The emerging contribution of speech and language therapists in awake craniotomy: a national survey of their roles, practices and perceptions.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The evidence suggests areas of consistent practice patterns in preoperative preparation and intraoperative assessment. However, considerable variability exists within language testing and mapping that would benefit from validation. These speech and language therapists support improved outcomes of awake craniotomy by real-time intraoperative speech, language, oromotor and cognitive assessment, rapid detection of clinical deterioration and immediate communication to surgeons. Further research exploring intraoperative language testing, consistent use of language mapping terminology, and selecti...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - November 28, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: O'Neill M, Henderson M, Duffy OM, Kernohan WG Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Longitudinal study of the development of obstruent correctness from ages 3 to 5 years in 108 Danish children with unilateral cleft lip and palate: a sub-study within a multicentre randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Although PCC-obs developed significantly from ages 3 to 5, children with UCLP as a group did not catch up to typically developing Danish children at age 5. Furthermore, the LHPC group at age 5 did not reach the 3-year level of the EHPC group, which means that delaying hard palate closure until age 3 is detrimental to obstruent development. Both CSCs and DSCs at age 3 were important predictors of PCC-obs at age 5 and should be considered when determining need for intervention. PMID: 31710176 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - November 11, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Jørgensen LD, Willadsen E Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Semantic fluency difficulties in developmental dyslexia and developmental language disorder (DLD): poor semantic structure of the lexicon or slower retrieval processes?
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: We conclude that poorer semantic fluency performance in children with DDLD results not from a lexicon with poor semantic structure, but rather from slower retrieval processes from a lexicon with intact semantic structure. The underlying causes of slow lexical retrieval still need further investigation. PMID: 31697020 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - November 7, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Mengisidou M, Marshall CR, Stavrakaki S Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Book talk and aphasia: the power of a book.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The PWA experienced the activity as positive and encouraging despite their language difficulties. What yielded the positive experience were the joint literary discussions. The project also showed that a dedicated group leader (here the librarian) and a flexible structure based on the situation and abilities of each individual were crucial for the encouraging findings. PMID: 31697032 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - November 7, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Henriksson I, Laakso K Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Question-response-evaluation sequences in the home interactions of a bilingual child with autism spectrum disorder.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: QRE sequences appeared to strike a balance in terms of the level of constraint they placed on the child's contributions to interactions, and the affordances they provide for participating in and progressing through interactions. This study can help clinicians understand the types of interactions that can be pursued with QRE sequences in their work with children with ASD. The findings may also aid intervention researchers' efforts to leverage caregivers' existing strengths for adapting their interactional overtures to maximize children's engagement. Finally, this study provides an illustratio...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - November 6, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bottema-Beutel K, Oliveira G, Cohen SR, Miguel J Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Women's perspective on life after total laryngectomy: a qualitative study.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Women who undergo total laryngectomy are likely to experience issues in returning to work, the performance of informal care-work, the spousal relationship, intimacy and social interaction due to stigmatization. Medical pretreatment counselling and multidisciplinary rehabilitation programmes should help patients form realistic expectations and prepare them for the changes they will face. A gender- and age-matched laryngectomized patient visitor can contribute to this process. Rehabilitation programmes should incorporate the partner and offer psychosocial support for women following total lary...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - November 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: van Sluis KE, Kornman AF, van der Molen L, van den Brekel MWM, Yaron G Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Speech and language therapists' reflections on developing and maintaining confidence in tracheoesophageal speech rehabilitation.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The findings highlight the fact that the acquisition and maintenance of confidence is an ongoing consideration for SLTs, both those starting out and those with years of clinical experience. With patient presentation increasing in complexity, the importance of understanding contributing factors for gaining and maintaining confidence should be considered alongside postgraduate training and the provision of ongoing support for SLTs working in this specialized clinical area, regardless of experience level. PMID: 31612612 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - October 14, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hancock KL, Ward EC, Hill AE Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Evaluating informative content and global coherence in fluent and non-fluent aphasia.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Although people with fluent aphasia produced more types of global coherence errors, including incorrect, non-specific and off-topic utterances, the group was still rated significantly higher on utterance relevance and topic maintenance, indicating that the ability to produce a complete utterance plays an important role in some aspects of discourse production. Additionally, these findings provide an insight into potential targets for intervention. PMID: 31600017 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - October 10, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hazamy AA, Obermeyer J Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Adolescents' experiences of communication following acquired brain injury.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: These findings provide an insight into how communication is experienced in everyday life from the perspectives of adolescents with ABI. The study revealed that adolescents' individual experiences of communication were dependent on contextual factors. Sensitivity to communication changes was associated with the age when the ABI occurred. Difficulties with communication impacted on identity. Negative communication experiences at school affected a sense of belonging; peer group support helped some adolescents to cope with the communication challenges they faced. Further research is needed to ex...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - October 4, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Buckeridge K, Clarke C, Sellers D Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Evaluation of a tracheostomy education programme for speech-language therapists.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Postgraduate tracheostomy education, using a flipped-classroom approach and low- and high-fidelity simulation, is an effective way to increase knowledge, confidence and manual skill performance in SLTs across patient populations. Simulation is a well-received method of learning. PMID: 31566861 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - September 30, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Miles A, Greig L, Jackson B, Keesing M Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Health-related quality of life, service utilization and costs of low language: A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: LL was associated with reduced children's HRQoL, higher service use and costs. Under-servicing was evident in children with LL. LL also imposed large costs on the healthcare system. Further research is required to examine (1) the overall HRQoL of children with LL, in particular studies using and testing the performance of preference-based instruments; and (2) the service use and costs specific to LL, especially non-healthcare costs. PMID: 31556211 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - September 25, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Le HND, Le LKD, Nguyen PK, Mudiyanselage SB, Eadie P, Mensah F, Sciberras E, Gold L Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Conversations between people with aphasia and speech pathology students via telepractice: A Phase II feasibility study.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: CPT involving a conversation with a person with aphasia via telepractice is feasible and can provide a valuable learning experience for students. Further research is required. PMID: 31553121 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - September 25, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Finch E, Lethlean J, Rose T, Fleming J, Theodoros D, Cameron A, Coleman A, Copland D, McPhail SM Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

'We were just kind of handed it and then it was smoke bombed by everyone': How do external stakeholders contribute to parent rejection and the abandonment of AAC systems?
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This study highlights the importance of family-centred service delivery when introducing an AAC system to the parent of a child with complex communication needs. SLPs may support parent acceptance of AAC systems by using family-centred practices such as listening to parents, acknowledging their expertise and finding compromises. PMID: 31553126 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - September 25, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Moorcroft A, Scarinci N, Meyer C Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Longitudinal analysis of communication repair skills across three neurodevelopmental disabilities.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Findings suggest that impairments in a critical pragmatic skill-the ability to repair communication breakdown-show significant change with age across three neurodevelopmental disabilities, with important sex-specific patterns. These developments were often observed in spite of a relative plateau in cognitive and language growth, suggesting that repair skills may be more malleable and therefore an excellent target for intervention. Findings not only inform the nature of pragmatic impairment across groups but also can importantly inform clinical practice, suggesting that clinicians should moni...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - September 20, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Martin GE, Barstein J, Patel S, Lee M, Henry L, Losh M Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

'It depends': Characterizing speech and language therapy for preschool children with developmental speech and language disorders.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The framework highlights themes that are well researched in the literature (e.g., speech) and others that have been little studied (e.g., adult understanding), indicating a disconnect between research evidence and practice. The research also highlights the complex nature of interventions for preschool children with DS&LD and the importance therapists attribute to tailoring therapy to individual needs. The framework provides a scaffold upon which SLTs can focus their clinical practice and encourages the profession to understand and explore better the gaps between research evidence and cli...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - September 17, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Morgan L, Marshall J, Harding S, Powell G, Wren Y, Coad J, Roulstone S Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Dysphagia care for adults in the community setting commands a different approach: perspectives of speech-language therapists.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Community-based SLT services must continue to foster flexible, responsive practices by SLTs to ensure the needs of clients and carers are met now and in future. PMID: 31479197 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - September 3, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Howells SR, Cornwell PL, Ward EC, Kuipers P Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Language growth in very young siblings at risk for autism spectrum disorder.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: HR-sibs show more variation in their language development than LR-sibs during the first 3 years of life. The majority of HR-sibs, however, did not present with below-average language abilities. Yet, early characteristics of ASD may be a red flag for difficulties in the language development of HR-sibs. PMID: 31407447 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - August 12, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bruyneel E, Demurie E, Warreyn P, Beyers W, Boterberg S, Bontinck C, Dewaele N, Roeyers H Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Phase I trial of a standalone internet social anxiety treatment for adolescents who stutter: iBroadway.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Further development of iBroadway, the adolescent version of iGlebe, with Phase II trialling is warranted. PMID: 31364252 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 30, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Gunn A, Menzies RG, Onslow M, O'Brian S, Packman A, Lowe R, Helgadóttir FD, Jones M Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Speech and language therapy for primary progressive aphasia across the UK: A survey of current practice.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This survey highlights the range of current PPA assessment and intervention practices in use by the respondents. Communication partner training is commonly used by the surveyed SLTs, despite the lack of research evidence examining its effectiveness for PPA. There is a need to develop evidence-based care pathways for people with PPA in order to advocate for further commissioning of clinical services. PMID: 31364253 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 30, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Volkmer A, Spector A, Warren JD, Beeke S Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Clinical predictors for oropharyngeal dysphagia and laryngeal dysfunction after lung and heart transplantation.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Oropharyngeal dysphagia and laryngeal dysfunction are two lesser known complications after lung and heart transplantation. The presence of these features places this immunocompromised population at high risk of pulmonary complications and subsequent medical deterioration. Early identification of swallowing and voice dysfunction would be beneficial to optimize management. AIMS: To examine the association between patient risk factors and postoperative outcomes with referral to speech pathology (SP) following signs of swallowing and voice dysfunction. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A retrosp...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 30, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Black RJ, Bogaardt H, McCabe P, Glanville AR, MacDonald P, Madill C Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Reliability and stability of the metrical stress effect on segmental production accuracy in persons with apraxia of speech.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The results suggest that in English, as in German, the trochaic structure is more resistant to segmental errors in persons with AOS and aphasia, providing replication of the findings of Aichert et al. in 2016. Further, this effect is stable over repeated sampling occasions. Implications for clinical management of AOS include possible ways to scaffold item difficulty and potentially improve stimulus generalization. PMID: 31338954 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 23, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bailey DJ, Bunker L, Mauszycki S, Wambaugh JL Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Review of AAC interventions in persons with dementia.
CONCLUSIONS: Research trends and, more importantly, the gaps highlighted in this research review present speech-language therapists and researchers with a set of current priorities that are necessary for the advancement of the knowledge base. PMID: 31321844 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 19, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: May AA, Dada S, Murray J Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Use of diverse diagnostic criteria for acquired apraxia of speech: a scoping review.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The claim that research and practice in the field of AOS is characterized by the use of diverse diagnostic criteria is supported by this scoping review. The findings support the need to develop a universal consensus standard for AOS diagnosis to ensure consistency across research and clinical practice. PMID: 31322824 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 19, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Molloy J, Jagoe C Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

The evaluation of word-learning abilities in people with developmental language disorder: a scoping review.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This review aggregates a variety of methods used previously to assess word learning. Findings highlight the need for further research to explore areas such as: the learning of varied word types (e.g., adjectives and adverbs); learning in the written modality; and word learning (both oral and written) in adolescents and adults with DLD. PMID: 31276299 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 5, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Jackson E, Leitão S, Claessen M, Boyes M Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Speech and language therapy best practice for patients in prolonged disorders of consciousness: a modified Delphi study.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: A total of 67 best practice statements were created. The statements provide a useful starting point for the creation of SLT guidelines to support best practice, and also have the potential to be used to advocate for the provision of SLT services for patients in PDOC. Future studies should focus on whether the expert opinion generated here can be borne out in experimental research. PMID: 31273875 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 4, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Roberts H, Greenwood N Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

How do stroke survivors with communication difficulties manage life after stroke in the first year? A qualitative study.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Stroke survivors and their family members develop personally meaningful and context-specific strategies to adjust to and manage life after stroke. Future interventions should recognize, support and build upon the active work already undertaken by stroke survivors with communication difficulties and their families. Further support before and around the point of discharge from community services may be needed to help build confidence and skills to manage in the longer term. The benefit of a supported self-management approach for stroke survivors with communication difficulties should be furthe...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 4, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Wray F, Clarke D, Forster A Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Gender differences in aphasia outcomes: evidence from the AphasiaBank.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This study offers evidence of gender differences in aphasia severity, global communication impairment and lower scores on individual subtests used to derive the WAB-R AQ. The limitations of the study with suggestions for future directions are presented. PMID: 31257676 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - June 30, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Sharma S, Briley PM, Wright HH, Perry JL, Fang X, Ellis C Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Assessing Cognitive Communication Skills in Dementia: A scoping review.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: There are limited options for standardized communication assessment for individuals with dementia and their communication partners. Directions for the development of new measures are provided to facilitate research and improve clinical practice. PMID: 31250524 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - June 28, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Dooley S, Walshe M Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Setting and achieving individualized social communication goals for people with acquired brain injury (ABI) within a group treatment.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Cognitive-communication disorders are common following an acquired brain injury (ABI). Remediation should involve individualized goal-setting, yet few reports describe the effectiveness of setting communication goals in a group setting. AIMS: To describe a process for setting and achieving goals for people with ABI. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A total of 21 participants with ABI participated in a group treatment (triads and dyads) over 6 weeks (20 h in total). Specific social communication goals were set using goal attainment scaling (GAS) with the participant and their communication p...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - June 28, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Behn N, Marshall J, Togher L, Cruice M Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Help-seeking and people with aphasia who have mood problems after stroke: perspectives of speech-language pathologists.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: SLPs report both universal barriers to help-seeking and those specific to their clients with aphasia and attempts to overcome these; however, there appears to be a dearth of accessible mental health services for people with aphasia known to SLPs, including psychological/counselling professionals who are skilled in communicating with people with aphasia. Health professionals working within and across post-stroke and mental health services should recognize that people with post-stroke aphasia are susceptible to a decline in mental health, are amenable to formal (and tailored) psychological sup...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - June 17, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ryan B, Bohan J, Kneebone I Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Systematic review of ultrasound visual biofeedback in intervention for speech sound disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: The evidence base for U-VBF is developing; however, most studies used small sample sizes and lower strength designs. Current evidence indicates that U-VBF may be an effective adjunct to intervention for some individuals whose speech errors persist despite previous intervention. The results of this systematic review underscore the need for more high-quality and large-scale research exploring the use of this intervention in both controlled and community contexts. PMID: 31179581 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - June 10, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Sugden E, Lloyd S, Lam J, Cleland J Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

The Early Sociocognitive Battery: a clinical tool for early identification of children at risk for social communication difficulties and ASD?
Abstract BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of preschool children referred to speech and language therapy (SLT) services have social communication difficulties and/or autistic spectrum disorders (SC&/ASD) that are not identified until late childhood. These 'late' diagnosed children miss opportunities to benefit from earlier targeted interventions. Prior evidence from a follow-up clinical sample showed that preschool performance on the Early Sociocognitive Battery (ESB) was a good predictor of children with social communication difficulties 7-8 years later. AIMS: The aims were three-fold: (1) to determin...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - May 27, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Roy P, Chiat S Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Speech pathologists and professional interpreters managing culturally and linguistically diverse adults with communication disorders: a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This review identified emerging research relating to speech pathologist and professional interpreter interactions, which were limited predominantly to the perspectives of speech pathologists. Several challenges were reported. While strategies to facilitate interprofessional practice were proposed, the efficacy and utility of the strategies has not been investigated to date. Further in-depth studies are needed to examine how the professions work together, and to explore feasibility and effectiveness of implementing proposed strategies to optimize service delivery to CALD adults with ACDs. ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - May 22, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Huang AJR, Siyambalapitiya S, Cornwell P Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Exploring the speech and language of individuals with non-syndromic submucous cleft palate: a preliminary report.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Submucous cleft palate (SMCP) has a heterogeneous presentation and is often identified late or misdiagnosed. Diagnosis is prompted by speech, resonance or feeding symptoms associated with velopharyngeal insufficiency. However, the broader impacts of SMCP on communication have rarely been examined and therefore are poorly understood. AIM: To describe the communicative profile of individuals with non-syndromic SMCP by examining speech, language and pragmatics (social language). METHODS & PROCEDURES: Fifteen participants with SMCP aged 5;1-12;8, without a genetic diagnosis, particip...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - May 2, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Boyce JO, Sanchez K, Amor DJ, Reilly S, Da Costa A, Kilpatrick N, Morgan AT Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Verb-mediated anticipatory eye movements in people with Down syndrome.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This work demonstrates for the first time that children and teenagers with DS can predict linguistic information based on semantic cues from verbs, and that sentence processing is driven by predictive relationships between verbs and arguments, as in children with typical development. Clinicians can take advantage of these prediction skills, using them in therapy to support weaker areas. PMID: 30983122 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - April 14, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Arias-Trejo N, Angulo-Chavira AQ, Barrón-Martínez JB Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Consequential differences in perspectives and practices concerning children with developmental language disorders: an integrative review.
CONCLUSIONS: Effective IPC is essential to meet the needs of children with DLD in school; yet, it remains difficult to achieve. Our review of the literature across SLT and education indicates evidence of a lack of shared understanding about DLD. If these differences are also evident in practice, then a conceptual model to support IPC may be warranted. PMID: 30945410 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - April 4, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Gallagher AL, Murphy CA, Conway P, Perry A Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Investigating intervention dose frequency for children with speech sound disorders and motor speech involvement.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Treatment outcome data for children with severe speech sound disorders with motor speech involvement (SSD-MSI) are derived from Phase I clinical research studies. These studies have demonstrated positive improvements in speech production. Currently there is no research examining the optimal treatment dose frequency for this population. The results of this study, which is the first of its kind, will inform the delivery of effective services for this population. AIMS: To investigate optimal treatment dose frequency for the Motor Speech Treatment Protocol (MSTP) for children with SSD-MSI. ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - April 2, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Namasivayam AK, Pukonen M, Goshulak D, Granata F, Le DJ, Kroll R, van Lieshout P Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Improving storytelling and vocabulary in secondary school students with language disorder: a randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: It is possible to improve narrative but not vocabulary skills, as assessed by standardized measures, in secondary school students with a relatively brief group TA-delivered intervention. There were differential effects for both narrative and vocabulary with intervention-specific measures. Future work is required to explore whether more intensive and longer lasting interventions would be more effective and to identify which students in this age group are most likely to benefit from such interventions. PMID: 30924581 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of La...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - March 29, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Joffe VL, Rixon L, Hulme C Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Executive control in language production by children with and without language impairment.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The results suggest that children with SLI have impaired language production and executive control abilities, and that some of the differences in the executive control abilities between SLI and TD groups were reflected in their language production. PMID: 30920093 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - March 28, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Sikora K, Roelofs A, Hermans D, Knoors H Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Caregivers navigating rehabilitative care for people with aphasia after stroke: a multi-lens perspective.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This study provides a valuable glimpse into how varying stakeholders view the role of the caregiver during rehabilitation for people with aphasia after stroke. Providing caregivers with the training and support they need throughout the recovery journey by treating them as partners in the process may mitigate the perception of caregivers as feeling compelled to adopt multiple roles. PMID: 30884057 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - March 18, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Shafer JS, Shafer PR, Haley KL Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

The working alliance in stuttering treatment: a neglected variable?
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The working alliance between speech and language therapists and persons who stutter matters. Within the alliance, the level of client-clinician agreement on treatment goals and therapy tasks may be of greater importance than the bond between client and clinician. Further research with greater numbers of participants is warranted. PMID: 30866151 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - March 13, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Sønsterud H, Kirmess M, Howells K, Ward D, Feragen KB, Halvorsen MS Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Open-class repair initiations in conversations involving middle-aged hearing aid users with mild to moderate loss.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Participants with mild to moderate HL using hearing amplification initiate open-class repair similarly to their normally hearing conversational partners when the frequency, types, contexts and structure of repair are considered. The findings diminish the stigma related to HL, HAs and the use of open-class repair. The findings suggest that HA amplifies hearing successfully in everyday conversation when the level of HL is mild to moderate. However, the evidence for the benefit of HAs remains indirect. PMID: 30859679 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Lan...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - March 11, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Laakso M, Salmenlinna I, Aaltonen T, Koskela I, Ruusuvuori J Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Feasibility of parent communication training with remote coaching using smartphone apps.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The intervention and study design demanded high levels of parental involvement and was not suitable for all families. Recording shorter periods of interaction via mobile phones or using alternative methods of data collection may increase feasibility of outcome measurement. PMID: 30851010 [PubMed - in process] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - March 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Stockwell K, Alabdulqader E, Jackson D, Basu A, Olivier P, Pennington L Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

The application of technology in speech and language therapy.
PMID: 30811757 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 27, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: McKean C, Bloch S Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

SLTs' conceptions about their own and parents' roles during intervention with preschool children.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Collaboration that reflects co-working may necessitate changes in the conception about the role for both SLTs and parents. SLTs and parents may need to negotiate roles, with parents assuming learner and adaptor roles and SLTs adopting a coaching role to activate greater involvement of parents. Applying conceptual change theory offers new possibilities for understanding and enabling changes in SLTs' conception of roles, potentially initiating a deeper understanding of how to achieve co-working during speech and language intervention. PMID: 30784166 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (So...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 19, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Davies KE, Marshall J, Brown LJE, Goldbart J Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Humour in clinical-educational interactions between graduate student clinicians and people with aphasia.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The current study demonstrates that graduate student clinicians we observed, like the clinicians studied in previous investigations of humour in therapeutic encounters, possess the humour and laughter-related skills that help to foster positive interactions with PWA. Future investigations of the source of these skills should determine if students are adept because of natural abilities or if students can be taught to be better interactants via instruction. Findings emanating from these studies can be used to inform curriculum design, which will in turn help our field better meet the needs of ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 19, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Archer B, Azios JH, Moody S Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Assessing voice health using smartphones: bias and random error of acoustic voice parameters captured by different smartphone types.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Confidence in the feasibility of smartphone-based voice assessment is increased by the experimental finding of high levels of reliability for some clinically relevant acoustic parameters, while the use of other parameters is discouraged. We also challenge the practice of using statistical tests (e.g., t-tests) for measurement reliability assessment. PMID: 30779425 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 19, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Jannetts S, Schaeffler F, Beck J, Cowen S Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

After the RESTART trial: six guidelines for clinical trials of early stuttering intervention.
CONCLUSION: In addition to guiding future clinical research comparing RESTART-DCM and Lidcombe Program treatment, these recommendations may extend to influence positively other treatment developments for early stuttering. PMID: 30773736 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 17, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Onslow M, Lowe R Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Counselling training for speech-language therapists working with people affected by post-stroke aphasia: a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Research in counselling training for speech-language therapists working in post-stroke aphasia is limited, with a small number of primarily low-quality studies available. Training in generic counselling skills and brief psychological approaches with support from mental health professionals in the stroke workplace enabled speech-language therapists to feel knowledgeable, skilled and confident to address the psychological well-being of people affected by post-stroke aphasia. Evidence about the effectiveness of counselling training on speech-language therapists' confidence and competence in practice and on client...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 13, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Sekhon JK, Oates J, Kneebone I, Rose M Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

The joint effects of bilingualism, DLD and item frequency on children's lexical-retrieval performance.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The findings suggest that the strength of linguistic representations contribute to the effects of bilingualism and DLD. Further, the presence of bilingualism in the context of DLD does not exaggerate the impact of DLD. Clinically, this suggests that differences between bi- and monolingual children with DLD must be considered in reference to the gap in lexical-retrieval performance observed between bi- and monolingual children with TLD. Finally, because monolingual children with DLD and bilingual children with TLD performed similarly, sensitive diagnostic tools and intervention programmes sho...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 10, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Degani T, Kreiser V, Novogrodsky R Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research