CME: Neuroborreliosis

Praxis (Bern 1994). 2022;111(14):779-787. doi: 10.1024/1661-8157/a003939.ABSTRACTCME: Neuroborreliosis Abstract. Lyme disease is the most common infectious disease transmitted by ticks throughout Europe. Bacteria of the Borrelia burgdorferi complex are transmitted via tick bites to humans. The typical initial presentation is a localized infection of the skin (Erythema migrans). If the patient is not treated with antibiotics, a disseminated infection might occur, presenting as neurological Lyme disease, Lyme carditis, Lyme arthritis or Acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans. A neuroborreliosis occurs in 3-15% of the cases. It may present as polyradiculitis, meningitis or - in rare cases - as encephalomyelitis. The antimicrobial therapy of neuroborreliosis is doxycyclin, ceftriaxone or penicillin G. Prevention is defined by exposure prophylaxis. A vaccination is currently under development in Europe.PMID:36285413 | DOI:10.1024/1661-8157/a003939
Source: Praxis - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research