The Epidemiology of Migraine Headache in Arab Countries: A Systematic Review.
Conclusion: The prevalence and risk factors of migraine headache in Arab countries are comparable to reports from western countries. Longitudinal studies are still needed to investigate the prognosis and predictors of chronicity in the arab countries. PMID: 32607079 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - July 3, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Assessment of Factors Affecting Fish Production and Marketing in Gambella Region, Ethiopia.
Authors: Deng GT Abstract Fish production has been practiced since ancient Egypt and China. It has become a fast-growing agricultural sector that provides animal protein for most people globally. While China is the leading country in the world, Egypt and Nigeria stand on the top in Africa. The overall fishery production potential of Ethiopian water bodies is estimated to be 94,500 tons per year, while the actual production is 38,370 tons. Despite more water bodies and more fish diversity in the region, fish production and marketing is very low. This review is undertaken to assess the main factors affecting fish pro...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - July 3, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Assessing the Efficacy of Broad-Spectrum Antibiotics in Controlling Bacterial Contamination in the In Vitro Micropropagation of Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc).
Authors: Tewelde S, Patharajan S, Teka Z, Sbhatu DB Abstract Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc) (Zingiberaceae) is a livelihood and commercial crop in Ethiopia. But, the availability of clean and healthy planting materials has become a problem due to wilt disease, caused by Ralstonia solanacearum Biovar 3 Race 4. This problem obliged growers to seek for tens of millions of vigorous and disease-free planting materials very quickly via in vitro micropropagation of shoot tip explants. For this purpose, protocols of sterilizing shoot tip explants and controlling bacterial contamination of one Ethiopian ginger cultivar c...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 27, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Use of Granular Cyclopentanone as Alternative to Artificial Source of Carbon Dioxide in Improved Passive Outdoor Host Seeking Device (POHD).
In conclusion, this study demonstrates that cyclopentanone granules have the potential to substitute sources of CO2 in outdoor-based surveillance and control devices, thus warranting evaluation of such alternative under realistic field conditions. PMID: 32581659 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 27, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Mesotherapy: From Historical Notes to Scientific Evidence and Future Prospects.
Authors: Mammucari M, Maggiori E, Russo D, Giorgio C, Ronconi G, Ferrara PE, Canzona F, Antonaci L, Violo B, Vellucci R, Mediati DR, Migliore A, Massafra U, Bifarini B, Gori F, di Carlo M, Brauneis S, Paolucci T, Rocchi P, Cuguttu A, Di Marzo R, Bomprezzi A, Santini S, Giardini M, Catizzone AR, Troili F, Dorato D, Gallo A, Guglielmo C, Natoli S Abstract Intradermal therapy, known as mesotherapy, is a technique used to inject a drug into the surface layer of the skin. In particular, it involves the use of a short needle to deposit the drug in the dermis. The intradermal microdeposit modulates the drug's kinetics, sl...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 26, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Using Fuzzy Multiple Criteria Decision Making Approach for Assessing the Risk of Railway Reconstruction Project in Taiwan".
Corrigendum to "Using Fuzzy Multiple Criteria Decision Making Approach for Assessing the Risk of Railway Reconstruction Project in Taiwan". ScientificWorldJournal. 2020;2020:4712104 Authors: Lu ST, Yu SH, Chang DS Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/239793.]. PMID: 32577100 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 26, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Seeds of Zizyphus lotus: In Vivo Healing Properties of the Vegetable Oil.
Authors: Rais C, Slimani C, Benidir M, Elhanafi L, Zeouk I, Errachidi F, El Ghadraoui L, Louahlia S Abstract The present study has been undertaken in order to highlight the healing effect of Zizyphus lotus vegetable oil. The seeds of this plant contain an oil rate of 30%. The obtained results on the main elements composing the vegetable oil have shown that Zizyphus lotus vegetable oil has a low value of acidity index and it presents a not negligible degree of unsaturation. The value of the peroxide index of Zizyphus lotus vegetable oil is less than 10 which characterizes the most of conventional oils. Furthermore, ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 24, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Analysis of Differences in the Degree of Biomechanical Adaptation according to Habituation to Different Heel Heights.
This study aims to comprehensively investigate whether there are any differences in the degree of biomechanical adaptation according to habituation to different heel heights. The biomechanical characteristics of 54 subjects in 3 groups habituated to three heel heights (low, medium-high, and high heels) were evaluated by the measurement of surface EMG, myotonometer (e.g., measurement of muscle tension), foot pressure, and lumbosacral angle, and comparative analysis was carried out to find out whether they showed differences in the comfort visual analog scale (comfort VAS). Wearers of high-heeled shoes (6 cm or more i...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 24, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Occupational Exposure to Blood and Body Fluids among Medical Laboratory Science Students of the University of Health and Allied Sciences during Vocational Internship in the Volta Region of Ghana.
This study therefore determined the prevalence of exposure to BBF and its risk factors among MLSS at the University of Health and Allied Sciences (UHAS). A cross-sectional survey was employed using simple random sampling to enrol 178 students into the study. The study was conducted from February 1 to March 31, 2018, after the annual vocational training programme completed in August 2017. Self-administered questionnaires based on the objectives of the study were given out to participants to complete after their consent was sought. Descriptive data were reported as absolute number with percentages, whereas bivariate and mult...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 24, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Effectiveness of Teaching Nursing Ethics via Scenarios and Group Discussion in Nurses' Adherence to Ethical Codes and Patients' Satisfaction with Nurses' Performance.
Discussion in Nurses' Adherence to Ethical Codes and Patients' Satisfaction with Nurses' Performance. ScientificWorldJournal. 2020;2020:5749687 Authors: Izadi F, Bijani M, Fereidouni Z, Karimi S, Tehranineshat B, Dehghan A Abstract Background: There are shortcomings in nurses' adherence to ethical principles in practice. The present study aims to investigate the effectiveness of teaching nursing ethics via scenario-based learning and group discussion in nurses' adherence to codes of ethics and patients' satisfaction with nurses' performance. Methods: Using a quasiexperimental design, the present st...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 24, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

A çaí (Euterpe oleracea Mart) Consumption and Prevention of Chronic Diseases: Is There an Association? A Preliminary Study.
Conclusion: Flavonoids are known to have a beneficial effect on some types of neoplastic cells and other diseases; therefore, larger studies are necessary to better evaluate the beneficial effects of consuming foods containing flavonoids on these diseases. PMID: 32565751 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 24, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Use of Student Evaluation of Teaching (SET) Survey to Evaluate Effectiveness of Teaching in a Leadership Course among Dental Students over Three Years.
Authors: Nazir M, Al-Ansari A, AlKhalifa K, Gaffar B, AlHumaid J Abstract Leadership courses are being increasingly integrated into dental curricula. The study aimed to assess the validity and reliability of student evaluation of teaching (SET) instrument among dental students and to evaluate the effectiveness of teaching in a new leadership course over a period of three years. This cross-sectional study was conducted on fourth-year undergraduate dental students (N = 260) who took a practice management course over three consecutive years from 2014 to 2016. A 29-item SET questionnaire was administered ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 24, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Prevalence and Associated Factors of Thinness among Adolescent Students in Finote Selam Town, Northwest Ethiopia.
This study aimed to assess the prevalence and determinants of thinness among school adolescents in Finote Selam Town, Northwest Ethiopia. A school-based cross-sectional study among adolescent students aged 10-19 in public primary and secondary schools was carried out in Finote Selam Town from February 05 to March 27, 2018. Stratified and simple random sampling techniques were employed to select study subjects. A total of 397 adolescent students were included in the study. Pretested structured questionnaires were used to collect the data. Data were entered using Epi Info version 7 and analyzed using SPSS version 20 and WHO ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 24, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Prevalence and Pattern of Road Traffic Accidents among Commercial Motorcyclists in the Central Tongu District, Ghana.
This study determined the prevalence and pattern of motorcycle crashes in Adidome among commercial motorcyclists. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional study design was used as 114 commercial motorcyclists were recruited to respond to a pretested research questionnaire in the Adidome district of the Volta Region. Data were analyzed using SPSS, version 22.0. Data were presented as simple descriptive statistics. A chi-square relationship was determined using the demographic variables, and the history of accident at a 95% confidence interval with 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. Results: The prevale...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 24, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Global Prevalence of Periodontal Disease and Lack of Its Surveillance.
Conclusions: Within the limitations of data, this study found that the distribution of periodontal disease increases with age. Periodontitis was the most common in older persons and in population from high-income countries. PMID: 32549797 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 20, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Immunohistochemical Studies of Age-Related Changes in Cell Proliferation and Angiogenesis during the Healing of Acetic Acid-Induced Gastric Ulcers in Rats.
This study revealed that the slower gastric ulcer healing rate in older rats might be due to reduced epithelial cell proliferation and angiogenic activities. PMID: 32549798 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 20, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Perceptions and Practice of Early Diagnosis of Sickle Cell Disease by Parents and Physicians in a Southwestern State of Nigeria.
Authors: Olatunya OS, Babatola AO, Ogundare EO, Olofinbiyi BA, Lawal OA, Awoleke JO, Aduloju OP, Daramola AO, Emmanuel EE, Olajuyin OA, Komolafe AK, Olaleye AO Abstract Background: Early sickle cell disease (SCD) diagnosis has shown promise in combating SCD in many countries. The aim of this study was to assess the practice and perception of early SCD diagnosis among a group of parents and physicians in Nigeria. Patients and Methods. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study conducted to assess the opinions and practice of early diagnosis of SCD among 135 physicians caring for SCD patients and 164 mothers of chi...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 20, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Efficacy of Processing Strategies on the Gastroprotective Potentiality of Chenopodium quinoa Seeds.
In conclusion, differently processed red quinoa seeds revealed variable antioxidant capacity and gastroprotective potential, while the bacterial fermented seeds (QB) showed the highest potential compared to the other processing techniques. These results might offer promising new therapy in the treatment of acute gastric injury. PMID: 32549800 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 20, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Quantitative Analysis of Heavy Metals and Organic Compounds in Soil from Deir Kanoun Ras El Ain Dump, Lebanon.
Authors: Borjac J, El Joumaa M, Youssef L, Kawach R, Blake DA Abstract Recently, there has been a worldwide concern regarding soil contamination by heavy metals and organic compounds, especially in the developing countries including Lebanon that has suffered from solid waste mismanagement for decades. Deir Kanoun Ras El Ain is a village in southern Lebanon that possesses one of the country's worst dumps, and its leachates influx into a running canal that irrigates surrounding agricultural lands. The aim of this study was to determine the levels of some toxic heavy metals and organic compounds in different soil samp...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 18, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Semifield Evaluation of Improved Passive Outdoor Host Seeking Device (POHD) for Outdoor Control of Anopheles arabiensis Mosquitoes.
Authors: Kessy ST, Nyundo BA, Mnyone LL, Lyimo IN Abstract Despite the considerable progress made so far, the effectiveness and mass application of odour-baited outdoor mosquito control devices in pipelines is limited by several factors. These include the design and size of the devices, optimal placement of attractive blends, and nature of materials into which the blends are impregnated. The primary aim of this study was to manipulate these factors to improve the attractiveness of our recently developed passive outdoor host seeking device (POHD) to outdoor biting Anopheles arabiensis. Specifically, the study aimed ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 18, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Nigeria and Italy Divergences in Coronavirus Experience: Impact of Population Density.
Conclusion: The authors upheld both governments' recommending measures that tilted towards personal hand-hygienic practices and social distancing. Authors suggested that if Italy with its high physician/patient ratio and lower population density compared to Nigeria could suffer high fatality from COVID-19 pandemic under four weeks, then Nigeria with its low physician/patient ratio and higher population density should prepare to face harder time if the pandemic persists. PMID: 32528234 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 14, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Modulation of Blood Coagulation and Hematological Parameters by Crassocephalum crepidioides Leaf Methanol Extract and Fractions in STZ-Induced Diabetes in the Rat.
This study investigated the effects of C. crepidioides leaf methanol extract and fractions on blood coagulation profile of diabetic Wistar rats. The effect of 100 mg/kg body weight of the methanol extract and partitioned fractions of C. crepidioides on blood coagulation profile of STZ-induced diabetic rats were initially evaluated, while graded concentrations (50-200 mg/kg body weight) of the aqueous and hexane fractions were further tested in diabetic rats against standard drugs aspirin (anticoagulant) and metformin (antidiabetic). Rats were allocated into groups (n = 6) and administration was ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 10, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Two-Parameter Modified Ridge-Type M-Estimator for Linear Regression Model.
This study proposed a two-parameter ridge-type modified M-estimator (RTMME) based on the M-estimator to deal with the combined problem resulting from multicollinearity and outliers. Through theoretical proofs, Monte Carlo simulation, and a numerical example, the proposed estimator outperforms the modified ridge-type estimator and some other considered existing estimators. PMID: 32508537 [PubMed] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 10, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Prediction of the Influential Factors on Eating Behaviors: A Hybrid Model of Structural Equation Modelling-Artificial Neural Networks.
Authors: Kheirollahpour MM, Danaee MM, Merican AFAF, Shariff AAAA Abstract The importance of eating behavior risk factors in the primary prevention of obesity has been established. Researchers mostly use the linear model to determine associations among these risk factors. However, in reality, the presence of nonlinearity among these factors causes a bias in the prediction models. The aim of this study was to explore the potential of a hybrid model to predict the eating behaviors. The hybrid model of structural equation modelling (SEM) and artificial neural networks (ANN) was applied to evaluate the prediction model...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 10, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Analysis of Land Cover Changes in Afromontane Vegetation of Image Forest Reserve, Southern Highlands of Tanzania.
Authors: Kayombo CJ, Ndangalasi HJ, Mligo C, Giliba RA Abstract An analysis of land cover changes (LCCs) was done in Image Forest Reserve (IFR) from August to October 2019. Free satellite images for 1990, 2004, and 2018 were downloaded from Landsat 5 (TM) and Landsat 8 (OLI) available through the USGS portal. Ground surveys were conducted using systematically set plots of 20 m × 40 m to identify the existing land cover types and human illegal activities. Geographical coordinates for each of these plots were recorded using handheld GPS. We witnessed the changes of land cover types i...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 10, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Effect of a Tailored Health Education Programme on Medication Management in the Elderly.
Conclusion: It is vital to ensure that patients have sufficient knowledge regarding their medications and how to handle and administer them. Different domains may variably be affected by educational programmes mainly due to preassessment deficits. Educational programmes need to be tailored according to the requirements of the population targeted. PMID: 32454798 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 28, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Biomechanical Behavior of Bioactive Material in Dental Implant: A Three-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis.
In this study, the FEA model of the bones and the tissues are modeled as homogeneous, isotropic, and linearly elastic material with a titanium implant system with an assumption of it 100% osseointegrated into the bone. The titanium was functionalized with graphene and graphene oxide. A modeling software tool Catia® and Ansys Workbench® is used to perform the analysis and evaluate the von Mises stress distribution, strain, and deformation at the implant and implant-cortical bone interface. The results showed that the titanium implant with a surface coating of graphene oxide exhibited better mechanical behavior than ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 28, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Effect of Nigella sativa Supplementation on Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Parameters: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.
Authors: Ardiana M, Pikir BS, Santoso A, Hermawan HO, Al-Farabi MJ Abstract Introduction: Nigella sativa is a commonly used traditional medicine which has been shown to have antioxidant properties. However, its supplementation in patients of clinical trials showed conflicting results. Materials and Method. Relevant articles were searched through PubMed/Medline, SCOPUS, and Google Scholar databases using "Nigella sativa" or "black seed" or "black caraway" or "thymoquinone" and "oxidative stress" or "antioxidant" and "clinical trial" keywords. Rand...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 28, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Macrophylloflavone: A New Biflavonoid from Garcinia macrophylla Mart. (Clusiaceae) for Antibacterial, Antioxidant, and Anti-Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Activities.
This study provided evidence that the plant has antibacterial, antioxidant, and antidiabetic properties. PMID: 32454801 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 28, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Abundance, Diversity, and Distribution of Primates at Welel Mountain, Kellem Wollega Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia.
Authors: Fufa D, Yazezew D, Degefe G, Gebrehiwot S Abstract Primates are the mammals of the order Primate that is characterized by advanced development of binocular vision and enlargement of the cerebral hemispheres. The aim of this study was to investigate the abundance, diversity, and distribution of primates on Welel Mountain. From August 2017 to February 2018, we collected data from different parts of Welel Mountain during wet and dry seasons of the year and analyzed them using SPSS version 20. We identified four primate species: Chlorocebus aethiops, Cercopithecus mitis, Papio anubis, and Colobus guereza. We c...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 28, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Assessment of Levels of Natural Radioactivity in Sand Samples Collected from Ekalakala in Machakos County, Kenya.
In this study, specific activities of 238U, 232Th, and 40K in 30 sand samples collected along the Ekalakala River, Machakos County, Kenya, were measured using a high-purity germanium γ-ray spectrometer. The specific activities ranged between 9.7 Bqkg-1 and 24.0 Bqkg-1, 11.5 Bqkg-1 and 26.2 Bqkg-1, and 820 Bqkg-1 and 1850 Bqkg-1 for 238U, 232Th, and 40K, respectively. While the mean specific activities for 238U and 232Th were less than half of the world average values of 33 Bqkg-1 and 45 Bqkg-1, respectively, the average specific activity of 40K was significant s...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 21, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Diversity of Soil Filamentous Fungi Influenced by Marine Environment in S ão Luís, Maranhão, Brazil.
Conclusion: The main isolated fungi from the Jansen Lagoon State Park were Aspergillus niger and Aspergillus tamrii. These fungi can be used as biological markers of pollution and as biodegraders and/or bioremediators to improve the area studied. PMID: 32410905 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 16, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Betacyanin as Bioindicator Using Time-Temperature Integrator for Smart Packaging of Fresh Goat Milk.
Authors: Rahimah S, Malinda W, Zaida, Sukri N, Salma JK, Tallei TE, Idroes R Abstract Smart packaging is a packaging system with embedded sensor or indicator technology, which provides information on the quality of the product, especially perishable foods such as goat milk. One application of smart packaging is to use a time-temperature bioindicator. The purpose of this study was to determine the quality of fresh goat milk during storage at freezing temperatures (-20 ± 2°C) for 31 days and room temperature (25 ± 3°C) for 24 hours using a time-temperature indicator b...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 16, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Metal Content of Nutritional and Toxic Value in Different Types of Brazilian Propolis.
Authors: Hodel KVS, Machado BAS, Santos NR, Costa RG, Menezes-Filho JA, Umsza-Guez MA Abstract Brazilian raw propolis samples (brown, green, red, and yellow) were investigated to evaluate the content of three elements of nutritional value (Cu, K, and Se) and three toxic metals (As, Cd, and Pb). The propolis samples (n = 19) were obtained from different regions of Brazil and analysed by atomic absorption spectrometry after microwave-assisted digestion. A descriptive analysis of the variables was carried out, and nonparametric tests (Kruskal-Wallis or Mann-Whitney) were performed to verify the differenc...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 16, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Adsorption of Crystal Violet onto an Agricultural Waste Residue: Kinetics, Isotherm, Thermodynamics, and Mechanism of Adsorption.
In this study, we were interested in the elimination of crystal violet dye, from aqueous solutions, by adsorption on almond shell-based material, as a low-cost and ecofriendly adsorbent. The almond shells were first analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction; then, the influence of adsorbent dose, initial dye concentration time, and pH were studied to assess adsorption capacity under optimal experimental conditions. Experimental results indicate that almond shell adsorbent removes about 83% of the dye from the solutions at room temperature and in batch mode; the kinetic study showed th...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 16, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Effect of Ultrasound-Measured Preinduction Cervical Length on Delivery Outcome in a Low-Resource Setting.
Conclusion: Transvaginal sonographic measurement of cervical length provides a useful prediction of the likelihood of duration of labour following the induction of labour. It is recommended that IOL should be considered and success anticipated in a parturient with a cervical length less than 3 cm. PMID: 32410909 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 16, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Effect of Social Networking Sites on the Quality of Life of College Students: A Cross-Sectional Study from a City in North India.
Conclusion: Social networking sites are steadily penetrating in the lives of adolescents in India. The advantages on quality of life for daily users of social networking sites versus nondaily users are enormous. Also currently, Internet use might not have reached the levels where it embarks on the existing state of health; therefore, continuous and critical observation of the changing trends is warranted. PMID: 32410910 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 16, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Reliability and Validity of the Japanese Version of the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale among Dental Outpatients.
Authors: Ogawa M, Sago T, Furukawa H Abstract Introduction: A careful assessment of dental anxiety is necessary for its management. The Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) is one of the most commonly used questionnaires to measure dental anxiety in the world. The reliability and validity of the Japanese version of MDAS have been demonstrated using undergraduates and a few patients with dental anxiety. The aim of the present study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Japanese version of the MDAS using a wide range of age samples in dental clinics. Methods: A total of 275 outpatients (145 men and 1...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 16, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Deeply Learned Classifiers for Age and Gender Predictions of Unfiltered Faces.
Authors: Agbo-Ajala O, Viriri S Abstract Age and gender predictions of unfiltered faces classify unconstrained real-world facial images into predefined age and gender. Significant improvements have been made in this research area due to its usefulness in intelligent real-world applications. However, the traditional methods on the unfiltered benchmarks show their incompetency to handle large degrees of variations in those unconstrained images. More recently, Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) based methods have been extensively used for the classification task due to their excellent performance in facial analysis....
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 14, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Nonresonant Polarized Raman Spectra Calculations of Nitrogen-Doped Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes: Diameter, Chirality, and Doping Concentration Effects.
Authors: Allali F, Chadli H, Bentaleb M, Hermet P, Rahmani A Abstract Raman spectra of nitrogen-doped single-walled carbon nanotubes are calculated using the spectral moment's method combined with the bond polarizability model. The influence of the nanotube diameter and chirality is investigated. We also address the important question of the effect of the N-doping concentration, and we propose an equation to estimate the doping concentration from the knowledge of the tube diameter and the frequency of the radial breathing mode. PMID: 32395085 [PubMed] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 14, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Chemical Compounds of Malacca Leaf (Phyllanthus emblica) after Triple Extraction with N-Hexane, Ethyl Acetate, and Ethanol.
This study clearly shows the presence of fatty acids which play a major role in the efficacy of these traditional medicines particularly as antioxidant and antimalarial. PMID: 32395086 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 14, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Ensete ventricosum: A Multipurpose Crop against Hunger in Ethiopia.
Authors: Yemata G Abstract Ensete ventricosum is a traditional multipurpose crop mainly used as a staple/co-staple food for over 20 million people in Ethiopia. Despite this, scientific information about the crop is scarce. Three types of food, viz., Kocho (fermented product from scraped pseudostem and grated corm), Bulla (dehydrated juice), and Amicho (boiled corm) can be prepared from enset. These products are particularly rich in carbohydrates, minerals, fibres, and phenolics, but poor in proteins. Such meals are usually served with meat and cheese to supplement proteins. As a food crop, it has useful attributes ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 14, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Biosmart Materials: Breaking New Ground in Dentistry".
Corrigendum to "Biosmart Materials: Breaking New Ground in Dentistry". ScientificWorldJournal. 2020;2020:7291341 Authors: Journal TSW Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/986912.]. PMID: 32395088 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 14, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Optimization of Bioactive Compound Extraction from Rose Myrtle Fruit (Rhodomyrtus tomentosa, (W.Ait), Myrtaceae) as the Antioxidant Source.
Authors: Ismandari T, Kumalaningsih S, Wijana S, Mustaniroh SA Abstract Rose myrtle fruit (Rhodomyrtus tomentosa, (W.Ait), Myrtaceae) is one of fruits widely found in Kalimantan. This fruit contains a bioactive compound that has a potential to be used as medicine. The aim of this study was to obtain optimal temperature and time of extraction in maintaining and protecting the bioactive compound in rose myrtle fruit extract by using water as solvent. This research applied the response surface method with central composite design for two factors, namely, X 1 (temperature/°C) consisting of three levels: 70, 80, and...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 14, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Predictability of a New Orthodontic Extrusion Technique for Implant Site Development: A Retrospective Consecutive Case-Series Study.
Authors: Conserva E, Fadda M, Ferrari V, Consolo U Abstract In clinical daily practice, there are situations in which implant sites have vertical and/or horizontal bone defects and often we must improve their morphology and dimensions before fixture insertion. It is crucial to carefully evaluate the surgical site as regards the characteristics of both hard and soft tissues. The orthodontic extrusion technique can be used for nonsurgical augmentation of the implant site as an alternative to traditional regenerative/reparative surgical therapies. The orthodontic extrusion is based on a biological mechanism that uses ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 8, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Exploring University Students' Attitudes towards Primary Care: Evidence from a Cross-Sectional Study.
Authors: Voglino G, Lo Moro G, Gualano MR, Bert F, Siliquini R Abstract The general practitioner (GP) has a significant role in primary care, being more than a gatekeeper to health services access. In Italy, if a citizen moves for studies for at least 3 months, he/she can choose temporarily another GP in the new city (the so-called "Healthcare Domicile" (HD)). The aims were to estimate the university students' knowledge about the HD, evaluate the frequency of the transition to another GP, and assess the university students' attitudes towards the primary care services. In 2018, a cross-sectional pilot stud...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 2, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Effect of Extraction Methods on Antioxidant Activity of Papery Skin Extracts and Fractions of Maja Cipanas Onion (Allium cepa L. var. ascalonicum).
This study aimed to determine the effectiveness of extraction methods on antioxidant activity of secondary metabolites of papery skin extracts and fractions of Maja Cipanas onion (Allium cepa L. var. ascalonicum). Extraction methods were maceration, percolation, reflux, and Soxhlet method, and then, concentrated extracts were fractionated by liquid-liquid extraction based on the polarity of secondary metabolites. Antioxidant activity was determined by the DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) method. The phytochemical screening showed that onion papery skin contained alkaloids, polyphenols, flavonoids, and tannins. The IC50...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 2, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Hospital Prevalence of Colorectal Cancer among Colonoscopy Recipients Attending a Tertiary Hospital in Oman: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: The study provides supportive evidence for a steady increase in CRC prevalence over age categories and years of follow-up and depicted the variations of gender-specific CRC prevalence estimates over increasing age categories. The study calls for timely formulation and adoption of national CRC screening programs centered on the colonoscopy use as primary prevention and maximizing its utilization and efficiency. PMID: 32351344 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 2, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

A Review of the Health Implications of Heavy Metals in Food Chain in Nigeria.
This study motivates the Standard Organisation of Nigeria (SON), along with other food and agricultural agencies, to intensify their efforts in monitoring and analysing food components, and we advise consumers to eat with certain degrees of caveat. PMID: 32351345 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 2, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

In Vitro Micropropagation of Aloe adigratana Reynolds Using Offshoot Cuttings.
This study aimed at developing a suitable and reproducible protocol for in vitro micropropagation of Aloe adigratana Reynolds using explants from offshoots with the help of the most commonly used plant growth regulators (PGRs). Explants were initiated in full-strength Murashige and Skoog (MS) media enriched with 0.2 mg/L benzylaminopurine (BAP) + 0.2 mg/L naphthaleneacetic acid (NAA). Shooting experiment was conducted in full-strength MS media enriched with 0/0, 0.5/0.5, 1.0/0.5, 1.5/0.5, and 2.0/0.5 mg/L BAP/NAA. Likewise, rooting experiment was carried out in half-strength MS media enri...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 2, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research