Fluoride Levels in Saliva and Plaque following the Use of High Fluoride and Conventional Dentifrices- a Triple Blinded Randomised Parallel Group Trial.
Authors: Vincent S, Thomas AM Abstract Context: The comparison of fluoride levels in saliva and plaque following the use of conventional, 2800 and 5000 ppm dentifrices for different time intervals up to 24 hours has not been explored. Aim: The aim of the present study was to assess salivary and plaque fluoride levels at different time intervals following the use of high fluoride dentifrices. Study Design: This randomised control trial was conducted on sixty adolescents between the age group of 16 and 18 years divided into three groups A, B, and C. Intervention: Subjects were asked to brush the occlusal ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 14, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Long-Term Outcomes of Mechanical Thrombectomy for Stroke: A Meta-Analysis.
Authors: McCarthy DJ, Diaz A, Sheinberg DL, Snelling B, Luther EM, Chen SH, Yavagal DR, Peterson EC, Starke RM Abstract Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) has become the standard treatment for large vessel occlusion (LVO) in acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Few studies have investigated long-term outcomes for AIS treated with MT. Therefore, a pooled meta-analysis using data from randomized clinical trials (RCT) was performed to assess for long-term clinical outcomes. A systematic literature search was conducted on 27 September 2017, by searching the English literature in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, and Embase for RCTs inv...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 14, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Morphological and Nutritional Properties of Moroccan Capparis spinosa Seeds.
In this study, C. spinosa seeds present a total of proteins ranging from 23.32 to 28.5% on a dry weight basis. Additionally, the total lipids varied between 2.8 and 3.4%. C. spinosa seeds contained a high level of carotenoids. Besides, the analytical values have been variously affected by both size and location. Further, the preliminary morphological and anatomical characterization of leaves, stems, and morphological properties such as length, width, thickness, geometric mean diameter, sphericity, surface area, and mass of 100 seeds have been determined. Consequently, this present study confirms the importance of Moroccan ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - June 12, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Anticancer Potential of Fruit Extracts from Vatica diospyroides Symington Type SS and Their Effect on Program Cell Death of Cervical Cancer Cell Lines.
Authors: Chothiphirat A, Nittayaboon K, Kanokwiroon K, Srisawat T, Navakanitworakul R Abstract Vatica diospyroides Symington is locally known as Chan-Ka-Pho in Thailand. Ancient people have used it as therapeutic plant for cardiac and blood tonic cure. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential cytotoxicity and selectivity of the extracts from V. diospyroides type SS fruit on cervical cancer HeLa and SiHa cell lines and to examine its underlying mechanism of action. MTT assay revealed that the extracts showed inhibition of cell survival in a dose-dependent manner and exhibited highly cytotoxic activ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 25, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Morphological and Genetic Structure of Two Equivalent Astyanax Species (Characiformes: Characidae) in the Region of Parana íba Arc.
Morphological and Genetic Structure of Two Equivalent Astyanax Species (Characiformes: Characidae) in the Region of Paranaíba Arc. ScientificWorldJournal. 2019;2019:6507954 Authors: Rodrigues Rocha R, de Mesquita Alves R, Pasa R, Frehner Kavalco K Abstract The Astyanax scabripinnis complex is composed of a large number of almost morphological indistinguishable species, including Astyanax paranae and Astyanax rivularis, which exist in the Paraná and São Francisco Basins, respectively, and sometimes are considered subspecies of the A. scabripinnis group or even are cited just as A. s...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 25, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Research Advances of Prevention and Control of Hydrogen Sulfide in Coal Mines.
Authors: Deng Q, Yin J, Wu X, Zhang T, Wang H, Liu M Abstract Sudden emission and casualty accidents caused by abnormal enrichment of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in coal mines are becoming frequent increasingly, causing major casualties and environmental pollution. Scholars in various countries have developed various measuring devices for hydrogen sulfide content in coal and rock formations and their calculation methods. The existing prevention and control technologies of H2S in coal mines were summarized in various countries. According to the distribution characteristics, occurrence modes, and emission forms of H2S in ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 25, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Comparative Quantitative Study on Phytochemical Contents and Antioxidant Activities of Capsicum annuum L. and Capsicum frutescens L.
Authors: Olatunji TL, Afolayan AJ Abstract The variabilities in the phytochemical contents and antioxidant activities of four varieties of two closely related cultivated Capsicum species, C. annuum and C. frutescens, were examined as an additional tool for establishing their phylogenetic relatedness and for breeding purposes. The methodology involved the use of ethanolic and aqueous extractions for the determination of the phytochemical and antioxidant properties. The phytochemical contents including total flavonoid, total phenol, and proanthocyanidins were evaluated spectrophotometrically while the antioxidant act...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 23, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Coelomic Fluid of Lumbricus rubellus Synergistically Enhances Cytotoxic Effect of 5-Fluorouracil through Modulation of Focal Adhesion Kinase and p21 in HT-29 Cancer Cell Line.
This study aims to investigate whether the combination of CFL and 5-fluorouracil could reduce FAK protein level and iCa2+ and enhance p21 level. Furthermore, it is necessary to evaluate the response to treatment with new cancer therapeutic agents. After 24 hours of treatment, it was necessary to assess the percentage of apoptosis, FAK, and p21 protein expression by flow cytometry. iCa2+ concentration was measured using immunofluorescence. The combination therapy of CFL with 5-fluorouracil potently suppressed six treatment groups were included in this study. HT-29 cell lines were cultured and divided into six groups: group ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 19, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Study of the Biochemical Biodiversity of Camel Milk.
Authors: Bouhaddaoui S, Chabir R, Errachidi F, El Ghadraoui L, El Khalfi B, Benjelloun M, Soukri A Abstract Due to its balanced composition in basic nutrients, its richness in vitamins and in minerals, camel milk has a special place in the daily diet of southern populations. The present study aimed at examining some physicochemical and biochemical characteristics of camel milk (Camelus dromedarius) in Morocco. To achieve this aim, three batches of samples of camel milk were collected from various regions (Dakhla, Errachida, and Fès-Meknes) undergoing physicochemical and biochemical analyses. Results showed t...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 17, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Human Papillomavirus Detection in Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinomas at a Tertiary Hospital in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Authors: Aboagye E, Agyemang-Yeboah F, Duduyemi BM, Obirikorang C Abstract Fewer studies have been done over the years to establish the association of human papillomavirus (HPV) with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSSC) within the subregions of sub-Saharan Africa, and thus this study was designed to investigate the presence of HPV in HNSCC at a tertiary hospital in Ghana, providing additional evidence on the need to explore similar studies in other subregions. A retrospective cross-sectional study was employed to investigate the presence of the DNA of HPV genotypes in HNSCC archived tissue. A total of 100 ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 9, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Extraction of Essential Oils of Rosmarinus officinalis L. by Two Different Methods: Hydrodistillation and Microwave Assisted Hydrodistillation.
In conclusion, the MAH method offers significant advantages over conventional hydrodistillation and can therefore replace it on a pilot and industrial scale. PMID: 31057339 [PubMed] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 8, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

A Nodulation-Proficient Nonrhizobial Inhabitant of Pueraria phaseoloides.
Authors: Wedage WMM, Aberathne AHMNR, Harischandra IN, Gunawardana D Abstract Pueraria phaseoloides is a legume cover crop, found chiefly in the wet zone of Sri Lanka. Nitrogen fixation is performed by nodular inhabitants of this cover crop, comparable to the nodule-dwelling bacteria of most other legume plants. We isolated a bacterium (Sub1) from Pueraria phaseoloides, of coccobacillus cell shape, that showed nodulation, when assessed by hydroponics, showing nodules as early as 3 weeks after reinfection. When a nifH fragment from the genome of this bacterium was amplified using a pair of nifH primers, it yielded a...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 8, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Role of Mineral Sea Water Bonding Process with Graphite-Aluminum Electrodes as Electric Generator.
Authors: Utomo SB, Winarto, Widodo AS, Wardana ING Abstract The development of alternative ecofriendly electric energy production technology is very essential. The development of electric generator by using sea water element to boost electron jump in electrode has been studied. The aim of this research is to develop an electrode material composite that can collaborate with sea water to produce electricity. The electrodes tested are copper, aluminum, activated carbon, wood powder, and graphite electrode powder. The result shows that each electrode produces different voltage when interacting with sea water. It is cau...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 30, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Comparison of Predictive In Silico Tools on Missense Variants in GJB2, GJB6, and GJB3 Genes Associated with Autosomal Recessive Deafness 1A (DFNB1A).
Authors: Pshennikova VG, Barashkov NA, Romanov GP, Teryutin FM, Solov'ev AV, Gotovtsev NN, Nikanorova AA, Nakhodkin SS, Sazonov NN, Morozov IV, Bondar AA, Dzhemileva LU, Khusnutdinova EK, Posukh OL, Fedorova SA Abstract In silico predictive software allows assessing the effect of amino acid substitutions on the structure or function of a protein without conducting functional studies. The accuracy of in silico pathogenicity prediction tools has not been previously assessed for variants associated with autosomal recessive deafness 1A (DFNB1A). Here, we identify in silico tools with the most accurate clinical signific...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 26, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Measurement of Disease Activity in Ecuadorian Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis: Does RAPID3 Correlate with Traditional Indexes?
Authors: Zurita MF, Iglesias A, Vanegas E, Luzuriaga A, Zurita L Abstract Objective: The aim of this study is to demonstrate if routine assessment of patient index data 3 has a correlation with disease's activity as much as disease activity score 28, clinical disease activity index, and simplified disease activity index in Ecuadorian patients with rheumatoid arthritis seen in Unidad de Enfermedades Reumáticas y Autoinmunes [UNERA] from December 2016 to December 2017. Methods: This is a retrospective study in 200 patients that fulfill the American College of Rheumatology 2010 criteria for diagnosis of rhe...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 26, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Passive Ultrasonic Irrigation Efficacy in the Vapor Lock Removal: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Authors: Dioguardi M, Di Gioia G, Illuzzi G, Ciavarella D, Laneve E, Troiano G, Lo Muzio L Abstract Passive Ultrasonic Irrigation (PUI) represents one of the most used systems to improve the endodontic irrigants activity. PUI acts increasing the reaction rate of NaOCl, with an increase of dentinal debris and smear layer removal. There is a stronger shear stress and a vapor lock reduction. Aim of this systematic review was to figure out the effects of the PUI on the vapor lock removal, during irrigation. Literature research has been carried out by two reviewers, consulting online databases such as PubMed, EBSCO, and...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 19, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Phytoplankton and Its Role in Accumulation of Microelements in Bottom Deposits of Azov Sea.
Authors: Dotsenko IV, Mikhailenko AV Abstract The importance of phytoplankton is high in transformation of substances in aquatic ecosystems and in formation of suspension's material structure. Its main functions are consumption of the dissolved biogenic components and chemical elements and their conversion to a firm phase. The article is devoted to the bioaccumulation of microelements by phytoplankton in the ecosystem of the Azov Sea. The fact that the algal biomass during the periods of blooming in the sea reaches 1,400 g/l makes this study especially urgent. The authors define the rates of biogeochemical c...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 19, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Biopsychosocial Correlates of Adjustment to Cancer during Chemotherapy: The Key Role of Health-Related Quality of Life.
Discussion: HRQoL (both physical and mental) is a key factor for preventing maladjustment in chemotherapy patients. Social support and positive thinking coping style fosters fighting spirit and fatalism on health outcomes. Two potential lines of action seem promising: preventing maladaptive and promoting adaptive adjustments working on patient's mental health individually and involving significant others in supportive care, respectively. PMID: 30983914 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 16, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Variation Characteristics of the Main Hydrochemical Indexes in Typical Subterranean Rivers in the South China Karst Region Based on Curve Fitting.
Authors: Liu S, Liang C, Wang L, Zeng L, Wang C Abstract The water quality of subterranean rivers in the South China Karst region has undergone dramatic changes resulting from industrial and social development over the past 60 years. The combination of sampling results from subterranean rivers in four typical study areas in the South China Karst region from October to December 2015 (dry season) and correlation analysis using SPSS revealed that the main ions K+, Na+, and SO42- exhibited a significant correlation (p
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 10, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Long-term Clinical Results of Vitrectomy and Scleral Buckling in Treatment of Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment.
Conclusion: Redetachment rates of both methods are comparable in a clinical setting where PPV is considered a suitable method for pseudophakic patients and in complex cases and SB was performed in younger phakic patients with clearly identified retinal tears. PPV seems to show a more heterogenous pattern of complications. No advantage of a supplemental encircling band could be found in these case series of patients with primary RRD. No relevant long-term risk of redetachment was seen after SB. PMID: 30956624 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 10, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Cancer as an Embryological Phenomenon and Its Developmental Pathways: A Hypothesis regarding the Contribution of the Noncanonical Wnt Pathway.
Authors: Cofre J, Saalfeld K, Abdelhay E Abstract For gastrulation to occur in human embryos, a mechanism that simultaneously regulates many different processes, such as cell differentiation, proliferation, migration, and invasion, is required to consistently and effectively create a human being during embryonic morphogenesis. The striking similarities in the processes of cancer and gastrulation have prompted speculation regarding the developmental pathways involved in their regulation. One of the fundamental requirements for the developmental pathways in gastrulation and cancer is the ability to respond to environ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 5, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Phenolic Compounds from Water-Ethanol Extracts of Tetrapleura tetraptera Produced in Cameroon, as Potential Protectors against In Vivo CCl4-Induced Liver Injuries.
Conclusions: The extracts from the fruit of T. tetraptera demonstrate antioxidant activity and hepatoprotective effects. PMID: 30940993 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 5, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Denture Liners: A Systematic Review Relative to Adhesion and Mechanical Properties.
Conclusion: Adhesion to the prosthesis base is improved with surface treatments. Rough surfaces and changes in hardness compromise the material's serviceability. PMID: 30940994 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 5, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Burnout Syndrome among Emergency Physicians and Nurses in Abha and Khamis Mushait Cities, Aseer Region, Southwestern Saudi Arabia.
Authors: Alqahtani AM, Awadalla NJ, Alsaleem SA, Alsamghan AS, Alsaleem MA Abstract Objectives: To explore the magnitude and determinants of burnout among emergency physicians and nurses working at emergency departments of hospitals in Abha and Khamis Mushait cities. Subjects and Methods: A cross-sectional hospital-based study was conducted in emergency departments of hospitals in Abha and Khamis Mushait cities belonging to Ministry of Health. All physicians (n=95) and nurses (n=187) currently working at these sites were invited to participate in the study by filling a validated self-administered questionnaire ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - March 26, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Antierythropoietin Antibody Production Is Not Associated with Malaria and Malaria-Related Anaemia in Humans.
Conclusion: Antierythropoietin antibodies are not associated with malaria infection and malaria-related anaemia in humans. Erythropoietin concentration is associated with malaria-related anaemia. PMID: 30894794 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - March 23, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Epidemiological Profile of the Pathologies of the Oral Cavity in a Peruvian Population: A 9-Year Retrospective Study of 18,639 Patients.
Conclusions: We found a significant association between sex and different types of dental caries, disturbances in tooth eruption, diseases of pulp and periapical tissues, and dentofacial anomalies. The study also shows a statistically significant association between sex and gingivitis, periodontal disease, and periodontal abscess and sinus. PMID: 30853862 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - March 13, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Cocoa's Residual Honey: Physicochemical Characterization and Potential as a Fermentative Substrate by Saccharomyces cerevisiae AWRI726.
This study aims to characterize the physicochemical properties of cocoa's residual honey and evaluate its fermentative capacity as a substrate, using Saccharomyces cerevisiae AWRI726 as the starter culture for alcoholic fermentation. The research hypothesis was that cocoa's residual honey can be used for the production of fermented beverages. Cocoa's honey has 14.14 g.100 mL-1 of dry material, containing 11.80 g.100 mL-1 of carbohydrates and 1.20% crude protein, in addition to other minor components, such as pectin, lipids, and Fe, Mn, Na, and Zn, with a carbon-to-nitrogen (C/N) ratio (9.8) most...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - March 13, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Effects of Therapy with Light Emitting Diode (LED) in the Calcaneal Tendon Lesions of Rats: A Literature Review.
The objective of this review was to analyze original articles about the effects of therapy with LED in experimental models of calcaneal tendon lesions of rats. The search was performed in the period from February to May 2018, in the following electronic databases: MEDLINE, SciELO, and LILACS, besides the Google Scholar, using the descriptors "Achilles tendon", "Rats", "LED", "Tendinopathy", and "Low-level Light Therapy", as well as their matching parts in the Portuguese and Spanish languages, related to and in association with the relevant terms to the content sought. From ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - March 13, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Chemical Composition, Antifungal, and Cytotoxicity Activities of Inga laurina (Sw.) Willd Leaves.
Authors: Martins CM, de Morais SAL, Martins MM, Cunha LCS, da Silva CV, Martins CHG, Leandro LF, de Oliveira A, de Aquino FJT, do Nascimento EA, Chang R Abstract The species Inga laurina is native to the Brazilian Cerrado. There are no studies about the chemical composition and biological activities of extracts of this endangered species. The ethanolic extract and its successive fractions are rich in phenolic compounds and presented good antifungal activities. HPLC/MS-MS/MS and H1/C13 analysis led to the identification of seventeen compounds, most of which are gallic acid derivatives, myricetin and quercetin glycos...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - March 13, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Hepatitis B and C Viral Infection: Prevalence, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, and Occupational Exposure among Healthcare Workers of Jimma University Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia.
Conclusion: The prevalence of HBV was intermediate according to the endemicity classification by WHO. The practice of SP was poor in most participants and, thus, occupational exposure was high. Therefore, regular screening and vaccination of healthcare workers, regular provision of basic or refresher training and availing logistics, and regular motivation of healthcare workers on the practice of standard precautions are recommended. PMID: 30853866 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - March 13, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Adsorption Study for the Removal of Nitrate from Water Using Local Clay.
Authors: Battas A, Gaidoumi AE, Ksakas A, Kherbeche A Abstract Our research aimed at the removal of nitrate ions through adsorption by local clay. A series of batch experiments were conducted to examine the effects of contact time, adsorbent characteristics, initial concentration of nitrate, pH of the solution, concentration, and granulometry of adsorbent. Adsorption isotherms studies indicated that local clay satisfies Freundlich's model. The rate of reaction follows pseudo-second-order kinetics. Local clay successfully adsorbs nitrates at pH acid. The adsorption capacity under optimal conditions was found to be 5...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - March 13, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Comment on "Soft Mappings Space".
Comment on "Soft Mappings Space". ScientificWorldJournal. 2019;2019:6903809 Authors: Al-Shami TM PMID: 30755765 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - February 14, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Predictors of Initiating Hormone Replacement Therapy in Postmenopausal Women: A Cross-Sectional Study.
Conclusion: This study suggests that although the results do not demonstrate an exhaustive list of factors affecting the HRT process, they nonetheless provide evidence that the location participants applied for, physicians' counselling and involvement, participant employment status, and knowledge surrounding HRT may affect a woman's intent to receive HRT. Therefore, these results indicate that health professional influence and HRT awareness are important for HRT use. Suggestions for health care include informing women of the advantages and disadvantages of HRT to encourage popularity. PMID: 30728754 [PubMed - in proces...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - February 10, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Existence of Neural Stem Cells in Mouse Spleen.
This report suggests the existence of neural stem cells in the mouse spleen. PMID: 30728755 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - February 10, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

β-Fructofuranosidase and β -D-Fructosyltransferase from New Aspergillus carbonarius PC-4 Strain Isolated from Canned Peach Syrup: Effect of Carbon and Nitrogen Sources on Enzyme Production.
β-Fructofuranosidase and β -D-Fructosyltransferase from New Aspergillus carbonarius PC-4 Strain Isolated from Canned Peach Syrup: Effect of Carbon and Nitrogen Sources on Enzyme Production. ScientificWorldJournal. 2019;2019:6956202 Authors: do Nascimento GC, Batista RD, Santos CCADA, da Silva EM, de Paula FC, Mendes DB, de Oliveira DP, de Almeida AF Abstract β-fructofuranosidase (invertase) and β-D-fructosyltransferase (FTase) are enzymes used in industrial processes to hydrolyze sucrose aiming to produce inverted sugar syrup or fructooligosaccharides. In this work, a black Aspergil...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - February 10, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Application of Multiple Unsupervised Models to Validate Clusters Robustness in Characterizing Smallholder Dairy Farmers.
Authors: Nyambo DG, Luhanga ET, Yonah ZO, Mujibi FDN Abstract The heterogeneity of smallholder dairy production systems complicates service provision, information sharing, and dissemination of new technologies, especially those needed to maximize productivity and profitability. In order to obtain homogenous groups within which interventions can be made, it is necessary to define clusters of farmers who undertake similar management activities. This paper explores robustness of production cluster definition using various unsupervised learning algorithms to assess the best approach to define clusters. Data were collec...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - February 7, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Fecal Proteomic Analysis in Healthy Dogs and in Dogs Suffering from Food Responsive Diarrhea.
Authors: Cerquetella M, Rossi G, Spaterna A, Tesei B, Gavazza A, Pengo G, Pucciarelli S, Scortichini L, Sagratini G, Ricciutelli M, Marchegiani A, Vincenzetti S Abstract Different laboratory markers are routinely used in the diagnosis and management of gastrointestinal (GI) disease in dogs. In the present study, starting from feces from both healthy dogs and dogs suffering from food responsive diarrhea (FRD), we tried to find proteins differently expressed in the two groups of dogs, by using a proteomic approach. Interestingly, we found that the immunoglobulin J-chain isoform 1 (species: Canis lupus familiaris) was...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - February 7, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Distribution of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF), Human Beta-Defensin-2 (HBD-2), and Hepatocyte Growth Factor (HGF) in Intra-Abdominal Adhesions in Children under One Year of Age.
Authors: Junga A, Pilmane M, Ābola Z, Volrāts O Abstract The regulatory role between ischemia related factors and antimicrobial peptides in congenital intra-abdominal adhesions has not yet been defined. The aim of this research was to investigate the appearance and relative distribution of VEGF, HBD-2, and HGF in congenital intra-abdominal adhesions compared with relatively healthy tissue controls. The study group material was obtained from 48 patients who underwent abdominal surgery due to partial or complete bowel obstruction. VEGF, HBD-2, and HGF were detected using immunohistochemistry methods and their relat...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 31, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Floods of 18 and 19 November 2016 in Batouri (East Cameroon): Interpretation of the Hydro-Meteorological Parameters and Historical Context of the Post-Event Survey Episode.
Authors: Kalédjé PSK, Ngoupayou JN, Takounjou AF, Zebsa M, Rakotondrabe F, Ondoa JM Abstract During the night of November 18 to 19, 2016, many stormy cells are not very mobile organized on the east of the southern plateau of Cameroon and dumped up to 260 mm of rain in 4 hours. Occurring on a relatively saturated soil, these rains caused strong floods of Kadey and Doumé. The floods were particularly damaging in the city of Batouri, where a subdivision was submerged by the Boumbé (tributary of the Sangha) with water heights in the houses reaching 1.75 m, despite the presence ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 31, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

RASGRP2 Suppresses Apoptosis via Inhibition of ROS Production in Vascular Endothelial Cells.
Authors: Sato T, Takino JI, Nagamine K, Nishio K, Hori T Abstract We have identified ras guanyl releasing protein 2 (rasgrp2) as a blood vessel related gene from Xenopus embryo. In addition, we reported that RASGRP2 is also expressed in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). It is known that RASGRP2 activates Ras-related protein 1 (Rap1). However, the function of RASGRP2 in human vascular endothelium remains unknown. Therefore, we performed functional analysis of RASGRP2 using immortalized HUVEC (TERT HUVEC). We established a stable RASGRP2 overexpressing cell line (TERT HUVEC R) and mock cell line (mock)....
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 31, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Corrigendum to "Total Intravenous Anaesthesia with High-Dose Remifentanil Does Not Aggravate Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting and Pain, Compared with Low-Dose Remifentanil: A Double-Blind and Randomized Trial".
Corrigendum to "Total Intravenous Anaesthesia with High-Dose Remifentanil Does Not Aggravate Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting and Pain, Compared with Low-Dose Remifentanil: A Double-Blind and Randomized Trial". ScientificWorldJournal. 2019;2019:5694912 Authors: Kim SH, Oh CS, Yoon TG, Cho MJ, Yang JH, Yi HR Abstract [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/724753.]. PMID: 30692875 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 31, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

The Impact of Concave Coastline on Rainfall Offshore Distribution over Indonesian Maritime Continent.
This study investigates the climatology of offshore rainfall based on TRMM 3B42 composite during 1998-2015 and its dynamical atmosphere which induces high rainfall intensity using WRF-ARW. The result shows that concave coastline drives the increasing rainfall over ocean with Cenderawasih Bay (widest concave coastline) having the highest rainfall offshore intensity (16.5 mm per day) over Indonesian Maritime Continent. Monthly peak offshore rainfall over concave coastline is related to direction of concave coastline and peak of diurnal cycle influenced by the shifting of low level convergence. Concave coastline facing...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 31, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Pattern of Disinfection of Root Canal Dentin by Alternated Acid-Base Irrigating Regimen.
Authors: Soares JA, de Carvalho MAR, Soares SMCS, Pereira RD, Brito-Júnior M, Magalhães PP, Nunes IAM, Tavarez RRJ, Rizzi CC, Moreira RN, Farias LM, Maia Filho EM Abstract Objective: To quantify Enterococcus faecalis density in root canal dentin after chemomechanical preparation (CMP) using alternated irrigating regimen. Methodology: Root canals (RC) were contaminated with E. faecalis (ATCC 19433) for 3 weeks and evident biofilms were obtained. After initial sampling (S1), the CMP was aided by irrigants: saline solution (control; n=12), a conventional regimen (CR) (group 1; n=12) using 5.25% NaOCl...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 31, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Risk Factors Associated with Neonatal Sepsis: A Case Study at a Specialist Hospital in Ghana.
This study aimed at examining the risk factors of neonatal sepsis at the Trauma and Specialist Hospital, Winneba. The study was an unmatched case control retrospective study. Cases were neonates who had sepsis with their index mothers and controls were neonates who did not have sepsis with their index mothers. Neonatal and maternal medical records were retrieved from January to December 2017. Data abstraction lasted for one month and 2650 folders for the neonates and their index mothers were retrieved. Nine hundred (900) neonatal folders were considered valid for the study and likewise for the maternal folders. One hundred...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 31, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Environmental Factors Associated with Mosquito Vector Larvae in a Malaria-Endemic Area in Ratchaburi Province, Thailand.
Authors: Chaiphongpachara T, Yusuk P, Laojun S, Kunphichayadecha C Abstract Malaria is transmitted by female mosquitoes in the genus Anopheles and is a major public health issue. Different species of Anopheles mosquitoes have different epidemiological characteristics, behaviors, and ecological requirements, and so an understanding of their biology and ecology in a particular area is critical for successful disease control. The aim of this study was to determine which environmental factors are associated with Anopheles larvae in a malaria-endemic area in Ratchaburi Province, Thailand, which shares a border with Myan...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 22, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Assessments of Antibacterial Effects of Aqueous-Ethanolic Extracts of Sida rhombifolia's Aerial Part.
The objectives of this study were assessing the antibacterial activity of the aqueous-methanol extract of the plant's aerial part and knowing the phytochemical constituents of the plant. Preliminary phytochemical screening revealed that the extract of S. rhombifolia's aerial part possesses flavonoids, alkaloids, polyphenols, and quinines. In addition to this, the antibacterial activity of the plant extract was evaluated on five pathogenic bacteria species using agar well diffusion method at different concentrations of plant extracts. Minimum inhibition concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration determinations wer...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 22, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Retracted: Chemical Speciation and Potential Mobility of Heavy Metals in the Soil of Former Tin Mining Catchment.
Authors: The Scientific World Journal Abstract [This retracts the article DOI: 10.1100/2012/125608.]. PMID: 30643491 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 17, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Mechanical Transformation of Compounds Leading to Physical, Chemical, and Biological Changes in Pharmaceutical Substances.
In conclusion, proposed data confirm the statement that mechanical changes in compounds can lead to physicochemical changes that affect chemical and biological profiles. PMID: 30643492 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 17, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Preeclampsia in 2018: Revisiting Concepts, Physiopathology, and Prediction.
Authors: Mayrink J, Costa ML, Cecatti JG Abstract Preeclampsia currently remains one of the leading causes of death and severe maternal morbidity. Although its prevalence is still underestimated in some places due to underreporting, preeclampsia is a disease that health professionals need to know how to deal with and take action. For this reason, the studies about the theme remain along with the advances in their understanding that often implies improvement and change of concepts and conducts. The complexity of its etiology is a challenge and requires further studies for its full understanding. Apparently, poor ada...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 11, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research

Nitrate Reductase Inhibition Induces Lipid Enhancement of Dunaliella Tertiolecta for Biodiesel Production.
In this study, we tried to shed light on some biological impact of NR inhibition in microalgae cells using sodium tungstate which could be exploited in the improvement of biodiesel production. PMID: 30622443 [PubMed] (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - January 11, 2019 Category: Science Tags: ScientificWorldJournal Source Type: research