What is the performance and impact of disposable and reusable respirators for healthcare workers in the context of COVID-19?,CEBM
We examined filtration standards for respirators and how they compare across different industries and 8 different international standards agencies. In a rapid systematic review, we summarised and assessed studies of different respirators'impact on clinical practice. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 26, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID 19 rapid evidence summary: Anakinra for COVID-19 associated secondary haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis, NICE [26]
" Anakinra is a recombinant interleukin-1 (IL-1) receptor antagonist that blocks the biologic activity of natural IL-1 by competitively inhibiting the binding of IL-1 to the interleukin-1 type receptor (Kineret summary of product characteristics). IL-1 is a proinflammatory mediator produced in response to infection and is central to the hyperinflammation seen in cytokine storm syndromes such as sHLH (Mehta et al 2020). " (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 26, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19 rapid evidence summary: Long-term use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for people with or at risk of COVID-19, NICE[ES25]
" There is no evidence to suggest that people taking NSAIDs for a long-term condition should be advised to stop treatment in the context of COVID ‑19. Gastrointestinal, respiratory, cardiovascular and renal adverse effects are listed among the possible adverse effects of NSAIDs in the BNF. COVID‑19 may also lead to respiratory, cardiovascular and renal complications. " (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 26, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19 rapid evidence summary: angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) in people with or at risk of COVID-19, NICE [ES24]
" Whilst no increase in risk of developing COVID-19 or more severe disease was found in the 2 observational studies included, the studies were of poor quality and subject to bias and confounding. Therefore, conclusions cannot be drawn on whether ACEIs or ARBs increase the risk of developing COVID-19 or developing more severe COVID-19. " (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 26, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Overview of Public Health and Social Measures in the context of COVID-19, WHO
In response to COVID-19, countries around the world have put in place a range of public health and social measures, which are actions by individuals, institutions, communities, local and national governments, and international bodies, to suppress or stop community spread of COVID-19. The purpose of this document is to provide an overview of public health and social measures, and to propose strategies to limit any possible harm resulting from these interventions. The document is intended to inform national and local health authorities and other decision-makers at all levels. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 26, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19! How Can I Protect Myself and Others?, WHO
A new rapid-response guide for youth ages 8 –17. The guide, which is based on the UN Sustainable Development Goals, aims to help young people understand the science and social science of COVID-19 as well as help them take actions to keep themselves, their families and communities safe. The guide includes updated research, activities, quotes from scientists and frontline public health officials, and physical and emotional safety tips on COVID-19. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 26, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Stay alert and safe: social distancing guidance for young people, Cabinet Office
This guidance on social distancing, explains to young people about what they can do to stay alert and safe and the new measures that will help them stay safe as rules on being outside, or at school or work, change. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 26, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Social connection in the COVID-19 crisis, APPG on Social Integration
This report presents the findings of the All Party Parliamentary Group on Social Integration inquiry into social connection during the Covid-19 crisis. It finds that the lockdown has reinforced the importance of digital inclusion in this era, and has also demonstrated the importance of the'old-fashioned'ways of communicating – through letters, the telephone and knocking on the door to ensure that no one is excluded. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 26, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19: background information, PHE (updated 25th May 2020)
Information on COVID-19 including epidemiology, virology and clinical features. Update in this version (published 25th May) - updated global case numbers. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 26, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Number of coronavirus (COVID-19) cases and risk in the UK, DHSC/PHE (updated 25th May 2020)
As of 9am on 25th May, there have been 3,532,634 tests, with 73,726 tests on 24th May. 261,184 people have tested positive. As of 5pm on 24th May, of those tested positive for coronavirus in the UK, 36,914 have died. This new figure includes deaths in all settings, not just in hospitals. The equivalent figure under the old measure would have been 29,830. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 26, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19: Making Excess Death Comparisons, CEBM
A lot of has been made of the excess mortality in the current COVID outbreak. To estimate the excess mortality, a count of deaths from all causes relative to what would normally be expected is required.The usual way to create excess mortality is to compare with the five-year average. Another way is to compare with a year where excess deaths occurred. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19: Death Data in England Update 22nd May, CEBM
COVID-19 deaths in England as of 22nd May 2020. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19: Death Data in England Update 21st May, CEBM
COVID-19 death data in England as at 21st May 2020. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What does RCGP surveillance tell us about COVID-19 in the community?, CEBM (updated 21st May 2020)
Updated data added on 21st May 2020. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19: Kidney disease and mental health, Centre for Mental Health
People living with kidney disease are twice as likely to have a mental health problem, compared to the general population in the UK, the most common being anxiety and depression. In the context of Covid-19, with many people with kidney disease considered at risk, these issues are being exacerbated. Kidney disease and mental health, a joint statement from Kidney Research UK and Centre for Mental Health, highlights how vulnerable kidney patients already were before the coronavirus pandemic and shows that, without improved support, their mental health could worsen even more in the current climate. It also raises concerns abou...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Number of coronavirus (COVID-19) cases and risk in the UK, DHSC/PHE (updated 22nd May 2020)
As of 9am on 22 May, there have been 3,231,921 tests, with 140,497 tests on 21 May. 2,144,626 people have been tested, of which 254,195 tested positive. As of 5pm on 21 May, of those tested positive for coronavirus in the UK, 36,393 have died. This new figure includes deaths in all settings, not just in hospitals. The equivalent figure under the old measure would have been 29,393. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19 guide for care staff supporting adults with learning disabilities or autistic adults, SCIE (updated 21st May 2020)
This is a guide to help care staff and personal assistants supporting adults with learning disabilities and autistic adults through the COVID-19 crisis. Its aim is to assist high-quality care and support during the pandemic. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19 guide for social workers and occupational therapists supporting adults with learning disabilities and autistic adults, SCIE (updated 21st May 2020)
This is a guide to help social workers and occupational therapists supporting adults with learning disabilities and autistic adults through the COVID-19 crisis. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19: investigation and initial clinical management of possible cases, PHE (updated 22nd May 2020)
Information on case definitions, and the initial assessment and investigation of possible cases of COVID-19 infection. Update in this version (published 22nd May) - updated flowchart. Update in version published 18th May - updated information on case definition. Update in version published 27th April - removed link to withdrawn primary care guidance from the flowchart. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

No health without mental health: why this matters now more than ever, Public Health England Blog
Mental health services play a key role and are adapting and responding to the challenges brought about by COVID-19, to continue to provide services that are accessible and timely. But there is also a need to focus and act across the life course on the key drivers of poor mental health being exacerbated by the pandemic and take action to prevent this crisis driving increases in health inequalities. PHE are adopting a coordinated national and local approach to the mental health and psychosocial impact of COVID-19, which is aligned with international good practice guidelines and frameworks and underpinned by co-operation and ...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Lack of social distancing in NHS staff social areas alarms national chiefs, HSJ
National director for trauma leading on covid-19 infection prevention in hospital has said healthcare workers need to do better on social distancing Evidence shows staff at “much” higher risk of infection from other staff compared to patient transmission, NHS England director for acute care said Smaller hospitals may find it difficult to avoid overlap of covid and non-covid-19 zones (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Covid-19 insight: focus on adult social care, CQC
This is the first of the CQC'S regular discussion documents on key issues affecting health and care. Focusing on adult social care, it reviews data on outbreaks, deaths and availability of PPE, and in particular highlights the impact of Covid-19 on staff wellbeing and the financial viability of adult social care services. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

NHS expands offer of help to people with diabetes during coronavirus outbreak, NHS England
NHS England has called on people with diabetes to access help available to them, including a new dedicated helpline, together with Diabetes UK, Novo Nordisk and Insulet, to advise those who need help with insulin, as well as online tools to help manage condition during outbreak. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Summary information published on high-risk patients on the Shielded Patient List, NHS Digital
This is a release of management information for anonymous summary data for those patients that have been identified on the Shielded Patient List (SPL). Its purpose is to make the summary data available to a wider audience as open data to enable a broad base of users to perform analysis from it. The purpose behind releasing this data is to present regional and local data to allow for its use in public health. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Immunomodulatory drugs: temporary pregnancy prevention guidance during coronavirus (COVID-19), MHRA
The MHRA has agreed to temporary modifications to be made to the pregnancy prevention programmes for these medicines to facilitate home pregnancy testing and remote consultations, where clinically appropriate, during the COVID-19 pandemic. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

ESC Guidance for the Diagnosis and Management of CV Disease during the COVID-19 Pandemic, European Society of Cardiology (ESC)
The recommendations are the result of observations and personal experience from health care providers at the forefront of the COVID-19 pandemic as prospectively designed interventions are missing to form basis for evidence-based recommendations. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Global regulators commit to cooperate on observational research in the context of COVID-19, European Medicines Agency
Regulators from around the world have agreed three priority areas for cooperation on observational research during COVID-19: pregnancy, medicines used in clinical practice and vaccine safety and effectiveness monitoring. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Cytokine adsorption devices for treating respiratory failure in people with COVID-19, NICE [MIB217] (Updated 21st May)
Supportive evidence come from an observational study and a series of case reports including 56 patients with COVID ‑19 and respiratory failure, which show cytokine adsorption devices reduce levels of cytokines in blood in people with COVID‑19 and may help improve lung function. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19 rapid guideline: dialysis service delivery, NICE [NG160] (Updated 21st May)
New recommendations have been added on coordinating support for renal replacement therapy, including discharge planning, for patients with COVID-19 and AKI, and on emergency pathways for maintaining access for patients with end-stage kidney disease already on dialysis. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19 rapid guideline: children and young people who are immunocompromised, NICE [NG174] (Updated 21st May)
Immunosuppressant medicines have been added to recommendation 1.4 because these should be reviewed if a child or young person may have COVID-19 or there are medical concerns. Recommendation 1.7 has been aligned with UK government guidance for young people on shielding. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

What are the effects of convalescent plasma for people with COVID19?, Cochrane Library
Reviewers identified two case studies and six small case series evaluating convalescent plasma for people with COVID ‐19 that included a total of 32 participants. Reviewers rated all evidence as very low certainty and highlighted that the lack of higher‐quality studies evaluating convalescent plasma means it is unclear whether these results are related to convalescent plasma therapy, to the underlying natural history of COVID‐19, or to other concomitant treatments. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Cochrane Oral Health: our response to the COVID19 pandemic, Cochrane
Cochrane Oral Health are responding in various ways, to help the dental community find a path through the evidence. This blog post summarises the activity with links to resources. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Protective clothes and equipment for healthcare workers to prevent coronavirus and other highly infectious diseases, Cochrane
We know that basic science research and innovation will be vital in containing and mitigating the effects of the rapidly evolving COVID-19 pandemic. This review on personal protective equipment was first published in 2016, updated in 2019, and now the second fast-tracked update brings the latest evidence into the analysis. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Cochrane identifies its priority areas for future COVID-19 work and lists other critical questions for the research community, Cochrane
Cochrane today announces its COVID-19 priority areas of work over the next six months to help meet the healthcare evidence needs of policymakers, guideline developers and clinicians; and makes available a list of additional priority questions to help guide the work of other research organizations. These priority questions to be addressed by Cochrane evidence cover: Clinical management: including questions related to screening and testing, drug treatment, critical care, prophylaxis, prognosis and the clinical management of pandemic related impacts on health Public health measures: including questions related to the preven...
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19: Faulty Logic, Distorted Perspectives, CEBM
According to induction, science could be founded on repeated observations. Particulars observed repeatedly (such as white swans) could lead to general principles (all swans are white). All swans are not white and induction and its limits are particularly dangerous, if ignored. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 22, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19: Death Data in England Update 20th May, CEBM
Figures for the latest COVID-19 deaths data in England, updated 20th May 2020. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19 Florence Nightingale Diagram's of UK Deaths, CEBM (updated 20th May 2020
Analysis of total deaths per week in England and Wales, updated 20th May 2020. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

End of life care pathway during coronavirus, BPS
This is a guide for psychologists working in palliative care, who need to think about the End of Life Care pathway for patients, relatives and healthcare staff during Covid-19. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Number of coronavirus (COVID-19) cases and risk in the UK, DHSC/PHE (updated 21st May 2020)
As of 9am on 21 May, there have been 3,090,566 tests, with 128,340 tests on 20 May. 2,064,329 people have been tested, of which 250,908 tested positive. As of 5pm on 20 May, of those tested positive for coronavirus in the UK, 36,042 have died. This new figure includes deaths in all settings, not just in hospitals. The equivalent figure under the old measure would have been 29,221. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

National COVID-19 surveillance reports, PHE (updated 21st May 2020)
Update in this version (published 21st May) - added week 21 report and infographic. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Working safely during the coronavirus outbreak, HSE
HSE have produced guidance to help work safely (be COVID-secure) and manage the risk associated for employers at this time. The guidance includes practical measures you can take, for example putting in place social distancing measures, staggering shifts, providing additional handwashing facilities and how to talk with workers to help them stay safe. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Coronavirus (COVID-19): informing DHSC of the death of a worker in social care, DHSC
How local authorities and social care providers can tell DHSC about the death of an employee or volunteer in social care. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19: infection prevention and control (IPC), PHE (updated 21st May 2020)
Update in this version (21st May) - amends to the PDF of complete guidance (added text in the appendix, and a corrected link to evidence review). Corrected link to evidence review also added to the PPE page. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Coronavirus - Top 10 tips on what to do in primary care, RCGP (updated 20th May 2020)
Key information for GPs during the COVID-19 outbreak. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Sharing insight, asking questions, encouraging collaboration: CQC publishes first insight document on COVID-19 pressures, CQC
Today, we publish the first of what will be a regular series of insight documents intended to highlight COVID-19 related pressures on the sectors that CQC regulates. This document draws on information gathered through direct feedback from staff and people receiving care, our new regular data collection from services who provide care for people in their own homes, and insight from our regular conversations with providers and partners. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes and COVID-19 related mortality in England, NHS England
Population cohort study (263,830& 2,864,670 people with type 1& 2 diabetes respectively) found crude mortality rates for COVID-19 in people with diabetes of 138.3 and 260.6 per 100,000 persons for type 1& 2 respectively, with general population rate being 38.8/100,000. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Supporting people who are isolated or vulnerable during the COVID-19 crisis, SCIE (updated 19th May 2020)
This guide shares information, ideas and resources that can be used, especially while working remotely or in isolation, with people who are isolated or vulnerable. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Number of coronavirus (COVID-19) cases and risk in the UK, DHSC/PHE (updated 20th May 2020)
As of 9am on 20 May, there have been 2,962,227 tests, with 177,216 tests on 19 May. 1,996,648 people have been tested, of which 248,293 tested positive. As of 5pm on 19 May, of those tested positive for coronavirus in the UK, 35,704 have died. This new figure includes deaths in all settings, not just in hospitals. The equivalent figure under the old measure would have been 28,970. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19: background information, PHE (updated 20th May 2020)
Update in this version (published 20th May) - updated global case numbers. (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

COVID-19: guidance for stepdown of infection control precautions within hospitals and discharging COVID-19 patients from hospital to home settings, PHE (updated 20th May 2020)
This guidance provides advice on appropriate infection prevention and control precautions for COVID-19 patients recovering or recovered from COVID-19 and remaining in hospital, or being discharged to their own home or residential care. Update in this version (20th May) - updated guidance (all sections). (Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH))
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - May 21, 2020 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news