID-19 vaccine (Polack et al., 2020), which was in limited supply in Japan. Also, it was difficult to procure specialized low dead space (LDS) syringes that can extract the full six doses from each vial of the Pfizer vaccine. When the Government provided the Pfizer vaccine to health care workers in our hospital, 1,242 candidates applied for their first shot. However, the use of regular syringes with high dead space meant that only five of the six doses could be extracted from each vial. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jun Shinozuka, Michiaki Hata, Hiromi Eguchi, Masahiro Mori, Mitsunori Eguchi, Mototaka Fukui, Natsuki Sai, Shinsaku Imashuku, Atsushi Sueyoshi Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Hypersensitivity reaction to hyaluronic acid dermal filler after the Pfizer vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 virus
After the origination of novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) also known as SARS-CoV-2 (Severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus-2) infected more than 173 million including of 3.7 million deaths (Home - Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center, n.d.) . In the last sixteen months world facing plenty of crisis because of this severe pandemic (Galanakis, 2020). Governments all over the world has been rush to implement serious measures on human activities to control the virus spreading. Distribution of vaccination is now offering a way to coming out this dreadful phase. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Demetris Savva, Gopi Battineni, Francesco Amenta, Giulio Nittari Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Real World Long-term Assessment of The Efficacy of Tocilizumab in Patients with COVID19: Results From A Large De-identified Multicenter Electronic Health Record Dataset in the United States
Severe acute respiratory syndrome caused by SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) was originally described in Wuhan, Hubei province. SARS-CoV-2 has spread worldwide, causing more than 600,000 deaths in the U.S. as of Aug 2021 (Johns Hopkins COVID-19 Dashboard). Severe COVID-19 is characterized by pneumonia, which may progress to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and respiratory failure. Severe cases of COVID-19 leading to alveolar damage, respiratory failure, and ARDS seem to be associated with a pro-inflammatory state (cytokine storm), likely mediated by interleukin 6 (IL-6), interferon-gamma, and granulocyte-macrophage colony s...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Masayuki Nigo, Laila Rasmy, Sarah B. May, Aishwarya Rao, Sam Karimaghaei, Bijun Sai Kannadath, Alejandro De la Hoz, Cesar A. Arias, Liang Li, Degui Zhi Source Type: research

Ceftolozane-Tazobactam Activity Against Clinical Isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from ICU Patients with Pneumonia: United States, 2015-2018
Hospital-associated infections (HAI) remain important causes of morbidity and mortality, especially among individuals hospitalized in the intensive care unit (ICU) (Jernigan et al., 2020, Vincent et al., 2020, Weiner-Lastinger et al., 2020). In the ICU, respiratory tract infections such as hospital-acquired pneumonia (HAP), ventilated hospital-acquired pneumonia, (vHAP), and ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) are the most common nosocomial infections and frequently involve Pseudomonas aeruginosa. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Michael A. Pfaller, Dee Shortridge, Kelly A. Harris, Mark W. Garrison, C. Andrew DeRyke, Daryl D. DePestel, Pamela A. Moise, Helio S. Sader Source Type: research

Comparison of Allplex ™ SARS-CoV-2 Assay, Easy SARS-CoV-2 WE and Lumipulse quantitative SARS-CoV-2 antigen test performance using automated systems for the diagnosis of COVID-19.
As COVID-19 continues to strain public health systems and vaccination programmes race against new variants that might be more transmissible or capable of evading immune responses, the urgent need for simple, accessible, and frequent testing remains [Tan SH et al 2021]. Despite molecular assays are considered the gold standard for SARS-CoV-2 diagnosis, antigen detection assays currently deserve great attention, since they are intrinsically less laborious, require a shorter time to results and have the potential to satisfy the pressing demand for early SARS-CoV-2 infection diagnosis, thus allowing to timely adopt prevention ...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Giuseppe Sberna, Flavia Basile, Maria Luisa Guarino, Maria Rosaria Capobianchi, Licia Bordi, Gabriella Parisi Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Painful and swollen tongue: mucosal leishmaniasis due to Leishmania infantum
Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease caused by different Leishmania species. L. infantum is found in the Mediterranean area. It usually causes visceral or cutaneous leishmaniasis, but rarely mucosal leishmaniasis (ML). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ga-Lai M. Chong, David S.Y. Ong, Mariana de Mendon ça Melo, Jaap J. van Hellemond Tags: Medical Imagery Source Type: research

Belief, Attitude, and Intention to take COVID-19 Vaccine among South Asian Population: A Multi-country Study
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) started the 21st-century pandemic and is wreaking havoc all around the world. Originating from China, the virus quickly spread worldwide to infect more than a hundred million people and caused more than 2 million deaths as of January 31st, 2021 (World Health Organization, 2021). South Asia is considered among the most densely populated and poverty-stricken regions of the world and therefore comprises a significant portion of the global cases of COVID-19 (Chalise, 2020). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mohammad Delwer Hossain Hawlader, Mohammad Lutfor Rahman, Anum Nazir, Tasnim Ara, Miah Md. Akiful Haque, Shuvajit Saha, Sabrina Yesmin Barsha, Mosharop Hossian, Kazi Farhana Matin, Saleka Raihana Siddiquea, Md Utba Rashid, Md Abdullah Saeed Khan, Mohammad Source Type: research

Clinical investigation of intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) as a biomarker of SARS-CoV-2 infection
Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms including vomiting, abdominal discomfort and diarrhoea have been reported in coronavirus infections at the onset of hospitalisation, affecting 10-30% of patients (Parasa et al., 2020). SARS-CoV-2 RNA has been detected in faeces and stomach, duodenum and colon biopsies (Lin et al., 2020; Zhao et al., 2020). COVID-19 patients with ongoing diarrhoea have displayed enhanced concentration of faecal calprotectin (a marker of gut inflammation), as well as systemic interleukin (IL)-6 production, regardless of the viral load (Effenberger et al., 2020). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 27, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rafael Simone Saia, Humberto Giusti, F ábio Luís Silva, Karina de Jesus Bonicenha Pedroso, Maria Auxiliadora-Martins, Karen Mirna Loro Morejón, Augusto Marcussi Degiovani, Márcia Regina Cadelca, Anibal Basile-Filho Tags: SHORT COMMUNICATION Source Type: research

Comparison of an inactivated Covid19 vaccine-induced antibody response with concurrent natural Covid19 infection
The devastating effect of SARS-CoV-2 is still ongoing around the globe (World Health Organization). Virus-infected patients are either asymptomatic or have the disease, with clinical course ranging from mild to severe (Yang et al. 2020). HCWs have a higher risk of encountering SARS-CoV-2. The higher risk comes from likely contact with patients carrying high viral loads and virus-infected stuff in the hospitals. Infection rates rise up to 14% in symptomatic and 7.1% in asymptomatic HCWs. These rates are higher than the general population reported so far and suggest an occupational risk (Shields et al. (Source: International...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 27, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Emel AZAK KARALI, Aynur KARADENIZLI, Huseyin UZUNER, Nihan Karakaya, Nuh Zafer CANTURK, Sadettin HULAGU Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2 seropositivity among pediatric health care personnel just after the first peak of pandemic: A nationwide surveillance
Introduction (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 27, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Pembe Derin Oygar, Ay şe Büyükçam, Zümrüt Şahbudak Bal, Nazan Dalgıç, Şefika Elmas Bozdemir, Adem Karbuz, Benhur Şirvan Çetin, Yalçın Kara, Ceren Çetin, Nevin Hatipoğlu, Hatice Uygun, Fatma Deniz Aygün, Selda Hançerli Törün, Dicle Şen Source Type: research

Five probable factors responsible for COVID-associated mucormycosis outbreak in India
India has faced a catastrophic COVID-19 second wave due to Delta (B.1.617.2) variant known to have a higher viral load. As of 1st June 2021, the total reported cases in India contributed to the majority of worldwide cases, with a peak of over 0.4 million patients on 7th May 2021. Since then, the daily new coronavirus cases are dropping in India, but the rapid rise in COVID-associated mucormycosis (CAMCR) cases posed another challenge to the country's already burdened healthcare system (Raut and Huy, 2021) Mucormycosis (MCR), a.k.a black fungus, an invasive fungal infection generally caused by a group of opportunistic molds...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 27, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Khaiwal Ravindra, Ajit Ahlawat Tags: Perspective Source Type: research

Impact of beta-lactamase detection reagent on rapid diagnosis of ESBL-producing pathogens using urine samples of patients with Gram-negative bacteriuria
Introduction (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 27, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jumpei Yoshimura, Kazuma Yamakawa, Yutaka Umemura, Takeshi Nishida, Yuka Ooi, Satoshi Fujimi Source Type: research

Models for COVID-19 Early Cardiac Pathology Following SARS-CoV-2 Infection
Introduction (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Maurice Fremont-Smith, Nicole Gherlone, Nora Smith, Philip Tisdall, Darrell O. Ricke Source Type: research

Chikungunya viruses containing the A226V mutation detected retrospectively in Cameroon form a new geographical subclade
Arthropod-borne viral infections are a major public health threat and continue to cause outbreaks worldwide (Mayer et al., 2017; Wilder-Smith et al., 2017). These infections are caused by viruses mainly from Peribunyaviridae, Flaviviridae and Togaviridae families (Gubler, 2001; Hughes et al., 2020). Hematophagous arthropods, primarily mosquitoes, are the principal vectors responsible for the transmission of medically important viruses such as Zika, West Nile, chikungunya, yellow fever, and dengue (Gould et al., 2017; Gubler, 2001). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Bright Agbodzi, Francine Berlange Sado Yousseu, Fredy Brice Nemg Simo, Selassie Kumordjie, Clara Yeboah, Mba-Tihssommah Mosore, Ronald E. Bentil, Karla Prieto, Sophie M. Colston, Naiki Attram, Shirley Nimo-Paintsil, Anne T. Fox, Joseph H.K. Bonney, Willia Source Type: research

Post-exposure prophylaxis following high-risk contact with Ebola virus, using immunotherapies with monoclonal antibodies, in the eastern DRC: an emergency use program
Introduction (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Marie Jaspard, Sylvain Juchet, B éatrice Serra, Baweye Mayoum, Issa Malam Kanta, Mohamed Seto Camara, Placide Mbala, Richard Kojan, Denis Malvy Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

A case of varicella zoster virus meningitis following BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccination in an immunocompetent patient
Introduction (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 26, 2021 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Taketomo Maruki, Masahiro Ishikane, Tetsuya Suzuki, Mugen Ujiie, Harutaka Katano, Norio Ohmagari Tags: Case Report Source Type: research