Finding the right time for anti-inflammatory therapy in COVID-19
Langer-Gould A and coworkers publish an uninteresting analysis in the 5 August issue of this Journal (Langer-Gould et al., 2020), comparing different anti-inflammatory strategies in patients with COVID-19 at different stages of severity, including pre-ICU and ICU patients. Based on their analysis, the authors suggest that timing of beginning of anti-cytokines therapy, with or without corticosteroid therapy might be much more important then the type of medication used (anakinra or tocilizumab). Specifically, they convincingly demonstrate that aggressive anti-inflammatory treatment should be initiated at the beginning of wha...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Giovanni de Simone, Costantino Mancusi Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Antimicrobial Activity of Fusidic Acid Inclusion Complexes
During last decade most of the research was focused on the synthesis and analysis of the physico-chemical, therapeutic properties of new pharmaceutical substances (Mraz et al., 2012; Marian et al., 2012; Benedec et al., 2016a; Olah et al., 2016) or mixtures of active principles extracted from different plant products (Benedec et al., 2016a; Sirbu et al., 2017; Jurca et al., 2011; Jurca and Vicas, 2010; Pallag et al., 2016; Mogosan et al., 2017). In human pathology an important role is played by staphylococcal infections, especially by Staphylococcus aureus, with a relatively wide spread – ranging from minor skin infe...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Eleonora Marian, Bogdan Tita, Narcis Duteanu, Laura Vicas, Stefania Ciocan, Tunde Jurca, Liana Antal, Otilia Tica, Mariana Mure şan, Annamaria Pallag, Otilia Micle Source Type: research

In-house protocol and performance of MALDI-TOF MS in the early diagnosis of bloodstream infections in a fourth-level hospital in Colombia: jumping to full use of this technology
Bloodstream infections (BSIs) are a frequent and life-threatening condition in hospital settings worldwide (Laupland 2013; Magill et al. 2014; Kern and Rieg 2020). The routine detection method of BSI is blood culture, which is one of the most critical tasks performed by the clinical laboratory, as well as essential to establish an etiological diagnosis. The most common Gram-negative pathogens detected are Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Among Gram-positive pathogens, the most common are: Staphylococcus aureus, Enterococcus spp, and Streptococcus pneumoniae; and in yeasts: Candida albica...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Andr és Ceballos-Garzón, Erika Cabrera, Gloria Cecilia Cortes-Fraile, Aura León, Katherine Aguirre-Guataqui, Melva Y. Linares-Linares, Beatriz Ariza, Sandra Valderrama-Beltrán, Claudia M. Parra-Giraldo Source Type: research

Evaluation of Evidence-Based Urinalysis Reflex to Culture Criteria: Impact on Reducing Antimicrobial Usage
Urinalysis is a rapid diagnostics tool utilized for providing important clinical information for early diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract infections (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2014; Aitken et al., 2016). Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the leading human infections that require antibiotics intervention, therefore contributing vastly to antibiotic misuse (Agarwal, 2014; Bergfeldt, 2016; Alumran et al., 2012; Ashiru-Oredope and Hopkins, 2015). Optimal diagnosis of infections is very vital for ensuring appropriate antibiotic treatment and patient recovery (Centers for Disease Control and Prev...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mohammad Ourani, Nathan S. Honda, William MacDonald, Jill Roberts Source Type: research

Influenza versus COVID-19 cases among influenza-illness-like patients in travelers from Wuhan to Hong Kong in January 2020
The coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has dominated the world for over half a year since the early outbreak in Wuhan, China. The pandemic hit Wuhan, Hubei, China hard and the city had been lockdown for more than 70 days. Much attention has been focused on estimating the accurate prevalence of COVID-19 cases in Wuhan in January 2020. Even though large-scale serological studies have been conducted, the initial spread of the virus in Wuhan still remains unclear. It seems clear though that the COVID-19 outbreak followed the seasonal influenza epidemic. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jun Tao, Huizhi Gao, Shuying Zhu, Lin Yang, Daihai He Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Prevalence of Herpes -, Measles morbillivirus-, Parvovirus B19 - and Rubella viruses Immunoglobulin G among women with chronic Hepatitis B of reproductive age in Denmark: A cross-sectional study
Vertical transmission of viral infections during pregnancy are major causes of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. The clinical manifestations vary depending on the viral agent and the gestational age of pregnancy at infection. A viral infection in the first two trimesters of pregnancy can lead to congenital malformation or fetal death (MMWR 2001; Tan and Koren 2006; Ornoy and Ergaz 2017). Viral infection towards the end of the pregnancy can lead to preterm birth or neonatal morbidity and mortality (Brown et al. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - October 1, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Anne Bergl øv, Sofie Hallager, Inge Panum, Nina Weis Source Type: research

Identifying geographic areas at risk of rubella epidemics in Japan using seroepidemiological data
Rubella, sometimes known as German measles, is an infectious disease caused by the rubella virus, generally involving a mild febrile disease accompanied by rash and lymphadenopathy (Menser et al., 1978; Lambert et al., 2015). While rubella is mostly self-limiting and is asymptomatic for 25% –50% of infections, pregnant women infected in the first trimester can suffer a variety of complications, including miscarriage, stillbirth, and congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) (Panagiotopoulos et al., 1999; Lambert et al., 2015). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 30, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Taishi Kayano, Hyojung Lee, Ryo Kinoshita, Hiroshi Nishiura Source Type: research

Addressing Africa ’s pandemic puzzle: perspectives on COVID-19 infection and mortality in sub-Saharan Africa
The first cases of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) were reported in late December 2019 in the city of Wuhan, Hubei province in the People ’s Republic of China (Morawska and Milton, 2020). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hassan H. Musa, Taha H. Musa, Idriss H. Musa, Ibrahim H. Musa, Alessia Ranciaro, Michael C. Campbell Source Type: research

Sudden sensorineural hearing loss and COVID-19
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Pietro De Luca, Claudia Cassandro, Massimo Ralli, Federico Maria Gioacchini, Massimo Re, Ettore Cassandro, Giuseppe Chiarella, Alfonso Scarpa Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Early Hydroxychloroquine but not Chloroquine use reduces ICU admission in COVID-19 patients
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: A.J.J. Lammers, R.M. Brohet, R.E.P. Theunissen, C. Koster, R. Rood, D.W.M. Verhagen, K. Brinkman, R.J. Hassing, A. Dofferhoff, R. el Moussaoui, G. Hermanides, J. Ellerbroek, N. Bokhizzou, H. Visser, M. van den Berge, H. Bax, D.F. Postma, P.H.P. Groeneveld Source Type: research

A systematic review and meta-analysis of published research data on COVID-19 infection-fatality rates
2020 saw the emergence of a global pandemic, COVID-19, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which began in China and has since spread across the world. One of the most challenging questions to answer during the COVID-19 pandemic has been regarding the true infection-fatality rate (IFR) of the disease. While case-fatality rates (CFR) are eminently calculable from various published data sources (1) – CFR being the number of deaths divided by the number of confirmed cases - it is far more difficult to extrapolate to the proportion of all infected individuals who have died due to the infection because those who have very mild...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Gideon Meyerowitz-Katz, Lea Merone Source Type: research

COX2 Inhibition in the Treatment of COVID-19: Review of Literature to Propose Celecoxib Repositioning for Randomized Controlled Studies
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Semih Baghaki, Can Ege Yalcin, Hayriye Sema Baghaki, Servet Yekta Aydin, Basak Daghan, Ersin Yavuz Tags: Perspective Source Type: research

May COVID-19 cause sudden sensorineural hearing loss?
We thank to Pietro D L et al for their comments on our recently published article (Kilic et al., 2020). In previous studies, viral infections have been reported to have an important role in the etiology of sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) (Cohen et al., 2014). Therefore, it is not unreasonable to think that COVID-19, as a viral infection, may also cause SSNHL. Moreover, recently, studies on the effects of SARS-CoV-2 virus on central and peripheral nervous systems have been published. Some of these studies have reported Guillain – Barré syndrome (Toscano et al., 2020) and impaired olfactory function (E...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 29, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mahmut Tayyar Kalcioglu, Yasemin Cag, Osman Kilic, Ozan Tuysuz Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Use of hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine in COVID-19: How good is the quality of randomized controlled trials?
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Faizan Mazhar, Muhammad Abdul Hadi, Chia Siang Kow, Albaraa Mohammed N. Marran, Hamid A. Merchant, Syed Shahzad Hasan Tags: Review Source Type: research

Effect of convalescent blood products for patients with severe acute respiratory infections of viral etiology: a systematic review and meta-analysis
From December 2019 until now, more than 29 million people have been diagnosed with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) worldwide in the present pandemic, and the overall mortality is 3.1% (Maps& Trends - Johns Hopkins Coronavirus Resource Center, 2020). The disease progresses rapidly in patients infected with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and those patients could suffer from acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), acute respiratory failure, multi-organ dysfunction or even death in a short period (Chen et al., 2020; Yang et al., 2020; Guan et al., 2020a; Wang et al., 2020). (Source: I...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Shuai Shao, Yishan Wang, Hanyujie Kang, Zhaohui Tong Source Type: research

Prevalence of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen and Serological Markers of other Endemic Infections in HIV-infected Children, Adolescents and Pregnant Women in Sierra Leone: A Cross-sectional Study
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: George A. Yendewa, Sulaiman Lakoh, Sahr A. Yendewa, Khadijah Bangura, Hannah Lawrence, Lucia Pati ño, Darlinda F. Jiba, Alren O. Vandy, Mariama J.S. Murray, Samuel P. Massaquoi, Gibrilla F. Deen, Foday Sahr, Christopher J. Hoffmann, Jeffrey M. Jacobson, Source Type: research

SARS-CoV-2-associated critical ill myopathy or pure toxic myopathy?
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Josef Finsterer, Fulvio A Scorza Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Reply to “SARS-CoV-2-associated critical ill myopathy or pure toxic myopathy?”
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Sergio Bagnato, Cristina Boccagni, Giorgio Marino, Caterina Prestandrea, Tiziana D ’Agostino, Francesca Rubino Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Comprehensive investigations of unexplained HIV infections protect children
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Gisselquist David Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Acute pericarditis and SARS-CoV-2: case report
The association between cardiovascular diseases and the new viral agent has been a matter of debate since the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic began in Wuhan, China in December 2019. This issue mainly concerned prognosis and treatment of COVID-19 in patients with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) (Zeng et al., 2020; Tian-Yuan et al., 2020). On the other hand, several studies suggested that Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome CoronaVirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) might be an independent cause of myocardial damage in some patients through pathophysiological mechanisms that have not yet been fully understood (Chen et al., 2020). (...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Nikola R. Blagojevic, Dragana Bosnjakovic, Vladan Vukomanovic, Srdjan Arsenovic, Jelena Suzic Lazic, Marijana Tadic Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Evaluation of C-reactive protein and Myxovirus resistance protein A to guide rational use of antibiotics among acute febrile adult patients in Northwest Ethiopia
The management of acute undifferentiated febrile illness (AFI) and the identification of patients who would benefit from antibacterial treatment is challenging, particularly in low-resource settings where diagnostic laboratory service is often lacking (Althaus et al., 2020). Hence, clinicians have to decide on empirical antibiotic prescription that is rarely based on definitive diagnosis and with clinical findings that often provide insufficient information. Even when laboratory capacity is available in these settings, it is mostly focused on malaria diagnosis (Bhargava et al., 2018; D ’Acremont et al., 2014), still ...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Akelew Yibeltal, Derbew Agegnehu, Lemma Mulualem, Negash Markos, Bewket Gezahegn, Belay Gizeaddis, Pollmann Julia, Adriaensen Wim, Adane Aynishet, Mohammed Rezika, van Griensven Johan, Cnops Lieselotte Source Type: research

Tocilizumab Therapy of COVID-19: A Comparison of Subcutaneous and Intravenous Therapies
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Monica A. Kaminski, Subin Sunny, Khayala Balabayova, Avneet Kaur, Aanchal Gupta, Marie Abdallah, John Quale Source Type: research

Increase in Vector-Borne Disease Reporting Affecting Humans and Animals in Syria and Neighboring Countries Before and After the Onset of Conflict: A ProMED Analysis 2003-2018
The protracted conflict in Syria began with peaceful uprisings in March 2011 and escalated to violence by mid-2012. The conflict has led to the “weaponization” of healthcare with widespread, targeted destruction of health and water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) infrastructure, severe overcrowding, and inadequate vaccination coverage and healthcare access (Fouad et al., 2017; Sparrow et al., 2016). Nearly 500 attacks on healthcare facil ities and the deaths of at least 800 healthcare workers have contributed to an environment in which communicable disease outbreaks have increased (Abbara et al., 2019; Alawieh e...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Maia C. Tarnas, Angel N. Desai, Britta Lassmann, Aula Abbara Source Type: research

Worsening CSF Parameters After the Start of Anti-tuberculosis Treatment Predicts Intracerebral Tuberculoma Development
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 28, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yuying Lu, Zhongyang Hu, Fuyan Wang, Huan Yao, Haixia Zhu, Zhen Wang, Zhi Song, Ru Chen, Ding Liu Source Type: research

Patients with Covid-19 exhibit different immunological profiles according to their clinical presentation
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 27, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: M. Vassallo, S. Manni, P. Pini, E. Blanchouin, M. Ticchioni, B. Seitz-Polski, A. Puchois, A. Sindt, L. Lotte, P. Fauque, J. Durant Source Type: research

High prevalence of antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli in Congolese students
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 27, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Claujens Chastel Mfoutou Mapanguy, Ayodele Adedoja, Leissie Graciela Vittickat Kecka, Jeannhey Christevy Vouvoungui, Etienne Nguimbi, Thirumalaisamy P. Velavan, Francine Ntoumi Source Type: research

Serological cross-reactivity using a SARS-CoV-2 ELISA test in acute Zika virus infection, Colombia
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 27, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Álvaro A. Faccini-Martínez, Ricardo Rivero, Evelin Garay, Alejandra García, Salim Mattar, Yesica Botero, Ketty Galeano, Jorge Miranda, Caty Martínez, Camilo Guzmán, Germán Arrieta, Hector Contreras, Hugo Kerguelen, Maria Moscote, Eimi Brango, Veroni Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Challenging diagnostics in familial transmission from asymptomatic COVID-19 carrier. Should we group SARS-CoV-2 samples from households?
By March 8, 85 COVID-19 cases had been diagnosed in Denmark and mid-March an estimated 50% of imported cases derived from Austria [https://files.ssi.dk/COVID19-overvaagningsrapport-12032020, Correa-Mart ínez et al., 2020]. March 3 to 8 a 49-year-old, man went skiing in Ischgl, Austria accompanied by 11 male friends. Few days after returning to Denmark, six travel companions developed symptoms of COVID-19 and were tested SARS-CoV-2 PCR positive. According to the Danish guidelines at that time, none of the six asymptomatic individuals was tested. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 26, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Charlotte Nielsen Agergaard, Joanna Lis-T ønder, Dorte Aalund Olsen, Helene Kierkegaard, Jens Kjølseth Møller Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

HEPCARE EUROPE- A Case study of a Service Innovation Project Aiming at Improving the Elimination of HCV in Vulnerable Populations in Four European Cities
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 26, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Gordana Avramovic, Maeve Reilly, Walter Cullen, Juan Mac ías, Geoff McCombe, Tina McHugh, Cristiana Oprea, Alistair Story, Julian Surey, Caroline Sabin, Sandra Bivegete, Peter Vickerman, Josephine Walker, Zoe Ward, John S. Lambert Source Type: research

Dengue Viremia Kinetics in Asymptomatic and Symptomatic infection
Dengue is the most important arthropod-borne viral infection worldwide, infecting an estimated 390 million people annually (Bhatt et al., 2013). The incidence of dengue virus (DENV) infection has been rising over the last five decades (Gubler, 2020). The outcome of DENV infection ranges from asymptomatic/inapparent infection, mild self-limited dengue fever (DF) to severe dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), with potential development of life-threatening dengue shock syndrome (DSS). The majority of infected individuals, however, have no or insufficient symptoms to result in clinical presentation but could serve as a major reserv...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 26, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ponpan Matangkasombut, Kajohnpong Manopwisedjaroen, Nada Pitabut, Sasikanya Thaloengsok, Swangjit Suraamornkul, Tawatchai Yingtaweesak, Veasna Duong, Anavaj Sakuntabhai, Richard Paul, Pratap Singhasivanon Source Type: research

Report of two cases of lepromatous leprosy at an early age
Leprosy is an infectious disease that has a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations. Lepromatous leprosy has a deficient cellular immune response and high bacillary multiplication. It has epidemiological importance, as it is the most contagious clinical form of the disease. Its manifestation in children and adolescents is unusual. In the present study, we report two cases of leprosy at an early age, manifesting with the lepromatous clinical form, highlighting the articular involvement in one case. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 26, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Gabriela Belmonte Doril êo, Leticia Rossetto Da Silva Cavalcante, José Cabral Lopes, Amilcar Sabino Damazo Tags: Medical Imagery Source Type: research

Relationship of the Cycle Threshold Values of SARS-CoV-2 Polymerase Chain Reaction and Total Severity Score of Computerized Tomography in Patients with COVID 19
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 26, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ay şegul Karahasan Yagci, Rabia Can Sarinoglu, Huseyin Bilgin, Özgür Yanılmaz, Elvan Sayın, Deniz Guneser, Mehmet Mucahit Öncü, Zahide Doyuk Kartal, Barıs Can, Beyza Nur Kuzan, Aslan Bülent, Volkan Korten, Cagatay Cimsit Source Type: research

Favipiravir-induced fever in coronavirus disease 2019: A report of two cases
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 26, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Hiroyuki Takoi, Yuki Togashi, Daiki Fujimori, Haruki Kaizuka, Shunsuke Otsuki, Takuya Wada, Yoshikazu Takeuchi, Shinji Abe Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Identifying Major Drivers of Incident HIV Infection Using Recent Infection Testing Algorithms (RITAs) to Precisely Inform Targeted Prevention
With an estimated 1.7 million people newly diagnosed of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) worldwide in 2019, controlling the HIV epidemic is still a global public health priority (UNAIDS, 2019). An accurate understanding of the epidemic is critical to implementing targeted public health interventions effectively. Incident HIV infection, as a key factor of the HIV epidemic, is crucial for describing concurrent transmission trends. Incident HIV infection has numerous applications, such as monitoring the incidence at national or regional levels, evaluating the effectiveness of intervention measures, and identifying hot-spot ...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 25, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Qiyu Zhu, Yikui Wang, Jing Liu, Xing Duan, Meibin Chen, Jin Yang, Tao Yang, Shijiang Yang, Peng Guan, Yan Jiang, Song Duan, Jibao Wang, Cong Jin Source Type: research

Loop-mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) for Identification of Pythium insidiosum
Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), first introduced in 2000 by Notomi et al., is a simple, cost-effective, and efficient DNA amplification method (Notomi et al. 2000, 2015; Fu et al. 2011; Wong et al. 2018). Unlike most PCR-based techniques, LAMP runs under a single temperature condition, feasibly set by a heat block or water bath. LAMP enhances assay specificity and minimizes turnaround time by using a set of 4 or 6 gene-specific primers. Besides, it does not require sophisticated equipment (i.e., a thermocycler machine), making it an appealing method for many applications in resource-limited laboratories (Not...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 25, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Zin Mar Htun, Tiwa Rotchanapreeda, Thidarat Rujirawat, Tassanee Lohnoo, Wanta Yingyong, Yothin Kumsang, Pattarana Sae-Chew, Penpan Payattikul, Chompoonek Yurayart, Orawan Limsivilai, Piengchan Sonthayanon, Suthee Mangmee, Piriyaporn Chongtrakool, Theerapo Source Type: research

Complication of Mycobacterium tuberculosis treatment: Isoniazid-induced pneumonitis
A 33-year-old Central American migrant worker developed productive cough, fevers, night sweats, and weight loss over the course of 1 month. A chest X-ray showed a left upper lung zone opacity with cavitation. Computed tomography (CT) of the chest showed extensive, centrilobular tree-in-bud opacities primarily in the left upper lobe with small areas of cavitation (see Fig. 1a). A sputum culture was positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis, pan-susceptible to minimum inhibitory concentrations of first-line medications for pulmonary tuberculosis. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 25, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Brian Cody Adkinson, Justin De La Fuente, Megan Ninneman, Zain Ahmad Chuadry, Brendan D. Adkinson, Laiqua Khalid Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Clinical management and mortality among COVID-19 cases in sub-Saharan Africa: A retrospective study from Burkina Faso and simulated case analysis
At six months post-introduction into the region, countries across sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have been reporting significantly fewer cases of SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) than higher income countries and some low and middle income countries (LMICs) on other continents (World Health Organization 2020b). As a result, the majority of evidence to date reflects disease progression, hospitalization rates, and deaths among cases in more developed and higher transmission settings across Europe, North America (CDC COVID-19 Response Team 2020), and Asia (Chen et al. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 25, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Laura Skrip, Karim Derra, Mikaila Kabor é, Navideh Noori, Adama Gansané, Innocent Valéa, Halidou Tinto, Bicaba W. Brice, Mollie Van Gordon, Brittany Hagedorn, Hervé Hien, Benjamin M. Althouse, Edward A. Wenger, André Lin Ouédraogo Source Type: research

Facemask use in community settings to prevent respiratory infection transmission: a rapid review and meta-analysis
Respiratory infections can be caused by many viruses such as, influenza and coronavirus. If a novel virus gains the capacity to spread globally with sustained human-to-human transmission, a pandemic can occur (Qatar National Cancer Registry, 2014). Influenza epidemics are happening every year. In the past, several influenza pandemics have occurred such as, the 1918 pandemic (H1N1 virus), the 1957-1958 pandemic (H2N2 virus), 1968 pandemic (H3N2 virus), and the recent 2009 H1N1 pandemic (H1N1pdm09 virus) (Past Pandemics USA, 2018). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 25, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Karima Chaabna, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Ravinder Mamtani, Sohaila Cheema Tags: Review Source Type: research

SARS-COV2 infection in 30 HIV-infected patients followed-up in a French University Hospital
An acute respiratory and potentially fatal disease caused by a novel coronavirus (SARS-COV2) is spreading from China since January 2020. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 25, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Valentina Isernia, Zelie Julia, Sylvie Le Gac, Antoine Bachelard, Roland Landman, Sylvie Lariven, V éronique Joly, Laurène Deconinck, Christophe Rioux, Xavier Lescure, Yazdan Yazdanpanah, Jade Ghosn Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

CRISPR based biosensing is prospective for rapid and sensitive diagnosis of pediatric TB
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 25, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Chunyang Lyu, Hua Shi, Yali Cui, Mingyuan Li, Ziyi Yan, Lingyi Yan, Yongmei Jiang Tags: Perspective Source Type: research

COVID-19 in an HIV-infected patient. Lessons learned from an autopsy case
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 25, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Moshawa Calvin Khaba, Tshepo Cletus Ngale, Nomandla Madala Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

NOD2-dependent BCG-induced trained immunity: a way to regulate innate responses to SARS- CoV2?
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 24, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Dhammika Leshan Wannigama, Alain Jacquet Tags: Perspective Source Type: research

COVID-19 and Sickle Cell Disease in Bahrain
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 24, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Abdulkarim AbdulRahman, Salman AlAli, Omar Yaghi, Mohammed Shabaan, Sameer Otoom, Stephen L. Atkin, Manaf AlQahtani Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Medical Imagery: Ganglionar cutaneous nocardiosis in a patient with AIDS
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 24, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Alexandro Bonifaz, Andr és Tirado-Sánchez, Darwin Torres-Erazo, Rigoberto Hernández-Castro Tags: Medical Imagery Source Type: research

Pulmonary actinomycosis diagnosed by radial endobronchial ultrasound coupled with microbiological next-generation sequencing: a case report and brief literature review
(Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Wei Wang, Dingyu Ren, Chunhua Xu, Qi Yuan, Qian Zhang, Huidi Hu, Qing Xie Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Co-production of MCR-1 and NDM-1 by Escherichia coli sequence type 31 isolated from a newborn in Moscow, Russia
Polymyxins are among the few effective antibiotics against carbapenemase-producing bacteria. Convergence of polymyxin and carbapenem resistance due to the co-production of mcr-type enzymes and carbapenemases is a serious health threat. It is still relatively rare worldwide; however, in China the prevalence among patients in the clinical settings is increasing (Huang et al., 2020). Here, we report the co-production of mcr-1 and blaNDM-1 in a clinical Escherichia coli strain, ST31, outside mentioned region. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Ofeliia Sulian, Vladimir Ageevets, Irina Lazareva, Vladimir Gostev, Dmitry Popov, Tatiana Vostrikova, Alexander Sukhinin, Yuri Lobzin, Sergey Sidorenko Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Tenofovir alafenamide and rifabutin coadministration does not lead to loss of HIV-1 suppression: a retrospective observational study
Tenofovir alafenamide (TAF), a prodrug of tenofovir, is a well-tolerated and efficacious nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor approved for the treatment of HIV (Eron et al., 2018, Sax et al., 2014, Wang et al., 2016). Due to lower plasma but higher intracellular concentrations of tenofovir diphosphate (TFV-DP), the active drug metabolite, TAF is associated with reduced renal and bone toxicities compared to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) (Gupta et al., 2019, Wang et al., 2016). Because of its favourable safety profile, TAF is a component of several recommended initial antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens (Panel ...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Thomas C.S. Martin, Lucas A. Hill, Michael E. Tang, Shannon M. Balcombe Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research

Disease Surveillance During a Large Religious Mass Gathering in India –The Prayagraj Kumbh 2019 Experience
Mass gatherings (MG) for religious events are a source of religious and cultural tourism within the country of origin and abroad. It involves an influx of a large number of people to a fixed site for a specific duration. The increase in crowd density can have health implications –for communicable disease transmission due to increase in intermixing of healthy and diseased population and exposure to microbes; strain in the burden on existing medical care, water and sanitation services; the threat of mass casualties due to stampede and terrorism (Memish et al., 2019). (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Vikasendu Aggrawal, Tanzin Dikid, S.K. Jain, Pradeep Khasnobis, Sushma Choudhary, Ramesh Chandra, Amol Patil, Kiran Kumar Maramraj, Ashok Talyan, Akhileshwar Singh, Binoy S. Babu, Akshay Kumar, Davendra Kumar, Jayanti Singh, Rakesh Kumar, S.S. Qadri, Pree Source Type: research

Maintaining robust HIV and TB services in the COVID-19 era: A public health dilemma in Zimbabwe
In January 2020, a novel coronavirus, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), was identified as the causative agent of an outbreak of viral pneumonia that broke out in Wuhan, Hubei, China (WHO, 2020a). The contagious SARS-CoV-2 virus has been declared a global pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO). In response, multiple countries have adopted various containment and mitigatory measures aimed at curbing the spread of the virus. Containment measures have included widespread testing, prompt contact tracing and quarantine. (Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 23, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Solomon Mukwenha, Tafadzwa Dzinamarira, Owen Mugurungi, Godfrey Musuka Tags: Perspective Source Type: research

Temporal and age distributions of SARS-CoV-2 and other coronaviruses, Southeastern France
The SARS-CoV-2 epidemic, which apparently started in December in China (Wu and McGoogan, 2020), currently presents a poorly understood epidemiological cycle. It seems to have had in China, Korea and now in Europe a bell-shaped distribution (https://coronavirus.jhu.edu/data/new-cases; https://www.mediterranee-infection.com/covid-19/) as is common for viral respiratory infections. Furthermore, we and others have shown that detection of SARS-CoV-2 in children is rare, as are clinical cases (Colson et al., 2020; Gudbjartsson et al., 2020; Jones et al., 2020; Li et al., 2020; Wu and McGoogan, 2020). (Source: International Journ...
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - September 22, 2020 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Philippe Colson, Vera Esteves-Vieira, Audrey Giraud-Gatineau, Christine Zandotti, V éronique Filosa, Hervé Chaudet, Jean-Christophe Lagier, Didier Raoult Source Type: research