Physicochemical Properties and Biological Activities of Garlic ( < em > Allium sativum < /em > L.) Bulb and Leek ( < em > Allium ampeloprasum < /em > L. var < em > . Porrum < /em > ) Leaf Oil Extracts
ScientificWorldJournal. 2022 Apr 26;2022:6573754. doi: 10.1155/2022/6573754. eCollection 2022.ABSTRACTAllium species including garlic and leek exhibits a broad range of medicinal and nutritional properties. Therefore, this study investigates the physicochemical and biological activities of garlic (Allium sativum L.) and leek (A. ampeloprasum L. var. Porrum) oil extracts. The result indicated that physicochemical properties indicated that significantly higher oil yield (21.25%), ACV (2.66 mg/g), FFA (1.34%), and PV (4.10 meq/kg) and also antioxidant activities with respect to 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl, DPPH (27.60 ± 1...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 6, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Elias Lemma Zekeria Yusuf Mulugeta Desta Sultan Seyida Megersa Idris Sewnet Mengistu Jemal Teneshu Source Type: research

Effect of Unilateral Shoulder Disorder on the Stance Phase of Human Gait
ScientificWorldJournal. 2022 Apr 25;2022:8205879. doi: 10.1155/2022/8205879. eCollection 2022.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Gait analysis systems serve as important tools for assessing disturbed gait patterns. Amongst other factors, functional limitations of the shoulder joint may relate to such disturbances. Patient-reported outcome measures, assessment of pain, and active range of motion are commonly used to describe shoulder impairment.PURPOSE: The aim of this cohort study was to evaluate the impact of unilateral limitations of shoulder mobility and pain on gait patterns and to detect correlations between pain, shoulder mobility,...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 5, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Martin Missmann Gerald Aron Thomas St öggl Michael Pirchl Vincent Grote Michael J Fischer Source Type: research

Prevalence of Viral Hepatitis B, C, and D in Kazakhstan
CONCLUSION: An analysis of the prevalence of hepatitis B, C, and D showed an increase in new cases in Kazakhstan. These findings indicate the need to develop effective preventive measures and screening strategies among people in a high-risk group. The results of the study can be used for the development of a national program to combat the spread of viral hepatitis.PMID:35492864 | PMC:PMC9054462 | DOI:10.1155/2022/9102565 (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - May 2, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Almagul Jumabayeva Alexander Nersesov Maksut Kulzhanov Margarita Nefedova Gulsana Nuraliyeva Gulnar Rakhimbekova Shynar Tanabayeva Ildar Fakhradiyev Source Type: research

Determinants of Rural Household Food Security Status in North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
ScientificWorldJournal. 2022 Apr 12;2022:9561063. doi: 10.1155/2022/9561063. eCollection 2022.ABSTRACTFood insecurity is one of the most serious problems in developing countries, especially in Ethiopia. Therefore, it is important to understand the barriers to improving the state of food security in the country. Thus, this study aims to investigate the determinants of food security of rural households in the North Shewa zone in the Amhara region, Ethiopia. A sample of 796 farm households was considered. This paper used the calorie intake method per day to measure household food security status and a logit model to investiga...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 25, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Abebaw Hailu Fikire Mesele Belay Zegeye Source Type: research

Antiurolithiatic Potential of Three Sri Lankan Medicinal Plants by the Inhibition of Nucleation, Growth, and Aggregation of Calcium Oxalate Crystals < em > In Vitro < /em >
CONCLUSIONS: This study provided evidence that Kalanchoe laciniata, Aegle marmelos, and Drymoglossum piloselloides have the potential to be developed as inhibitors of nucleation, growth, and aggregation of CaOx crystals in the treatment of urolithiasis.PMID:35463824 | PMC:PMC9019441 | DOI:10.1155/2022/8657249 (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 25, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Sasindu Punyamali Hewagama Ruwani Punyakanthi Hewawasam Source Type: research

The Role of Zinc Finger Proteins in Various Oral Conditions
ScientificWorldJournal. 2022 Apr 15;2022:4612054. doi: 10.1155/2022/4612054. eCollection 2022.ABSTRACTThe zinc finger proteins (ZNFs) are essential transcription factors, and the genes encoding them constitute about 3% of the entire human genome. They are involved in the development of several tissues, and any alterations in their structure may promote chronic conditions like diabetes and tumorigenesis. Lately, their role in the development, progression, and metastasis of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC), Epithelial Dysplasia, Oral Lichen Planus, and Periodontitis has been found. The present review aims to describe thei...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 25, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Rupali Agnihotri Sumit Gaur Source Type: research

Response of Balanced Laminate Subjected to Abrupt Heat Flux: A New Perspective
ScientificWorldJournal. 2022 Apr 14;2022:9491939. doi: 10.1155/2022/9491939. eCollection 2022.ABSTRACTA new perspective presents how the interaction between the material stiffness of both matrix and fibre took place to form the laminate response. Thin square simply supported balanced laminated composite plate of different ply arrangements subjected to abrupt heat flux is utilized in this investigation. The effect of ply arrangement on the elapse time for vibrations to vanish and the maximum response amplitude is also investigated. The finite element analysis results show that the response is an amplitude modulated signal t...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 25, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Salih N Akour Source Type: research

Neural Networks Application for the Data of PID Controller for Acrobot
In this study, the author has proposed design problems to suit the working needs. The author has modeled the objects to be investigated, and at the same time, the author has combined simulation of phenomena that have been documented from the theoretical model of this system before. Control an Acrobot system, including Neural Network Application for the data of the PID controller (closed form). Mathematical models, Simulink, are also presented specifically through this study. The simulation parameters have been adjusted to match the set criteria, and the reader's perception will be more intuitive through simulation interpre...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 25, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Nguyen Cong Danh Source Type: research

Removal of the Hazardous Congo Red Dye through Degradation under Visible Light Photocatalyzed by C,N Co-Doped TiO < sub > 2 < /sub > Prepared from Chicken Egg White
ScientificWorldJournal. 2022 Apr 15;2022:2613841. doi: 10.1155/2022/2613841. eCollection 2022.ABSTRACTThe C,N co-doped TiO2 photocatalyst was prepared by interacting the chicken egg white having various weights (1, 2, and 4 g) with 1 g of TiO2 in an autoclave through the hydrothermal process at 150°C. The C,N co-doped TiO2 photocatalysts were characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), specular reflectance UV/visible (SRUV/Vis), and transmission electron microscope (TEM) instruments. The photocatalytic activity of the co-doped TiO2 was evaluated by monitoring the photo-decolorization of...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 25, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Nurul H Aprilita Della Amalia Endang T Wahyuni Source Type: research

Determinants of Rural Household Food Security Status in North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
ScientificWorldJournal. 2022 Apr 12;2022:9561063. doi: 10.1155/2022/9561063. eCollection 2022.ABSTRACTFood insecurity is one of the most serious problems in developing countries, especially in Ethiopia. Therefore, it is important to understand the barriers to improving the state of food security in the country. Thus, this study aims to investigate the determinants of food security of rural households in the North Shewa zone in the Amhara region, Ethiopia. A sample of 796 farm households was considered. This paper used the calorie intake method per day to measure household food security status and a logit model to investiga...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 25, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Abebaw Hailu Fikire Mesele Belay Zegeye Source Type: research

Antiurolithiatic Potential of Three Sri Lankan Medicinal Plants by the Inhibition of Nucleation, Growth, and Aggregation of Calcium Oxalate Crystals < em > In Vitro < /em >
CONCLUSIONS: This study provided evidence that Kalanchoe laciniata, Aegle marmelos, and Drymoglossum piloselloides have the potential to be developed as inhibitors of nucleation, growth, and aggregation of CaOx crystals in the treatment of urolithiasis.PMID:35463824 | PMC:PMC9019441 | DOI:10.1155/2022/8657249 (Source: The Scientific World Journal)
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 25, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Sasindu Punyamali Hewagama Ruwani Punyakanthi Hewawasam Source Type: research

The Role of Zinc Finger Proteins in Various Oral Conditions
ScientificWorldJournal. 2022 Apr 15;2022:4612054. doi: 10.1155/2022/4612054. eCollection 2022.ABSTRACTThe zinc finger proteins (ZNFs) are essential transcription factors, and the genes encoding them constitute about 3% of the entire human genome. They are involved in the development of several tissues, and any alterations in their structure may promote chronic conditions like diabetes and tumorigenesis. Lately, their role in the development, progression, and metastasis of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma (OSCC), Epithelial Dysplasia, Oral Lichen Planus, and Periodontitis has been found. The present review aims to describe thei...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 25, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Rupali Agnihotri Sumit Gaur Source Type: research

Response of Balanced Laminate Subjected to Abrupt Heat Flux: A New Perspective
ScientificWorldJournal. 2022 Apr 14;2022:9491939. doi: 10.1155/2022/9491939. eCollection 2022.ABSTRACTA new perspective presents how the interaction between the material stiffness of both matrix and fibre took place to form the laminate response. Thin square simply supported balanced laminated composite plate of different ply arrangements subjected to abrupt heat flux is utilized in this investigation. The effect of ply arrangement on the elapse time for vibrations to vanish and the maximum response amplitude is also investigated. The finite element analysis results show that the response is an amplitude modulated signal t...
Source: The Scientific World Journal - April 25, 2022 Category: Science Authors: Salih N Akour Source Type: research