Adolescent views of mental illness stigma: An intersectional lens.
Authors: DuPont-Reyes MJ, Villatoro AP, Phelan JC, Painter K, Link BG Abstract Differences in mental illness (MI) stigma among adolescents were examined cross-sectionally across race, ethnicity, and gender to identify target populations and cultural considerations for future antistigma efforts. An ethnically and socioeconomically diverse sample of sixth graders (N = 667; mean age = 11.5) self-completed assessments of their MI-related knowledge, positive attitudes, and behaviors toward peers with MI and adolescent vignettes described as experiencing bipolar (Julia) and social anxiety (David) symptoms. Self-reported ...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - August 7, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Effecting social change across contexts: Needs and mechanisms-An introduction to the special section.
Authors: Kilmer RP, McLeigh JD Abstract The articles in this Special Section provide some grounds for optimism. Although their specific topics, approaches, and mechanisms for action vary, they reflect efforts designed to inform change initiatives or foster health and wellness utilizing data-driven strategies and conceptual models. These articles shed light on salient issues and point to strategies for building capacity to take action. Their recommendations are targeted and well founded. It is clear that a comprehensive approach to resource development, program implementation, and policy change-informed by applied r...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - July 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Bridging the research-policy divide: Pathways to engagement and skill development.
Authors: Scott JT, Larson JC, Buckingham SL, Maton KI, Crowley DM Abstract Researchers generally engage in few interactions with policymakers, which limits the extent to which empirical evidence is used to guide public policy and, consequently, the potential effectiveness of public policies in improving societal wellbeing. Although many researchers wish to see their work used for social impact, several factors contribute to researchers' limited policy engagement, including a lack of opportunities for developing policy competencies (i.e., knowledge, skills, and self-efficacy that support effective policy engagement)...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - July 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Guest editors' introduction to the special section: Cultural adaptation of mental health interventions for Americans of East Asian descent.
Authors: Hahm HC, Yasui M Abstract Overall, this special section makes a timely and significant contribution to providing various types of culturally specific interventions as well as the evidence of clinical trials. Although the sample size of each study is rather small, each intervention illustrates innovative methods in both reaching and treating underserved and understudied populations. Moreover, these interventions provide critical groundwork for building an evidence base of interventions tailored specifically to Asian Americans (AAs). These articles demonstrate the significance of development and testing of c...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - July 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Feasibility, preliminary efficacy, and safety of a randomized clinical trial for Asian Women's Action for Resilience and Empowerment (AWARE) intervention.
Authors: Hahm HC, Zhou L, Lee C, Maru M, Petersen JM, Kolaczyk ED Abstract To our knowledge, Asian Women's Action for Resilience and Empowerment (AWARE) is the first gender- and culture-specific and trauma-informed group psychotherapy intervention designed for Asian-American young women with histories of interpersonal violence and trauma and/or Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) diagnosis. We employed a 2-arm randomized controlled trial. Sixty-three women who met clinical criteria for trauma were randomized to the intervention (n = 32) or waitlist control (n = 31) group. We documented retention rates, preliminar...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - July 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Mechanisms of action in AWARE: A culturally informed intervention for 1.5- and 2nd-generation Asian American women.
This article specifically focuses on identifying the mechanisms of action that were responsible for improving mental health and well-being among those who participated in AWARE randomized controlled trial. Of the 435 women screened for the study, 63 Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese women with histories of interpersonal violence were randomized into either the intervention (n = 32) or waitlist control groups (n = 31). Data from 16 posttrial focus group sessions were then thematically analyzed to explore the key themes and mechanisms of action of the AWARE intervention. Analysis revealed four cultural mechanisms that facilita...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - July 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Compassionate meditation to heal from race-related stress: A pilot study with Asian Americans.
This study answers this call by developing and evaluating the benefits of a peer-led compassionate meditation program to help students of color heal from race-related stress. To date, no studies have examined whether compassionate meditation (a specific type of meditation) can be used as a therapeutic tool to address racial stress. This article discusses the formative process for developing and pilot-testing the effects of this culturally responsive 8-session compassionate meditation program with Asian American college students. Despite a small sample size, results were promising. and participants evidenced decreases in ge...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - July 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Dimensions of culturally sensitive CBT: Application to Southeast Asian populations.
This article outlines key dimensions of culturally sensitive cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and examines the application to Southeast Asian populations. Our treatment, culturally adapted (CA) multiplex CBT, was initially developed to treat traumatized Southeast Asian refugees, and has been shown to be efficacious for those and other groups. As described in the article, CA multiplex CBT is based on the multiplex model of distress generation and our conceptualization of key dimensions of culturally sensitive and effective treatment. We will describe why our CA-CBT may have applicability to Asian populations more general...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - July 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Never too early to start: Training graduate students for policy work.
Authors: Shaw J, Feeney H, Campbell R Abstract Research can be used to develop empirically informed policy solutions to our most pressing public problems. However, research is all too often left out of the public policymaking conversation. Researchers can change this, by learning how to engage and collaborate with policymakers. In this article, we present and adapt a conceptual framework from the field of community psychology-Kelly's (1971) "Qualities for a Community Psychologist"-to provide insight into training graduate students for policy engagement. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights r...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - June 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Global mental health: A call to action.
Authors: Gil-Rivas V, Handrup CT, Tanner E, Walker DK Abstract Mental health needs have been recognized as a priority area by the World Health Organization (WHO), and a Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan (2013) was proposed to address the needs of millions of people around the world. Concerns have been raised about the degree to which current global efforts are appropriate and sufficient for promoting mental health (MH), reducing the risk for common MH disorders, and addressing the needs of individuals experiencing mental illness. This commentary expands on the presentation of the Global Alliance for Behaviora...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - June 8, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Early childhood policy planning and implementation: Community and provincial participation.
Authors: Vargas-Barón E Abstract Literature regarding the field of early childhood policy planning and implementation has focused mainly on activities at global, regional, and national levels. However, during the last decade, important roles have emerged in policy planning for community-municipal and provincial decision makers, specialists, parents, and children. To achieve strong policy ownership at provincial and community levels, their representatives must participate actively in assessing the policy environment; child and family needs; human, organizational, and financial resources; and gaps and quality ...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - June 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Child protective services decision-making: The role of children's race and county factors.
Authors: Maguire-Jack K, Font SA, Dillard R Abstract The current study investigates the role of race and county characteristics in substantiation and out-of-home placement decisions in the United States. Using multilevel models, we analyzed data from counties in the United States available through the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data Systems and Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System to investigate the interactions between children's race and the context in which they live. Our sample consisted exclusively of children whose cases had been investigated; therefore, we were able to focus on the ro...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - May 15, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Establishing the foundation: Culturally congruent mentoring for research scholars and faculty from underrepresented populations.
Authors: Wyatt GE, Belcher HME Abstract This issue is a call for more culturally congruent mentorship training, support, and research on the effectiveness of mentoring strategies. The role of mentoring is fundamental to professional growth and success. Importantly, one size does not fit all. A repertoire of mentoring strategies and formats is necessary to include the talent, skills, and contributions of the next generation of diverse researchers in public health and biomedical sciences. It is incumbent on us now to grow a comprehensive knowledge base so we may best promote health and well-being for all citizens thr...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Mentorship: The necessity of intentionality.
Authors: Broughton RS, Plaisime MV, Green Parker MC Abstract A large body of research exists that is dedicated to exploring and defining mentoring. It is widely recognized that mentorship is a process informed by one's personal experiences. Yet, mentorship literature primarily centers around advancing technical proficiencies, and very little focuses on individual characteristics, such as honesty, consistency, and transparency. Individual wisdom is an invaluable tool for intentional mentorship. Intentional mentors catalyze the ability to understand and tap into one's own power, promote awareness of individual streng...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Mentoring the mentors of students from diverse backgrounds for research.
This article defines and discusses 6 beliefs, attitudes, and practices that can erode or undermine self-esteem and self confidence in student-scholars from underrepresented and marginalized groups in academic settings. Specifically, the beliefs and practices are reactions to implicit bias, color blindness, imposter syndrome, internalized racism, stereotype threat, and code-switching. Mentors need to know how to discuss these reactions because they can also influence the mentoring process and academic performance. To minimize incidents or interactions that might result in scholars not being able to find their place in these...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Mentoring future researchers: Advice and considerations.
Authors: Alegría M, Fukuda M, Lapatin Markle S, NeMoyer A Abstract Despite efforts to increase the diversity of academia, minority scholars continue to face significant barriers (e.g., higher financial burden, lack of institutional support for research interests, social isolation) that undermine their representation in the field and overall professional success. Researchers have suggested increased mentorship as a means of mitigating these challenges. In 2015, with the support of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, a panel of senior investigators met via WebEx to discuss strategies to improve the mentorship ...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Mentoring Asian American scholars: Stereotypes and cultural values.
This article highlights the cultural issues that need to be raised and considered in the mentorship of Asian American scholars. In particular, mentors need to be aware that stereotypes of Asian Americans are pervasive, insidious, and harmful, even those that may be thought of as positive stereotypes, and to examine their own beliefs about them. Second, mentors should be aware of the cultural values that predominate in Asian American cultures-in particular, hierarchical collectivism and a high-context communication style-that may be at odds with the mentor's cultural values or pose as obstacles that negatively influence the...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Perspectives on academic mentorship from sexual and gender minority students pursuing careers in the health sciences.
Authors: Holloway IW, Miyashita Ochoa A, Wu ESC, Himmelstein R, Wong JO, Wilson BDM Abstract High-quality academic mentorship is key to the success of students pursuing careers in the health sciences. Mentorship may take on additional importance for sexual and gender minority (SGM) students, who often face stressors related to stigmatized identities. We conducted an anonymous online survey to assess the mentorship experiences of SGM students pursuing careers in the health sciences and to elicit their perspectives on what makes an effective mentor. Students (N = 166) were pursuing a variety of health-related careers...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Best practices for researching diverse groups.
This article contributes to closing this gap by discussing examples and strategies for addressing concrete issues that researchers may face during these stages of the scientific process: planning and literature review (identifying meaningful gaps and appropriate theoretical perspectives), design (caveats of race-comparison, selection of appropriate terminology), measurement (measurement equivalence, effects of ethnicity of the interviewer/coder), recruitment (barriers and strategies to facilitate recruitment), data analysis (use of norms derived from other groups, hazards of combining ethnic groups in the analyses), and di...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Mentoring the next generation of behavioral health scientists to promote health equity.
Authors: Milburn NG, Hamilton AB, Lopez S, Wyatt GE Abstract Health inequities and disparities among various racial/ethnic minority, sexual minority, and rural populations are the focus of increasing national efforts. Three health problems disproportionately affecting these populations-HIV/AIDS, substance abuse, and trauma-deserve particular attention because of their harmful effects on health across the life span. To address these problems, our training program, the UCLA HIV/AIDS, Substance Abuse, and Trauma Training Program (HA-STTP), mentors and trains early career behavioral health scientists to conduct researc...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Effective mentoring of underrepresented doctoral trainees and early career scholars in the biobehavioral and health sciences: A developmental framework to maximize professional growth.
Authors: Lanzi RG, Footman AP, Washington T, Ramey SL Abstract Effective mentoring of underrepresented scholars in the biobehavioral and health sciences is vital for the future of scientific inquiry, as well as for clinical and public health applications. Through the mentoring process, both the mentee and mentor can benefit by broadening their knowledge, skills, and perspectives relative to the professional goals and interests of the mentee. Establishing a trusting and nurturing relationship allows the mentor and mentee to identify short- and long-term goals, accompanied by strategies designed to maximize the mente...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Research accountability groups and mentoring minutes: The M ³ approach to promote public health infectious diseases research for diverse graduate students.
This study analyzed leadership characteristics and research productivity of 54 graduate scholars who participated in the Dr. James A. Ferguson Emerging Infectious Diseases Fellowship Program (Ferguson Fellowship). Ferguson Fellows participated in 9-week research experience before and after implementation of a multimodal mentorship (M3) designed to support submission of research abstracts to national scientific conferences. M3 strategies included: (a) weekly research content mentoring, (b) myIDP, (c) professional development (process) mentoring, and (d) Research Accountability Groups. Overall, transformational leadership ch...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - May 10, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Neighborhood factors, drinking behavior, and alcohol use disorder in San Juan, Puerto Rico.
This study tests a partial mediational model by which the association between neighborhood disadvantage (census-level poverty, undereducation, and unemployment), and the volume of weekly alcohol consumption, binge drinking, and alcohol use disorder (AUD) among Puerto Ricans in San Juan, Puerto Rico, is partially mediated by perceived neighborhood collective efficacy (social cohesion and social control). Data are from a household random sample of 1,510 adults in San Juan, Puerto Rico (response rate, 83%). The direct effect of collective efficacy on the alcohol-related outcomes was not statistically significant. Census-level...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - May 5, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Motivational and cognitive correlates of community integration in homeless veterans entering a permanent supported housing program.
This study evaluated whether interview- and performance-based assessments of motivation, nonsocial and social-cognitive ability, and psychiatric symptoms were associated with community integration indices in 2 samples of homeless veterans either with (N = 96) or without (N = 80) a psychotic disorder who had recently been admitted to a supported housing program but who had not yet attained housing. Motivation indices, including experiential negative symptoms and defeatist performance attitudes, stood out as the most robust correlates (rs = -.30 to -.69) of community integration across both samples, particularly for social r...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - April 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Changes in social status and postmigration mental health among West African immigrants.
This study aimed to identify social status indicators that change during the process of migration and to examine their association with distress using variable- and person-centered analyses. We used data from an archival dataset of West African immigrants in New York City. Pre- and postmigration changes across work, marriage, language use, urbanism, and residency status were used to assess whether positive, negative, or no change in social status had occurred. Changes in social status indicators across migration were predicted to account for variance in mental health outcomes (i.e., anxiety, depression, somatization, and p...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - April 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

The influence of flood exposure and subsequent stressors on youth social-emotional health.
Authors: Felix ED, Nylund-Gibson K, Kia-Keating M, Liu SR, Binmoeller C, Terzieva A Abstract Most disaster mental health research focuses on the relationship between disaster exposure and distress, often neglecting its influence on social-emotional health, despite implications for resilience and well-being after the disaster. Following multiple floods in Texas, a sample of 486 youth aged 10-19 years old (M = 13.74 years, SD = 2.57; 52.9% male) completed measures of disaster exposure, life stressors since the disaster, and social-emotional health. Using mixture regression modeling, we examined differences in the rel...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - April 26, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Protective factors associated with positive mental health in traditional and nontraditional Black students.
Authors: Mushonga DR, Henneberger AK Abstract Black students have higher levels of psychological distress compared with other students, in part to racism and discrimination; however, help-seeking remains low. As a result, most research has been deficit-based focusing on mental illness, which provides an incomplete state of their mental health. Therefore, very little is known about positive mental health (PMH), which is composed of social, emotional, and psychological well-being. To better understand their complete state of mental health, this study examined variations in levels of PMH among 235 Black traditional (a...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

The provider perspective on behavioral health care for transgender and gender nonconforming individuals in the Central Great Plains: A qualitative study of approaches and needs.
Authors: Holt NR, Hope DA, Mocarski R, Meyer H, King R, Woodruff N Abstract Transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals interact with mental health care systems at high rates and experience substantial barriers to care. Rural TGNC individuals face additional disparities in accessing appropriate mental health services. Little research has focused on the mental health care providers who work with TGNC individuals in underserved areas. The current study sought to describe the mental health care services delivered by providers perceived as affirming by TGNC community members in the Central Great Plains. We ...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - March 30, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Nonsuicidal self-injury and religiosity: A meta-analytic investigation.
Authors: Haney AM Abstract Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a potentially life-threatening behavior with significant public health implications that may potentiate suicide risk. Religiosity has been identified as a significant protective factor against suicide attempts, and more broadly acts as a buffer against negative mental and physical health outcomes. Whether religiosity may reduce risk for NSSI is unclear. To understand the nature of the association between NSSI and religiosity, correlations from 16 samples (total N = 24,767) were computed to evaluate the magnitude and direction of the association between NS...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - March 16, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Depression and perceived stress as mediators between racial microaggressions and somatic symptoms in college students of color.
Authors: Torres-Harding S, Torres L, Yeo E Abstract The current study examined the ability of mental health indicators, namely depression and perceived stress, to mediate the relationship between racial microaggressions and health among a racially/ethnically diverse sample of 467 college students of color. Consistent with what was hypothesized, the main findings revealed that depression and perceived stress mediated the relationships between types of racial microaggressions, specifically low-achieving, invisibility, and criminality, and somatic symptoms. The study results suggest that there may be multiple pathways...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - March 9, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Childhood sexual abuse and attachment insecurity: Associations with child psychological difficulties.
Authors: Ensink K, Borelli JL, Normandin L, Target M, Fonagy P Abstract Childhood sexual abuse (CSA) is considered an important public health concern that can derail the developmental course of children. Given that children rely upon their attachment figures when they experience upsetting events, attachment organization may play a critical role in predicting victims' adaptation to CSA. To date, no studies have delineated the unique and interactive contributions of these two risk factors in the prediction of psychopathology. The aims of this study were to examine attachment in CSA victims and a comparison group and ...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - March 6, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Investigating racial differences in clusters of adverse childhood experiences.
The objective of the current study is to understand whether groupings of ACEs are experienced similarly across racial groups. A subsample of Latinx, Black, and White children were drawn from the National Survey of Children's Health 2016 data release was used as the sample (N = 43,711). The primary measure included in the study were 9 ACE indicators available in the survey. We use descriptive and latent class analysis to examine whether similar clusters of ACEs appear across racial groups. We found that White children had lower exposure to specific ACEs as well as total number of ACEs compared to non-Latinx Black and Latinx...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - March 4, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Distinct classes of alcohol use and related problems among Asian American young adults.
This study illustrates that high risk drinking subgroups exist among Asian American young adults attending college, and identifies relevant correlates to drinking. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved). PMID: 30702326 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - February 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Acculturative stress and alcohol use among Latinx recruited from a primary care clinic: Moderations by emotion dysregulation.
Authors: Paulus DJ, Rodriguez-Cano R, Garza M, Ochoa-Perez M, Lemaire C, Bakhshaie J, Viana AG, Zvolensky MJ Abstract Among Latinx in the United States, alcohol is the most widely abused substance and is associated with a range of negative consequences. Acculturative stress is one factor that is relevant regarding Latinx substance use although more work is needed in this area. In theory, those with more adaptive emotion regulation capabilities may be better able to buffer against the adverse effects of acculturative stress on alcohol use because the person has more and better strategies to deal with life stress. Th...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - February 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Discrimination and mental health in adult transracial adoptees: Can parents foster preparedness?
Authors: Presseau C, DeBlaere C, Luu LP Abstract In response to the growing trend of White parents adopting children from different racial backgrounds, and heeding the call for more research on adoption-related issues, the present study examined the relationship between perceived racial discrimination and mental health of 206 adult transracial adoptees adopted by White parents. In addition, the study examined adoptive parent racial socialization as a buffering variable in the perceived discrimination-mental health link. We hypothesized that racial discrimination experiences would be related to greater psychological...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - February 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Alcohol initiation among recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents: Roles of acculturation and sociocultural stress.
Authors: Meca A, Zamboanga BL, Lui PP, Schwartz SJ, Lorenzo-Blanco EI, Gonzales-Backen MA, Cano MÁ, Szapocznik J, Soto DW, Unger JB, Baezconde-Garbanati L, Kubilus R, Villamar JA, Lizzi KM Abstract There is a growing recognition for the need for research to explore the unique and interactive effects of acculturation and sociocultural stress on alcohol initiation. Building on this research agenda, the current study sought to explore the independent and interactive effects of acculturation (i.e., heritage and U.S. cultural practices and identification) and sociocultural stress (i.e., perceived discrimination, ...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - February 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Running away during adolescence and future homelessness: The amplifying role of mental health.
Authors: Williams A, Giano Z, Merten M Abstract Previous research indicates a positive link between youth runaway episodes and the likelihood of homelessness in later adolescence and early adulthood. An adolescent's decision to run away from home often accompanies depressive symptomology compared with stably housed youth. The present study used a large, nationally representative sample of 8,560 youth to identify links among runaway behavior, changes in depressive symptomology during the transition from adolescence to emerging adulthood, and homelessness. Results suggest that running away during adolescence is linke...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - February 1, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Examination of the indirect effect of alcohol expectancies on ethnic identity and adolescent drinking outcomes.
Authors: Banks DE, Winningham RD, Wu W, Zapolski TCB Abstract Although overall rates of alcohol use tend to be lower among racial/ethnic minority youth compared to White youth, consequences associated with use tend to be more severe. Identifying factors that prevent alcohol use is crucial to reducing its impact among minority adolescents. One such factor is ethnic identity, which involves gaining clarity about one's ethnic background and regard toward one's ethnic group. Strong ethnic identity has been found to work through antidrug beliefs to decrease minority youth's substance use. The current study extends previ...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 29, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Linking parents' self-stigma to the adjustment of children with disabilities.
This study examined the association of parental self-stigma with child adjustment, and whether parenting self-efficacy and parenting distress mediated the association. Cross-sectional data were collected from 186 families living with kindergarten children identified to have disabilities in Hong Kong, China (mean age = 61.62 months; 76% of them were boys). Using questionnaires, 173 mothers and 112 fathers reported their own self-stigma, parenting self-efficacy, and parenting distress, as well as their children's prosocial behaviors and externalizing and internalizing behaviors. Multigroup, path analyses revealed a group-inv...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Posttraumatic growth in low-income Black mothers who survived Hurricane Katrina.
Authors: Manove EE, Lowe SR, Bonumwezi J, Preston J, Waters MC, Rhodes JE Abstract This mixed-methods study aimed to gain knowledge of the lived experience of posttraumatic growth (PTG) in 32 low-income Black mothers whose New Orleans' homes were damaged or destroyed by Hurricane Katrina, and half of whom had relocated indefinitely to Houston. Data from in-depth interviews with participants were examined in conjunction with quantitative scores on the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI; Tedeschi & Calhoun, 1996). Participants were interviewed face-to-face on a range of postdisaster experiences, including posit...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Neighbors as distal support for individuals with serious mental illnesses.
This study explores whether neighbors can play a unique role in decreasing loneliness and bolstering a sense of community for individuals with SMI. Participants in this study were drawn from 2 samples: (a) 232 individuals with SMI receiving services at outpatient community mental health centers throughout the United States; and (b) 300 adults recruited from the Truven Health Analytics' PULSE survey. Independent-samples t tests were performed to compare neighbor relationships between individuals with and without SMI. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine associations between neighbor relationships, sense of...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Correlates and predictors of alcohol consumption and negative consequences of alcohol use among Latino migrant farmworkers in Nebraska.
This study used cross-sectional data from the Nebraska Migrant Farmworker Health Study, 2016 (N = 241) to (1) describe drinking behavior, (2) evaluate associations between alcohol consumption and negative consequences from alcohol use and various social and demographic variables, and (3) assess contextual and interpersonal predictors of alcohol consumption and negative consequences from alcohol use. Descriptive, bivariate statistics and hierarchical multiple regression were used. Results indicated that over 30% of participants had engaged in heavy drinking in the last year. Alcohol consumption was significantly positively ...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Similarities and differences in general drinking game behavior, game-specific behavior, and peer influence factors across race/ethnicity.
We examined DG-specific (e.g., motor skills, gambling games) behaviors and peer influence factors across race/ethnicity in order to elucidate commonalities among risk factors. Men (N = 248; 18-30 years; 77% college students) who played DGs and lived in the Boston metro area completed our online survey. White men (WM; n = 167) were more likely to play motor skills (e.g., Beer Pong) and media games, and to consume beer during DGs, compared with Men of Color (MOC; n = 81). MOC reported consuming shots more often during DG play. Compared with Asian/Pacific Islander (14.9%, n = 37) and Black/African American (6.0%, n = 15) men,...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Puff, puff, drink: The association between blunt and alcohol use among African American adolescents and young adults.
Authors: Montgomery L, Zapolski T, Banks DE, Floyd A Abstract Although African Americans report lower levels of alcohol use relative to their White counterparts, they experience higher rates of alcohol-related problems (e.g., alcohol dependence). One understudied connection between alcohol use and dependence is the dual use of illicit drugs, especially marijuana use. It is speculated that blunt use in combination with alcohol will have more adverse alcohol-related consequences among African Americans than alcohol use alone or alcohol and nonblunt marijuana use. The current study uses pooled data from the 2011-2014 ...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Community participation factors and poor neurocognitive functioning among persons with schizophrenia.
This article focuses on three such factors-sedentary behavior, loneliness, and poverty-that have been demonstrated to be related to neurocognition and are highly prevalent among individuals with schizophrenia. This article provides an overview of the research on each factor and discusses its possible connection to neurocognitive challenges for individuals with schizophrenia. Implications for research, policy, and practice efforts are then proposed to broaden approaches to understanding and addressing neurocognitive challenges in this population. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved). PMID: 306760...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 25, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Veterans' assignment to single-site versus scattered-site permanent supportive housing.
Authors: Montgomery AE, Szymkowiak D, Cusack MC, Austin EL, Vazzano JK, Kertesz SG, Gabrielian S Abstract To address homelessness among Veterans, a growing proportion of permanent supportive housing units supported by the U.S. Departments of Housing and Urban Development and Veterans Affairs Supportive Housing (HUD-VASH) program are allocated to programs where multiple Veterans with a history of homelessness live in a particular building, referred to as single-site housing. This mixed-methods study-including administrative data from Veterans who moved into HUD-VASH housing and qualitative data from focus groups wit...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 18, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Racial/ethnic differences in alcohol use trajectories among adolescents involved in child welfare.
This study examined racial/ethnic differences in growth trajectories of alcohol use for a nationally representative sample of U.S. adolescents in the child welfare system (CWS), and how individual, family, and child welfare (i.e., proximal) factors predicted alcohol use trajectories for these adolescents. The study included 1,080 Hispanic, African American, and White adolescents aged 11 to 14 years old (at baseline) from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being dataset, which is a nationally representative sample of U.S. children in the CWS. Latent growth modeling was used to determine alcohol use growth over...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

The father's role in risk and resilience among Mexican-American adolescents.
Authors: O'Gara JL, Calzada EJ, Kim SY Abstract Research suggests fathers are important to adolescent well-being, yet there is limited information regarding how fathering is associated with adolescent risk and resilience in Mexican American families. This cross-sectional study utilized a structural equation model to examine whether parent-child alienation mediated the relations between parental displays of warmth and hostility and the outcomes of adolescent resilience and delinquency in Mexican American families (N = 272). Results indicated that adolescent-perceived alienation from parents was a significant predict...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 12, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

The intersection of interpersonal violence and housing instability: Perspectives from women veterans.
Authors: Yu B, Montgomery AE, True G, Cusack M, Sorrentino A, Chhabra M, Dichter ME Abstract Women veterans in the United States face a disproportionate risk of housing instability (HI) and interpersonal violence (IV), largely perpetrated by intimate partners or involving nonpartner sexual violence, compared to both male veterans and nonveteran women. To explore the ways in which IV and HI intersect in the experiences of women veterans, we analyzed transcripts of in-depth qualitative interviews with 20 women veterans who had screened positive for HI at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Three broad themes emerged r...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 2, 2019 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Suicidal attempts and stressful life events among women in a homeless situation in Madrid (Spain).
The objective of this article is to analyze the relationship between suffering from stressful life events (SLE) and subsequent suicidal behavior among women in a homeless situation, examining the differences in the number and characteristics of SLE experienced by attempters and nonattempters. The study was carried out based on the data obtained from a sample of women living homeless in Madrid (Spain; n = 138). The information was gathered using a structured interview. The results show that 46% of these women living homeless in Madrid had attempted suicide, and 32% of them had done so for the first time when they were homel...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - December 29, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research