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National survey on managing minor childhood traumatic head injuries in The Netherlands shows low guideline adherence and large inter-hospital variations - Niele N, Willemars L, van Houten M, Pl ötz FB.
More than 12,000 children are seen in Dutch emergency departments with a mild traumatic head injury (MTHI) every year. In The Netherlands, the paediatric MTHI guidelines are primarily based on the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network study (1)... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Paediatric mild head injury: is routine admission to a tertiary trauma hospital necessary? - Tallapragada K, Peddada RS, Dexter M.
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that children with isolated linear skull fractures have excellent clinical outcomes and low risk of surgery. We wish to identify other injury patterns within the spectrum of paediatric mild head injury, which need on... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Risk of post-traumatic epilepsy after severe head injury in patients with at least one seizure - Chen W, Li MD, Wang GF, Yang XF, Liu L, Meng FG.
BACKGROUND: To explore the incidence and risk factors, including type of seizures for post-traumatic epilepsy (PTE) after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective follow-up study of patients discharged fro... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

A case of transoral penetrating head injury from a crossbow-fired arrow - Nakamura N, Fujita Y, Nakamizo S, Sakagami Y, Okazaki K, Kida K.
Penetrating head injuries are extremely rare in Japan. The authors describe a case involving a penetrating head injury from an arrow fired from a crossbow. A 52-year-old man who had shot himself transorally in a suicide attempt was admitted to the authors'... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 22, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: TBI Source Type: news

Neuroimaging of sports concussions - Odle TG.
Concussions resulting from sports activities have received attention in recent years, and failure to prevent head injury has undergone scrutiny. Although many factors contribute to sports concussion incidence, determining when an athlete can return to play... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 19, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Memory decline after head injury may be prevented by slowing brain cell growth
(Rutgers University) Rutgers scientists say a new study indicates that the excessive burst of new brain cells after a traumatic head injury that researchers have traditionally believed helped in recovery could instead lead to epileptic seizures and long-term cognitive decline. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - September 15, 2017 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Pediatric head injury-an opportunity to make a difference in the global burden of disease - Figaji AA.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 9, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Estimation of injury by falls for risk assessment of robotic care devices - Matsumoto K, Fujikawa T, Asano Y.
In order for manufacturers of robotic devices for nursing care to predict injury in accidents related to their products, risk assessments are carried out according to various standards e.g. ISO 12100. Probabilities of death, bone fracture and head injury a... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Head injuries in young children: the forgotten pandemic (Safety-2016 abstract #258) - As ABV, Schulman D, Mtambeka P, Mavengere C, Numanoglu A.
BACKGROUND Head injuries represent the most common and most serious injury occurring in childhood. We analysed the profile of childhood head injury patients treated in a Paediatric Trauma Unit over a 25 years period. METHODS A retrospective record-ba... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - September 4, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Unintentional head injury in children less than 3 years of age: an insight into safety practices in a developing country - Waqas M, Jooma R.
Being dependent on caretakers for their safety, children under the age of 3 years are particularly vulnerable to unintentional injury. To identify the circumstances and consequences of head injury in this age group and to assess preventability in a setting... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 31, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Our Relationship With the Brain: It ’s Complicated
PHOENIX — A fall off a bike had a devastating impact on the life of one man, but it revealed much about how the brain works. In his closing keynote presentation at AMDA – the Society for Post-Acute and Long-Term Care Medicine’s Annual Conference, researcher Marc Milstein, PhD, told the story of “H.M .,” who had daily seizures and was severely impaired as a result of a head injury. Physicians removed a critical part of his brain — the hippocampus. H.M.’s seizures diminished considerably after the surgery; however, he couldn’t form new memories. (Source: Caring for the Ages)
Source: Caring for the Ages - August 30, 2017 Category: Health Management Authors: Joanne Kaldy Source Type: news

The effect of helmet materials and simulated bone and tissue layers on bullet behaviour in a gelatine model of overmatch penetrating head injury - Mahoney PF, Carr DJ, Miller D, Teagle M.
The aim of this work was to simulate an overmatch ballistic event against a head wearing a helmet. The experiments were designed to understand how layers of bone (or synthetic bone), synthetic skin and currently used helmet materials influence the behaviou... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 21, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Study Tests Sound Waves to Monitor Pressure Inside the Skull
TUESDAY, Aug. 8, 2017 -- A noninvasive method of monitoring pressure inside the skull -- using sound waves -- shows promise, researchers report. Brain disease or a head injury can cause brain tissue to swell, as well as an increase in the volume of... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - August 8, 2017 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Baseline vestibular and auditory findings in a trial of post-concussive syndrome - Meehan A, Searing E, Weaver LK, Lewandowski A.
This study uses a comprehensive battery of assessments to characterize auditory and vestibular function in 71 U.S. military service mem... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - August 7, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Prediction of clinically important traumatic brain injury in pediatric minor head trauma: proposing Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury (PTBI) Prognostic Rule - Nakhjavan-Shahraki B, Yousefifard M, Oraii A, Sarveazad A, Hajighanbari MJ, Safari S, Baratloo A, Tafakhori A, Hosseini M.
BACKGROUND: The present study assesses independent predictors of clinically important traumatic brain injury (ciTBI) in order to design a prognostic rule for identification of high risk children with mild head injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a re... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 31, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Comparison between FOUR score and GCS in assessing patients with traumatic head injury: a tertiary centre study - Nair SS, Surendran A, Prabhakar RB, Chisthi MM.
BACKGROUND:  Head injuries are a major cause of mortality and morbidity across the world. Effective initial assessment and early intervention is of importance in patients with traumatic brain injury, so as to ensure the maximum favorable outcome. Glasgow C... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 27, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Critical evaluation of the Lund concept for treatment of severe traumatic head injury, 25  years after its introduction - Grände PO.
When introduced in 1992, the Lund concept (LC) was the first complete guideline for treatment of severe traumatic brain injury (s-TBI). It was a theoretical approach, based mainly on general physiological principles-i.e., of brain volume control and optimi... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 24, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Blood Biomarkers Reveal Repetitive Head Injury in MMA Fighters Blood Biomarkers Reveal Repetitive Head Injury in MMA Fighters
Concentrations of neurofilament light chain and tau in blood are elevated in professional mixed martial arts fighters who are exposed to repetitive head trauma, new research shows.Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - July 18, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

PTSD After Head Injury May Signal Brain Changes
Study found area linked to emotions was larger in soldiers who had both conditions (Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry)
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Psychiatry - July 13, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Family Medicine, Neurology, Psychiatry, Emergency Medicine, News, Source Type: news

PTSD After Head Injury May Signal Brain Changes
THURSDAY, July 13, 2017 -- Scientists report they have discovered biological differences in the brains of head injury patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Specifically, the area of the brain that controls emotion -- the amygdala --... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - July 13, 2017 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

The relationship between early childhood head injury and later life criminal behaviour: a longitudinal cohort study - Jackson TL, Braun JM, Mello M, Triche EW, Buka SL.
This study examined the relationship between head injury in young childhood and subsequent criminal behaviour. METHODS: Data were ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 8, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Outcome of head injury in the elderly - Prasad GL.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 7, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

A video analysis of head injuries satisfying the criteria for a head injury assessment in professional Rugby Union: a prospective cohort study - Tucker R, Raftery M, Fuller GW, Hester B, Kemp S, Cross MJ.
OBJECTIVES: Concussion is the most common match injury in professional Rugby Union, accounting for 25% of match injuries. The primary prevention of head injuries requires that the injury mechanism be known so that interventions can be targeted to specifica... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 7, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Severe head injury may raise dementia risk years later
A severe head injury, especially during middle age, could dramatically boost the risk for developing dementia later in life, new research from Finland suggests. (Source: Health News - UPI.com)
Source: Health News - UPI.com - July 6, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Sodium Bicarbonate as a Tool for Managing Head Trauma
Your aeromedical EMS crew is dispatched to Mexico for a head injury patient who's an American citizen being repatriated back home. The patient is a 47-year-old male who was found unresponsive on the side of the road in Mexico the previous day and was diagnosed with a subarachnoid hemorrhage. It's unclear what happened, but the patient may have fallen or been hit by a car. There are no signs of external trauma noted. He was brought to the local clinic where surgery was performed for a subarachnoid hemorrhage. On arrival, the crew finds an intubated male with a Glasgow coma scale (GCS) of 3 with pupils of 4 mm and n...
Source: JEMS Patient Care - July 5, 2017 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Jazmine Valencia, NNP-BC, RN, CCRN Tags: Trauma Patient Care Columns Source Type: news

Severe Head Injury May Raise Dementia Risk Years Later
Threat even higher when injury occurs in middle age, study reveals Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Dementia, Traumatic Brain Injury (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - July 5, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Severe Head Injury May Raise Dementia Risk Years Later
WEDNESDAY, July 5, 2017 -- A severe head injury, especially during middle age, could dramatically boost the risk for developing dementia later in life, new research from Finland suggests. The investigation tracked dementia risk among people who had... (Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews)
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - July 5, 2017 Category: General Medicine Source Type: news

Concussion Can Spur Short-Term Change in Women's Periods
Odds of abnormal menstrual bleeding jump 6 times after serious head injury, study says Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Concussion, Menstruation, Teen Health (Source: MedlinePlus Health News)
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - July 3, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Pittsburgh study claims concussions affect women's periods
A study by the University of Pittsburgh warns a head injury could cause hormonal imbalance that affects menstruation. More girls than boys suffer concussions in the US, data show. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - July 3, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Mild head injuries in the elderly - Thaler HW, Jung-Schmidsfeld J, Pienaar S.
In the elderly, particularly those over 80  years old, head injuries often occur as a result of falls. The majority suffer from mild head injury. After clarification of the initial symptoms in these patients, the main aim is to recognize or exclude intracr... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 1, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Infants with head injuries-do all need hospital admission? - Rai B, McCartan F, Kaninde A, Sharif F.
BACKGROUND: Head injury in a young infant is a common presentation in paediatric emergency departments and clinicians often admit these young infants (less than 12  months of age) for further neuro-observation due to lack of strong evidence base and standa... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - July 1, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Studies shed light on teen mental health after concussions
Two new studies look at depression in young athletes in the months and years after head injury (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - June 30, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Your NEJM Group Today: Firecracker Eye Injury / Predictors of Outcome in Mild Head Injury / Texas Onc-Hem Division Chief Opportunity (FREE)
By the Editors Here's today's offering from NEJM Group:NEJM Clinical Practice Center: Image in Clinical Medicine: A 44-year-old man presented with pain and decreased vision in … (Source: Physician's First Watch current issue)
Source: Physician's First Watch current issue - June 29, 2017 Category: Primary Care Source Type: news

Exploring the mechanisms of vehicle front-end shape on pedestrian head injuries caused by ground impact - Yin S, Li J, Xu J.
In pedestrian-vehicle accidents, pedestrians typically suffer from secondary impact with the ground after the primary contact with vehicles. However, information about the fundamental mechanism of pedestrian head injury from ground impact remains minimal, ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 29, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Risk factors for head injury events in professional rugby union: a video analysis of 464 head injury events to inform proposed injury prevention strategies - Tucker R, Raftery M, Kemp S, Brown J, Fuller G, Hester B, Cross M, Quarrie K.
This study analysed tackle characteristics in the professional game i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 28, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Recreational and Sports Issues Source Type: news

Retinal haemorrhages in a university hospital: not always abusive head injury - Mattheij M, Venstermans C, Veuster I, Vanderstraete I, Menovsky T, Jorens P, Ceulemans B.
Retinal haemorrhages (RH) and subdural haematomas (SDH) are frequently seen in abusive head trauma (AHT). The aim of our study is to show that they are suggestive, but not pathognomonic for AHT. We performed an observational retrospective study on children... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 26, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Severe head injury in very old patients: to treat or not to treat? Results of an online questionnaire for neurosurgeons - Unterhofer C, Hartmann S, Freyschlag CF, Thom é C, Ortler M.
Due to the aging population, neurosurgeons are confronted with an increasing number of very old patients suffering from traumatic brain injury. Many of these patients present with an acute subdural hematoma. There is a lack of data on neurosurgical decisio... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 24, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Delayed brainstem hemorrhage secondary to mild traumatic head injury: report of a case with good recovery - Hou K, Zhao J, Gao X, Zhu X, Li G.
[Abstract unavailable] Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 24, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

UCLA neuroscientist offers game plan to better understand sports concussions
Hospital emergency rooms treat more than 170,000 children each year for sports-related traumatic brain injuries, including concussions, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.What do parents and coaches need to know about sports concussions in order to protect their kids and players?  A commentary byDr. Christopher Giza, director of the  UCLA Steve Tisch BrainSPORT program, about sports, concussions and neuroscience appears in the June 21 online edition of  Neuron. Here, Giza, a national leader in concussion research, offers a game plan for where concussion research is headed:Todd C...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - June 21, 2017 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Ability of parents to remember advice on head injury -
Parents are unsure when to return to emergency departments (EDs) after their child has been evaluated for head injury. Language: en... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 18, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

BrainScope touts data from trial of BrainScope One EEG-based brain index
BrainScope today touted results from a study of its EEG-based Brain Function Index, part of its BrainScope One device, which demonstrated a “significant relationship” between BFI readings and the severity of functional impairment in mild head injuries. The study was published in the Journal of Neurotrama this month, the Bethesda, Md.-based company said. The company’s BrainScope One is an FDA-cleared device designed for assessing mildly presenting adult head injuries across the full spectrum of injuries for up to 3 days following the injury, the company said. The system is designed to help clinicians ...
Source: Mass Device - June 14, 2017 Category: Medical Devices Authors: Fink Densford Tags: Clinical Trials Neurological BrainScope Company Inc. Source Type: news

A brain electrical activity (EEG) based biomarker of functional impairment in traumatic head injury: a multisite validation trial - Hanley D, Prichep LS, Badjatia N, Bazarian J, Chiacchierini RP, Curley KC, Garrett JS, Jones EB, Naunheim R, O'Neil BJ, O'Neill J, David W, Huff JS.
The potential clinical utility of a novel quantitative EEG-based Brain Function Index (BFI) as a measure of the presence and severity of functional brain injury was studied as part of an independent prospective validation trial. The BFI was derived using E... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Head injury in asylum seekers and refugees referred with psychological trauma - Doherty SM, Craig R, Gardani M, McMillan TM.
OBJECTIVE: Individuals who seek asylum are frequently fleeing violent persecution and may experience head injury (HI). However, little is known about the prevalence of HI in asylum seekers and refugees (ASR) despite the potential for HI to significantly af... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 14, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Bump on the head: When is it a serious head injury?
(Source: MayoClinic.com - Ask a Specialist)
Source: MayoClinic.com - Ask a Specialist - June 13, 2017 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Penetrating head injury by a nail gun: case report, review of the literature, and management considerations - Awori J, Wilkinson DA, Gemmete JJ, Thompson BG, Chaudhary N, Pandey AS.
Our objective is to discuss penetrating head injuries (PHIs) which, although rare, lead to considerable morbidity and mortality. One of the most significant culprits of PHI is the nail gun, which was introduced in 1959 and has gained substantial popularity... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Head protection with cyclist helmet in impact against vehicle A-pillar - Mizuno K, Ito D, Oida K, Kobayashi G, Han Y.
In vehicle-cyclist collisions, the head of cyclists impacts frequently against the windshield and the A-pillar of the vehicle. Accident analyses show that the head injury risk is high in impacts with stiff A-pillars. In this research, the head protection w... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 10, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Engineering, Physics, Structural Soundness and Failure Source Type: news

Occult head injury in children less than 2 years with suspected child abuse in the emergency department - Shaikh H, Wrotniak BH, Mazur PM.
This study aims to determine the frequency of clinically significant findings requiring emergent neurosurgical intervention on computed tomography (CT) in neurologically intact children admitted to the hospital with suspected abuse. METH... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 3, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Infants and Children Source Type: news

Heads up football training decreases concussion rates in high school football players - Tokish JM, Shanley E, Kissenberth MJ, Brooks J, Nance D, Gilliland RG, Thorpe J.
OBJECTIVES:Concern over participation in American football has grown over the past decade in part due to the risk of head injury. In response, the National Football League (NFL) teamed up with USA football to develop an educational training program, the he... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 2, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Can infrascanner be useful in hospital emergency departments for diagnosing minor head injury in children? - Lewartowska-Nyga D, Nyga K, Skotnicka-Klonowicz G.
AIM: The aim of the study was to determine whether Infrascanner screening is a test which would facilitate excluding acute intracranial bleeding in children after minor head injury and thus make it possible to limit indications for computed tomography in t... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - June 1, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Are men with a history of head injury less responsive to cognitive behavioral therapy for intimate partner violence? - A Akerele F, M Murphy C, R Williams M.
This study investigates responsivenessto cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for partnerviolent men with and without a history of head injury using archival data on 310 males s... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - May 24, 2017 Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news