How Small-Scale Farmers Understand Rain Water Harvesting Technology? Evidence from Northern Ethiopia.
Authors: Mengistu AT Abstract The study examined farmers' perceptions and adoption of rain water harvesting technology in Raya-Alamata district of Ethiopia. Four kebeles were purposively selected from the 13 homogeneous kebeles (small administrative unit). During the survey, primary data were collected through a semistructured questionnaire distributed to 270 systematically selected sample respondents and through interview with key informants, development agents, and local administrators. Secondary data were retrieved from district agriculture office, books, and published scientific materials. Descriptive statistic...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - February 13, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Component Composition and Antimicrobial Activity of CO2 Extract of Portulaca oleracea, Growing in the Territory of Kazakhstan.
Conclusions. This study showed that CO2 extract of Portulaca oleracea's raw material contained biological active compounds exhibiting a significant antimicrobial effect. PMID: 33551685 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - February 10, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Proximate Composition, Amino Acid Profile, and Mineral Content of Four Sheep Meats Reared Extensively in Morocco: A Comparative Study.
This study aimed to compare the organoleptic and nutritional quality of four sheep meats produced in Morocco. This comparison was carried out by analyzing the proximate composition, amino acid profile, and mineral content of meat. The majority of the evaluated parameters were influenced by genetic and geographical factors (p
Source: The Scientific World Journal - February 10, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Diurnal Variation in Visual Simple Reaction Time between and within Genders in Young Adults: An Exploratory, Comparative, Pilot Study.
Authors: S H, Kamath A, Shastry R Abstract Simple reaction time (SRT) is the minimum time required to respond to a stimulus; it is a measure of processing speed. Our study aimed to determine the variation in visual SRT with time among individuals of the same gender and between genders. We carried out a prospective, parallel group, pilot study involving ten male and ten female medical students aged 18-25 years. After obtaining written informed consent, the participants were familiarized with the procedures, and each completed a single practice session of a computerized visual SRT which was administered using Psychol...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - February 10, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Development of a Phytopathogenic Fungi Control Trial: Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus niger Infection in Jojoba Tissue Culture as a Model.
This study focused on the application of the sponge-like protocol in protecting in vitro tissue cultures of plants against fungal pathogens. This can be useful for research purposes or may be developed to be introduced in field applications. Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus niger infection in tissue culture of jojoba (Simmondsia chinensis (Link) Schn.) was used as a model to establish the employment of this protocol to control plant fungal diseases. The best conditions for A. flavus and A. niger ghosts production previously mapped by randomization experimental design (reduced Plackett-Burman experimental design) were use...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - February 5, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Pectin from Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) Has Potential as a Drug Release Modifier in Matrix Tablets.
This study thus seeks to determine the drug release modifying properties of okra pectin from 6 different genotypes of okra cultivated and available in Ghana. Pectin was extracted from different genotypes of okra, physicochemical properties were characterized, and control release matrix tablets of metformin (F1-F6) were formulated using the wet granulation method with the okra pectin as the drug release modifier, respectively. The drug content, in vitro drug release, and mathematical kinetic modeling of drug release from the matrix tablets were studied. Drug release profiles of formulated matrix tablets were compared to an ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - February 5, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Risk Assessment of Fishing Trawl Activities to Subsea Pipelines of Sabah and Labuan Waters".
Corrigendum to "Risk Assessment of Fishing Trawl Activities to Subsea Pipelines of Sabah and Labuan Waters". ScientificWorldJournal. 2020;2020:7014928 Authors: Fuad AFA, Said MH, Samo K, Rahman MAA, Mohd MH, Zainol I Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2020/6957171.]. PMID: 33522519 [PubMed] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - February 3, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Larvicidal Evaluation against Aedes aegypti and Antioxidant and Cytotoxic Potential of the Essential Oil of Tridax procumbens L. Leaves.
Authors: Brandão LB, Santos LL, Martins RL, Rodrigues ABL, Rabelo EM, Galardo AKR, de Almeida SSMDS Abstract The present study evaluated the antioxidant, cytotoxic, and larvicidal potential of the essential oil of Tridax procumbens leaves, as well as identified the compounds present in the essential oil. The antioxidant activity was evaluated by the sequestration method of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical, the cytotoxic activity was evaluated using Artemia salina, the larvicidal bioassay was performed with larvae in the third stage of development of the Aedes aegypti mosquito, and the identification of ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 30, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Beekeeping State and Inventory of Mellifero-Medicinal Plants in the North-Central of Morocco.
This study aims to determine the diversity of melliferous plants and to recognize the state of beekeeping in the Fez-Meknes region in Morocco. We conducted a questionnaire for beekeepers that set up their hives in the prefectures and provinces of the region, and we have studied the pharmacological evidence of the most preferred plants by beekeepers to assess its medicinal values. The results indicate that honey, bee pollen, bee bread, royal jelly, propolis, bee wax, bee venom, and bee queens are produced in this region with different percentages, and 102 plants belonging to 32 families were obtained in the inventory of mel...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 30, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Z-Guggulsterone Induces Apoptosis in Gastric Cancer Cells through the Intrinsic Mitochondria-Dependent Pathway.
Conclusions: Inhibition of FXR signaling with z-guggulsterone induced anticancer effects in SGC-7901 cells by decreasing cell proliferation and promoting apoptosis. Z-guggulsterone induced cell apoptosis through the mitochondria-dependent pathway. PMID: 33488300 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 27, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Quality of Life Assessment in Diabetic Patients Using a Validated Tool in a Patient Population Visiting a Tertiary Care Center in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.
Authors: Meher D, Kar S, Pathak M, Singh S Abstract Odisha has 4.2 million diabetic patients against the country's 70 million with an urban prevalence of nearly 15.4%. Diabetes is affecting younger age groups, thus having a crucial impact on quality of life of the affected. A qualitative endeavour was attempted at the diabetic clinic of a tertiary care set up in the capital city of Bhubaneswar to create a diabetic surveillance data assembly, wherein subjects above 18 years of age and newly diagnosed or on follow-up, after obtaining informed consent, were made to respond to a quality of life (QOLID) validated tool. ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 20, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Health Communication and Behavioural Practice towards Ending Hepatitis B Virus in Southwest Nigeria.
This study examines health communication channels as predictors of knowledge, attitude, and behavioural practices with an emphasis on three Southwest states (Lagos, Oyo, and Ogun) in Nigeria that have the highest prevalence rate of HBV. Data were gathered through a survey from a total of 600 respondents of Southwest Nigeria randomly selected through the multistage sampling technique. The hypotheses were tested with the use of multiple regression. The result reveals that health communication channels for hepatitis B virus management had a significant influence on knowledge (F = 12.708, Df = 581, P
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 13, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Optimization of Ultrasound-Assisted Extraction of Polyphenol Content from Zea mays Hairs (Waste).
Authors: Aourabi S, Sfaira M, Mahjoubi F Abstract The aim of this study was to achieve the best extraction efficiency of the hydroethanolic extract of Zea mays hairs. The impacts of ethanol concentration, extraction time, and solvent /material ratio were studied in relation to the performance of Zea mays extracts by ultrasonic extraction at 50 kHz and room temperature. All extracts were quantitatively characterized in terms of polyphenol content. Response surface methodology (RSM) was carried out to optimize the extraction process and increase extraction efficiency. In the experiments, different concentratio...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 13, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Evaluation of Quality of Life among Dental Professionals by Using the WHOQOL-BREF Instrument in Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.
Conclusion: The qualifications, medical illness, and years since graduation were important determinants of QOL among dental professionals. Measures should be taken to improve QOL of dental professionals which can enhance the quality of patient care. PMID: 33424489 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 13, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Evaluation of Lung and Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid Oxidative Stress Indices for Assessing the Preventing Effects of Safranal on Respiratory Distress in Diabetic Rats".
Corrigendum to "Evaluation of Lung and Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid Oxidative Stress Indices for Assessing the Preventing Effects of Safranal on Respiratory Distress in Diabetic Rats". ScientificWorldJournal. 2020;2020:6452878 Authors: Journal TSW Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/251378.]. PMID: 33424490 [PubMed] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 13, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Risk Assessment of Fishing Trawl Activities to Subsea Pipelines of Sabah and Labuan Waters.
This study assesses the risk of fish trawling activities to the subsea pipelines at Sabah and Labuan offshore. The specification of trawl equipment used by local trawlers in Sabah was determined by the on-site survey. The frequency of a fish trawler crossing over the pipelines was calculated based interview on operation and site survey. The calculation of the pull-over load of the otter board was calculated using the DNVGL algorithm. The severity and frequency index of the risk matrix was developed based on literature review. Results showed that the pull-over load of the otter board would not damage the pipelines. The risk...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 10, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Do Morphological Changes in the Anterior Mandibular Region Interfere with Standard Implant Placement? A Cone Beam Computed Tomographic Cross-Sectional Study.
Authors: Fouda SM, Ellakany P, Madi M, Zakaria O, Al-Harbi FA, El Tantawi M Abstract Objective: To determine the morphological features in the anterior mandibular region, the presence of lingual foramen and canal dimensions in Saudi subjects that would interfere with standard implant placement. Methods: CBCT scans of patients seeking implant treatment were examined. Based on the dentition status, patients were categorized into edentulous (group I) and dentulous (group I). On the panoramic view, the distance between the two mental foramina was divided into vertical segments of 10 mm width. In each segment...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 10, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

How Information Communication Technology Can Enhance Evidence-Based Decisions and Farm-to-Fork Animal Traceability for Livestock Farmers.
In conclusion, this study recommended a better electronic system to be used at the farm level to facilitate data analysis, hence promoting informed decision-making and adherence to the international animal traceability standards. Otherwise, there is a need for researchers to conduct more studies in developing different analytical models for exploring on-farm data in order to improve the decision-making process by farmers and other stakeholders. PMID: 33380920 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 1, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Conceptual Framework and Designing for a Seafarers' Health Observatory (SHO) Based on the Centro Internazionale Radio Medico (C.I.R.M.) Data Repository.
In this study, we proposed an HO conceptual model to enhance seafarer's health, which subjects to disease trends. Methods: Three methods were followed during the study: a systematic collection of seafarer's health data from the Centro Internazionale Radio Medico (C.I.R.M.) repository, an integrative review of existing seafarer's policy, and both open and closed questionnaires were distributed to stakeholders to develop clinical knowledge. C.I.R.M. is the Italian Telemedical Maritime Assistance Service (TMAS). Results and Discussion. A three-layer HO framework was developed, and each layer had its components and functio...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 1, 2021 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Antioxidant, Anti-Inflammatory, and Analgesic Activities of Aqueous Extract of Diploknema butyracea (Roxb.) H.J. Lam Bark.
Authors: Chhetri SBB, Khatri D, Parajuli K Abstract Diploknema butyracea (Roxb.) H.J. Lam is a multipurpose tree used by the Nepalese indigenous people for medicinal purposes such as rheumatism, asthma, and ulcer and other purposes such as cooking and lighting. However, there is no scientific evidence for the medicinal uses of this plant. The present study aimed to explore the phytochemical constituents, estimate the total phenolic content, evaluate antioxidant activity, and investigate the in vivo anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of aqueous extract of Diploknema butyracea (Roxb.) H.J. Lam bark (ADBB). Ph...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - December 30, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

A Multivariate and Spatiotemporal Analysis of Water Quality in Code River, Indonesia.
This study aims to analyze spatial and temporal trends in water quality in Code River in Indonesia and correlate these with land use and land cover changes over a particular period. Water quality data consisting of 15 parameters and Landsat image data taken from 2011 to 2017 were collected and analyzed. We found that the concentrations of total dissolved solid, nitrite, nitrate, and zinc had increasing trends from upstream to downstream over time, whereas concentrations of parameter biological oxygen demand, cuprum, and fecal coliform consistently undermined water quality standards. This study also found that the proportio...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - December 30, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Impact of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles on Cytotoxicity, Genotoxicity, and miRNA Expression in Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Seedlings.
The objective of this study was to examine the impact of different concentrations of zinc oxide nanoparticles on barley Hordeum vulgare L. seed germination, seedling morphology, root cell viability, stress level, genotoxicity, and expression of miRNAs. The results demonstrate that zinc oxide nanoparticles enhance barley seed germination, shoot/root elongation, and H2O2 stress level and decrease root cell viability and genomic template stability and up- and downregulated miRNAs in barley seedlings. PMID: 33343237 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - December 22, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Chemical Composition of Essential Oils Obtained from Heteromorpha arborescens (Spreng.) Cham. and Schltdl Leaves Using Two Extraction Methods.
This study was aimed at comparing the essential oils obtained from Heteromorpha arborescens leaves by Solvent-Free Microwave Extraction (SFME) and Hydrodistillation (HD) methods in terms of their chemical compositions, yield, CO2 emission, and energy consumption. The solvent-free microwave extraction method indicated a higher oil yield of 0.7 mL/200 g (0.35%) as compared to 0.59 mL/200 g (0.295%) obtained through hydrodistillation. GC-MS analysis of the oils revealed a total of 52 chemical components from both methods with the presence of 35 (96.52%) and 30 (71.15%) chemical constituents for HD ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - December 22, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Valorization of Waste Water of Rosa damascena Oil Distillation Process by Ion Exchange Chromatography.
In this study, ion-exchange column chromatography (Amberlite was the stationary phase) was used to prepare polyphenol-enriched fraction of waste water with improved biological activity. Phenol, flavonoid, and anthocyanin contents were examined before and after using column. Antioxidant activities, DNA protection ability, xanthine oxidase inhibition, and cytotoxicity of this fraction were also determined. The use of Amberlite increased phenol, flavonoid, and anthocyanin contents in fraction compared to the sample before fractionation. The IC50 values of various antioxidant assays comprises 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hyd...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - December 15, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Thermogravimetric Analysis of Modified Montmorillonite Clay for Mycotoxin Decontamination in Cereal Grains.
Authors: Olopade BK, Nwinyi OC, Adekoya JA, Lawal IA, Abiodun OA, Oranusi SU, Njobeh PB Abstract Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was carried out to study the stability of nanoformulations used for the decontamination of mycotoxins. The TGA patterns of the nanoformulations from montmorillonite clay and Cymbopogon citratus (lemongrass) extracts were assessed with temperature ranging from ambient (20°C) to 1000°C. The various nanoformulations studied included unmodified montmorillonite clay (Mont), montmorillonite washed with sodium chloride (Mont-Na), montmorillonite mixed with lemongrass essential oil (Mont...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - December 15, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Knowledge, Attitude, and Adaptation to Climate Change in Ghana.
Authors: Odonkor ST, Dei EN, Sallar AM Abstract Climate change is a serious challenge to human existence. It threatens efforts towards the attainment of sustainable development goals and aggravates conditions that lead to health inequities and inequalities for vulnerable populations. The study aimed to investigate knowledge and adaptation to climate change among people in Ghana. A nationally representative survey of Ghanaian adults (N = 674) was conducted from August 1, 2019, to December 31, 2019. Results showed that 43.9% of the respondents understood the meaning of climate change. Respondents percei...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - December 12, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Role of Muscarinic Receptors in Hypoalgesia Induced by Crocin in Neuropathic Pain Rats.
Authors: Safakhah HA, Vafaei AA, Tavasoli A, Jafari S, Ghanbari A Abstract Objective: Crocin as an important constituent of saffron has antineuropathic pain properties; however, the exact mechanism of this effect is not known. The aim of this study was whether the hypoalgesic effect of crocin can be exerted through muscarinic receptors. Materials and Methods: In the present project, 36 male Wistar rats (200 ± 20 g) were used. Animals randomly divided into six groups (sham, neuropathy, neuropathy + crocin, neuropathy + atropine 0.5 mg/kg, neuropathy&...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - December 12, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Study of Cold-Pressed Tobacco Seed Oil Properties by Gas Chromatography Method.
Authors: Ashirov MZ, Datkhayev UM, Myrzakozha DA, Sato H, Zhakipbekov KS, Rakhymbayev NA, Sadykov BN Abstract A special place among vegetable oils was occupied by natural tobacco oil. Natural tobacco oil in folk medicine is used as an antiseptic and antibacterial agent. To determine the possible alternative use of tobacco, the seeds representing Kazakhstan tobacco cultivars, extracted from ground Nicotiana tabacum seeds, were investigated by using the cold press. The quality of the oil was assessed in terms of free fatty acid content. The percentage oil yield was 36.75 ± 0.50%. Tobacco seed oil...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - December 12, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Comparison of the Efficiency of Two Novel Guided Bone Regeneration Devices in the Rabbit Calvarial Model.
This study aimed to compare the outcome of the insertion of two novel GBR devices in a rabbit calvarial model in terms of mode of action, simplicity, and amount of new space and bone gained. Materials and Methods: The expansible GBR (EGBR) device, composed mainly of a titanium plate, silicone membrane, and activation screw, was inserted beneath the periosteum in the calvarial area of eight rabbits. The smart GBR (SGBR) device, composed of silicone sheets and Nitinol strips, were inserted beneath the periosteum in the calvarial area of another 10 rabbits. Half of each group was sacrificed 2 months after surgery, and the...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - December 11, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Determination of Macro- and Microelements in the Inflorescences of Banana Tree Using ICP OES: Evaluation of the Daily Recommendations of Intake for Humans.
Authors: Rosa RH, Ribeiro Fernandes M, Silva de Pádua Melo E, Granja Arakaki D, Vieira de Lima N, Santos Leite LC, Espindola PR, Domingos de Souza I, Aragão do Nascimento V, Saldanha Tschinkel PF, La Flor Ziegler Sanches F, Aragão do Nascimento V Abstract The inflorescence of Musa paradisiaca, known as "banana heart" is a structure that includes flowers and bracts of banana, commonly used as food source worldwide. The aims of this study were (1) to determine the mineral components of Musa paradisiaca and (2) to compare the obtained results with previously reported data of Recommendati...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - December 8, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Reefing Viability Index for Rigs-to-Reefs (R2R) in Malaysia.
Authors: Mohd MH, Rahman MAA, Nazri MN, Tan CH, Mohamad Y, Lim CS, Mustapa B, Shaari H, Hii YS, Kim DK Abstract Decommissioning of the offshore platform as an artificial reef, known as Rigs-to-Reefs (R2R), has become a sustainable approach for oil companies. The platform was reused to serve the underwater ecosystem as an artificial reef for a new marine ecosystem which helps to tackle food security issue. This paper presents the findings of the formulation of the reefing viability index to recognize an offshore region that can be used for R2R projects within the South China Sea. The combined effects of spatial data...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - November 25, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

On Criticality for a Generalized Couette Flow of a Branch-Chain Thermal Reactive Third-Grade Fluid with Reynold's Viscosity Model.
Authors: Salawu SO, Disu AB, Dada MS Abstract This research considers the third-grade liquid flow and criticality branched-chain of a thermal reaction in a Couette generalized medium with a nonlinear viscosity model. A dimensionless transformation of the system momentum and heat equations are carried out. Compared with the diffusion coefficient, the flow is stimulated by initiation reaction rate, reaction branch-chain order, non-Newtonian term, thermal Grashof number, and pressure gradient. The reactive fluid is fully exothermic with consumption of the material, and the heat exchange in the system is greater than t...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - November 25, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Modeling Impact of Land Use Dynamics on Hydrology and Sedimentation of Megech Dam Watershed, Ethiopia.
Authors: Assfaw AT Abstract Land use/land cover dynamics change the hydrology and sediment yield of the watershed. This research on how land use dynamics alters catchment hydrology and reservoir sedimentation aids the government to implement appropriate response strategies to minimize undesirable future impacts on the upper Megech dam reservoir. For this study, the impacts were quantified and analyzed through hydrological modeling (SWAT). The overall analysis was performed by using 1998 historical and 2016 recent land use satellite images. The analysis has shown that the cultivated land has increased from 60.69% to...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - November 11, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Role of the Patient Information Leaflet in Patients'Medication Therapy: A Case Study within the Kumasi Metropolis of Ghana.
In conclusion, reading of the drug information leaflet was higher than that found in previous studies in Ghana. Reading the leaflet did not increase adherence but aroused anxiety and decreased adherence in some patients. A large number of the patients who were given the PI leaflets indicated that it did not provide them with the needed information. PMID: 33149725 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - November 7, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Excretory Function of Intestinal Tract Enhanced in Kidney Impaired Rats Caused by Adenine".
Corrigendum to "Excretory Function of Intestinal Tract Enhanced in Kidney Impaired Rats Caused by Adenine". ScientificWorldJournal. 2020;2020:8273196 Authors: Yun Y, Gao T, Li Y, Gao Z, Duan J, Yin H, Duan W Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/2695718.]. PMID: 33149726 [PubMed] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - November 7, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Hepatoprotective Effects of a Novel Trihoney against Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Comparative Study with Atorvastatin.
Authors: Alfarisi HAH, Ibrahim MB, Mohamed ZBH, Azahari N, Hamdan AHB, Che Mohamad CA Abstract Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most prevalent chronic liver disorder worldwide with no curative therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the hepatoprotective effects of a novel Trihoney against biochemical and histological manifestations of NAFLD in hypercholesterolemic rabbits. Methodology. Forty-eight male New Zealand white (NZW) rabbits were grouped into normal diet (C), normal diet with 0.6 g/kg/day of Trihoney (C + H), 1% cholesterol diet (HCD), 1% cholesterol diet with ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - November 4, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Potential Use and Challenges of Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment and Conservation in Game Lodges and Resorts in Kenya.
This study used qualitative methods to collect and analyze published official government documents, peer-reviewed research articles, and professional reports including leading international and Kenyan case studies to explore how constructed wetlands can be effectively used in game lodges and resorts situated in arid and remote areas of Kenya. The study investigated wastewater management systems adopted by remote game lodges and resorts in Kenya and the potential role, as well as the challenges to adopting constructed wetland (CW) technology. The results indicated that hotels, game lodges, and resorts both internationally a...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - November 1, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Phenolic Content and Antioxidant, Antihyperlipidemic, and Antidiabetogenic Effects of Opuntia dillenii Seed Oil.
This study aims to evaluate the total phenolic content and antioxidant, antihyperlipidemic, and antidiabetogenic activities of O. dillenii seeds oil (ODSO), in vivo. The 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging assay and the Folin-Ciocalteu method were applied in this study to determine antioxidant activity and total phenolic content of ODSO, respectively. The antihyperlipidemic effect of the ODSO (2 ml/kg) was evaluated in the high-fat diet-fed albino mice, relying on lipid profile, blood glucose, and growth performance variations. Moreover, the preventive effect of ODSO was evaluated against alloxan monohyd...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 22, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Oral Health of Children with Autism: The Influence of Parental Attitudes and Willingness in Providing Care.
This study assessed the association between oral health status and oral health practices of children with ASD in relation to their parental attitudes and comfort in providing oral care. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 75 children with ASD attending the special needs schools in Eastern Saudi Arabia from 2015-2018. Parents responded to a self-administered questionnaire assessing their attitudes toward oral health and comfort in providing oral care for children. The clinical examination assessed dental caries (decayed, extracted, and filled: (DMF and def)), gingival disease, and plaque accumulation. The Pears...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 22, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Valorization of Oued Sebou Natural Sediments (Fez-Morocco Area) as Adsorbent of Methylene Blue Dye: Kinetic and Thermodynamic Study".
Corrigendum to "Valorization of Oued Sebou Natural Sediments (Fez-Morocco Area) as Adsorbent of Methylene Blue Dye: Kinetic and Thermodynamic Study". ScientificWorldJournal. 2020;2020:4815767 Authors: Dra A, Tanji K, Arrahli A, Iboustaten EM, El Gaidoumi A, Kherchafi A, Chaouni Benabdallah A, Kherbeche A Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2020/2187129.]. PMID: 33057459 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 21, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

First Principle Study of the Mechanical Properties and Phonon Dispersion of the Iron Pnictide Compound EuFe2As2.
We present results on the first principle study of the elastic constants and the phonon dispersion of EuFe2As2 at zero pressure. The ground-state energy calculations were performed within Density Functional Theory (DFT) and the generalized gradient approximation using the pseudopotential method with plane-wave basis sets. The projector augmented-wave (PAW) pseudopotentials were used in our calculation. The open source code QUANTUM ESPRESSSO was used with its pseudopotential database. The study on the elastic constants at zero pressure was a clear indication that the compound is mechanically stable, and the phonon dispersio...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 21, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Reproductive Health Right Practice among Preparatory School Female Students of Assela Town, Arsi Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia.
Conclusions: Knowledge of the students was moderate on reproductive health right which was 70%. Practice of sexual and reproductive health rights was 22.6% among the study participants. It is recommended that promotion on sexual and reproductive health right through media is important. PMID: 33061860 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 21, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Application of Bamboo Plants in Nine Aspects.
Authors: Emamverdian A, Ding Y, Ranaei F, Ahmad Z Abstract Bamboo forests are undoubtedly one of the most abundant nontimber plants on Earth and cover a wide area of tropical and subtropical regions around the world. This amazing plant has unique rapid growth and can play an important role in protecting our planet from pollution and improving the soil. Bamboo can be used as a biofuel, food, and for architecture and construction applications and plays a large role in the local economy by creating job opportunities. The aim of this paper is to review the extraordinary tropical plant bamboo by explaining the mechanism...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 21, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "A Hypothesis: Hydrogen Sulfide Might Be Neuroprotective against Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Induced Brain Injury".
Corrigendum to "A Hypothesis: Hydrogen Sulfide Might Be Neuroprotective against Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Induced Brain Injury". ScientificWorldJournal. 2020;2020:8364250 Authors: Yu YP, Chi XL, Liu LJ Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/432318.]. PMID: 33061862 [PubMed] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 21, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Antimicrobial Importance of Medicinal Plants in Nigeria.
Authors: Ugboko HU, Nwinyi OC, Oranusi SU, Fatoki TH, Omonhinmin CA Abstract Despite the success of antibiotic discovery, infectious diseases remain the second leading source of death worldwide, while the resistance to antibiotics is among the significant problems in the twenty-first century. Medicinal plants are very rich in phytochemicals which can be structurally optimized and processed into new drugs. Nigeria enjoys a diverse collection of medicinal plants, and joint research has ascertained the efficacy of these plants. Plants such as guava (Psidium guajava), ginger (Zingiber officinale), neem (Azadirachta ind...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 9, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Role of the Dental Surgeon in Controlling the Dissemination of COVID-19: A Literature Review.
Authors: Batista RCS, Arruda CVB, Cassimiro M, Gominho L, Moura AC, Albuquerque DS, Romeiro K Abstract As early as December 2019 in the province of Hubei, China, contamination of patients with pneumonia of an unknown etiology occurred. These patients presented with symptoms such as coughing, sore throat, malaise, diarrhea, high fever, and dyspnea. This emerging disease was named COVID-19 due to being part of the group of coronaviruses (CoVs) belonging to the subfamily Orthocoronavirinae, in the Coronaviridae family and in the Nidovirales order. COVID-19 is most commonly transmitted through speech, coughing, sneezin...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 9, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Tradition Mills' Picholine Olive Oil Physicochemical Characterization and Chemical Profiling across Different Cities in Morocco.
This study aims to determine the quality of olive oils (Picholine variety) from the traditional oil mills in different Moroccan cities by means of physicochemical characterization and chemical compositions. All samples of olive oil were collected from traditional oil mills. Physicochemical analyses of free fatty acid (FFA), iodine value (IV), saponification value (SV), specific extinction at 232 and 270 (E232, E270), chlorophyll content, carotenoid content, fatty acids (FAs), and total phytosterols composition were performed with respect to the International Olive Council (IOC) standards. These oils were revealed to be ric...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 6, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Psychometric Properties of the Meaning in Life Questionnaire (MLQ) in Patients with Life-Threatening Illnesses.
Conclusion: The results showed that the MLQ is a valid and reliable measure for assessing meaning in life that can be applied in research on meaning in life among other patient populations. PMID: 32963500 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - September 25, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

In Vitro Antibacterial Activity of Crude Extracts of Artocarpus heterophyllus Seeds against Selected Diarrhoea-Causing Superbug Bacteria.
Authors: Eve A, Aliero AA, Nalubiri D, Adeyemo RO, Akinola SA, Pius T, Nabaasa S, Nabukeera S, Alkali B, Ntulume I Abstract The current upsurge in resistance to conventional antibiotics, as well as high cost of orthodox medical treatment, called for the use of medicinal plants as an alternative therapy. This research was aimed at determining the antibacterial activity of Artocarpus heterophyllus seed extracts (Jackfruit as it is locally called) in the treatment of diarrhoea. Ethanolic and hexanolic seed crude extracts of the plant were screened for antidiarrhoeal activity against bacteria isolated from clinical sam...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - September 25, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Land Use and Land Cover Dynamics and Properties of Soils under Different Land Uses in the Tejibara Watershed, Ethiopia.
This study was conducted to evaluate land use and land cover (LULC) changes and their cumulative effects over 30 years (from 1989 to 2019) on the current physical and chemical properties of soils in the Tejibara watershed, Ethiopia. Image analysis and LULC classifications were performed using ERDAS IMAGINE 2014 and ArcGIS 10.4 software, respectively. For the determination of soil properties, four land use types (natural forest, eucalyptus plantation, cultivated, and grazing lands) and two soil depths (0-20 and 20-40 cm) were used. Triplicate composite soil samples were collected from each land use type and soil dept...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - September 23, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research