Modeling Impact of Land Use Dynamics on Hydrology and Sedimentation of Megech Dam Watershed, Ethiopia.
Authors: Assfaw AT Abstract Land use/land cover dynamics change the hydrology and sediment yield of the watershed. This research on how land use dynamics alters catchment hydrology and reservoir sedimentation aids the government to implement appropriate response strategies to minimize undesirable future impacts on the upper Megech dam reservoir. For this study, the impacts were quantified and analyzed through hydrological modeling (SWAT). The overall analysis was performed by using 1998 historical and 2016 recent land use satellite images. The analysis has shown that the cultivated land has increased from 60.69% to...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - November 11, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Role of the Patient Information Leaflet in Patients'Medication Therapy: A Case Study within the Kumasi Metropolis of Ghana.
In conclusion, reading of the drug information leaflet was higher than that found in previous studies in Ghana. Reading the leaflet did not increase adherence but aroused anxiety and decreased adherence in some patients. A large number of the patients who were given the PI leaflets indicated that it did not provide them with the needed information. PMID: 33149725 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - November 7, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Excretory Function of Intestinal Tract Enhanced in Kidney Impaired Rats Caused by Adenine".
Corrigendum to "Excretory Function of Intestinal Tract Enhanced in Kidney Impaired Rats Caused by Adenine". ScientificWorldJournal. 2020;2020:8273196 Authors: Yun Y, Gao T, Li Y, Gao Z, Duan J, Yin H, Duan W Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2016/2695718.]. PMID: 33149726 [PubMed] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - November 7, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Hepatoprotective Effects of a Novel Trihoney against Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Comparative Study with Atorvastatin.
Authors: Alfarisi HAH, Ibrahim MB, Mohamed ZBH, Azahari N, Hamdan AHB, Che Mohamad CA Abstract Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most prevalent chronic liver disorder worldwide with no curative therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the hepatoprotective effects of a novel Trihoney against biochemical and histological manifestations of NAFLD in hypercholesterolemic rabbits. Methodology. Forty-eight male New Zealand white (NZW) rabbits were grouped into normal diet (C), normal diet with 0.6 g/kg/day of Trihoney (C + H), 1% cholesterol diet (HCD), 1% cholesterol diet with ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - November 4, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Potential Use and Challenges of Constructed Wetlands for Wastewater Treatment and Conservation in Game Lodges and Resorts in Kenya.
This study used qualitative methods to collect and analyze published official government documents, peer-reviewed research articles, and professional reports including leading international and Kenyan case studies to explore how constructed wetlands can be effectively used in game lodges and resorts situated in arid and remote areas of Kenya. The study investigated wastewater management systems adopted by remote game lodges and resorts in Kenya and the potential role, as well as the challenges to adopting constructed wetland (CW) technology. The results indicated that hotels, game lodges, and resorts both internationally a...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - November 1, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Phenolic Content and Antioxidant, Antihyperlipidemic, and Antidiabetogenic Effects of Opuntia dillenii Seed Oil.
This study aims to evaluate the total phenolic content and antioxidant, antihyperlipidemic, and antidiabetogenic activities of O. dillenii seeds oil (ODSO), in vivo. The 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) scavenging assay and the Folin-Ciocalteu method were applied in this study to determine antioxidant activity and total phenolic content of ODSO, respectively. The antihyperlipidemic effect of the ODSO (2 ml/kg) was evaluated in the high-fat diet-fed albino mice, relying on lipid profile, blood glucose, and growth performance variations. Moreover, the preventive effect of ODSO was evaluated against alloxan monohyd...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 22, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Oral Health of Children with Autism: The Influence of Parental Attitudes and Willingness in Providing Care.
This study assessed the association between oral health status and oral health practices of children with ASD in relation to their parental attitudes and comfort in providing oral care. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 75 children with ASD attending the special needs schools in Eastern Saudi Arabia from 2015-2018. Parents responded to a self-administered questionnaire assessing their attitudes toward oral health and comfort in providing oral care for children. The clinical examination assessed dental caries (decayed, extracted, and filled: (DMF and def)), gingival disease, and plaque accumulation. The Pears...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 22, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Valorization of Oued Sebou Natural Sediments (Fez-Morocco Area) as Adsorbent of Methylene Blue Dye: Kinetic and Thermodynamic Study".
Corrigendum to "Valorization of Oued Sebou Natural Sediments (Fez-Morocco Area) as Adsorbent of Methylene Blue Dye: Kinetic and Thermodynamic Study". ScientificWorldJournal. 2020;2020:4815767 Authors: Dra A, Tanji K, Arrahli A, Iboustaten EM, El Gaidoumi A, Kherchafi A, Chaouni Benabdallah A, Kherbeche A Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2020/2187129.]. PMID: 33057459 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 21, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

First Principle Study of the Mechanical Properties and Phonon Dispersion of the Iron Pnictide Compound EuFe2As2.
We present results on the first principle study of the elastic constants and the phonon dispersion of EuFe2As2 at zero pressure. The ground-state energy calculations were performed within Density Functional Theory (DFT) and the generalized gradient approximation using the pseudopotential method with plane-wave basis sets. The projector augmented-wave (PAW) pseudopotentials were used in our calculation. The open source code QUANTUM ESPRESSSO was used with its pseudopotential database. The study on the elastic constants at zero pressure was a clear indication that the compound is mechanically stable, and the phonon dispersio...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 21, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Reproductive Health Right Practice among Preparatory School Female Students of Assela Town, Arsi Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia.
Conclusions: Knowledge of the students was moderate on reproductive health right which was 70%. Practice of sexual and reproductive health rights was 22.6% among the study participants. It is recommended that promotion on sexual and reproductive health right through media is important. PMID: 33061860 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 21, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Application of Bamboo Plants in Nine Aspects.
Authors: Emamverdian A, Ding Y, Ranaei F, Ahmad Z Abstract Bamboo forests are undoubtedly one of the most abundant nontimber plants on Earth and cover a wide area of tropical and subtropical regions around the world. This amazing plant has unique rapid growth and can play an important role in protecting our planet from pollution and improving the soil. Bamboo can be used as a biofuel, food, and for architecture and construction applications and plays a large role in the local economy by creating job opportunities. The aim of this paper is to review the extraordinary tropical plant bamboo by explaining the mechanism...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 21, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "A Hypothesis: Hydrogen Sulfide Might Be Neuroprotective against Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Induced Brain Injury".
Corrigendum to "A Hypothesis: Hydrogen Sulfide Might Be Neuroprotective against Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Induced Brain Injury". ScientificWorldJournal. 2020;2020:8364250 Authors: Yu YP, Chi XL, Liu LJ Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/432318.]. PMID: 33061862 [PubMed] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 21, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Antimicrobial Importance of Medicinal Plants in Nigeria.
Authors: Ugboko HU, Nwinyi OC, Oranusi SU, Fatoki TH, Omonhinmin CA Abstract Despite the success of antibiotic discovery, infectious diseases remain the second leading source of death worldwide, while the resistance to antibiotics is among the significant problems in the twenty-first century. Medicinal plants are very rich in phytochemicals which can be structurally optimized and processed into new drugs. Nigeria enjoys a diverse collection of medicinal plants, and joint research has ascertained the efficacy of these plants. Plants such as guava (Psidium guajava), ginger (Zingiber officinale), neem (Azadirachta ind...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 9, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Role of the Dental Surgeon in Controlling the Dissemination of COVID-19: A Literature Review.
Authors: Batista RCS, Arruda CVB, Cassimiro M, Gominho L, Moura AC, Albuquerque DS, Romeiro K Abstract As early as December 2019 in the province of Hubei, China, contamination of patients with pneumonia of an unknown etiology occurred. These patients presented with symptoms such as coughing, sore throat, malaise, diarrhea, high fever, and dyspnea. This emerging disease was named COVID-19 due to being part of the group of coronaviruses (CoVs) belonging to the subfamily Orthocoronavirinae, in the Coronaviridae family and in the Nidovirales order. COVID-19 is most commonly transmitted through speech, coughing, sneezin...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 9, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Tradition Mills' Picholine Olive Oil Physicochemical Characterization and Chemical Profiling across Different Cities in Morocco.
This study aims to determine the quality of olive oils (Picholine variety) from the traditional oil mills in different Moroccan cities by means of physicochemical characterization and chemical compositions. All samples of olive oil were collected from traditional oil mills. Physicochemical analyses of free fatty acid (FFA), iodine value (IV), saponification value (SV), specific extinction at 232 and 270 (E232, E270), chlorophyll content, carotenoid content, fatty acids (FAs), and total phytosterols composition were performed with respect to the International Olive Council (IOC) standards. These oils were revealed to be ric...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - October 6, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Psychometric Properties of the Meaning in Life Questionnaire (MLQ) in Patients with Life-Threatening Illnesses.
Conclusion: The results showed that the MLQ is a valid and reliable measure for assessing meaning in life that can be applied in research on meaning in life among other patient populations. PMID: 32963500 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - September 25, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

In Vitro Antibacterial Activity of Crude Extracts of Artocarpus heterophyllus Seeds against Selected Diarrhoea-Causing Superbug Bacteria.
Authors: Eve A, Aliero AA, Nalubiri D, Adeyemo RO, Akinola SA, Pius T, Nabaasa S, Nabukeera S, Alkali B, Ntulume I Abstract The current upsurge in resistance to conventional antibiotics, as well as high cost of orthodox medical treatment, called for the use of medicinal plants as an alternative therapy. This research was aimed at determining the antibacterial activity of Artocarpus heterophyllus seed extracts (Jackfruit as it is locally called) in the treatment of diarrhoea. Ethanolic and hexanolic seed crude extracts of the plant were screened for antidiarrhoeal activity against bacteria isolated from clinical sam...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - September 25, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Land Use and Land Cover Dynamics and Properties of Soils under Different Land Uses in the Tejibara Watershed, Ethiopia.
This study was conducted to evaluate land use and land cover (LULC) changes and their cumulative effects over 30 years (from 1989 to 2019) on the current physical and chemical properties of soils in the Tejibara watershed, Ethiopia. Image analysis and LULC classifications were performed using ERDAS IMAGINE 2014 and ArcGIS 10.4 software, respectively. For the determination of soil properties, four land use types (natural forest, eucalyptus plantation, cultivated, and grazing lands) and two soil depths (0-20 and 20-40 cm) were used. Triplicate composite soil samples were collected from each land use type and soil dept...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - September 23, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Effect of Long-Term Moderate Physical Exercise on Irisin between Normal Weight and Obese Men.
This study aims to investigate the effect of long-term moderate physical exercise on irisin levels and its correlations with body mass index (BMI), waist circumferences (WC), and metabolic parameters in normal weight and obese males. Material and method. A follow-up case-control study of sixty male participants, comprised of thirty normal weight and thirty obese, who had undergone supervised long-term moderate physical exercises for six months. Serum irisin levels, fasting blood glucose, serum insulin, homeostatic model assessment of the insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), and β-cell function (HOMA-B2) were assessed. ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - September 23, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Prevalence of Dental Trauma and Receipt of Its Treatment among Male School Children in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia.
Conclusion: Dental trauma was highly prevalent among school children; however, few of them received care/dental treatment. Participants frequently experienced dental trauma due to a fall in their homes. Preventive measures should be taken to prevent dental trauma, reduce its burden, and improve quality of life. PMID: 32952454 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - September 23, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Prevalence of Impacted Teeth in Saudi Patients Attending Dental Clinics in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia: A Radiographic Retrospective Study.
Conclusion: There was a high prevalence of impacted teeth in Saudi patients. The canines were the most commonly impacted teeth followed by the second premolars. Females demonstrated a higher occurrence of impacted teeth than males. Early detection of impacted teeth can help prevent malocclusion and maintain a healthy dentition. PMID: 32952455 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - September 23, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Crystal Guava (Psidium guajava L. "Crystal"): Evaluation of In Vitro Antioxidant Capacities and Phytochemical Content.
Crystal Guava (Psidium guajava L. "Crystal"): Evaluation of In Vitro Antioxidant Capacities and Phytochemical Content. ScientificWorldJournal. 2020;2020:9413727 Authors: Hartati R, Nadifan HI, Fidrianny I Abstract Free radicals can cause many diseases, such as cancer. Antioxidant is a compound that could scavenge free radicals. One of the natural antioxidants is guava. The goals of this research were to investigate the antioxidant activity of leaves and fruit of crystal guava by determining the value of the Antioxidant Activity Index (AAI) using DPPH, CUPRAC, and FRAP; evaluate the total phen...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - September 23, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Activity Budget and Feeding Ecology of Geladas (Theropithecus gelada obscurus) around Abogedam Church West of Debre Berhan Town, Ethiopia.
This study provides basic information on further studies and motivates conservationists to plan the management of unprotected areas at the vicinity of agricultural lands where such endemic animals dwell. PMID: 32952457 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - September 23, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Potential Applicability of Cocoa Pulp (Theobroma cacao L) as an Adjunct for Beer Production.
Authors: Nunes CSO, da Silva MLC, Camilloto GP, Machado BAS, Hodel KVS, Koblitz MGB, Carvalho GBM, Uetanabaro APT Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the application of cocoa pulp as an adjunct for malt in beer production. The cocoa pulp was analyzed for humidity, proteins, lipids, sugars, total soluble solids, organic acids, and minerals. A study was carried out to reduce the cocoa pulp viscosity by enzymatic depectinization, making its use viable in beer production. The cocoa pulp showed relevant quantities of compounds important in fermentation, such as sugars, acids, and minerals. In fermentation usi...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - September 17, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Practice towards Rational Drug Use at Finotselam and Asirade Zewudie Hospitals Based on WHO Core Drug Use Indicators, Northwest Ethiopia.
Conclusion: The majority of WHO core drug use indicators were not met in the two hospitals. The average number of drugs encountered in Asirade Zewudie hospital was slightly higher than the WHO recommended range, whereas the average number of drugs encountered in Finoteselam hospital was exactly equal. The percentage of antibiotics encountered was very high compared with WHO recommendation, but the percentage of injections encountered was below the WHO recommended range and time spent on counseling and dispensing was too short when compared with WHO recommendation. In addition to this, both hospitals had no essential drug l...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - September 12, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Retracted: Next Generation Sequencing: Potential and Application in Drug Discovery.
Authors: The Scientific World Journal Abstract [This retracts the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/802437.]. PMID: 32908459 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - September 12, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Sexual and Reproductive Health Services Utilization and Associated Factors among College Students at West Arsi Zone in Oromia Region, Ethiopia.
Authors: Wachamo D, Tegene Y, Tibeso A, Washo A Abstract Background: Young people are challenged with sexual and reproductive health (SRH) problems due to limited access to services and information. It contributes a high burden of sexually transmitted disease, unsafe abortion, and premature mortality, especially in low-income countries like Ethiopia. Hence, this study aimed at assessing the SRH service utilization and associated factors among college students at West Arsi Zone in Oromia region, Ethiopia. Methods: Institutional-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 519 randomly selected college student...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - September 12, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Environmentally Friendly Methods for Flavonoid Extraction from Plant Material: Impact of Their Operating Conditions on Yield and Antioxidant Properties.
Authors: Rodríguez De Luna SL, Ramírez-Garza RE, Serna Saldívar SO Abstract The flavonoids are compounds synthesized by plants, and they have properties such as antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial, among others. One of the most important bioactive properties of flavonoids is their antioxidant effect. Synthetic antioxidants have side toxic effects whilst natural antioxidants, such as flavonoids from natural sources, have relatively low toxicity. Therefore, it is important to incorporate flavonoids derived from natural sources in several products such as foods, cosmetics...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - September 12, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Water Treatment for Fish Aquaculture System by Biochar-Supplemented Planting Panel System.
Authors: Mopoung S, Udeye V, Viruhpintu S, Yimtragool N, Unhong V Abstract Rice husk biochars were prepared by carbonization at 400-600°C. The products were analyzed by FTIR, SEM-EDS, BET, and approximate analysis in order to find final products with the best properties and the lowest carbonization temperature. It has been found that the biochar prepared at 500°C, which has 37.86 ± 0.11% yield, 341.0776 m2/g of BET surface area, and 0.136639 cm3/g of micropore volume, is suitable for use as a root supplement in the aquaponic system. The aquaponic systems consist of aquacul...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - September 12, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Biophysical Insight into the Interaction of Human Lysozyme with Anticancer Drug Anastrozole: A Multitechnique Approach.
This study also points to unrelated effects that small molecules bring in the body that are considerable and need thorough investigation. PMID: 32908463 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - September 12, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Effect of Genetically Modified Food on Infertility Indices: A Systematic Review Study.
Conclusion. Our findings indicated that GM products had no adverse effects on infertility indices such as the sperm head, sperm motility, sperm abnormality, and fertility indices. Long-term research still seems to be strongly necessary to ensure that the use of GM plants does not cause any harm to consumers, especially in infertility area. PMID: 32855628 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 30, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Possible Mechanisms of Relations between the Thermal Neutrons Field and Biosphere.
Authors: Syroeshkin AV, Tarabrina IV, Morozova MA, Marukhlenko AV, Zlatskiy IA, Makarova MP Abstract This paper proposes some results concerning the interaction of living matter of different organization levels (prokaryotes and eukaryotes) with the flux of thermal neutrons. The phenomenon of the virtual neutron trap was tested during the passage of thermalized neutrons from the Pu-Be couple through a flat layer of E. coli suspension. We have studied the metabolic characteristics of A. salina cysts before and after artificial neutron flux exposure. It has been demonstrated that the concentrations of some metals in s...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 29, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Postoperative Pain Management among Registered Nurses in a Vietnamese Hospital.
This study examined the postoperative pain management practices among registered nurses in an urban hospital in Vietnam. Data of 90 nurses about postoperative pain management practices and pain management at the department were collected. Results indicated that 83.3% of nurses reported that they regularly assessed the degree of pain for postoperative patients. Only 32.2% used assessment tools such as the numeric rating scale to measure pain. Experience in pain management and having guidelines in the department were associated with a higher score in pain management practice. Findings suggested that facilitating the use of p...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 29, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Internet Addiction, Oral Health Practices, Clinical Outcomes, and Self-Perceived Oral Health in Young Saudi Adults.
Authors: Al-Ansari A, El Tantawi M, AlMadan N, Nazir M, Gaffar B, Al-Khalifa K, AlBaty A Abstract The study assessed the relationship between Internet addiction and oral health practices and clinical outcomes and whether this was affected by oral health perception. In 2017, a cross-sectional study included university students in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. Questionnaires assessed demographic background, oral health practices (consuming sugar, tobacco use, and oral hygiene), perceived oral health, and Internet addiction. Caries experience and gingivitis were assessed using the World Health Organization cri...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 29, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Extents of Predictors for Land Surface Temperature Using Multiple Regression Model.
Authors: Yuvaraj RM Abstract Land surface temperature (LST) is a key factor in numerous areas such as climate change, land use/land cover in the urban areas, and heat balance and is also a significant participant in the creation of climate models. Landsat data has given numerous possibilities to understand the land processes by means of remote sensing. The present study has been performed to identify the LST of the study region using Landsat 8 OLI/TIRS satellite images for two time periods in order to compare the data. The study also attempted to identify and predict the role and importance of NDVI, NDBI, and the s...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 26, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Comparative and Correlational Evaluation of the Phytochemical Constituents and Antioxidant Activity of Musa sinensis L. and Musa paradisiaca L. Fruit Compartments (Musaceae).
This study shows the therapeutic potentials of the flesh and, importantly, the peel of M. sinensis and M. paradisiaca fruits on the basis of the polyphenolic constitution against free radicals and oxidative stress. PMID: 32831803 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 26, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Effects of Different Rates of Poultry Manure and Split Applications of Urea Fertilizer on Soil Chemical Properties, Growth, and Yield of Maize.
Authors: Adekiya AO, Ogunboye OI, Ewulo BS, Olayanju A Abstract During integrated nutrient management involving poultry manure (PM) and urea fertilizer (UF) for maize (Zea mays L.), it is necessary to investigate the best time to apply UF that will optimize soil chemical properties, growth, and yield of maize. Hence, studies were carried out to investigate the effect of different rates of PM and single and split applications (SA) of UF on soil chemical properties, growth, and yield of maize. The treatment involved three levels of PM (0.0, 4.0, and 8.0 t·ha-1) and four sets of periods of UF: (i) 0&thin...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 26, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Antibacterial Activity of Defatted and Nondefatted Methanolic Extracts of Aframomum melegueta K. Schum. against Multidrug-Resistant Bacteria of Clinical Importance.
This study indicated that DME was more active with higher antibacterial activity than the NDME of this plant, and extracting the fatty portion of plant materials prior susceptibility testing would allow plant extracts to be more effective as well as justifying the use of Aframomum melegueta in traditional medicine for the treatment of bacterial infections. PMID: 32831805 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 26, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Multispectral Remote Sensing Utilization for Monitoring Chlorophyll-a Levels in Inland Water Bodies in Jordan.
This study focuses on the utilization of multispectral satellite images for remote water-quality evaluation of inland water body in Jordan. The geophysical parameters based on water's optical properties, due to the presence of optically active constituents, are used to determine contaminant level in water. It has a great potential to be employed for continuous and cost-effective water-quality monitoring and leads to a reliable regularly updated tool for better water sector management. Three sets of water samples were collected from three different dams in Jordan. Chl-a concentration of the water samples was measured and us...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 26, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Phenotypic Characterization of Tiger Nuts (Cyperus esculentus L.) from Major Growing Areas in Ghana.
Authors: Asare PA, Kpankpari R, Adu MO, Afutu E, Adewumi AS Abstract Tigernut (Cyperus esculentus Lativum) is an important but understudied and underutilized crop in Ghana. The tubers are highly appreciated for their health benefits and nutritive value. To contribute to the conservation process of tiger nut and identify elite genotypes, this study was conducted to assess phenotypic variability in tiger nut genotypes in Ghana. Sixty-four (64) genotypes were collected from major tiger nut growing areas in Ghana. The genotypes were field-grown and characterized based on phenotypic and yield traits. Similarity coeffici...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 26, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Determination of Cassiarin A Level of Cassia siamea Leaf Obtained from Various Regions in Indonesia Using the TLC-Densitometry Method.
Authors: Ekasari W, Widiyastuti Y, Subositi D, Hamsidi R, Widyawaruyanti A, Basuki S, Setyawan D Abstract Cassia siamea leaf has been proven in vitro and in vivo to have a strong antimalarial activity with Cassiarin A as its active compound. To obtain a source of C. siamea medicinal plant with high level of active antimalarial compound (Cassiarin A), a valid method for determining Cassiarin A level is needed. For this reason, this research conducts the validation of the Cassiarin A content with determination method using thin-layer chromatography (TLC) densitometry which includes the determination of selectivity (R...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 26, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Quality of Novel Coronavirus Related Health Information over the Internet: An Evaluation Study.
Conclusion: This study highlights the gaps in the quality of information that is available on the websites related to COVID-19 and study emphasizes the need for verified websites that provide evidence-based health information related to the novel coronavirus pandemic. PMID: 32802003 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 19, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Glaucoma among the Malaysian Community.
Conclusion: Awareness and knowledge of glaucoma in this population is low. These findings suggest that there is a need for an efficient information and education strategy to be designed and conducted to increase the awareness and knowledge of glaucoma so that early detection can be made and effective management of individuals with this condition can be delivered. PMID: 32802004 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 19, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Retracted: VEGF Genetic Polymorphisms May Contribute to the Risk of Diabetic Nephropathy in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus: A Meta-Analysis.
Authors: The Scientific World Journal Abstract [This retracts the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/624573.]. PMID: 32802005 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 19, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Age and Sequence of Permanent Teeth Eruption in Lebanese Children.
Conclusion: In this study, the results indicate that premolars and second permanent molars erupt earlier in the Lebanese children compared to children of other countries reflected in several studies. PMID: 32802006 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 19, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Diallel Analysis and Heritability of Grain Yield, Yield Components, and Maturity Traits in Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.).
This study was conducted (at the CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute, Ghana) to determine general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA), heritability, genetic advance, GCA, and SCA effects as well as the relationship between parents per se performance and progenies for yield components and maturity traits in cowpea. The test populations were derived using a 5 × 5 complete diallel cross of parents with different yield attributes and maturity durations. The results indicated that GCA was predominant for number of days to 90% pod maturity, plant height at maturity, and hundr...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 19, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Bactericidal Effect and Anti-Inflammatory Activity of Cassia garettiana Heartwood Extract.
The objectives of this study were to investigate the anti-inflammatory and antibacterial activities, time-kill profile, and main active constituents of an ethanolic extract of C. garettiana heartwood. The study followed the generally accepted experimental design. All tests were investigated in triplicate. The heartwood of C. garettiana was extracted by maceration with 95% EtOH. The antibacterial activity of the extract and its chemical constituents were determined by their MIC values using resazurin as an indicator. Time-kill profile was determined at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, and 24 hrs and expressed as log CFU/mL. Th...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 13, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Helicobacter pylori Oncogenicity: Mechanism, Prevention, and Risk Factors.
Authors: Muzaheed Abstract Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is the most common cause of gastric ulcer; however, its association with gastric cancer has been proved through a variety of studies. Importantly, H. pylori infection affects around half of the world's population leading to a variety of gastric problems and is mostly present in asymptomatic form. Although about 20% of people infected with H. pylori develop preneoplastic gastric lesions in later stages of their life, around 2% of infected individuals develop gastric cancer. Nevertheless, the outcome of H. pylori infection is determined by complex interaction...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 13, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Herbal Medicinal Products from Passiflora for Anxiety: An Unexploited Potential.
Authors: da Fonseca LR, Rodrigues RA, Ramos AS, da Cruz JD, Ferreira JLP, Silva JRA, Amaral ACF Abstract Herbal medicines containing Passiflora species have been widely used to treat anxiety since ancient times. The species Passiflora incarnata L. is included in many Pharmacopoeias, and it is the most used species in food, cosmetic, and pharmaceutical industries. However, there are around 600 species of the genus Passiflora and probably other species that can be used safely. Thus, this article was based on a search into the uses of the main species of the genus Passiflora with anxiolytic activity and its main secon...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 13, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Performance Analysis of Single-Well Enhanced Geothermal System for Building Heating.
Authors: Liang H, Guo X, Gao T, Wang L, Bu X Abstract Deep borehole heat exchanger (DBHE) technology does not depend on the existence of hot water reservoir and can be used in various regions. However, the heat extraction from DBHE can hardly be improved due to poor thermal conductivity of rocks. Here, a single-well enhanced geothermal system (SWEGS) is proposed, which has a larger heat-exchange area of artificial reservoir created by fracturing hydrothermal technology. We find that, due to heat convection between rocks and fluid, the extracted thermal output for SWEGS is 4772.73 kW, which is 10.64 times of ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - August 13, 2020 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research