The Future Extreme Temperature under RCP8.5 Reduces the Yields of Major Crops in Northern Peninsular of Southeast Asia
This study explores the impact of rising near-future temperatures on crop yields, particularly rice and maize, in northern Thailand between 2020 and 2029. The potential for high temperatures in northern Thailand between 2020 and 2029 under the Representative Concentration Pathways 8.5 (RCP8.5) scenario indicates that Thailand experienced hot trends between 2020 and 2029 as measured by the annual maximum value of daily maximum temp (TXx), annual minimum value of daily maximum temp (TXn), annual minimum value of daily minimum temp (TNn), and annual maximum value of daily minimum temp (TNx). Northern Thailand had the most dra...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 11, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Teerachai Amnuaylojaroen Nichapa Parasin Source Type: research

Pharmaceutical Assessment of < em > Melia azedarach < /em > Gum as a Binder and Disintegrant in Immediate-Release Tablets
This study aimed to investigate the binding and disintegrating characteristics of gum extracted from the bark of Melia azedarach tree. The bark of Melia azedarach was harvested from Kwahu Asasraka in Ghana. The gum was extracted with ethanol (96%), and the percentage yield, phytochemical constituents, and flow characteristics were assessed. As a disintegrant, the gum was utilized to formulate granules at varying concentrations of 5% w/w and 10% w/w using starch as the standard. The gum was also utilized to prepare granules at varying concentrations of 10% w/v and 20% w/v as a binder, with tragacanth gum serving as the refe...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 11, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Frederick William Akuffo Owusu Mariam El Boakye-Gyasi Raphael Johnson Yaa Asantewaa Osei Emmanuel Asante Desmond Asamoah Bruce Otu Julia Afrakoma Ansong Philomena Entsie Marcel Tunkumgnen Bayor Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Experimental Whitening Toothpastes Containing Colorants on the Optical Properties of Enamel
CONCLUSIONS: Experimental whitening toothpastes containing optical colorants are effective at bleaching the enamel. The synergism among the different parameters analyzed seems to positively affect the color change after brushing with whitening toothpastes containing optical colorants.PMID:35401059 | PMC:PMC8989585 | DOI:10.1155/2022/4576912 (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 11, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Fabiano Vieira Vilhena Carlos Frederico de Oliveira Graeff N ádia da Rocha Svizero Paulo Henrique Perlatti D'Alpino Source Type: research

Salt Consumption and Blood Pressure in Rural Hypertensive Participants: A Community Filed Trial
CONCLUSION: The results showed that the mothers' model-based education could effectively improve the diet of the whole family members and, as a result, reduce the associated diseases. The main advantage of this study was the involvement of the rural health personnel, which helped run longer and larger-scale health-promotion programs in the communities.PMID:35401060 | PMC:PMC8986400 | DOI:10.1155/2022/2908811 (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 11, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Farzaneh Noroozi Mohammad Fararouei Javad Kojuri Leila Ghahremani Kaveh Ghodrati Source Type: research

Quality of Life, Depression, and Anxiety in Patients Undergoing Renal Replacement Therapies in Saudi Arabia
This study determines the association between demographic characteristics and the negative emotional states of depression, anxiety, and stress in Saudi Arabia. A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted in the Eastern Region of Saudi Arabia. Convenience sampling was used to recruit participants comprising hemodialysis (HD), peritoneal dialysis (PD), and kidney transplantation (Tx) patients. They completed the Short Form-36 Survey and the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS). The physical component summary (PCS) score was similar for HD (41.7) and PD (41.5), but higher among Tx (45.2). The mental component summar...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 8, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Emad Adel Shdaifat Source Type: research

Acute and Subacute Toxicity Assessment of Andrographolide-2-hydroxypropyl- < em > β < /em > -cyclodextrin Complex via Oral and Inhalation Route of Administration in Sprague-Dawley Rats
CONCLUSION: The findings of the present study would further be useful in assessing and utilizing the medicinal and therapeutic benefits of AND-2-HyP-β-CYD complex.PMID:35386290 | PMC:PMC8979680 | DOI:10.1155/2022/6224107 (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 7, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Shashi Chandrama Singh Muskan Choudhary Atul Mourya Dharmendra Kumar Khatri Pankaj Kumar Singh Jitender Madan Harshpal Singh Source Type: research

Valorization of Moroccan < em > Pistacia lentiscus < /em > L. Leaves: Phytochemical and < em > In Vitro < /em > Antioxidant Activity Evaluation Compared to Different Altitudes
This study examined the secondary metabolite content and the antioxidant activities of hydromethanolic P. lentiscus L. leaves extracts at different altitudes. The results indicated that the contents of polyphenols and flavonoids were significantly (p ≤ 0.05) high in the low altitude, unlike the Chl (chlorophyll), tannins, and ascorbic acid, which were reported to have higher content in the high altitude. These results showed that the P. lentiscus L. is more adaptable to higher elevations than low elevation, where the plant was probably stressed. On the other hand, the analyses of correlation between the antioxidant activ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 5, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Abderrahmane Hadini Amal Azdimousa Amine Khoulati Khalid El Bekkaye Ennoumane Saalaoui Source Type: research

Phytochemical Analysis and < em > In Vitro < /em > Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activity of Different Solvent Extracts of < em > Beilschmiedia roxburghiana < /em > Nees Stem Barks
In this study, we performed the phytochemical screening, estimation of total phenolic and flavonoids, antioxidants, and antimicrobial activities of the stem bark of Beilschmiedia roxburghiana Nees using different solvents. The total phenolic and total flavonoid contents ranged from 106.73 ± 1.62 mg GAE/g and 99.32 ± 0.66 mg QE/g (methanol extract) to 65.59 ± 1.79 mg GAE/g and 29.98 ± 0.90 mg QE/g (n-hexane extract), respectively. The maximum 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity with a half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 39.86 ± 3.69 μg/mL was observed for methanol extract ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 5, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Lekha Nath Khanal Khaga Raj Sharma Yuba Raj Pokharel Surya Kant Kalauni Source Type: research

Effect of Artery Diameter and Velocity and Vein Diameter on Upper Limb Arteriovenous Fistula Outcomes
CONCLUSION: This study suggests a statistically significant association between vein and artery diameter (>2.0 mm) with improved AVF patency at 6 weeks postoperatively. We did not observe benefit from intraoperative heparin use.PMID:35378793 | PMC:PMC8976623 | DOI:10.1155/2022/2158013 (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 5, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Morwan Bahi Source Type: research

Valorization of Moroccan < em > Pistacia lentiscus < /em > L. Leaves: Phytochemical and < em > In Vitro < /em > Antioxidant Activity Evaluation Compared to Different Altitudes
This study examined the secondary metabolite content and the antioxidant activities of hydromethanolic P. lentiscus L. leaves extracts at different altitudes. The results indicated that the contents of polyphenols and flavonoids were significantly (p ≤ 0.05) high in the low altitude, unlike the Chl (chlorophyll), tannins, and ascorbic acid, which were reported to have higher content in the high altitude. These results showed that the P. lentiscus L. is more adaptable to higher elevations than low elevation, where the plant was probably stressed. On the other hand, the analyses of correlation between the antioxidant activ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 5, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Abderrahmane Hadini Amal Azdimousa Amine Khoulati Khalid El Bekkaye Ennoumane Saalaoui Source Type: research

Phytochemical Analysis and < em > In Vitro < /em > Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activity of Different Solvent Extracts of < em > Beilschmiedia roxburghiana < /em > Nees Stem Barks
In this study, we performed the phytochemical screening, estimation of total phenolic and flavonoids, antioxidants, and antimicrobial activities of the stem bark of Beilschmiedia roxburghiana Nees using different solvents. The total phenolic and total flavonoid contents ranged from 106.73 ± 1.62 mg GAE/g and 99.32 ± 0.66 mg QE/g (methanol extract) to 65.59 ± 1.79 mg GAE/g and 29.98 ± 0.90 mg QE/g (n-hexane extract), respectively. The maximum 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging activity with a half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 39.86 ± 3.69 μg/mL was observed for methanol extract ...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 5, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Lekha Nath Khanal Khaga Raj Sharma Yuba Raj Pokharel Surya Kant Kalauni Source Type: research

Effect of Artery Diameter and Velocity and Vein Diameter on Upper Limb Arteriovenous Fistula Outcomes
CONCLUSION: This study suggests a statistically significant association between vein and artery diameter (>2.0 mm) with improved AVF patency at 6 weeks postoperatively. We did not observe benefit from intraoperative heparin use.PMID:35378793 | PMC:PMC8976623 | DOI:10.1155/2022/2158013 (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 5, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Morwan Bahi Source Type: research