Psychological adjustment in Spanish young adult domestic adoptees: Mental health and licit substance consumption.
Authors: Sánchez-Sandoval Y, Melero S Abstract Although adoptive families have been shown to provide a protective context for human development, some adopted children and adolescents are at increased risk for psychological adjustment problems. On the other hand, little is known about psychological adjustment of young adult adoptees. The aim of this study is to analyze the mental health and legal substance consumption (tobacco and alcohol) of young adults (n = 134) who were domestically adopted by Spanish families. Young adults showed significantly worse scores on the Symptom Check-List-90-R (Derogatis, 1975)...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - May 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Acculturation in the discourse of immigrants and receiving community members: Results from a cross-national qualitative study.
This study explores the bidirectional and interactional process of acculturation from the perspectives of immigrants and receiving community members (RCMs). Our aim was to understand the experiences and interactions of different ethno-cultural groups and their impact on the functioning and dynamics of multicultural communities. We conducted a cross-national, cross-cultural study of acculturation processes, using interviews collected across two countries (Italy: urban regions of Torino and Lecce; U.S.: Baltimore/Washington corridor) and three distinct groups of immigrants-Moroccans and Albanians in Italy and Latin Americans...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - May 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

"Fewer but not weaker": Understanding the intersectional identities among Chinese immigrant young gay men in Toronto.
This study contributes to the knowledge base around intersectionality by uncovering its qualitative nuance and bringing to light its contextual specificity. Practice, policy, and research implications are provided. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID: 29792479 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - May 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

The impact of familial expressed emotion on clinical and personal recovery among patients with psychiatric disorders: The mediating roles of self-stigma content and process.
Authors: Chan KKS, Lam CB Abstract The present study examined the associations of familial expressed emotion (EE) with clinical and personal recovery among patients with psychiatric disorders, as well as the potential mechanisms underlying these associations. Guided by the content-process theory of self-stigma, we hypothesized that EE would be negatively associated with clinical and personal recovery and that these associations would be mediated by self-stigma content and process. A total of 311 patients with psychiatric disorders completed questionnaires on their perceptions of EE, self-stigma, and recovery. Struc...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - May 26, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Muslim Americans' safety and well-being in the wake of Trump: A public health and social justice crisis.
This study examined the perceived impact of religious discrimination and Islamophobia on Muslim Americans' well-being during the 2016 United States presidential election campaign. Data were collected from a national sample of 1,130 Muslim Americans. Perceived religious discrimination (PRD) was measured using the Perceived Religious Discrimination Scale. Results of canonical correlation analysis showed that perceived Islamophobia was associated with safety (β = .45, p
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - April 11, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Paid sick leave status in relation to government sponsored welfare utilization.
Authors: Stoddard-Dare P, DeRigne L, Quinn L, Mallett C Abstract Nearly a third of all U.S. workers, primarily lower-paid employees, do not have paid sick leave benefits, prompting some lawmakers to consider mandating paid sick leave for all U.S. employees so workers can access timely health care without lost wages. A representative sample of 19,537 workers in current paid employment was examined, searching for the association between access to paid sick leave benefits and receipt of six different welfare and welfare-related services. After controlling for relevant demographic, work, income, and medical/health care...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - February 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Proactive aggression in early school-aged children with externalizing behavior problems: A longitudinal study on the influence of empathy in response to distress.
Authors: Deschamps PK, Verhulp EE, de Castro BO, Matthys W Abstract The course of proactive aggressive behavior may be affected by empathy in response to sadness and distress of others. The aim of the current study is to examine empathy in response to sadness and distress and its relation to proactive and reactive aggression in a clinical sample of children with externalizing behavior problems. At baseline (T1) and 12 months later (T2), parents and teachers of 104 six- and seven-year-old children completed the Instrument for Reactive and Proactive Aggression. At T1, parents and teachers also reported empathy in res...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - February 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Nurturing the hope of youth in care: The contribution of mentoring.
Authors: Sulimani-Aidan Y, Melkman E, Hellman CM Abstract Hope has long been viewed as important to individuals attempting to overcome obstacles. Overall hope is the combination of one's appraisal of capability and determination to achieve goals (Agency) and identifying viable routes to reach them (Pathway) (Snyder, 1994). The main goal of this study was to examine the incremental contribution of mentoring to hope among youth on the verge of leaving care above and beyond related personal characteristics and placement history. The sample included 148 adolescents in residential care in Israel who had adult mentors (a...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - February 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Rethinking the acculturation gap-distress theory among asian americans: Testing bidirectional indirect relations.
Authors: Lui PP Abstract The acculturation gap-distress theory postulates that parent-offspring acculturation mismatch precipitates greater intergenerational conflict in immigrant families, which in turn increases the risk for psychological problems among offspring. Whereas cross-sectional studies have shown support for these theory-informed relations, comparatively little is known about whether acculturation mismatch negatively affects psychological functioning, or whether offspring's psychological problems precipitate greater perceived acculturation mismatch via intergenerational cultural conflict. Furthermore, m...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - February 21, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Developmental and Contextual Correlates of Mental Health and Help-Seeking Among Asian American College Students.
Authors: Tummala-Narra P, Li Z, Chang J, Yang EJ, Jiang J, Sagherian M, Phan J, Alfonso A Abstract Guided by an integrative contextual framework of immigrant youth development (García Coll & Marks, 2012), this study investigated the potential role of developmental (e.g., ethnic identity) and contextual factors (e.g., perceived discrimination, stereotyping) in mental health outcomes and help-seeking attitudes, and variations across gender and nativity among Asian American college students. Online surveys assessing perceived subtle and blatant racism, ethnic identity, the internalization of the model minor...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - February 3, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Parental Attitudes Following Disclosure of Sibling Sexual Abuse: A Child Advocacy Center Intervention Study.
Authors: Tener D, Lusky E, Tarshish N, Turjeman S Abstract Sibling sexual abuse (SSA) represents a range of childhood sexual behaviors that cannot be considered manifestations of age-appropriate curiosity. Despite being the commonest and longest lasting form of sexual abuse within the family, SSA is the least reported, treated, and researched. This qualitative study is based on a sample of 60 mostly religious Jewish families referred to a child advocacy center (CAC) in Jerusalem from 2010 to 2015. It examines parental attitudes to SSA and their reconstruction, during and after their experience at the CAC. Analysis ...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Trauma Proliferation and Stress Generation (TPSG) Dynamics and Their Implications for Clinical Science.
In this study, 2 trauma proliferation pathways were identified that utilize a developmentally based trauma framework (DBTF). Data previously collected from 6 different cultural groups (N = 2279; 2 mental health clinics in Egypt and the United States, Native Americans, Palestinian adults in Gaza, and college students in Poland and Egypt) were reanalyzed. The 6 studies utilized DBTF-based measures of cumulative trauma and trauma types. Path analysis was used to test the trauma proliferation model and PROCESS software was used to identify mediators and their effect sizes. Results of the analyses indicated that attachment trau...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Experiences of Peer Exclusion and Victimization, Cognitive Functioning, and Depression Among Adolescent Cancer Survivors in South Korea.
Authors: Kim MA, Park JH, Park HJ, Yi J, Ahn E, Kim SY, Shin DW, Park M, Lim YJ, Park ES, Park KD, Hong JS Abstract Adolescents who reenter school after treatment for cancer may face certain challenges, such as social exclusion by their peers and difficulties in cognitive functioning, due to the cancer treatment and its psychosocial sequelae. Such challenges may have an impact on their mental health. This cross-sectional study examined the impact of peer exclusion-victimization and cognitive functioning on depression among adolescent survivors of childhood cancer. A total of 175 adolescent survivors of childhood ca...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 27, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Is More Better? Examining Whether Enhanced Consultation/Coaching Improves Implementation.
Authors: Murray ME, Khoury DY, Farmer EMZ, Burns BJ Abstract It is extremely challenging to implement evidence-based interventions in community-based agencies with sufficient quality, fidelity, and intensity to produce desired changes in practice and outcomes. This is particularly difficult to do within the confines of existing service providers' time, personnel, and resource constraints. Over the past 15 years, Together Facing the Challenge (TFTC) has been developed, tested, and disseminated in an effort to address this set of issues to improve treatment foster care (TFC). Data from the initial randomized trial sh...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Associations of Bullying, Victimization, and Daytime Sleepiness With Academic Problems in Adolescents Attending an Alternative High School.
Authors: Rubens SL, Miller MA, Zeringue MM, Laird RD Abstract Adolescents attending alternative high schools often present with high rates of academic and behavior problems. They are also at increased risk of poor health behaviors and engaging in physical violence compared with students in traditional high school settings. To address the needs of students in these educational settings, examining factors that influence academic problems in this population is essential. Research has established that both bullying/victimization and sleep problems increase adolescents' risk for academic problems. Little is known about ...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Medicaid Waivers and Public Sector Mental Health Service Penetration Rates for Youth.
Authors: Graaf G, Snowden L Abstract To assist families of youth with serious emotional disturbance in financing youth's comprehensive care, some states have sought and received Medicaid waivers. Medicaid waivers waive or relax the Medicaid means test for eligibility to provide insurance coverage to nonpoor families for expensive, otherwise out-of-reach treatment for youth with Serious Emotional Disturbance (SED). Waivers promote treatment access for the most troubled youth, and the present study investigated whether any of several Medicaid waiver options-and those that completely omit the means test in particular-...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Anxiety Sensitivity and Rumination: Transdiagnostic Factors Involved in the Relation Between Subjective Social Status and Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms and Disorders Among Economically Disadvantaged Latinos in Primary Care.
Authors: Zvolensky MJ, Paulus DJ, Bakhshaie J, Garza M, Valdivieso J, Ochoa-Perez M, Reitzel LR, Viana AG, Lemaire C, Bogiaizian D, Robles Z, Manning K, Mayorga NA, Schmidt NB, Collado A Abstract Latinos face striking physical and mental health disparities. One factor associated with such disparities is subjective social status, reflecting subjective ratings of social standing. Yet there is presently a lack of empirical information about the mechanisms underlying relations between subjective social status and anxiety and depressive symptoms and disorders among Latinos in community medical services that serve as foc...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

The Importance of Positive Need Fulfillment: Evidence From a Sample of War-Affected Sri Lankans.
Authors: Jayawickreme E, Jayawickreme N, Zachry CE, Goonasekera MA Abstract There has been growing interest in understanding the psychological and social-environmental factors that facilitate adaptive functioning in populations affected by ethnopolitical warfare. In the current study, we tested the hypothesis that a brief measure incorporating local idioms of positive need fulfilment would predict functioning in a war-affected Sri Lankan population above and beyond psychopathology when controlling for demographic variables and current life stressors. A brief measure of positive need fulfillment was derived from qua...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Obese and Overweight Youth: Risk for Experiencing Bullying Victimization and Internalizing Symptoms.
Authors: Waasdorp TE, Mehari K, Bradshaw CP Abstract Obese and overweight youth are at an increased risk for poor peer relations and psychosocial adjustment. Of particular concern is the high rate of bullying victimization experienced by obese and overweight youth. While it is known that victimized youth are at an increased risk for internalizing symptoms, few studies have examined if weight status exacerbates the association between victimization and internalizing symptoms. The current study drew upon data from over 43,000 youth attending 107 middle and high schools. Multilevel results suggested that compared with...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Gendered Race Modification of the Association Between Chronic Stress and Depression Among Black and White U.S. Adults.
In conclusion, a potential manifestation of high chronic stress burden, depression, differs across gendered race groups. These disparities may be due to group-specific coping strategies that are shaped by unequal social contexts. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID: 29355367 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Profiles of Minority Stressors and Identity Centrality Among Sexual Minority Latinx Youth.
This study sought to identify intersectional profiles of perceived peer victimization, perceived discrimination, and identity centrality, specific to either Latinx ethnicity or sexual minority identity in the United States. Demographic characteristics associated with each profile (i.e., age, socioeconomic status, gender nonconformity, survey language, gender, rurality) were examined, as well as associations between profiles and grade point average, self-esteem, and depression. In a sample of 219 in-school Latinx sexual minority youth (47% secondary, 53% postsecondary; Mage = 19 years, SD = 2.3), four profiles of intersecti...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 24, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Adapting a Parenting Intervention for Parents Aging out of the Child Welfare System: A Systematic Approach to Expand the Reach of an Evidence-Based Intervention.
This study constitutes a critical first step toward increasing the reach of evidence-based parenting interventions among parents aging out of the child welfare system and underscores the need for continued efforts to develop sustainable and effective parenting services for this at-risk population. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID: 29345476 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

An Exploratory Study of Stress and Coping Among Black College Men.
Authors: Goodwill JR, Watkins DC, Johnson NC, Allen JO Abstract Research on coping mechanisms among Black Americans is robust, yet there is a dearth of studies that use qualitative approaches to examine coping specifically among young Black men. The current and historical landscape of race relations in the United States calls for additional concern and exploration of this topic. To fill gaps in this area, this study uncovered the ways Black college men cope with various stressors that impact their mental health. Eleven qualitative interviews were conducted with 18- to 25-year-old Black men enrolled at a college in ...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Racial/Ethnic Differences of Justice-Involved Youth in Substance-Related Problems and Services Received.
This study examined differences in substance-related problems and receipt of substance-specific counseling in 7 different racial/ethnic groups of justice-involved youth. Data came from a nationally representative sample of 7,073 youth in residential placement across 36 states representing 5 program types. Descriptive analyses and regression modeling techniques were used to examine the relationship between race/ethnicity, substance problems, and substance services. Results show that more than 2/3 report a history of at least 1 substance-related problem. Yet, over 12% of youth in residential placement are in programs that do...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Culturally Adapted Transdiagnostic CBT for SSRI-Resistant Turkish Adolescents: A Pilot Study.
Authors: Acarturk ZC, Abuhamdeh S, Jalal B, Unaldı N, Alyanak B, Cetinkaya M, Gulen B, Hinton D Abstract The most common mental health problems among adolescents are anxiety and mood disorders. While disorder-specific cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) is effective for each of these conditions, the comorbidity between anxiety and mood disorders indicates a need for the development of evidence-based transdiagnostic treatments. To examine the efficacy of culturally adapted transdiagnostic CBT (CA-CBT) in reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression in treatment-resistant Turkish adolescents, 13 adolescent participants ...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Psychometric Evaluation of Depression Measures With Northern Plains Indians.
This study was designed to assess the validity and reliability of numerous measures among the Northern Plains Indians. This article is a partial report, focused on the psychometric measures directed at detecting depression, namely the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) II, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale, the Tri-Ethnic Depression Scale (TEDS), the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), and the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R). Results revealed moderate to strong correlation across all measures, alpha coefficients that exceeded published alphas for the general pop...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

The Influence of Low-Barrier and Voluntary Service Policies on Survivor Empowerment in a Domestic Violence Housing Organization.
This study explored how low-barrier and voluntary service policies influenced staff practices and survivor empowerment. Low-barrier policies require that programs remove barriers that prevent survivors, particularly those who have mental health concerns and/or addictions, from being able to access services. A voluntary service policy states that survivors have the right to choose which services, if any, they would like to engage in during their stay at the program. Survivors' ability to stay at the housing program is not contingent on their participation in program services. This exploratory-sequential (QUAL→ quan) mi...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - January 19, 2018 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Visiting Auschwitz: Evidence of Secondary Traumatization Among High School Students.
This study suggests that visits to places related to traumatic past events should be preceded by a more intense elaboration of Holocaust history and by proper psychological preparations. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID: 29172555 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - November 29, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Bullying and Minorities in Secondary School Students in Thrace-Greece.
Authors: Serdari A, Gkouliama A, Tripsianis G, Proios H, Samakouri M Abstract The aim of the present study is to examine probable heterogeneity in aggressive behaviors and peer victimization among ethnically diverse secondary schools in Thrace. It is a culturally diverse region in Northeastern Greece, which includes Greek Christians and a significant minority of Muslims and immigrants. The study population consisted of 572 school students (293 girls, 279 boys, Mage = 14.24), who completed the Revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire for Students-Senior and the Youth Self-Report. The percentage of students involved...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - November 29, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Identity concealment in transgender adults: A qualitative assessment of minority stress and gender affirmation.
Authors: Rood BA, Maroney MR, Puckett JA, Berman AK, Reisner SL, Pantalone DW Abstract Minority individuals might conceal their identity in social contexts in an effort to avoid stigma and victimization. Unfortunately, identity concealment is thought to impact psychological distress in transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) individuals. Thus, through 30 in-depth interviews, we sought to understand if and how identity concealment was experienced by TGNC individuals. Findings indicated that (a) TGNC identity concealment is a source of stress, (b) individuals might conceal their TGNC identity based on social cont...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - November 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Individual and systemic barriers to health care: Perspectives of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender adults.
Authors: Romanelli M, Hudson KD Abstract Access to effective services is imperative to address the many health and mental health disparities that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people face. This population, however, remains underserved and often ill-served in health care environments. Furthermore, interactions between system- and individual-level dimensions of access create barriers to service engagement. Within much of the extant literature surrounding health care barriers among LGBT people, the rich narratives and varied experiences of LGBT community members from diverse backgrounds have often bee...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - November 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Religious Anti-Gay Prejudice as a Predictor of Mental Health, Abuse, and Substance Use.
Authors: Sowe BJ, Taylor AJ, Brown J Abstract Anti-gay, or homonegative, prejudice is generally considered harmful to the wellbeing of sexual minority individuals. However, the origins or nature of such prejudice may vary. Despite a sizable body of literature suggesting homonegative prejudice is frequently religious-based, the psychological impact of exposure to religious anti-gay prejudice remains largely undetermined. Addressing this research gap, the authors examined whether opposition to same-sex sexuality on religious grounds predicted detrimental outcomes among same- and both-sex attracted individuals, as wel...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - October 17, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Changing norms, strategies, and systems to support behavioral health and social justice: A call to action and introduction to the special section.
Authors: McLeigh JD, Kilmer RP Abstract This editorial introduces this special section of the American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. The Global Alliance for Behavioral Health and Social Justice (formerly the American Orthopsychiatric Association) has developed the theme for its track at the 2016 Annual Research and Policy Conference on Child, Adolescent, and Young Adult Behavioral Health. The Global Alliance, the parent organization of the American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, has long sought to address prevailing social conditions by treating them as problems to be solved through multilevel, contextually grounded soc...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - September 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Comprehensive grief care for children and families: Policy and practice implications.
This article explores the current landscape of support for grieving children and families- including significant barriers to care and gaps in empirical knowledge. Given the complexity of the issue and the nascent state of the childhood bereavement field, it is fertile ground for social innovations that challenge current norms. In addition, the argument is made for a strengths-based, wellness approach to childhood bereavement that seizes upon opportunities to both promote adaptive adjustment and prevent further complications of unaddressed grief and trauma. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID: 28945443 [PubMed - in process] ...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - September 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Helping America's most vulnerable children and parents.
This article focuses on ways the government should allocate resources in order to support America's most vulnerable children and parents. Government policies on helping children seek to achieve many outcomes, but four are especially important: (a) protecting children's basic physical safety and mental safety (i.e., sense of emotional security in relationships with one's parents) during childhood; (b) ensuring that children do not suffer from serious mental health problems that impair their adjustment and ability to function well at home, at school, and in social relations; (c) helping all children acquire the academic skil...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - September 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Renewing our commitment to the most vulnerable children and families.
Authors: Lombardi J Abstract Comments on the original article by Michael Wald (see record 2017-42208-003) regarding [main topic in original article]. In his article, Wald calls for the government to design a system of services to strengthen parenting to promote healthy child development. He calls for a new set of policies to support parents, particularly parents of the most vulnerable children-children without adequate protection and children subjected to both poverty and the adversities associated with poverty. More than ever, it is critical for the country to come together and stand with children and families who...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - September 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Beyond shared decision-making: Collaboration in the age of recovery from serious mental illness.
This article further discusses the importance of CDM for people with SMI. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID: 28945446 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - September 27, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Paid Sick Leave and Psychological Distress: An Analysis of U.S. Workers.
Authors: Stoddard-Dare P, DeRigne L, Collins CC, Quinn LM, Fuller K Abstract Paid sick leave is increasingly identified as a social justice issue having important implications for health and wellness; however, little is known about its relationship to mental health. Data from the 2015 cross section of the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS; 2015) were used to examine the relationship between paid sick leave and psychological distress during the last 30 days among N = 17,897 working United States adults. The 6-item Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6), a valid and reliable instrument for assessing psycholog...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - September 16, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Implementation and Evaluation of a Parenting Program to Prevent Child Maltreatment in Suriname.
This study provides preliminary evidence that LMP may be an effective model of parent training in Suriname. Moreover, it can help guide efforts to reduce the use of CP and encourage positive parenting, thereby preventing child maltreatment. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID: 28816484 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - August 18, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Risks, Resources, and Depressive Symptomatology Among Marshallese Adolescents.
This study examined risks and resources to assess depressive symptom variation among a sample of Marshallese adolescents attending a Northwest Arkansas high school. A self-administered questionnaire was completed by 10th-12th-grade students (N = 1,493). With a general response rate in excess of 78%, the subsample (n = 208) represented 75% of all Marshallese students attending the high school and approximately 9% of the total K-12 Marshallese population. Average depressive symptom (CES-D) scores for Marshallese adolescents were 17.3; high enough to exceed the clinical caseness cut-off (16+) typically used as an evaluative c...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - August 18, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Father Support and Adjustment Difficulties Among Youth in Residential Care: The Moderating Role of Peer Victimization and Gender.
Authors: Attar-Schwartz S, Fridman-Teutsch A Abstract Father support of young people living in out-of-home settings is a neglected area of research. The study examines the moderating role of peer victimization in the association between father support and adjustment difficulties among male and female adolescents in residential care settings. Using random cluster sampling, the study includes the reports of 1,409 young people, in Grades 8 to 12, residing in 16 Israeli educational residential care settings designed for youth from underprivileged backgrounds. The findings show that, on average, fathers are highly invol...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - August 18, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Associations Between Bullying Involvement, Protective Factors, and Mental Health Among American Indian Youth.
This study assessed whether AI young people involved in bullying were more likely to experience negative mental health problems than AI youth who were not involved in bullying, and identified protective factors that might support this particularly vulnerable population. Data come from 1,409 8th, 9th, and 11th Grade AI students who completed the 2013 Minnesota Student Survey. Logistic regression models estimated associations between bullying involvement and internalizing symptoms and suicidality. Selected protective factors (internal assets, empowerment, positive student-teacher relationships, and feeling safe at school) we...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - August 18, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Direct and Indirect Effects of Child Abuse and Environmental Stress: A Lifecourse Perspective on Adversity and Depressive Symptoms.
Authors: Sousa C, Mason WA, Herrenkohl TI, Prince D, Herrenkohl RC, Russo MJ Abstract There is a great deal of evidence about the mental health implications of physical child abuse and environmental stressors, or hardships that people experience at the household and neighborhood level (e.g., neighborhood violence; economic hardship, substance abuse, or conflict among family members). Yet, studies often focus on either abuse or environmental stress, not both, or examine abuse and environmental stressors as a combined set of experiences. Less is known, therefore, about how child abuse and environmental stress might w...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - August 18, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

The Path to an Autism Spectrum Disorders Diagnosis in Ethiopia: Parent Perspective.
This study explores the common characteristics of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and the available diagnostic and intervention currently practiced for children with ASDs in Ethiopia based on parents' experience. Data gathered from 100 parents in Ethiopia detail the difficulties families face when they suspect their child has an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The data indicate Ethiopian parents pursued a diagnosis of ASD after noting common ASD behaviors such as hand flapping and unusual attachments to objects. Poor social interactions were the least likely to symptoms to prompt an ASD evaluation. The large...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - August 18, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Effects of Receiving Trauma-Informed Practices on Domestic Violence Shelter Residents.
Authors: Sullivan CM, Goodman LA, Virden T, Strom J, Ramirez R Abstract Domestic violence is a potentially traumatizing experience that has devastating psychological and physical consequences. In response, domestic violence shelter programs have focused increasing attention on helping adult and child survivors understand and heal from this trauma. What have come to be called trauma-informed practices include (a) reflecting an understanding of trauma and its many effects on health and behavior, (b) addressing both physical and psychological safety concerns, (c) using a culturally informed strengths-based approach, (...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - August 18, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Promoting Justice or Perpetuating Prejudice? Interrupting External Motivation in Multicultural Training.
Authors: Gushue GV, Hinman KA Abstract The effects of responding to social pressure (external motivation) are short-lived. Multicultural training, however, seeks to promote change in students and trainees that will be transformative and long-lasting. To this end, understanding the motivational factors that inform training is key. The present study was an investigation of the factors underlying external motivation to respond without prejudice for White individuals from the perspective of Higgins's regulatory focus (promotion and prevention) and regulatory mode (assessment and locomotion) theories. The results indica...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - August 18, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Discrimination and Symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Among African Americans.
This study examined symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in a nationally representative sample of African American adults (n = 3,570) and correlations between OCD symptom dimensions and experiences of discrimination. Two categories of discrimination were examined, everyday racial discrimination and everyday nonracial discrimination (e.g., because of gender, age, and weight), to determine if racial discrimination had a unique impact on OCD symptoms. Results indicated that everyday racial discrimination was related to both categories of obsessions and all 4 categories of compulsions. Everyday nonracial discriminat...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - August 18, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

A Wait-List Controlled Study of a Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Treatment for Intermittent Explosive Disorder in Timor-Leste.
Authors: Hewage K, Steel Z, Mohsin M, Tay AK, De Oliveira JC, Da Piedade M, Tam N, Silove D Abstract We tested a trauma-focused, cognitive-behavior therapy treatment (TF-CBT-anger) for intermittent explosive disorder (IED) and related dimensions of anger adapted to the local culture in postconflict Timor-Leste. The intention-to-treat sample (n = 78) comprised Timorese nationals (women = 49; men = 29), ages 18 years and older, meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) criteria for IED, with equal numbers (n = 39 each) being randomized to the treatment group (TG) and wait-list (WL). Asse...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - July 29, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Contextualizing Risk and Protection: Perceptions of Bedouin Mothers From Unrecognized Villages in the Naqab.
Authors: Marey-Sarwan I, Roer-Strier D, Otto H Abstract This qualitative study utilizes ecological theory, a context-informed perspective, and an interactive model to study minority children, while considering structural factors, oppression, segregation, power dynamics, and awareness of the political context. It examines perceptions of risk and protection using "snowball" sampling of 33 Bedouin mothers, citizens of Israel, from the unrecognized villages (UVs) in the Naqab in Southern Israel. Data were collected via in-depth, semistructured interviews during 2011 to 2013. The interviews were thematically a...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - July 22, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research

Boys do(n't) cry: Addressing the unmet mental health needs of African American boys.
Authors: Lindsey MA, Brown DR, Cunningham M Abstract If African American boys are contemplating taking their lives at early ages, the hope for future generations is challenging at best. What is going on in African American communities that there is a lack of safe spaces for boys to express their emotions and to share their travails with supportive networks in lieu of ending their lives? The situation of African American boys (ages 5-11) committing suicide at higher levels-more than any other group-and the recent studies regarding the rising rates of suicide among African American adolescent boys (12 and older) call...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - July 12, 2017 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research