Alexia and agraphia in Spanish.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: In Spanish-speaking aphasia patients, difficulties in reading and writing are similar to oral language difficulties. This similarity of performance is mostly based on severity rather than the participants' patterns of errors. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject There is limited information about alexia and agraphia in Spanish. What this paper adds to existing knowledge An extensive study with a large sample of patients. What are the potential or actual clinical implications of this work? The study contributes to the clinical management of patients with reading and writi...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 31, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Gonzalez R, Rojas M, Ardila A Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Beyond the motor account of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: Verbal humour and its relationship with the cognitive and pragmatic profile.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The findings suggest that humour is a very vulnerable aspect in ALS, and that impairment in humour comprehension might be part of the larger cognitive impairment, being linked to pragmatic impairment. Clinical variables were also important, especially in relation to humour appreciation. More generally, these data speak in favour of pragmatics as a relevant aspect to sketch the cognitive phenotype of ALS. On the practical level, these findings point to the need of supporting communication at large, not only motor-related aspects such as dysarthria but also social-pragmatic aspects such as und...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 29, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bambini V, Bischetti L, Bonomi CG, Arcara G, Lecce S, Ceroni M Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Randomized controlled trial comparing Parent Led Therapist Supervised Articulation Therapy (PLAT) with routine intervention for children with speech disorders associated with cleft palate.
Abstract BACKGROUND: A total of 68% of pre-school children with cleft palate have speech problems requiring speech therapy. There is a lack of access to regular targeted therapy. Parent training leads to positive outcomes in early communication skills in cleft palate and non-cleft speech disorders. Connected health has been used to address inadequate access to therapy, providing intervention to those who would not otherwise receive therapy. AIMS: To evaluate the speech, activity and participation outcomes of Parent Led, Therapist Supervised, Articulation Therapy (PLAT) compared with routine speech therapy int...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 29, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Sweeney T, Hegarty F, Powell K, Deasy L, Regan MO, Sell D Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Progressive aphasia, apraxia of speech and agraphia in corticobasal degeneration: A 12-case series clinical and neuropsychological descriptive study.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: These findings suggest that aphasia in CBS might present as a 'mixed PPA', instead of an nfaPPA as previously stated, showing a combination of features of the nfa and logopenic variants of the PPA, associated with AoS, stuttering and agraphia, which might be additional important cognitive markers for the clinical diagnosis of CBS and discriminating features of an nfaPPA presentation of a CBD. These results might also suggest specific intervention areas in the rehabilitation of patients with CBS. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Language disorders in CBS patients usua...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 29, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Ruggeri M, Biagioli C, Ricci M, Gerace C, Blundo C Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Cognitive-communication difficulties following traumatic brain injury sustained in older adulthood: a scoping review.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This scoping review produced limited results and insufficient evidence to inform rehabilitation for older adults. Indeed, very little is known about cognitive-communication outcomes for older adults who sustain a TBI. This review highlights the need, in the context of an ageing population, for research within this area to be prioritized. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Empirical evidence to support the management of post-TBI cognitive-communication difficulties in adults predominantly stems from studies with young adults. However, the broader TBI literature suggests...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 24, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Shorland J, Douglas J, O'Halloran R Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Dysphagia and mealtime difficulties in dementia: Speech and language therapists' practices and perspectives.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The results provide valuable insight into the issues facing SLTs practising in this area. The SLTs surveyed considered dysphagia a core part of their role when supporting people with dementia; however, respondents' views on mealtime difficulties varied. This highlights the need to establish consensus guidelines on the SLT's role in order to avoid variations in service delivery that could negatively impact the health and well-being of people with dementia. Moreover, further research to develop efficient and effective training for care staff supporting mealtime difficulties and dysphagia is es...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 24, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Egan A, Andrews C, Lowit A Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Academic achievement and productivity losses associated with speech, language and communication needs.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Overall, the findings showed that SLCN are associated with increased indirect costs through reduced workforce participation. The evidence from this study can be used to inform policies on the societal costs of SLCN. What this paper adds What is already known on this subject Childhood SLCN impose significant burden on individuals, families and society. There are explicit costs related to increased health utilization and expenditure. Additionally, there may be indirect costs associated with a child's employment prospects in the long term because of the child's low literacy and numeracy, which ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 20, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Cronin P, Reeve R, McCabe P, Viney R, Goodall S Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Dysphagia following non-traumatic subarachnoid haemorrhage: A prospective pilot study.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Whilst dysphagia is a commonly reported complication of stroke, it has received relatively little attention in the literature for patients following non-traumatic subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH). AIMS: To investigate dysphagia incidence, risk factors, clinical progression and recovery in patients following non-traumatic SAH. METHODS & PROCEDURES: A prospective cohort study of 49 patients admitted to a tertiary neurosurgical referral unit with non-traumatic SAH over a 12-month period was conducted. Swallowing function was assessed by a speech-language pathologist within 72 h of med...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 12, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Dunn K, Rumbach A, Finch E Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

A pilot randomized controlled trial comparing online versus face-to-face delivery of an aphasia communication partner training program for student healthcare professionals.
CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The results from this pilot randomized controlled trial indicate that online delivery of the 45-min introductory CPT is equally as efficacious as F2F delivery, and thus may be a viable mode of delivery for future aphasia CPT programs. These pilot results pave the way for a larger study that will comprehensively evaluate the efficacy of an online aphasia CPT program for improving attitudes, knowledge and skills in a broad range of student healthcare professionals. What this paper adds What is already known on this subject The efficacy of F2F CPT for aphasia is well established. Online delivery ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 12, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Power E, Falkenberg K, Barnes S, Elbourn E, Attard M, Togher L Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Factors contributing to clinician training and development in the clinical area of laryngectomy and tracheoesophageal voice.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Participants across all experience levels identified that multiple factors contributed to clinicians successfully gaining skills, understanding and competency when working in TES rehabilitation post-laryngectomy. These factors, when fully considered and incorporated into future SLTs training pathways and opportunities, have the potential to optimize competency, skill acquisition and maintenance in this area. What this paper adds What is already known on this subject While studies have considered the training, preparation and knowledge base of SLTs working in the clinical area of TES, the foc...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 12, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hancock KL, Ward EC, Hill AE Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Maternal input to children with sex chromosome trisomies.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The awareness of a possible delay in their children's language development could influence the way the mothers speak to them. In particular, the functional features of maternal input could be affected. Support groups for parents of children with SCT at the preverbal stage could be useful to reassure the mothers about their role in their children's language development. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Studies in the literature identified a high percentage of language delays or impairments in children with SCT. To date, according to our knowledge, there are no studies...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 7, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Zampini L, Ferrante C, Silibello G, Dall'Ara F, Rigamonti C, Zanchi P, Vizziello PG, Lalatta F, Costantino MA Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Autistic adults' views of their communication skills and needs.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Considering the negative impact that communication difficulties can have for autistic adults, a need for support was emphasized. Despite recognition of this need within current legislation (in the UK) and positive steps toward providing support, more needs to be done. As experts in supporting individuals with communication difficulties, speech and language therapists could play a pivotal role in providing support at an individual level, as well as increasing awareness of communication differences more widely. What this paper adds What is already known on this subject There is a growing popul...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 2, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Cummins C, Pellicano E, Crane L Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

A survey of cognitive-communication difficulties following TBI: are families receiving the training and support they need?
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Families report high levels of unmet need for managing cognitive-communication difficulties following TBI. Access to written information and communication partner training should be available to families at various time points following TBI and not just in the early stages. What this paper adds What is already known on this subject Attempting to support a person who has cognitive-communication difficulties following TBI has been found to be highly burdensome for family members. However, few studies have asked how families perceive their needs in relation to cognitive-communication difficulti...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - July 2, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Grayson L, Brady MC, Togher L, Ali M Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Do caregivers' personality and emotional intelligence modify their perception of relationship and communication with people with aphasia?
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Caregivers' positive attitude towards PWA is beneficial for the rehabilitation of communicative functions. Personality traits and emotional intelligence could modify the caregiver's strategy of coping with aphasia-related challenges and should be taken into consideration when providing support. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Interpersonal communication must by definition involve at least two people. Therefore, there are a lot of approaches in SLT where support is given not only to the PWA but also to the communication partners. The most important group is significa...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - June 18, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Kroll A, Karakiewicz B Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Expectations and experiences of parents taking part in parent-child interaction programmes to promote child language: a qualitative interview study.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Parents respond very differently to parent-child interaction intervention for children with language difficulties, depending on their expectations and attitudes towards intervention. Thus, it is critical that these different perspectives are understood by practitioners before intervention commences to ensure successful engagement. What this paper adds What is already known on this subject Parent-child interaction interventions are widely used to promote child language development. Parents play a central role in the therapy process of such interventions, so to maximize effectiveness, parents ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - June 11, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Levickis P, McKean C, Wiles A, Law J Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Play and prosociality are associated with fewer externalizing problems in children with developmental language disorder: The role of early language and communication environment.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: A child's ELCE is potentially important not only for the development of language but also for social development. Furthermore, in the absence of adequate language ability, play and prosocial behaviours may allow children with DLD to deploy, practise and learn key social skills, thus protecting against externalizing problems. We suggest that consideration be given to play- and prosociality-based educational and therapeutic services for children with DLD. What this paper adds What is already known on this subject On the whole, children with DLD tend to have poorer mental health compared with t...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - June 4, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Toseeb U, Gibson JL, Newbury DF, Orlik W, Durkin K, Pickles A, Conti-Ramsden G Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Aerosol generating procedures, dysphagia assessment and COVID-19: A rapid review.
PMID: 32478950 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - June 1, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bolton L, Mills C, Wallace S, Brady MC, Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists (RCSLT) COVID-19 Advisory Group Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Children with language delay referred to Dutch speech and hearing centres: caseload characteristics.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This study revealed a bias in age of referral of young children with language disorders. The results implicate the need for objective language screening instruments and the need to increase the awareness of staff in primary child healthcare of red flags in language development of girls and multilingual children aiming at earlier identification of language disorders in these children. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Identifying language disorders before children enter school can foster the initiation of early interventions before these problems interfere with formal ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - May 27, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Wiefferink K, van Beugen C, Wegener Sleeswijk B, Gerrits E Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Perspectives of speech and language therapists in paediatric palliative care: an international exploratory study.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This study confirms that SLTs internationally have a role in the management of communication and swallowing impairments in a PPC context. However, whether current training and resources adequately support SLTs in this role remains questionable. This paper helps to provide SLTs, administrators, professional associations and tertiary institutions with foundational data to help inform workforce planning, advocacy efforts and training priorities. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject The published multidisciplinary literature has identified that SLTs have a role in PPC. Howev...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - May 25, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Krikheli L, Erickson S, Carey LB, Carey-Sargeant CL, Mathisen BA Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Impact of aphasia on communication in couples.
CONCLUSION & IMPLICATIONS: The results describe some of the consequences of aphasia on communication in couples. Clinicians could use interviews to understand the impact of aphasia on a couple's communication. This may help to design communication partner training (CPT) that better aligns with the particular needs of couples living with aphasia, acknowledging the importance of emotional dimensions of relationships. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject The general psychosocial impacts of aphasia on persons with aphasia and spouses are known. Their conversations have been described and used as a focu...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - May 13, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Croteau C, McMahon-Morin P, Le Dorze G, Baril G Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Collaboration between parents and SLTs produces optimal outcomes for children attending speech and language therapy: Gathering the evidence.
CONCLUSIONS: A preliminary programme theory of collaborative practice with parents was drafted using a realist approach. Potential contextual factors (C), mechanisms (M) and outcomes (O) were presented which could be configured into causal mechanisms to help explain what works for whom in what circumstances. CMO configurations were drafted, based on the relevant literature, which serve as exemplars to illustrate how this methodology could be used. In order to debate, test and expand our hypothesized programme theory for collaborative practice with parents, further testing against a broader literature is required alongside ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - May 8, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Klatte IS, Lyons R, Davies K, Harding S, Marshall J, McKean C, Roulstone S Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Predicting speech-sound disorder outcomes in school-age children with hearing loss: The VicCHILD experience.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This is the first study, in a sizeable cohort, to describe the prevalence and predictive factors for SSD associated with hearing loss. Clinically, it could be beneficial to implement earlier targeted phonological interventions for children with hearing loss. What this paper adds What is already known on this subject Speech issues are common in children with hearing loss; however, the breakdown of subtypes of SSD (e.g., articulation versus phonological disorder) have not been previously described in a population cohort. This distinction is relevant, as each subtype calls for specific targeted...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - May 6, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: St John M, Columbus G, Brignell A, Carew P, Skeat J, Reilly S, Morgan AT Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Understanding event-related potentials (ERPs) in clinical and basic language and communication disorders research: a tutorial.
CONCLUSIONS: ERPs offer insights into neural processes supporting communication and can both complement behaviour and provide information that behavioural measures cannot. We encourage readers to evaluate articles using ERPs critically, effectively pushing the field forward through increased understanding and rigor. What this paper adds ERPs have become more prevalent in research relevant to communication sciences and disorders. In order for clinicians to review and evaluate this research, an understanding of ERPs is needed. This review adds to the field by providing an accessible description of what ERPs are, a descriptio...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - April 29, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: McWeeny S, Norton ES Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Prognostication in post-stroke aphasia: How do speech pathologists formulate and deliver information about recovery?
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: There is variation in the way speech pathologists respond to questions about aphasia prognosis, and it is unknown how these conversations affect people with aphasia and their significant others. Further research to understand speech pathologists' clinical reasoning and professional support needs, and the perspectives of people living with aphasia, may help to develop an evidence-based approach to prognostication in aphasia. What this paper adds What is already known on this subject Questions about aphasia prognosis are difficult to answer. Current methods for predicting aphasia recovery are ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - April 29, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Cheng BBY, Worrall LE, Copland DA, Wallace SJ Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Speech and language therapy for adolescents in youth justice: A series of empirical single-case studies.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This study provides further evidence of the efficacy of one-to-one SLT intervention for adolescents in youth justice in order to address language and literacy difficulties. These findings inform future SLT service provision for adolescents in these settings, with clear policy and practice implications. Future research should investigate the wider benefits to individuals' engagement in youth justice intervention and recidivism, as well as assessing maintenance of gains over a longer period. What this paper adds What is already known on this subject The high rates of DLD in youth justice is we...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - March 20, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Swain NR, Eadie PA, Snow PC Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

An optimal environment for placement learning: listening to the voices of speech and language therapy students.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This study supports quality assurance within the practice education of student SLTs and highlights aspects of an optimal learning environment that practice educators can strive to develop. In parallel, this study points to the need for improved supports from university personnel and placement site managers, and an increased need for student preparedness and self-reflection. Implications for continuing professional development specific to the role of a practice educator is described, in addition to the recommendation of an expanded perspective of supervision within SLT. What this paper adds W...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - March 18, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Quigley D, Loftus L, McGuire A, O'Grady K Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Clinical reasoning and hypothesis generation in expert clinical swallowing examinations.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Variability in reported dysphagia practice is likely the result of a patient-centred assessment process characterized by iterative cycles of fact-gathering in order to generate and test clinical hypotheses. This has implications for the development of novel assessment tools, as well as professional development and education of novice SLTs. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject CSE practices are reportedly variable, which has led to calls for more stringent, standardized assessment tools. Emerging evidence suggests that this variation is non-random, but may arise from clin...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - March 17, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: McAllister S, Tedesco H, Kruger S, Ward EC, Marsh C, Doeltgen SH Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Pragmatic aspects of verbal communication in elderly people: A study of Polish seniors.
CONCLUSION & IMPLICATIONS: The relationship between age and pragmatic aspects of verbal communication skills is complex. The results indicate that treating seniors as a homogenous group in terms of pragmatic aspects of verbal communication functioning is incorrect. Age differentially affects the various aspects of communication functions. The level of cognitive functioning mediates the relationship between age and pragmatic aspects of verbal communication skills. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject? Behavioural and neuropsychological studies on elderly populations concentrate on many aspects of mn...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - March 17, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Daniluk B, Borkowska AR Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

The effects of choral singing on communication impairments in acquired brain injury: A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Currently, there is only one study providing support for using group singing to improve speech and voice skills in people with Parkinson's disease, and no studies of adequate quality indicating positive effects on language and functional communication abilities in ABI. Further research using more rigorous experimental designs is required to determine whether group singing can influence communication skills in ABI. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Music activates widespread, bilateral cortical and subcortical brain regions. Group singing is increasingly understood to ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 25, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Monroe P, Halaki M, Kumfor F, Ballard KJ Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

UK speech and language therapists' views and reported practices of discourse analysis in aphasia rehabilitation.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Clinicians were highly engaged and relatively active in at least some aspects of discourse analysis practice. Interventions that target individual clinicians as well as organizations and systems are needed to improve the uptake of discourse analysis in practice. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject? Discourse in aphasia rehabilitation is a priority in clinical practice and research. However, the majority of clinicians infrequently collect and analyse discourse. Research in Australia and the United States indicated that lack of time, assessment resources and relevant know...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 24, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Cruice M, Botting N, Marshall J, Boyle M, Hersh D, Pritchard M, Dipper L Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Effects of speech cues in French-speaking children with dysarthria.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Speech cues targeting greater articulatory excursion and vocal intensity yield significant acoustic changes in French-speaking children with dysarthria. However, the changes may only aid listeners' ease of understanding at word level. The significant findings and great inter-speaker variability are generally consistent with studies on English-speaking children with dysarthria, although changes appear more constrained in these French-speaking children. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject According to the only study comparing effects of speech-cueing strategies on English...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 20, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Levy ES, Moya-Galé G, Chang YM, Campanelli L, MacLeod AAN, Escorial S, Maillart C Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Production of noun suffixes by Turkish-speaking children with developmental language disorder and their typically developing peers.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: These results suggest that even when a language appears to provide significant advantages for the learning of noun morphology, children with DLD do not succeed in closing the gap. Certain factors such as morphophonological changes beyond vowel harmony, multiple allomorphs for the same suffix type and accusative suffixes that are not uniformly applied in the adult input were found to be significant predictors of the DLD group's difficulty with noun suffixes. Because these same factors can serve as characteristics of other languages, a child's difficulties might seem to be language specific (e...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 20, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Güven S, Leonard LB Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Assessing speech at three years of age in the cleft palate population: a scoping review of assessment practices.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Whilst a medical model and linguistic approaches are often central in assessments of age-3 cleft speech, this review highlights the importance of developmental and functional approaches to assessment. Cross-linguistic single-word assessments show potential, and would facilitate the comparison of UK speech outcomes with other countries. Further research should explore the impact of different speech samples and rating scales on assessment validity and listener reliability. PMID: 32077212 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 20, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Fitzpatrick B, Coad J, Sell D, Rihtman T Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Do caregiver proxy reports and congruence of client-proxy activity participation goals relate to quality of life in people with aphasia?
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: PWA have a variety of activity participation goals that can be integrated into intervention plans. Dependence on proxy respondents should be reduced as much as possible to support self-determination for PWA. What this paper adds What is already known on the subject Achieving activity participation goals is a key factor in QOL for PWA, but communicating about participation goals can be difficult for many of them. Because proxy reports by caregivers may not accurately reflect the interests and participation goals of PWA, this study examined how both PWA and their caregivers responded to an aph...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 13, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Nicholas M, Jennelle L, Connor LT, Haynes C, Zipse L Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

The development and validation of the Short Language Measure (SLaM): A brief measure of general language ability for children in their first year at school.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The results indicated that SLaM has excellent psychometric properties. It can be used to identify children who need further evaluation by a speech-language pathologist. What this paper adds What is already known on this subject Prior research suggests that combining a direction-following and a sentence-recall task has sufficient discrimination accuracy and agreement with an omnibus language measure. Trialling a large set of direction-following and sentence-recall test items to select those with the highest individual characteristics could result in an effective short-language measure. What t...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 11, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Matov J, Mensah F, Cook F, Reilly S, Dowell R Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

A framework to support the development of quality simulation-based learning programmes in speech-language pathology.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The framework can be applied to simulation-based learning for university programmes and/or workplace training in speech-language pathology and across several other health disciplines. PMID: 32020763 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 4, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hewat S, Penman A, Davidson B, Baldac S, Howells S, Walters J, Purcell A, Cardell E, McCabe P, Caird E, Ward E, Hill AE Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Giving voice: an oral history of speech and language therapy.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: This paper offers a unique insight into the challenges and achievements participants experienced over their careers as early practitioners in the UK profession. PMID: 31994274 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - January 29, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Stansfield J Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Language, literacy and cognitive skills of young adults with developmental language disorder (DLD).
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: These preliminary data suggest that at least some individuals with DLD experience marked linguistic difficulties in adulthood, and that the pathways of language, literacy and cognition are not entirely parallel for this group. Continued support and awareness of challenges for young adults with DLD may be useful. PMID: 31994284 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - January 29, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Botting N Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Language ability and adult homelessness.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Adults with histories of homelessness may have worse language skills than would be expected based on their educational backgrounds and non-verbal cognitive abilities. It is possible that some of this lower language ability is pathological, in the form of either a developmental language disorder or an acquired impairment. As such, some adults who are homeless may benefit from therapy directed at clinical language disorders. PMID: 31925870 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - January 11, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Pluck G, Barajas BM, Hernandez-Rodriguez JL, Martínez MA Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Young children's narrative retell in response to static and animated stories.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Typically developing children demonstrated higher quantity and quality of language within a story retell in response to an animated video than after viewing images from the video presented in a static picture book. Although the extent to which these findings may be similar for children with language disorder has yet to be determined, researchers or clinicians should consider the effect of elicitation procedures on children's retells. PMID: 31925888 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - January 11, 2020 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Diehm EA, Wood C, Puhlman J, Callendar M Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Investigating the effectiveness of idiom intervention for 9-16-year-olds with developmental language disorder.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Both one-to-one SLT and classroom-based intervention are effective (although one-to-one is more effective) for teaching and maintaining idiom skills, particularly explanation and use. This means that SLTs and English teachers can help children to develop idiom skills which may enable better access to the curriculum and popular media. PMID: 31867833 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - December 22, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Benjamin L, Newton C, Ebbels S Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

International students in professional placements: supervision strategies for positive learning experiences.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: These strategies support international students to manage acculturative adjustments for the cultural and learning requirements of placements that may facilitate their successful participation, and provide structure to reduce their cognitive load. However, strategies to develop communication skills for practice were less feasible. Through fostering positive placement experiences, these strategies may also facilitate opportunities for educators and international students to share intercultural skills and knowledge that may be transferable to practice. PMID: 31802600 [PubMed - as supplied ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - December 4, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Attrill S, Lincoln M, McAllister S Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

The role of linguistic and cognitive factors in emotion recognition difficulties in children with ASD, ADHD or DLD.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Children with ASD, ADHD or DLD showed very similar emotion recognition skills and were also found to be significantly delayed in their development of these skills. Some predictive factors related to linguistic and cognitive skills were found for these difficulties. Information about impaired emotion recognition and underlying linguistic and cognitive skills helps to select intervention procedures. Without this information, therapy might unnecessarily focus on only symptoms. PMID: 31797474 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - December 3, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Löytömäki J, Ohtonen P, Laakso ML, Huttunen K Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

The emerging contribution of speech and language therapists in awake craniotomy: a national survey of their roles, practices and perceptions.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The evidence suggests areas of consistent practice patterns in preoperative preparation and intraoperative assessment. However, considerable variability exists within language testing and mapping that would benefit from validation. These speech and language therapists support improved outcomes of awake craniotomy by real-time intraoperative speech, language, oromotor and cognitive assessment, rapid detection of clinical deterioration and immediate communication to surgeons. Further research exploring intraoperative language testing, consistent use of language mapping terminology, and selecti...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - November 28, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: O'Neill M, Henderson M, Duffy OM, Kernohan WG Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Longitudinal study of the development of obstruent correctness from ages 3 to 5 years in 108 Danish children with unilateral cleft lip and palate: a sub-study within a multicentre randomized controlled trial.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Although PCC-obs developed significantly from ages 3 to 5, children with UCLP as a group did not catch up to typically developing Danish children at age 5. Furthermore, the LHPC group at age 5 did not reach the 3-year level of the EHPC group, which means that delaying hard palate closure until age 3 is detrimental to obstruent development. Both CSCs and DSCs at age 3 were important predictors of PCC-obs at age 5 and should be considered when determining need for intervention. PMID: 31710176 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - November 11, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Jørgensen LD, Willadsen E Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Semantic fluency difficulties in developmental dyslexia and developmental language disorder (DLD): poor semantic structure of the lexicon or slower retrieval processes?
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: We conclude that poorer semantic fluency performance in children with DDLD results not from a lexicon with poor semantic structure, but rather from slower retrieval processes from a lexicon with intact semantic structure. The underlying causes of slow lexical retrieval still need further investigation. PMID: 31697020 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - November 7, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Mengisidou M, Marshall CR, Stavrakaki S Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Book talk and aphasia: the power of a book.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The PWA experienced the activity as positive and encouraging despite their language difficulties. What yielded the positive experience were the joint literary discussions. The project also showed that a dedicated group leader (here the librarian) and a flexible structure based on the situation and abilities of each individual were crucial for the encouraging findings. PMID: 31697032 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders)
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - November 7, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Henriksson I, Laakso K Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Question-response-evaluation sequences in the home interactions of a bilingual child with autism spectrum disorder.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: QRE sequences appeared to strike a balance in terms of the level of constraint they placed on the child's contributions to interactions, and the affordances they provide for participating in and progressing through interactions. This study can help clinicians understand the types of interactions that can be pursued with QRE sequences in their work with children with ASD. The findings may also aid intervention researchers' efforts to leverage caregivers' existing strengths for adapting their interactional overtures to maximize children's engagement. Finally, this study provides an illustratio...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - November 6, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Bottema-Beutel K, Oliveira G, Cohen SR, Miguel J Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Women's perspective on life after total laryngectomy: a qualitative study.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: Women who undergo total laryngectomy are likely to experience issues in returning to work, the performance of informal care-work, the spousal relationship, intimacy and social interaction due to stigmatization. Medical pretreatment counselling and multidisciplinary rehabilitation programmes should help patients form realistic expectations and prepare them for the changes they will face. A gender- and age-matched laryngectomized patient visitor can contribute to this process. Rehabilitation programmes should incorporate the partner and offer psychosocial support for women following total lary...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - November 1, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: van Sluis KE, Kornman AF, van der Molen L, van den Brekel MWM, Yaron G Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Speech and language therapists' reflections on developing and maintaining confidence in tracheoesophageal speech rehabilitation.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The findings highlight the fact that the acquisition and maintenance of confidence is an ongoing consideration for SLTs, both those starting out and those with years of clinical experience. With patient presentation increasing in complexity, the importance of understanding contributing factors for gaining and maintaining confidence should be considered alongside postgraduate training and the provision of ongoing support for SLTs working in this specialized clinical area, regardless of experience level. PMID: 31612612 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of ...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - October 14, 2019 Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Hancock KL, Ward EC, Hill AE Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research