Prevalence of people who could benefit from augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) in the UK: determining the need.

CONCLUSIONS &IMPLICATIONS: To provide accurate figures on the potential need for and use of AAC, data need to be consistently and accurately recorded and regularly reviewed at a community level. The existing data suggest an urgent need for more accurate and up to date information to be captured about the need for AAC in the UK to provide better services and ensure access to AAC strategies, equipment and support. PMID: 27113569 [PubMed - in process]
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

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Authors: Edman MC, Janga SR, Kakan SS, Okamoto CT, Freire D, Feigenbaum D, Lew M, Hamm-Alvarez SF Abstract Tears are a known source of biomarkers for both ocular and systemic diseases with particular advantages; specifically, the noninvasiveness of sample collection and a unique and increasingly better-defined protein composition. Here, we discuss our rationale for use of tears for discovery of biomarkers for Parkinson's disease (PD). These reasons include literature supporting changes in tear flow and composition in PD, and the interconnections between the ocular surface system and neurons affected in PD. We highl...
Source: Future Medicine: Biomarkers in Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Biomark Med Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe present study demonstrates that IPEE treatments can enhance cerebral ischemic tolerance by regulating the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signaling pathway. The mechanisms of this response come in two primary forms: inhibiting MyD88 dependent pro-inflammatory pathways and activating TRIF dependent anti-inflammatory pathways.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS The results indicate that, although persons with disabilities can exhibit a wide functional range, they remain at risk of PUs and should be evaluated for proper preventive measures, including support surfaces and wheelchair cushions.
Source: Advances in Skin and Wound Care - Category: Dermatology Tags: ORIGINAL INVESTIGATION Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Hsin-Fu Lee, Yi-Hsin Chan, Pei-Ru Li, Jia-Rou Liu, Tze-Fan Chao, Lung-Sheng Wu, Shang-Hung Chang, Yung-Hsin Yeh, Chi-Tai Kuo, Lai-Chu See, Gregory Y.H. LipAbstractBackgroundEvidences of clinical outcomes for oral anticoagulants and antiplatelet treatment (APT) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients with critical limb ischemia (CLI) are very limited.MethodsIn this nationwide retrospective cohort study collected from Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 1,223 AF patients with CLI taking DOACs, warfarin, or APT wer...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionIn the presented report, in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation the LAmbre offered similar long ‐term efficacy and safety in comparison to Amplatzer devices.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Authors: Barata AN Abstract Globally, the world population is ageing, which increases the prevalence of non-communicable diseases that affect patients both physically and psychologically, such as is the case of dementia. Consequently, there is a greater demand for the healthcare system as it needs to develop solutions to answer to these needs.The literature review shows that complementary therapies may be applied in dementia in order to aid the symptom management as well as to slow down the progression of the disease. The Socially Assistive Robots (SAR) are tools that may be used as a complementary therapy in demen...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
We examined the current studies on the efficiency and effectiveness of the robot interventions and produced a taxonomy of the review. An original finding of the current robotics in rehabilitation landscaping are critical presented with recommendations and concluding remarks concerning interdisciplinary impact. PMID: 32067201 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Drawing on advances in chronic pain metrics, a simplified Graded Chronic Pain Scale-Revised was developed to differentiate mild, bothersome, and high-impact chronic pain. Graded Chronic Pain Scale-Revised was validated among adult enrollees of 2 health plans (N = 2021). In this population, the prevalence of chronic pain (pain present most or every day, prior 3 months) was 40.5%: 15.4% with mild chronic pain (lower pain intensity and interference); 10.1% bothersome chronic pain (moderate to severe pain intensity with lower interference with life activities); and 15.0% high-impact chronic pain (sustained pain-related activit...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
This study addresses the problem of long-term opioid use by chronic pain patients. The study involved a secondary analysis of unanalyzed data from a published study of 2 versions of cognitive-behavioural therapy-based interdisciplinary treatment for chronic pain. In this study, we examined whether the use of opioids by 140 chronic pain patients could be ceased sustainably over 12 months after participation in the comprehensive interdisciplinary pain management program aimed at enhancing pain self-management. On admission to the treatment, there were no significant differences between those patients taking or not taking opi...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Clinical Note Source Type: research
Pain-related fear is typically associated with avoidance behavior and pain-related disability in youth with chronic pain. Youth with elevated pain-related fear have attenuated treatment responses; thus, targeted treatment is highly warranted. Evidence supporting graded in vivo exposure treatment (GET) for adults with chronic pain is considerable, but just emerging for youth. The current investigation represents the first sequential replicated and randomized single-case experimental phase design with multiple measures evaluating GET for youth with chronic pain, entitled GET Living. A cohort of 27 youth (81% female) with mix...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
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