Is speech and language therapy effective at improving the communication of adults with intellectual disabilities?: A systematic review
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: There is insufficient evidence to draw strong conclusions about the effectiveness of SLT in this population. Further high-level evidence across speech, language and communication domains is urgently needed. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject There is limited evidence for community health interventions used with adults with ID. Previous reviews of SLT interventions found a lack of evidence base for this population. Some areas of SLT practice such as AAC have demonstrated potential benefits and other areas including speech work, social communication skills and training f...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 24, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Si ȃn Wood Penny Standen Source Type: research

The relationship between language difficulties, psychosocial difficulties and speech-language pathology service access in the community
Int J Lang Commun Disord. 2021 Feb 23. doi: 10.1111/1460-6984.12593. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: A range of factors may impact whether children access speech-language pathology (SLP) services, beyond their communication difficulties. For instance, co-occurring psychosocial difficulties may amplify children's observable difficulties, leading to greater access. It is important to examine such associations because they may reflect inherent differences between children with language difficulties who access services and those who do not, indicating under-servicing for subgroups in the community.AIMS: The first aim...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 24, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: David Trembath Gina Conti-Ramsden Gang Xie Fallon Cook Sheena Reilly Source Type: research

Is speech and language therapy effective at improving the communication of adults with intellectual disabilities?: A systematic review
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: There is insufficient evidence to draw strong conclusions about the effectiveness of SLT in this population. Further high-level evidence across speech, language and communication domains is urgently needed. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject There is limited evidence for community health interventions used with adults with ID. Previous reviews of SLT interventions found a lack of evidence base for this population. Some areas of SLT practice such as AAC have demonstrated potential benefits and other areas including speech work, social communication skills and training f...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 24, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Si ȃn Wood Penny Standen Source Type: research

The relationship between language difficulties, psychosocial difficulties and speech-language pathology service access in the community
Int J Lang Commun Disord. 2021 Feb 23. doi: 10.1111/1460-6984.12593. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: A range of factors may impact whether children access speech-language pathology (SLP) services, beyond their communication difficulties. For instance, co-occurring psychosocial difficulties may amplify children's observable difficulties, leading to greater access. It is important to examine such associations because they may reflect inherent differences between children with language difficulties who access services and those who do not, indicating under-servicing for subgroups in the community.AIMS: The first aim...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 24, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: David Trembath Gina Conti-Ramsden Gang Xie Fallon Cook Sheena Reilly Source Type: research

Is speech and language therapy effective at improving the communication of adults with intellectual disabilities?: A systematic review
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: There is insufficient evidence to draw strong conclusions about the effectiveness of SLT in this population. Further high-level evidence across speech, language and communication domains is urgently needed. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject There is limited evidence for community health interventions used with adults with ID. Previous reviews of SLT interventions found a lack of evidence base for this population. Some areas of SLT practice such as AAC have demonstrated potential benefits and other areas including speech work, social communication skills and training f...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 24, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Si ȃn Wood Penny Standen Source Type: research

The relationship between language difficulties, psychosocial difficulties and speech-language pathology service access in the community
Int J Lang Commun Disord. 2021 Feb 23. doi: 10.1111/1460-6984.12593. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: A range of factors may impact whether children access speech-language pathology (SLP) services, beyond their communication difficulties. For instance, co-occurring psychosocial difficulties may amplify children's observable difficulties, leading to greater access. It is important to examine such associations because they may reflect inherent differences between children with language difficulties who access services and those who do not, indicating under-servicing for subgroups in the community.AIMS: The first aim...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 24, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: David Trembath Gina Conti-Ramsden Gang Xie Fallon Cook Sheena Reilly Source Type: research

Is speech and language therapy effective at improving the communication of adults with intellectual disabilities?: A systematic review
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: There is insufficient evidence to draw strong conclusions about the effectiveness of SLT in this population. Further high-level evidence across speech, language and communication domains is urgently needed. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject There is limited evidence for community health interventions used with adults with ID. Previous reviews of SLT interventions found a lack of evidence base for this population. Some areas of SLT practice such as AAC have demonstrated potential benefits and other areas including speech work, social communication skills and training f...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 24, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Si ȃn Wood Penny Standen Source Type: research

The relationship between language difficulties, psychosocial difficulties and speech-language pathology service access in the community
Int J Lang Commun Disord. 2021 Feb 23. doi: 10.1111/1460-6984.12593. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: A range of factors may impact whether children access speech-language pathology (SLP) services, beyond their communication difficulties. For instance, co-occurring psychosocial difficulties may amplify children's observable difficulties, leading to greater access. It is important to examine such associations because they may reflect inherent differences between children with language difficulties who access services and those who do not, indicating under-servicing for subgroups in the community.AIMS: The first aim...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 24, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: David Trembath Gina Conti-Ramsden Gang Xie Fallon Cook Sheena Reilly Source Type: research

Is speech and language therapy effective at improving the communication of adults with intellectual disabilities?: A systematic review
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: There is insufficient evidence to draw strong conclusions about the effectiveness of SLT in this population. Further high-level evidence across speech, language and communication domains is urgently needed. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject There is limited evidence for community health interventions used with adults with ID. Previous reviews of SLT interventions found a lack of evidence base for this population. Some areas of SLT practice such as AAC have demonstrated potential benefits and other areas including speech work, social communication skills and training f...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 24, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Si ȃn Wood Penny Standen Source Type: research

The relationship between language difficulties, psychosocial difficulties and speech-language pathology service access in the community
Int J Lang Commun Disord. 2021 Feb 23. doi: 10.1111/1460-6984.12593. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: A range of factors may impact whether children access speech-language pathology (SLP) services, beyond their communication difficulties. For instance, co-occurring psychosocial difficulties may amplify children's observable difficulties, leading to greater access. It is important to examine such associations because they may reflect inherent differences between children with language difficulties who access services and those who do not, indicating under-servicing for subgroups in the community.AIMS: The first aim...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 24, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: David Trembath Gina Conti-Ramsden Gang Xie Fallon Cook Sheena Reilly Source Type: research

Is speech and language therapy effective at improving the communication of adults with intellectual disabilities?: A systematic review
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: There is insufficient evidence to draw strong conclusions about the effectiveness of SLT in this population. Further high-level evidence across speech, language and communication domains is urgently needed. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject There is limited evidence for community health interventions used with adults with ID. Previous reviews of SLT interventions found a lack of evidence base for this population. Some areas of SLT practice such as AAC have demonstrated potential benefits and other areas including speech work, social communication skills and training f...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 24, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Si ȃn Wood Penny Standen Source Type: research

The relationship between language difficulties, psychosocial difficulties and speech-language pathology service access in the community
Int J Lang Commun Disord. 2021 Feb 23. doi: 10.1111/1460-6984.12593. Online ahead of print.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: A range of factors may impact whether children access speech-language pathology (SLP) services, beyond their communication difficulties. For instance, co-occurring psychosocial difficulties may amplify children's observable difficulties, leading to greater access. It is important to examine such associations because they may reflect inherent differences between children with language difficulties who access services and those who do not, indicating under-servicing for subgroups in the community.AIMS: The first aim...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 24, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: David Trembath Gina Conti-Ramsden Gang Xie Fallon Cook Sheena Reilly Source Type: research

Clinical experience and categorical perception of children's speech
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: More-experienced SLPs/SLTs are less likely to use the entire range of continuous rating scales to rate children's speech accuracy than less-experienced SLPs/SLTs or clinically untrained listeners. Implications for service delivery are discussed. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Children's productions of individual sounds, like /k/, become gradually more adult-like over the course of development. For a child who has a [t] for /k/ error, this gradual development means that children's productions become progressively less like /t/ and more like /k/ over development. Pho...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 18, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Marie K Meyer Benjamin Munson Source Type: research

Clinical experience and categorical perception of children's speech.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: More-experienced SLPs/SLTs are less likely to use the entire range of continuous rating scales to rate children's speech accuracy than less-experienced SLPs/SLTs or clinically untrained listeners. Implications for service delivery are discussed. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Children's productions of individual sounds, like /k/, become gradually more adult-like over the course of development. For a child who has a [t] for /k/ error, this gradual development means that children's productions become progressively less like /t/ and more like /k/ over development. Pho...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 17, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Meyer MK, Munson B Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Outcomes of semantic feature analysis treatment for aphasia with and without apraxia of speech.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: Findings indicate that individuals with aphasia plus AOS can gain equivalent benefits in word retrieval and production from the language-based SFA treatment as individuals with aphasia alone. This may be, in part, due to the tendency for SFA to incorporate principles of practice that are known to support motor learning in AOS, such as high intensity, random stimulus presentation and variable practice. Findings provide further support for high-intensity practice and use of self-generated features to facilitate maintenance of effects. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject SFA...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 15, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Scholl DI, McCabe P, Nickels L, Ballard KJ Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Speech and language difficulties in Huntington's disease: A qualitative study of patients' and professional caregivers' experiences.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Findings shed a light on everyday communication challenges faced by people with HD and their professional caregivers, and the lack of implementation of communication aids in this group. The dramatic impact of HD on patients' communication skills underscores the need to include SLTs in the follow-up of this patient group, ideally from the early stages of the disease, while the patient is still capable of voicing his/her own wishes and thoughts. Future research that explores how to optimize communication and implement the use of AACs for individuals with HD is needed. What this paper adds What...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 12, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Grimstvedt TN, Miller JU, van Walsem MR, Feragen KJB Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Exploring the complexity of how families are engaged in early speech-language pathology intervention using video-reflexive ethnography.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Families may have different levels of engagement in various aspects of intervention, which contribute to their unique profile of engagement. Findings of this study prompt SLPs to move beyond using blanket statements about whether or not families are engaged, to instead describing in detail how families are uniquely engaged. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject In early speech-language pathology intervention, the term 'engagement' refers to (1) a complex, multifaceted state of families 'being engaged' in intervention both inside and outside sessions; and (2) a relational,...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 12, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Melvin K, Meyer C, Scarinci N Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Progressive apraxia of speech in Quebec French speakers: A case series.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This study provides an in-depth analysis of motor speech characteristics of PAOS in Quebec French speakers and adds further evidence for the differentiation of PPAOS and DAOS. Combining simple perceptual and acoustic analyses represent a promising approach to distinguish the two variants and identify treatment targets. What this paper adds What is already known on this subject Progressive apraxia of speech (PAOS) is a neurodegenerative syndrome characterized by progressive and initially isolated or dominant apraxia of speech (primary progressive apraxia of speech [PPAOS] and dominant progres...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 11, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bouvier L, Monetta L, Laforce RJ, Vitali P, Bocti C, Martel-Sauvageau V Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Expression of propositional attitudes in conversation by adults with traumatic brain injury: A relevance theoretic approach.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Expression of propositional attitude seems largely preserved after TBI. Relevance Theory may provide a helpful framework (1) to interpret subtle quantitative and qualitative differences that contribute to social conversation problems of adults with TBI; and (2) to elucidate relations among the social communication signs and symptoms and underlying cognitive impairments. What this paper adds What are the potential or actual clinical implications of this work? More awareness and understanding of how social cognition may look in everyday conversations, may help SLPs who treat patients with such...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 9, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bootsma JN, Turkstra LS, Gorter JW Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Educational outcomes associated with persistent speech disorder.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: PSD identified at age 8 years is associated with poor educational attainment at ages 10-11 and 13-14 years in the core subjects of English, mathematics and science. Children with PSD at age 8 years are more likely to be identified with SEN at ages 11-13 years, particularly cognition and learning needs, and communication and interaction needs. We need to be aware of the potential for the long-term impact of PSD on educational attainment in providing appropriate and effective support throughout school. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Speech-sound disorder is associate...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 2, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Wren Y, Pagnamenta E, Peters TJ, Emond A, Northstone K, Miller LL, Roulstone S Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Tele-practice for children and young people with communication disabilities: Employing the COM-B model to review the intervention literature and inform guidance for practitioners.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Whilst the evidence for tele-practice interventions for children and young people with communication disabilities is growing, it is also lacking a comprehensive framework to support its implementation. In times of rapid transitions, researchers and practitioners alike need to understand how to evaluate comprehensively the impact of changing the mode of intervention delivery. The COM-B model provides a powerful tool to reflect on the key elements for the successful design and implementation of tele-practice interventions. What this paper adds What is already known on this subject Tele-practic...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 1, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Law J, Dornstauder M, Charlton J, Gréaux M Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Acoustic vowel analysis and speech intelligibility in young adult Hebrew speakers: Developmental dysarthria versus typical development.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The main results, vowel space centralization for speakers with CP in comparison with TD peers, echo previous cross-linguistic results. The correlation of acoustic results with speech intelligibility carries clinical implications. Taken together, the results contribute to better characterization of the speech production deficit in Hebrew speakers with motor speech disorders. Furthermore, they may guide clinical decision-making and intervention planning to improve speech intelligibility. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Speech production and intelligibility deficits am...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 1, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Carl M, Icht M Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Effect of boost articulation therapy (BArT) on intelligibility in adults with dysarthria.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: BArT successfully improves speech intelligibility in patients with chronic or progressive dysarthria at different levels of the impairment. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Behavioural treatment of articulation in patients with dysarthria mainly involves indirect strategies, which have shown positive effects on speech intelligibility. However, there is limited evidence on the short-term effects of direct articulation therapy at the segmental level of speech. This study investigates the effectiveness of BArT on speech intelligibility in patients with chronic or progre...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - January 23, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Mendoza Ramos V, Paulyn C, Van den Steen L, Hernandez-Diaz Huici ME, De Bodt M, Van Nuffelen G Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Speech language therapists' experiences with subjective well-being in people with aphasia.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The results showed that SLTs feel responsible for addressing SWB in the management of people with aphasia. Their perception of the concept of SWB is similar to the definition used in the literature and is multifaceted. They feel responsible for the part of SWB that is related to communicative functioning, but less so for the more heuristic aspects of SWB. This is related to their experienced limitation of influence on SWB, which for some leaves them feeling out of depth and uncertain about boundaries between professionals. Addressing SWB in a multidisciplinary team is therefore considered im...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - January 18, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: van Ewijk L, Bootsma TMC, van Rijssen M, Ter Wal N Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Speech-language therapists' perceptions of an eLearning program to support training in videofluoroscopic swallow studies.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The eLearning program offered SLTs free access to beginner-level adult VFSS training, meeting many identified training needs and providing a foundation from which to develop further practical knowledge and skills within a VFSS clinic setting. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject SLTs demonstrate variable knowledge and skill in conducting and interpreting VFSS, which can impact dysphagia diagnosis and management. While access to VFSS training can be challenging, the barriers to training for SLTs have not been clearly documented. Research has confirmed that eLearning can b...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - January 18, 2021 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Burns CL, Taubert ST, Ward EC, McCarthy KA, Graham N Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Therapeutic relationships in aphasia rehabilitation: Using sociological theories to promote critical reflexivity.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: While therapists commonly value therapeutic relationships, social and structural factors consciously and unconsciously influence their ability to prioritize relational work. Sociological theories can provide new lenses on our practice that can assist therapists to be critically reflexive about practice, and to enact changes to how they work to enhance therapeutic relationships with clients. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Therapeutic relationships are critical in aphasia rehabilitation. We have a good understanding of the different components of therapeutic relation...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - December 28, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bright F, Attrill S, Hersh D Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Cognitive-communication performance following mild traumatic brain injury: Influence of sex, age, education, site of lesion and bilingualism.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Cognitive-communication skills should be evaluated early in all patients with complicated mTBI, but especially in those who are advanced in age, those with fewer years of education and those who present with lower GCS scores, in order to determine rehabilitation needs. The findings of this study will allow acute care clinicians to better understand how various demographic and injury-related factors affect cognitive-communication skills after complicated mTBI and to better nuance the interpretation of their evaluation results in order to improve clinical care. Further study is required regard...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - December 27, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: LeBlanc J, Seresova A, Laberge-Poirier A, Tabet S, Alturki AY, Feyz M, de Guise E Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Aphasia and spelling to dictation: Analysis of spelling errors and editing.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Word length and word frequency should be taken into consideration in spelling tests for persons with aphasia, and the presence of editing difficulty should be taken into account when assessing spelling difficulties. Treatment for writing difficulties in aphasia should include training in successful editing strategies and individual fitting of digital writing aids. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Post-stroke aphasia often causes writing and spelling difficulties. Spelling difficulties may entail editing difficulties, in turn causing extensive and/or unsuccessful edit...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - December 27, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Johansson-Malmeling C, Wengelin Å, Henriksson I Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Voice banking for people living with motor neurone disease: Views and expectations.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: This research is the first study of its kind to examine the considerations for decision making around voice banking for plwMND. Preserving identity is central to decision making when considering whether or not to voice bank. However, the reality of using AAC and voice banking for communication is poorly understood. Professionals have a role to provide plwMND with more information about voice banking in the wider context of using AAC for communication. It may be that the process of voice banking itself is seen as a positive act for plwMND, independent of how it is used later. Further research w...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - December 22, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Cave R, Bloch S Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Giving voice to people with communication disabilities during mental capacity assessments.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This study highlights that non-speech and language therapist health professionals have difficulty identifying and screening for communication difficulties. This confirms existing evidence that people with communication disabilities may not receive the decision-making support they require during mental capacity assessments when speech and language therapists are not involved. Greater understanding of health professionals' thought processes regarding communication is required to further develop this unique communication screening tool so that it can effectively enable healthcare professionals ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - December 16, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Jayes M, Palmer R, Enderby P Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

What are the implications of climate change for speech and language therapists?
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Despite other challenges currently facing SLTs, climate change and its increasing effects on communication disorders and dysphagia is difficult to ignore. SLTs owe it to their clients, the wider community, low- and middle-income countries, the economy, and the future to take action. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Multiple studies published in peer-reviewed scientific journals show that climate change is extremely likely to be due to human activities. The global effects will be higher temperatures, changes in precipitation, more droughts and heatwaves, stronger and ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - December 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Sherratt S Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Predictors of Lidcombe Program treatment dropout and outcome for early stuttering.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Variables identified as predictors of Lidcombe Program treatment outcome were statistically significant, but not clinically significant. They did not account for a clinically substantive portion of treatment outcomes. Findings about parental impulsivity and their relationship with intervention drop-out require replication with prospective methods and comprehensive assessment of parent psychological status. This is particularly important because parents are involved in conducting all early interventions. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Information is available about ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - November 29, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Park V, Onslow M, Lowe R, Jones M, O'Brian S, Packman A, Menzies R, Block S, Wilson L, Harrison E, Hewat S Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

L2 vocabulary acquisition of early sequentially bilingual children with TD and DLD affected differently by exposure and age of onset.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Bilingual children with TD and DLD can be differentiated by using L2 vocabulary tests when exposure is taken into consideration. Non-significant AoO effects in 3-7 year olds suggest flexibility in terms of when to start L2 immersion. However, exposure is important, and especially children with DLD would need a substantial amount of it relative to their TD peers, so that they would not fall even further behind over time. Differences in benefiting from exposure in receptive mode might offer clinicians and kindergarten personnel an insight for evaluating challenges in bilingual development. Sev...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - November 12, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Smolander S, Laasonen M, Arkkila E, Lahti-Nuuttila P, Kunnari S Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Real-time comprehension of Spanish prepositions and prepositional locutions in bilingual children with developmental language disorder: A study based on eye-movement evidence.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Our results suggest that the capacity of bilingual children with DLD to comprehend Spanish prepositions and prepositional locutions in real time and within simple sentence structures is preserved. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject The empirical literature indicates that children with DLD show important errors in the production of functional words in general, and prepositions in particular. However, unlike other grammatical morphemes (such as clitic pronouns and articles), prepositions have been less studied, and the few existing studies have focused on the dimension o...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - October 28, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Christou S, Sanz-Torrent M, Coloma CJ, Guerra E, Araya C, Andreu L Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Speech sound development in typically developing 2-7-year-old Dutch-speaking children: A normative cross-sectional study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Dutch is a West-Germanic language spoken natively by around 24 million speakers. Although studies on typical Dutch speech sound development have been conducted, norms for phonetic and phonological characteristics of typical development in a large sample with a sufficient age range are lacking. AIM: To give a detailed description of the speech sound development of typically developing Dutch-speaking children from 2 to 7 years. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A total of 1503 typically developing children evenly distributed across the age range of 2;0-6;11 years participated in this normative...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - October 27, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: van Haaften L, Diepeveen S, van den Engel-Hoek L, de Swart B, Maassen B Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

International expert perspectives on the principles and components of effective intervention for adults who stutter.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: These findings emphasize the complexity of stuttering intervention, the need for individually tailored treatments and the role of multiple factors, beyond therapeutic technique, that influence treatment outcomes. Findings also demonstrate the benefit of collecting practice-based evidence to support clinical decision-making and intervention evaluation. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Evidence-based practice involves the synthesis of multiple forms of knowledge, including research, practice and patient evidence to support clinical decision-making and intervention eval...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - October 22, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Connery A, Galvin R, McCurtin A Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Influential factor combinations leading to language outcomes following a home visiting intervention: A qualitative comparative analysis (QCA).
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Mothers' antenatal psychological resources were a flag for future language concerns which can be used to improve the precision of the MECSH intervention. They were highly influential to their children's Good and Poor language outcomes by 5 years, when over time they were combined with characteristics such as early childhood education, poor maternal responsivity and/or the number of children in the home. Knowledge of early conditions associated with later Poor language can help clinicians identify and respond in preventative and promoting ways to improve language skills. What this paper adds ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - October 13, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Short K, Eadie P, Kemp L Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

The City Gesture Checklist: The development of a novel gesture assessment.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The CGC can be used to assess the types of gesture that people with aphasia produce. The IRR was moderate amongst both experienced users and new users who had received no training. Future research directions include investigating how to improve IRR, evaluating intra-rater reliability and sensitivity to change, and exploring use of the CGC in clinical practice. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject People with aphasia rely on gesture more than healthy speakers, yet use a more limited range of gesture types. Gesture therapy is used by clinicians with the aim of helping peop...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - October 13, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Caute A, Dipper L, Roper A Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Dementia knowledge, attitudes and training needs of speech-language pathology students and practitioners: A countrywide study.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Although SLPs have an important role to play in the management and care of individuals with dementia, the findings of this study indicated a shortage of in-depth knowledge in this area of practice. This continues to highlight the need of enhancing dementia training programmes through undergraduate curriculum development and continuous professional programmes for skills updating. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject One of the symptoms of dementia is that affected individuals progressively lose the ability to communicate effectively. With an increase in the number of peop...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - October 13, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Saccasan N, Scerri C Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

"I'm smiling back at you": Exploring the impact of mask wearing on communication in healthcare.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Although undoubtedly essential in protecting the health of staff and patients, there are numerous logistical, physiological, psychological, social and economic complications associated with the wearing of masks. The ability of healthcare staff to successfully communicate with patients and with colleagues is jeopardized, which may adversely affect the efficiency, effectiveness, equitability and, most notably, safety of therapeutic intervention. The SLT has a distinct role in facilitating communication in order to safeguard the provision, accessibility and efficacy of services. What this paper...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - October 10, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Marler H, Ditton A Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Supporting language development in Lebanese preschools: SLT and pre-KT practice and perception of roles.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This study provides an overview of the perceptions and reported practices of language development support in Lebanese preschools. The majority of SLTs and pre-KTs acknowledge their role in supporting language development. However, the slight differences in perceptions of SLT roles in prevention interventions highlight the necessity for SLTs to promote their active involvement in services targeting all children. Future research will investigate how SLTs are beginning to reconceptualize their role in intervention for preschool children. This will help to better define SLTs' roles and responsib...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - October 4, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kouba Hreich E, Moitel Messarra C, Martinez-Perez T, Richa S, Maillart C Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Falls in hospital patients with acquired communication disability secondary to stroke: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION & IMPLICATIONS: The results of this systematic review suggest that a generic classification of communication disability following stroke is not a risk factor for falls. However, further research that is inclusive of this population and considers severity of communication disability more specifically is required. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject The association between communication disability following stroke and falls in hospital is unclear. The literature reports mixed results regarding the impact of a communication disability following stroke on falls risk or rates of falls during...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - September 23, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Sullivan R, Harding K, Skinner I, Hemsley B Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Aphasia and acquired reading impairments: What are the high-tech alternatives to compensate for reading deficits?
CONCLUSIONS: High-tech reading tools may help PWA to regain reading autonomy. PWA and acquired reading impairments employ a wide array of devices to overcome reading difficulties, which underlines the importance of reading in everyday life. However, the supports currently available are not yet flexible and accurate enough to answer their day-to-day needs. Thus, further work is necessary to enhance the compensative devices available to them. For instance, existing new technologies in the area of natural language processing (such as automatic text simplification) could potentially be used in compensative devices. What this p...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - September 11, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Cistola G, Farrús M, van der Meulen I Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Development of a measure of function word use in narrative discourse: core lexicon analysis in aphasia.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Core function word lists consisting of a limited number of items for quantifying function word use in discourse remain in a nascent stage of development. However, the findings are consistent with previous studies analysing the total production of function words in language samples produced by PWA. Therefore, core function words may potentially serve as a clinician-friendly manner of quantifying function words produced in discourse. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Function word analysis in discourse requires arduous processes of identifying the error production and g...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - September 9, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kim H, Kintz S, Wright HH Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

The speech, language and communication needs of rough sleepers in London.
Abstract BACKGROUND: There is very little awareness of the speech, language and communication needs (SLCN) of rough sleepers. The small amount of documentation that does exist involves a wider group of homeless adults (not just rough sleepers), and reports that communication needs are an area of concern. AIMS: To investigate: (1) the reported prevalence of SLCN amongst UK nationals recorded on the Combined Homeless and Information Network (CHAIN) as sleeping on the streets of London; (2) whether rough sleepers with reported SLCN differ from those without; and (3) what factors best predict patterns of rough sl...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - September 9, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Andrews L, Botting N Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Cough reflex testing in acute stroke: A survey of current UK service provision and speech and language therapist perceptions.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This survey gives valuable insight into the current practice and perceptions of SLTs in the UK working in acute stroke settings in relation to CRT. It highlights discrepancies between reported approaches and recommendations from existing guidelines and validation studies. The variation in responses indicates a need to develop a consensus statement and further research to guide practice. What this study adds What is already known on the subject CRT is gaining popularity as a screening tool for the clinical identification of SA with acute stroke patients. However, there is a lack of consensus ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - September 6, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Trimble J, Patterson J Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Comprehending reflexive and clitic constructions in children with autism spectrum disorder and developmental language disorder.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The comprehension of reflexive pronouns cannot be considered a diagnostic marker for distinguishing ASD from DLD. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Previous studies have found that the performance of children with ASD in the comprehension of personal pronouns is equivalent to youngest control groups, but poorer regarding the interpretation of reflective pronouns. However, children with DLD do not usually have problems with the use of pronouns, which suggests that their pronoun processing is not affected. As pronoun interpretation seems be connected to the development ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - August 25, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Moreno-Pérez FJ, Rodríguez-Ortiz IR, Tavares G, Saldaña D Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

COVID-19 and ENT SLT services, workforce and research in the UK: A discussion paper.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The immediate impact of the pandemic has resulted in major disruption to all aspects of clinical delivery, workforce and research for ENT/laryngology SLT. It is unclear when any of these areas will resume operations and whether permanent changes to clinical practice, professional remits and research priorities will follow. However, significant opportunity exists in the post-COVID era to re-evaluate current practice, embrace opportunities and evaluate new ways of working. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject ENT/laryngology SLTs manage patients with a range of conditions,...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - August 7, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Patterson JM, Govender R, Roe J, Clunie G, Murphy J, Brady G, Haines J, White A, Carding P Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Comparing language samples of Bangla speakers using a colour photograph and a black-and-white line drawing.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This study found that the grammatical complexity, as measured by MLU, of spontaneous language production of neurologically healthy adults was higher when a CP was used in a PDT. A CP may also be beneficial for PWA to produce complex language samples. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject There are studies on neurologically healthy individuals as well as on PWA that identified the impact of using different visuographic variables (colour and photograph) separately, which enhanced the picture comprehension and improved performances on associated language production tasks. To...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - August 6, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Mazumdar B, Donovan NJ, Sultana A Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Alexia and agraphia in Spanish.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: In Spanish-speaking aphasia patients, difficulties in reading and writing are similar to oral language difficulties. This similarity of performance is mostly based on severity rather than the participants' patterns of errors. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject There is limited information about alexia and agraphia in Spanish. What this paper adds to existing knowledge An extensive study with a large sample of patients. What are the potential or actual clinical implications of this work? The study contributes to the clinical management of patients with reading and writi...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 30, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Gonzalez R, Rojas M, Ardila A Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research