WATCH: This Is What Adderall Does To Your Brain

It's a little pill that can make you hyper-focused, suppress your appetite, and improve your mood and energy levels. Sound familiar? Adderall is used by over 25 million people worldwide to treat ailments including ADHD, narcolepsy and depression -- and increasingly, the pills are being taken without a prescription to boost performance at school or work. So what happens in your brain when you pop one? A new video from the American Chemical Society's series, Reactions, has some answers. In short: It's all about the dopamine. "People with ADHD tend to have lower levels of dopamine, the key chemical in the brain's reward center," neuroscientist Dr. Ryan Davison says in the video. "This lack of dopamine means that people are constantly seeking stimulation." By stimulating the release of dopamine, amphetamines like Adderall keeps the brain from getting distracted by potential rewards in the environment -- from email alerts to nearby conversations to incoming text messages. And here's a fun fact: Add four little atoms on the end of an amphetamine and you have a much more dangerous substance, methamphetamine (also known as meth). Yikes! -- This feed and its contents are the property of The Huffington Post, and use is subject to our terms. It may be used for personal consumption, but may not be distributed on a website.
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news

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_______ The all-too-understandable urge to buy a better brain (Vox): “… unfortunately, Bradley Cooper is partly to blame for the boom of the edible brain-improvement industry. In 2011, he starred in Limitless, a movie about a man who takes a special pill and becomes smarter and more capable than anyone else on Earth. I’m joking about the cultural significance of this movie, but I’m also not. It was a wild card and an unexpected hit, and it mainstreamed an idea that had already been taking hold among Silicon Valley biohackers and human optimization zealots. (TechCrunch called the prescription-only n...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness brain brain health Brain-Fitness brain-improvement brain-improvement industry dietary supplements Limitless mental-fitness modafinil nootropics Source Type: blogs
Evidence for the efficacy of TMS in disorders other than major depression have demonstrated variable results. This underscores the need to improve the reliability and effectiveness of TMS interventions which may be achieved through treatment personalization. We focus on two considerations in personalizing treatment according to dimensional biotypes: 1) behavioural and clinical symptoms, and 2) changes in excitability and connectivity. Dimensional biotypes reveal characteristics that are common across disorders such as problems with attention and concentration in major depression, ADHD, and narcolepsy or avolition in major ...
Source: BRAIN STIMULATION: Basic, Translational, and Clinical Research in Neuromodulation - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
We report four children with narcolepsy type 1 (NT1) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) - Asperger syndrome (AS). To the best of our knowledge co-occurrence of NT1 and AS has not been described in the literature.
Source: Sleep Medicine - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Brief Communication Source Type: research
Adderall is a stimulant medication that is used to treat ADHD or narcolepsy. When a person stops taking Adderall too quickly, they can experience withdrawal symptoms, such as sleep problems or depression. Here, we look at the causes and timeline of an Adderall crash and give tips and remedies for coping if it happens.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: ADHD / ADD Source Type: news
Conclusion. Modafinil is a central nervous system stimulant with well-established effectiveness in the treatment of narcolepsy and shift-work sleep disorder. There is conflicting evidence about the benefits of modafinil in the treatment of fatigue and EDS secondary to TBI. One randomized, controlled study states that modafinil does not significantly improve patient wakefulness, while another concludes that modafinil corrects EDS but not fatigue. An observational study provides evidence that modafinil increases alertness in fatigued patients with past medical history of brainstem diencephalic stroke or multiple scleros...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Current Issue Review excessive daytime sleep fatigue head injury modafinil stroke TBI traumatic brain injury Source Type: research
Nearly 80 years since their first therapeutic use, stimulants such as methylphenidate and amphetamines remain amongst the most widely relied upon class of medications, with an estimated 90 million annual prescriptions in the USA alone (Swanson and Volkow, 2009; AMA, 1937; IMS Health, 2014). A range of new therapeutic applications for stimulants are being actively investigated although, currently, they are primarily prescribed for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and occasionally for narcolepsy and treatment-resistant depression (Adler, 2008; AAP, 2011; Alpert and Fava, 2014; Challman and Lipsky, 2000).
Source: Drug and Alcohol Dependence - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Full length article Source Type: research
Authors: Danek M, Danek J, Araszkiewicz A Abstract Many animal models in different species have been developed for mental and behavioral disorders. This review presents large animals (dog, ovine, swine, horse) as potential models of this disorders. The article was based on the researches that were published in the peer-reviewed journals. Aliterature research was carried out using the PubMed database. The above issues were discussed in the several problem groups in accordance with the WHO International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems 10thRevision (ICD-10), in particular regarding: ...
Source: Psychiatria Polska - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Pol Source Type: research
Introduction: Childhood narcolepsy is associated with various emotional, behavioural and cognitive dysfunctions as well as with psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders: anxiety, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and psychosis. A relationship between these conditions is not clear –comorbidity as well as similar pathophysiological mechanisms can be suggested. The aim of our study is to describe four children with narcolepsy type 1 (NT1) and new comorbidity of autism spectrum disorder (ASD)–Asperger syndrome.
Source: Sleep Medicine - Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Tags: Narcolepsy Source Type: research
We report a case of an adolescent male who presented with all four cardinal symptoms of narcolepsy and had been misdiagnosed with epilepsy, psychosis, and depression. We discuss various issues regarding narcolepsy in children and adolescents. Keywords: narcolepsy, adolescence, misdiagnosis Innov Clin Neurosci. 2017;14(9–10):20–23 Introduction Narcolepsy is an uncommon sleep cycle disorder characterized by the tetrad of chronic excessive daytime sleepiness, cataplexy, hypnagogic hallucinations, and sleep paralysis.1 The cardinal symptom of paroxysmal sleep is seen in all patients, whereas other symptoms such as ...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Case Report Current Issue adolescence misdiagnosis narcolepsy Source Type: research
Conclusions:Young NT1 patients show a discrete pattern of altered behavioral, thought, and mood profile in comparison with healthy controls and with idiopathic epilepsy patients thus suggesting a direct link with sleepiness. Further studies investigating behavior in patients with idiopathic hypersomnia or type 2 narcolepsy are needed to disentangle the role of REM sleep dysfunction and hypocretin deficiency in psychiatric disorders. Symptoms of withdrawal, depression, somatic complaints, thought problems, and aggressiveness were common, NT1 children perceived lower school competencies than healthy children, and their paren...
Source: Sleep - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
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