Depressive symptoms and clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors in diabetes patients
The objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between cardiovascular disease risk factors and depressive symptoms in patients with type 2 diabetes. A total of 179 patients with type 2 diabetes completed a questionnaire and gave a blood sample. The questionnaire consisted of demographics, the medication adherence questionnaire, the summary of diabetes self-care activities questionnaire, and the Beck Depression Inventory II questionnaire. Blood samples were analyzed for glucose and lipid profile. Elevated depression Beck score had a significant relation with female gender, numbness or pain in peripheries, younger age group ≤50 years, and elevated triglycerides (TG). Diabetes complications also had a significant relation with depression and more specifically with performance impairment and depression-nonspecific items. A significant relation was found between uncontrolled diabetes and somatic disturbance. Under-adherence to medications was significantly related to depression-specific items. Obesity was significantly related to depression-nonspecific items. Several factors are correlated with depression symptoms in diabetes patients. Additionally, control of somatic disturbance and performance impairment of depression should be regarded as important components of appropriate diabetes care to ensure diabetes control and medication adherence.
Conclusion Swim training, a sport characterized by unique cardiac loading conditions, stimulates eccentric LV remodeling with the concomitant augmentation of systolic twist and diastolic relaxation. This volume-mediated cardiac remodeling appears to result in greater systolic susceptibility to acute afterload challenge. Further work is required to establish how training-induced changes in function translate to human performance and whether these are accompanied by physiologic trade-offs with relevance to common forms of heart disease.
Conclusion Our study provides novel evidence that EXE-induced antisenescence against metabolic distress in the hippocampus may be a key neuroprotective mechanism, preventing neuroinflammation and oxidative stress.
Conclusion Compared with a static VR/motor imagery control condition, I-VR during brief, high-intensity, fatigue-inducing leg cycling attenuates quadriceps pain intensity without reducing performance.
Purpose Low-attenuation muscle (LAM) area at mid-thigh, a computed tomography (CT)–derived index of intramuscular lipids, is associated with insulin resistance, obesity, and type 2 diabetes. The present study aimed at testing the hypothesis that changes in LAM area in trunk muscles from a single abdominal scan could provide relevant information to evaluate the effects of a lifestyle intervention without the use of a mid-thigh CT scan. Methods Cardiometabolic risk variables, including waist circumference, lipoprotein–lipid profile, glucose tolerance, and cardiorespiratory fitness, were assessed in a sample ...
Abstract Objective The present study was conducted with the objective of investigating the effectiveness of solution-focused group counseling (SFGC) on promoting the mental health of midwifery students. Methods The present study is an intervention-based study with a pretest, a post-test, and a control group. The statistical population included all of the midwifery students studying in the midwifery department of the Bam University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran, who filled out the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) in the screening phase. In the second phase, 40 individuals, having a low level of mental health based on ...
This study investigated whether periodontal treatment might improve glycemic control in patients with chronic periodontitis and type 2 diabetes mellitus, and which modality offers most benefit.BMC Oral Health
Might the higher prevalence of chronic pain in women be due to a higher female sensitivity to stress hormones?Pain
CONCLUSIONS: LL-37 concentrations were highest in patients with T2DM+CP when compared with controls. LL-37 was positively correlated with age. HNP 1-3 levels were increased in groups with DM when compared to the groups without periodontitis. The role of AMPs is vital in the immunoinflammatory response in the pathogenesis of periodontitis and DM. PMID: 31522161 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: Prevalence of severe periodontitis was 10.6%, a lower percentage than other epidemiological studies in Latin America; but still a high proportion of individuals, which would support the importance of preventive and treatment strategies for the country. PMID: 31522152 [PubMed - in process]