Birth Control & Cancer: Which Methods Raise, Lower Risk
By Kelli MillerIf you're a woman of childbearing years who wants to delay pregnancy, you might have heard that some birth control methods are linked to cancer. Spend a minute online and you'll probably find more than a handful of contradicting reports saying some types cause cancer, while others fend it off. How do you know what to believe?"This is a perplexing issue for many women," says Mia Gaudet, Strategic Director of Breast and Gynecologic Cancer Research at the American Cancer Society. For example, "there is consistent evidence that oral contraceptives (birth control pills) increase a woman's risk of breast and cervical cancer but decrease the risk of endometrial and ovarian cancer."Here is a quick look at some popular birth control options and what we know today about their links to common cancers.Increased Risk: Breast CancerIf you take or have taken birth control pills in the recent past, you are slightly more likely to develop breast cancer than women who've never used them. Researchers aren't sure if the link is due to the estrogen or progesterone. Some research hints it might be caused by high-dose estrogen, but women in studies who took the progesterone-only shot Depo-Provera have also been found to have higher rates of breast cancer."It is just not really clear," says Gaudet. "But interestingly, the increased risk goes away after you've been off the oral contraceptive for 10 or more years."Things that might lower your risk...
Publication date: Available online 17 March 2019Source: Gynecologic Oncology ReportsAuthor(s): Roberta Villa, Jacopo Azzollini, Bernard Peissel, Siranoush ManoukianAbstractBackgroundMayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser syndrome (MRKHS) is a congenital disorder of yet unknown etiology, characterized by agenesis/hypoplasia of the müllerian duct system. The occurrence of ovarian cancer (OC) in MRKHS is rare, with
Chemotherapy overdose may be avoided in obese patients with breast cancer using a tailored dosing strategy.Annals of Oncology
What are the keys to effectively treating pregnant women with acute migraine while considering the safety of medications in this population?Headache
Most electronic vapor products contain nicotine and other toxicants and aren't safe for use during pregnancy; but this report indicates that many pregnant women are unaware of the risks.Morbidity &Mortality Weekly Report
Background: HIV-exposed-uninfected (HEU) infants have increased infectious morbidity and mortality; little is known about their levels of inflammation and monocyte activation. Methods: Plasma samples obtained at birth and 6 months from 86 HEU mother–infant pairs enrolled in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development cohorts in Brazil were compared with 88 HIV-unexposed mother–infant pairs. HIV-infected mothers received antiretroviral therapy during pregnancy, their infants received zidovudine prophylaxis and were not breastfed. IL-6, soluble TNFα receptor I (sTNF-RI) and II, soluble...
Conclusion: These novel data suggest that unplanned pregnancy may be a prevalent and persistent predictor of poor ART outcomes among women initiating ART during pregnancy.
CONCLUSIONS Mukonal inhibited the growth of human CNE1 nasopharyngeal carcinoma cells in vitro. PMID: 30877718 [PubMed - in process]
Publication date: Available online 16 March 2019Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Ya-Fu Cheng, Bing-Yen Wang, Hui-Shan Chen
It felt like Sarah Hanan's life had "come to a screeching halt", but it was only the start of her journey.
Publication date: Available online 16 March 2019Source: Journal of Microbiological MethodsAuthor(s): Himadri Tanaya Behera, Anjani Kumar Upadhyay, Vishakha Raina, Lopamudra RayAbstractOptimization of media composition for microbial growth is crucial particularly in industrial processes to obtain the desired end product. The waste from sea food industries includes the non-edible parts of shrimp, crabs and prawns which are rich in chitin as the major cause of pollution in coastal areas. Chitin degradation is carried out chemically. It can be degraded biologically also, particularly using microorganisms resulting in chitoolig...
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