Preventive Kidney Stones: Continue Medical Education

Nephrolithiasis is a common health problem across the globe with a prevalence of 15%–20%. Idiopathic hypercalciuria is the most common cause of nephrolithiasis, and calcium oxalate stones are the most common type of stones in idiopathic hypercalciuric patients. Calcium phosphatestones are frequently associated with other diseases such as renal tubular acidosis type 1, urinary tract infections, and hyperparathyroidism. Compared with flat abdominal flm and renal sonography, a noncontrast helical computed tomography scan of the abdomen is the diagnostic procedure of choice for detection of small and radiolucent kidney stones with sensitivity and specifcity of nearly 100%. Stones smaller than 5 mm in diameter often pass the urina ry tract system and rarely require surgical interventions. The main risk factors for stone formation are low urine output, high urinary concentrations of calcium, oxalate, phosphate, and uric acid compounded by a lower excretion of magnesium and citrate. A complete metabolic workup to identify the r isk factors is highly recommended in patients who have passed multiple kidney stones or those with recurrent disease. Calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate stones are treated by the use of thiazide diuretics, allopurinol, and potassium citrate. Strategies to prevent kidney stone recurrence should in clude the elimination of the identifed risk factors and a dietary regimen low in salt and protein, rich in calcium and magnesium which is coupled with adeq...
Source: International Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research

Related Links:

Authors: Abdellatif AAH Abstract Numerous normal and tumors cells are well-known to express the somatostatin receptors (SSTRs) on their surface which make the receptor be useful for tumor scintigraphy. Thus, identification of SSTRs is beneficial, especially SSTR2. The somatostatin analogue, Octreotide (OCT) was chosen as a ligand, as it is known to selectively bind to SSTR2. Moreover, polyethylene glycol (PEG), 8armPEG was used as a branched PEG to provide a low non-specific cell binding and easily chemical modification. OCT, and fluorescein (Flu) were conjugated to branched PEG using a water-soluble carbodiimide (...
Source: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Dev Ind Pharm Source Type: research
Conclusion: AC cell count by OCT and LFP can achieve high levels of correlation with clinician grading, whilst offering additional advantages of speed, automation, and objectivity. PMID: 31418609 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Ocul Immunol Inflamm Source Type: research
Evaluating the Lipid-Lowering Effects of α-lipoic Acid Supplementation: A Systematic Review. J Diet Suppl. 2019 Aug 15;:1-15 Authors: Erickson N, Zafron M, Harding SV, Marinangeli CPF, Rideout TC Abstract Dietary supplementation of α-lipoic acid, an 8-carbon organosulfur compound, has been widely reported to lower blood glucose concentration and/or improve insulin sensitivity in previous randomized controlled trials. Although animal model studies further report fairly consistent lipid lowering in both blood and tissue pools in response to α-lipoic acid supplementation, results from hu...
Source: Journal of Dietary Supplements - Category: Nutrition Tags: J Diet Suppl Source Type: research
We examined several parameters including reproductive performance of dams, physical development, postnatal reflex ontogeny, locomotor behavior, neuromuscular strength, anxiety, anhedonic behavior, cognitive abilities and microglia populations in the F1 progeny. The study showed improved reproductive performance of Spirulina supplemented protein malnourished dams, accelerated acquisition of neurological reflexes, better physical appearance, enhanced neuromuscular strength, improved spatial learning and memory and partly normalized PMN induced hyperactivity, anxiolytic and anhedonic behavior in offspring. These beneficial ef...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
POTASSIUM deficiency symptoms may start to show if a person seriously lacks the mineral in their diet. If the condition is left untreated, serious problems linked to the heart may occur. One sign associated with the condition to look out for may occur when a person goes to the toilet.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative MedicineAuthor(s): Sushma Bagde Bhatwalkar, Prashant Shukla, Rupesh K. Srivastava, Rajesh Mondal, Rajaneesh AnupamAbstractEnvironmental disinfection greatly reduces the occurrence of nosocomial or healthcare associated infections (HCAIs) which are the major healthcare problems worldwide. In India, Ayurvedic traditional fumigation with natural plant products is used to disinfect environment. In the present study, environmental disinfection efficiency of traditional fumigation practice has been evaluated by using natural plant produc...
Source: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: Nano EnergyAuthor(s): Yun-Pei Zhu, Yongjiu Lei, Fangwang Ming, Edy Abou-Hamad, Abdul-Hamid Emwas, Mohamed N. Hedhili, Husam N. AlshareefAbstractA critical limitation to conventional electrochemical double-layer capacitors is their low energy densities. This has triggered significant interest in developing new pseudocapacitive materials, which utilize faradaic mechanisms to increase their energy densities. In this work, graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) and Ti3C2Tx MXene are hybridized to form a unique two-dimensional (2D) heterostructure, which delivers remarkable ps...
Source: Nano Energy - Category: Nanotechnology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: Materials Today CommunicationsAuthor(s): T. Mojisola, M.M. Ramakokovhu, J. Raethel, P.A. Olubambi, W.R. MatizamhukaAbstractThe present study reports the in-situ synthesis of Fe–TiCN composite via carbonitrothermic reduction of ilmenite concentrate. The fraction of ilmenite reacted and the synthesized phases thereof were discussed. The mechanism of titanium carbonitride phase formation from ilmenite was established on the basis of its phase stability in the FeTiO3 - Carbon system at 800 to 1400 °C, using FactSage 7.0TM Database and Simultaneous therma...
Source: Materials Today Communications - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Publication date: 23 September 2019Source: Materials Science and Engineering: A, Volume 765Author(s): Tianshuo Zhao, Yaobo Hu, Bing He, Chao Zhang, Tianxu Zheng, Fusheng PanAbstractEffect of various Mn content (0, 0.5, 1.3, 1.5 2.0 wt%) on microstructure and mechanical properties were systematically investigated. The 0.5 wt% Mn addition results in complete recrystallization of as-extruded Mg-2Gd alloy, thus providing the best ductility comparable to other alloys. In the as-extruded Mg-2Gd-0.5Mn alloy, the majority of grains have a soft orientation, which is advantageous for starting basal slip and reducing the yield as...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: A - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
Stone disease has plagued humanity since ancient times. Kidney stones have been identified in Egyptian mummies. The Hippocratic oath describes their treatment: “I will not use the knife, not even verily, on sufferers from stone, but I will give place to such as are craftsmen therein.” Who gets kidney stones and why? The lifetime risk of kidney stones among adults in the US is approximately 9%, and it appears that global warming may be increasing that risk. (As the climate warms, human beings are more likely to get dehydrated, which increases the risk of stone formation.) There are four major types of kidney sto...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Healthy Aging Kidney and urinary tract Source Type: blogs
More News: Allopurinol | Calcium | CT Scan | Diets | Education | Hyperparathyroidism | Kidney Stones | Magnesium | Nutrition | PET Scan | Potassium | Potassium Citrate | Sodium Chloride | Universities & Medical Training | Urinary Tract Infections | Urology & Nephrology