Neural Networks Application for the Data of PID Controller for Acrobot
In this study, the author has proposed design problems to suit the working needs. The author has modeled the objects to be investigated, and at the same time, the author has combined simulation of phenomena that have been documented from the theoretical model of this system before. Control an Acrobot system, including Neural Network Application for the data of the PID controller (closed form). Mathematical models, Simulink, are also presented specifically through this study. The simulation parameters have been adjusted to match the set criteria, and the reader's perception will be more intuitive through simulation interpre...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 25, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Nguyen Cong Danh Source Type: research

Removal of the Hazardous Congo Red Dye through Degradation under Visible Light Photocatalyzed by C,N Co-Doped TiO < sub > 2 < /sub > Prepared from Chicken Egg White
ScientificWorldJournal. 2022 Apr 15;2022:2613841. doi: 10.1155/2022/2613841. eCollection 2022.ABSTRACTThe C,N co-doped TiO2 photocatalyst was prepared by interacting the chicken egg white having various weights (1, 2, and 4 g) with 1 g of TiO2 in an autoclave through the hydrothermal process at 150°C. The C,N co-doped TiO2 photocatalysts were characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), specular reflectance UV/visible (SRUV/Vis), and transmission electron microscope (TEM) instruments. The photocatalytic activity of the co-doped TiO2 was evaluated by monitoring the photo-decolorization of...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 25, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Nurul H Aprilita Della Amalia Endang T Wahyuni Source Type: research

A Survey of Dental Caries Segmentation and Detection Techniques
ScientificWorldJournal. 2022 Apr 11;2022:8415705. doi: 10.1155/2022/8415705. eCollection 2022.ABSTRACTDental caries detection, in the past, has been a challenging task given the amount of information got from various radiographic images. Several methods have been introduced to improve the quality of images for faster caries detection. Deep learning has become the methodology of choice when it comes to analysis of medical images. This survey gives an in-depth look into the use of deep learning for object detection, segmentation, and classification. It further looks into literature on segmentation and detection methods of de...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 22, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Vincent Majanga Serestina Viriri Source Type: research

Climate Change Adaptation Strategies by Indonesian Vegetable Farmers: Comparative Study of Organic and Conventional Farmers
ScientificWorldJournal. 2022 Apr 11;2022:3590769. doi: 10.1155/2022/3590769. eCollection 2022.ABSTRACTSome experts believe that organic agriculture is more adaptable compared to conventional agriculture. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to assess organic and conventional farmers' perception and adaptation to climate change and analyse the factors that influence such decisions. The survey was conducted in Java, involving 112 organic farmers and 112 conventional farmers. The chi-square test was used to differentiate climate change perceptions and adaptation strategies applied by farmers. The factors that influenced ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 22, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Irham Irham Irma Audiah Fachrista Masyhuri Masyhuri Any Suryantini Source Type: research

A Survey of Dental Caries Segmentation and Detection Techniques
ScientificWorldJournal. 2022 Apr 11;2022:8415705. doi: 10.1155/2022/8415705. eCollection 2022.ABSTRACTDental caries detection, in the past, has been a challenging task given the amount of information got from various radiographic images. Several methods have been introduced to improve the quality of images for faster caries detection. Deep learning has become the methodology of choice when it comes to analysis of medical images. This survey gives an in-depth look into the use of deep learning for object detection, segmentation, and classification. It further looks into literature on segmentation and detection methods of de...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 22, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Vincent Majanga Serestina Viriri Source Type: research

Climate Change Adaptation Strategies by Indonesian Vegetable Farmers: Comparative Study of Organic and Conventional Farmers
ScientificWorldJournal. 2022 Apr 11;2022:3590769. doi: 10.1155/2022/3590769. eCollection 2022.ABSTRACTSome experts believe that organic agriculture is more adaptable compared to conventional agriculture. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to assess organic and conventional farmers' perception and adaptation to climate change and analyse the factors that influence such decisions. The survey was conducted in Java, involving 112 organic farmers and 112 conventional farmers. The chi-square test was used to differentiate climate change perceptions and adaptation strategies applied by farmers. The factors that influenced ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 22, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Irham Irham Irma Audiah Fachrista Masyhuri Masyhuri Any Suryantini Source Type: research

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and Calcium Deposit in the Surgically Transacted Transverse Carpal Ligament
ScientificWorldJournal. 2022 Apr 7;2022:2864485. doi: 10.1155/2022/2864485. eCollection 2022.ABSTRACTA diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in a human often contains more than one test. Calcification of the traverse carpal ligament (TCL) is the common reason why patients seek CTS surgery. However, the determination of calcium (Ca) concentration in the TCL has not been studied. The results of environmental toxicity studies assessing the relationship between Ca and elemental deposition in the TCL are inconsistent. The purpose of this paper was to verify this hypothesis by conducting a chemical analysis of a portion of t...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 18, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Ali Abbas Hashim Al-Musawi Nadia Mahmoud Tawfiq Jebril Amer Abbas H Al-Auhaimid Zaid Hadi K Hammoodi Source Type: research

The Future Extreme Temperature under RCP8.5 Reduces the Yields of Major Crops in Northern Peninsular of Southeast Asia
This study explores the impact of rising near-future temperatures on crop yields, particularly rice and maize, in northern Thailand between 2020 and 2029. The potential for high temperatures in northern Thailand between 2020 and 2029 under the Representative Concentration Pathways 8.5 (RCP8.5) scenario indicates that Thailand experienced hot trends between 2020 and 2029 as measured by the annual maximum value of daily maximum temp (TXx), annual minimum value of daily maximum temp (TXn), annual minimum value of daily minimum temp (TNn), and annual maximum value of daily minimum temp (TNx). Northern Thailand had the most dra...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 11, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Teerachai Amnuaylojaroen Nichapa Parasin Source Type: research

Pharmaceutical Assessment of < em > Melia azedarach < /em > Gum as a Binder and Disintegrant in Immediate-Release Tablets
This study aimed to investigate the binding and disintegrating characteristics of gum extracted from the bark of Melia azedarach tree. The bark of Melia azedarach was harvested from Kwahu Asasraka in Ghana. The gum was extracted with ethanol (96%), and the percentage yield, phytochemical constituents, and flow characteristics were assessed. As a disintegrant, the gum was utilized to formulate granules at varying concentrations of 5% w/w and 10% w/w using starch as the standard. The gum was also utilized to prepare granules at varying concentrations of 10% w/v and 20% w/v as a binder, with tragacanth gum serving as the refe...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 11, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Frederick William Akuffo Owusu Mariam El Boakye-Gyasi Raphael Johnson Yaa Asantewaa Osei Emmanuel Asante Desmond Asamoah Bruce Otu Julia Afrakoma Ansong Philomena Entsie Marcel Tunkumgnen Bayor Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Experimental Whitening Toothpastes Containing Colorants on the Optical Properties of Enamel
CONCLUSIONS: Experimental whitening toothpastes containing optical colorants are effective at bleaching the enamel. The synergism among the different parameters analyzed seems to positively affect the color change after brushing with whitening toothpastes containing optical colorants.PMID:35401059 | PMC:PMC8989585 | DOI:10.1155/2022/4576912 (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 11, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Fabiano Vieira Vilhena Carlos Frederico de Oliveira Graeff N ádia da Rocha Svizero Paulo Henrique Perlatti D'Alpino Source Type: research

Salt Consumption and Blood Pressure in Rural Hypertensive Participants: A Community Filed Trial
CONCLUSION: The results showed that the mothers' model-based education could effectively improve the diet of the whole family members and, as a result, reduce the associated diseases. The main advantage of this study was the involvement of the rural health personnel, which helped run longer and larger-scale health-promotion programs in the communities.PMID:35401060 | PMC:PMC8986400 | DOI:10.1155/2022/2908811 (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 11, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Farzaneh Noroozi Mohammad Fararouei Javad Kojuri Leila Ghahremani Kaveh Ghodrati Source Type: research

The Future Extreme Temperature under RCP8.5 Reduces the Yields of Major Crops in Northern Peninsular of Southeast Asia
This study explores the impact of rising near-future temperatures on crop yields, particularly rice and maize, in northern Thailand between 2020 and 2029. The potential for high temperatures in northern Thailand between 2020 and 2029 under the Representative Concentration Pathways 8.5 (RCP8.5) scenario indicates that Thailand experienced hot trends between 2020 and 2029 as measured by the annual maximum value of daily maximum temp (TXx), annual minimum value of daily maximum temp (TXn), annual minimum value of daily minimum temp (TNn), and annual maximum value of daily minimum temp (TNx). Northern Thailand had the most dra...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 11, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Teerachai Amnuaylojaroen Nichapa Parasin Source Type: research