Feasibility of Conebeam CT-based online adaptive radiotherapy for neoadjuvant treatment of rectal cancer
Online adaptive radiotherapy has the potential to reduce toxicity for patients treated for rectal cancer because smaller planning target volumes (PTV) margins around the entire clinical target volume (CTV) are... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - July 23, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Rianne de Jong, Jorrit Visser, Niek van Wieringen, Jan Wiersma, Debby Geijsen and Arjan Bel Tags: Research Source Type: research

Development of in-house fully residual deep convolutional neural network-based segmentation software for the male pelvic CT
This study aimed to (1) develop a fully residual deep convolutional neural network (CNN)-based segmentation software for computed tomography image segmentation of the male pelvic region and (2) demonstrate its... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - July 22, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Hideaki Hirashima, Mitsuhiro Nakamura, Pascal Baillehache, Yusuke Fujimoto, Shota Nakagawa, Yusuke Saruya, Tatsumasa Kabasawa and Takashi Mizowaki Tags: Research Source Type: research

Dosimetric comparison of MR-linac-based IMRT and conventional VMAT treatment plans for prostate cancer
The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the performance of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) plans, planned for low-field strength magnetic resonance (MR) guided linear accelerator (linac)... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - July 21, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Vanessa Da Silva Mendes, Lukas Nierer, Minglun Li, Stefanie Corradini, Michael Reiner, Florian Kamp, Maximilian Niyazi, Christopher Kurz, Guillaume Landry and Claus Belka Tags: Research Source Type: research

Correlation between the γ passing rates of IMRT plans and the volumes of air cavities and bony structures in head and neck cancer
Both patient-specific dose recalculation and γ passing rate analysis are important for the quality assurance (QA) of intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) plans. The aim of this study was to analyse the corr... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - July 21, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Zhengwen Shen, Xia Tan, Shi Li, Xiumei Tian, Huanli Luo, Ying Wang and Fu Jin Tags: Research Source Type: research

Diffusion-weighted MRI and 18F-FDG PET/CT in assessing the response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) followed by surgery is a currently widely used strategy for locally advanced esophageal cancer (EC). However, the conventional imaging methods have certain deficiencies in ... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - July 19, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Xin Xu, Zhi-Yong Sun, Hua-Wei Wu, Chen-Peng Zhang, Bin Hu, Ling Rong, Hai-Yan Chen, Hua-Ying Xie, Yu-Ming Wang, Hai-Ping Lin, Yong-Rui Bai, Qing Ye and Xiu-Mei Ma Tags: Research Source Type: research

High-dose thoracic radiation therapy for non-small cell lung cancer: a novel grading scale of radiation-induced lung injury for symptomatic radiation pneumonitis
Symptomatic radiation pneumonitis (RP) may be a serious complication after thoracic radiation therapy (RT) for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This prospective observational study sought to evaluate the ut... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - July 15, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Weronika Maria Szejniuk, Martin Skovmos Nielsen, Zsuzsanna Tak ács-Szabó, Jacek Pawlowski, Sahar Sulaiman Al-Saadi, Panagiotis Maidas, Martin Bøgsted, Tine McCulloch, Jens Brøndum Frøkjær, Ursula Gerda Falkmer and Oluf Dimitri Røe Tags: Research Source Type: research

Predictors of osteoradionecrosis following irradiated tooth extraction
The objective of this study was to determine the predictors of osteoradionecrosis (ORN) which... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - July 14, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Szu Ching Khoo, Syed Nabil, Azizah Ahmad Fauzi, Siti Salmiah Mohd Yunus, Wei Cheong Ngeow and Roszalina Ramli Tags: Research Source Type: research

Complete response to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in rectal cancer is associated with RAS/AKT mutations and high tumour mutational burden
Pathological complete response (pathCR) in rectal cancer is beneficial, as up to 75% of patients do not experience regrowth of the primary tumour, but it is poorly understood. We hypothesised that the changes ... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - July 13, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Joanne D. Stockton, Louise Tee, Celina Whalley, Jonathan James, Mark Dilworth, Rachel Wheat, Thomas Nieto, Ian Geh, Jo ão D. Barros-Silva and Andrew D. Beggs Tags: Research Source Type: research

In regard to Minniti et al.: Current status and recent advances in resection cavity irradiation of brain metastases —roundup to cover all angles
We read with great interest the recent review, entitled “Current status and recent advances in resection cavity irradiation of brain metastases”. It is a comprehensive summary of currently available techniques... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - July 10, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Gustavo R. Sarria, Christopher P. Cifarelli, Henning Kahl and Frank A. Giordano Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Mapping patterns of para-aortic lymph node recurrence in cervical cancer: a retrospective cohort analysis
To map anatomic patterns of para-aortic lymph node (PALN) recurrence in cervical cancer patients and validate currently available guidelines on PA clinical target volumes (CTV). (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - July 10, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Bong Kyung Bae, Shin-Hyung Park, Shin Young Jeong, Gun Oh Chong, Mi Young Kim and Jae-Chul Kim Tags: Research Source Type: research

Stereotactic body radiation therapy for the treatment of localized prostate cancer in men with underlying inflammatory bowel disease
Historically, IBD has been thought to increase the underlying risk of radiation related toxicity in the treatment of prostate cancer. In the modern era, contemporary radiation planning and delivery may mitigat... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - July 9, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Jonathan W. Lischalk, Seth Blacksburg, Christopher Mendez, Michael Repka, Astrid Sanchez, Todd Carpenter, Matthew Witten, Jules E. Garbus, Andrew Evans, Sean P. Collins, Aaron Katz and Jonathan Haas Tags: Research Source Type: research

Outcomes of metastasis-directed therapy of bone oligometastatic prostate cancer
The aim of this work was to investigate the outcome of metastasis-directed radiotherapy (MDT) in prostate cancer patients with bone metastases following current ESTRO/EORTC subclassifications for oligometastat... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 30, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Paul Rogowski, Christian Trapp, Rieke von Bestenbostel, Nina-Sophie Schmidt-Hegemann, Run Shi, Harun Ilhan, Alexander Kretschmer, Christian Stief, Ute Ganswindt, Claus Belka and Minglun Li Tags: Research Source Type: research

Risk factors for venous thromboembolism induced by prolonged bed rest during interstitial brachytherapy for gynecological cancer: a retrospective study
Screening and management of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after surgery is important in preventing sublethal VTE. However, the risk factors for VTE during interstitial brachytherapy (ISBT) remain unknown, and a... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 29, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Keiko Nemoto Murofushi, Tetsuya Tomita, Kayoko Ohnishi, Kei Nakai, Azusa Akiyama, Tsukasa Saida, Toshiyuki Okumura, Katsuyuki Karasawa, Toyomi Satoh and Hideyuki Sakurai Tags: Research Source Type: research

Dose escalation in advanced floor of the mouth cancer: a pilot study using a combination of IMRT and stereotactic boost
We evaluated the efficiency and toxicity of stereotactic hypofractionated boost in combination with conventionally fractionated radiotherapy in the treatment of advanced floor of the mouth cancer. (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 29, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tom áš Blažek, Zuzana Zděblová Čermáková, Lukáš Knybel, Pavel Hurník, Jan Štembírek, Kamila Resová, Tereza Paračková, Martin Formánek, Jakub Cvek and Renata Soumarová Tags: Research Source Type: research

Adjuvant hysterectomy following primary chemoradiation for stage IB2 and IIA2 cervical cancer: a retrospective comparison of complications for open versus minimally invasive surgery
The objective of this study is to compare complications and recurrences betw... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 29, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Heather Miller, Koji M. Matsuo, Lynda D. Roman, Annie A. Yessaian, Huyen Q. Pham, Marianne Hom, Antonio Castaneda, Anthony Pham, Omar Ragab, Laila Muderspach, Marcia Ciccone and Laurie L. Brunette Tags: Research Source Type: research

DeepBeam: a machine learning framework for tuning the primary electron beam of the PRIMO Monte Carlo software
Any Monte Carlo simulation of dose delivery using medical accelerator-generated megavolt photon beams begins by simulating electrons of the primary electron beam interacting with a target. Because the electron... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 29, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Zbis ław Tabor, Damian Kabat and Michael P. R. Waligórski Tags: Research Source Type: research

Interobserver variability in organ at risk delineation in head and neck cancer
In radiotherapy inaccuracy in organ at risk (OAR) delineation can impact treatment plan optimisation and treatment plan evaluation. Brouwer et al. showed significant interobserver variability (IOV) in OAR deli... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 28, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: J. van der Veen, A. Gulyban, S. Willems, F. Maes and S. Nuyts Tags: Research Source Type: research

Detailed analysis of recovery process of cranial nerve palsy after IMRT-based comprehensive treatment in nasopharyngeal carcinoma
Cranial nerve (CN) palsy due to cancer involvement has been considered as an unfavorable prognostic factor for patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). We assessed the role of IMRT based treatment on the ... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 27, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Jian Zang, Yan Li, Shanquan Luo, Jianhua Wang, Bingxin Hou, Min Yao, Lina Zhao and Mei Shi Tags: Research Source Type: research

Regression models for predicting physical and EQD2 plan parameters of two methods of hybrid planning for stage III NSCLC
To establish regression models of physical and equivalent dose in 2 Gy per fraction (EQD2) plan parameters of two kinds of hybrid planning for stage III NSCLC. (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 27, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Hao Wang, Yongkang Zhou, Wutian Gan, Hua Chen, Ying Huang, Yanhua Duan, Aihui Feng, Yan Shao, Hengle Gu, Qing Kong and Zhiyong Xu Tags: Research Source Type: research

Clinical utility of Gafchromic film in an MRI-guided linear accelerator
The purpose of this study is to comprehensively evaluate the suitability of Gafchromic EBT3 and EBT-XD film for dosimetric quality assurance in 0.35 T MR-guided radiotherapy. (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 26, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Ilma Xhaferllari, Joshua P. Kim, Ruchira Liyanage, Chang Liu, Dongsu Du, Anthony Doemer, Indrin J. Chetty and Ning Wen Tags: Research Source Type: research

Retrospective analysis of recurrence patterns and clinical outcome of grade II meningiomas following postoperative radiotherapy
Atypical meningiomas exhibit a high tendency for tumor recurrence even after multimodal therapy. Information regarding recurrence patterns after additive radiotherapy is scarce but could improve radiotherapy p... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 25, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Elgin Hoffmann, Kerstin Clasen, Bettina Frey, Jakob Ehlers, Felix Behling, Marco Skardelly, Benjamin Bender, Jens Schittenhelm, Matthias Reimold, Ghazaleh Tabatabai, Daniel Zips, Franziska Eckert and Frank Paulsen Tags: Research Source Type: research

Dosimetry study of three-dimensional print template for 125I implantation therapy
125I seed implantation has been found to show good therapeutic effects on tumors. Recent studies showed that three-dimensional (3D) print template-assisted 125I seed implantation can optimize radiation dose distr... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 24, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Enli Chen, Yuwei Zhang, Hongtao Zhang, Chenfei Jia, Yansong Liang and Juan Wang Tags: Review Source Type: research

The dosimetric impact of deep learning-based auto-segmentation of organs at risk on nasopharyngeal and rectal cancer
To investigate the dosimetric impact of deep learning-based auto-segmentation of organs at risk (OARs) on nasopharyngeal and rectal cancer. (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 23, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Hongbo Guo, Jiazhou Wang, Xiang Xia, Yang Zhong, Jiayuan Peng, Zhen Zhang and Weigang Hu Tags: Research Source Type: research

Salvage re-irradiation using stereotactic body radiation therapy for locally recurrent prostate cancer: the impact of castration sensitivity on treatment outcomes
This study evaluates the efficacy and safety of re-irradiation using st... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 23, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Ron Lewin, Uri Amit, Menachem Laufer, Raanan Berger, Zohar Dotan, Liran Domachevsky, Tima Davidson, Orith Portnoy, Lev Tsvang, Maoz Ben-Ayun, Ilana Weiss and Zvi Symon Tags: Research Source Type: research

Role of hippocampal location and radiation dose in glioblastoma patients with hippocampal atrophy
The hippocampus is a critical organ for irradiation. Thus, we explored changes in hippocampal volume according to the dose delivered and the location relative to the glioblastoma. (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 22, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Clara Le F èvre, Xue Cheng, Marie-Pierre Loit, Audrey Keller, Hélène Cebula, Delphine Antoni, Alicia Thiery, Jean-Marc Constans, François Proust and Georges Noel Tags: Research Source Type: research

Adaptive planning based on single beam optimization in passive scattering carbon ion radiotherapy for patients with pancreatic cancer
Daily anatomical deviations may distort the dose distribution in carbon ion radiotherapy (CIRT), which may cause treatment failure. Therefore, this study aimed to perform re-planning to maintain the dose cover... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 19, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Yang Li, Yoshiki Kubota, Masahiko Okamoto, Shintaro Shiba, Shohei Okazaki, Toshiaki Matsui, Mutsumi Tashiro, Takashi Nakano and Tatsuya Ohno Tags: Research Source Type: research

A novel external beam radiotherapy method for cervical cancer patients using virtual straight or bending boost areas; an in-silico feasibility study
To investigate the potential role of a novel spatially fractionated radiation therapy (SFRT) method where heterogeneous dose patterns are created in target areas with virtual rods, straight or curving, of vari... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 14, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Luca Cozzi, Sushil Beriwal, Esa Kuusela, Supriya Chopra, Hester Burger, Nanette Joubert, Antonella Fogliata, Jai Prakash Agarwal and Pat Kupelian Tags: Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of a new foetal shielding device for pregnant brain tumour patients
The present study aimed to propose a new foetal shielding device for pregnant cancer patients to reduce the foetal dose associated with treatment techniques using multiple gantry angles, such as intensity-modu... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 13, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Seonghee Kang, Kyeong-Hyeon Kim, Sang-Won Kang, Dong-Seok Shin, Seungwan Lee and Jin-Beom Chung Tags: Research Source Type: research

Impact of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles on in vitro and in vivo radiosensitisation of cancer cells
The recent implementation of MR-Linacs has highlighted theranostic opportunities of contrast agents in both imaging and radiotherapy. There is a lack of data exploring the potential of superparamagnetic iron o... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 12, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Emily Russell, Victoria Dunne, Ben Russell, Hibaaq Mohamud, Mihaela Ghita, Stephen J. McMahon, Karl T. Butterworth, Giuseppe Schettino, Conor K. McGarry and Kevin M. Prise Tags: Research Source Type: research

The value of primary and adjuvant radiotherapy for cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas of the head-and-neck region in the elderly
To examine treatment patterns, oncological outcomes and toxicity rates in elderly patients receiving radiotherapy for cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) of the head-and-neck region. (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 12, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Erik Haehl, Alexander R ühle, Rabea Klink, Tobias Kalckreuth, Tanja Sprave, Eleni Gkika, Constantinos Zamboglou, Frank Meiß, Anca-Ligia Grosu and Nils H. Nicolay Tags: Research Source Type: research

Organ motion in linac-based SBRT for glottic cancer
The purpose of this study is to evaluate inter- and intra-fraction organ motion as well as to quantify clinical target volume (CTV) to planning target volume (PTV) margins to be adopted in the stereotactic tre... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 12, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Annarita Perillo, Valeria Landoni, Alessia Farneti and Giuseppe Sanguineti Tags: Research Source Type: research

Phase II study of stereotactic body radiotherapy with hydrogel spacer for prostate cancer: acute toxicity and propensity score-matched comparison
The efficacy of a hydrogel spacer in stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) has not been clarified. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of SBRT in combination with a hydrogel spacer for prostate cancer. (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 12, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Mami Ogita, Hideomi Yamashita, Yuki Nozawa, Sho Ozaki, Subaru Sawayanagi, Takeshi Ohta and Keiichi Nakagawa Tags: Research Source Type: research

Development of clinical application program for radiotherapy induced cancer risk calculation using Monte Carlo engine in volumetric-modulated arc therapy
The purpose of this study is to develop a clinical application program that automatically calculates the effect for secondary cancer risk (SCR) of individual patient. The program was designed based on accurate... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 12, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Dong-Jin Kang, Young-Joo Shin, Seonghoon Jeong, Jae-Yong Jung, Hakjae Lee and Boram Lee Tags: Research Source Type: research

Model to predict cause ‐specific mortality in patients with olfactory neuroblastoma: a competing risk analysis
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the cumulative incidence of cause-specific mortality and other causes of mortality for patients with olfactory neuroblastoma (ONB). The secondary aim was to mod... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 10, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Lipin Liu, Qiuzi Zhong, Ting Zhao, Dazhi Chen, Yonggang Xu and Gaofeng Li Tags: Research Source Type: research

Interobserver variability in target volume delineation in definitive radiotherapy for thoracic esophageal cancer: a multi-center study from China
To investigate the interobserver variability (IOV) in target volume delineation of definitive radiotherapy for thoracic esophageal cancer (TEC) among cancer centers in China, and ultimately improve contouring ... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 9, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Xiao Chang, Wei Deng, Xin Wang, Zongmei Zhou, Jun Yang, Wenling Guo, Miaoling Liu, Xiaolu Qi, Ling Li, Kaixian Zhang, Min Zhang, Yonggang Shi, Ke Liu, Yidian Zhao, Huitao Wang, Zhilong Yu & hellip; Tags: Research Source Type: research

A re-irradiation dose of 55 –60 Gy improves the survival rate of patients with local recurrent esophageal squamous cell carcinoma after radiotherapy
Local recurrence (LR) is clinical challenge in the treatment of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The current study aimed to determine the optimal re-irradiation dose for local recurrent esophageal sq... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 8, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Xun Wu, Xingsheng Hu, Junru Chen and Lang He Tags: Research Source Type: research

Implementation of deep learning-based auto-segmentation for radiotherapy planning structures: a workflow study at two cancer centers
In this study, we evaluate the performance of implemen... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 8, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Jordan Wong, Vicky Huang, Derek Wells, Joshua Giambattista, Jonathan Giambattista, Carter Kolbeck, Karl Otto, Elantholi P. Saibishkumar and Abraham Alexander Tags: Research Source Type: research

Determining optimal clinical target volume margins in high-grade glioma based on microscopic tumor extension and magnetic resonance imaging
In this study, we performed a consecutive macropathologic analysis to assess microscopic extension (ME) in high-grade glioma (HGG) to determine appropriate clinical target volume (CTV) margins for radiotherapy. (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 7, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Shulun Nie, Yufang Zhu, Jia Yang, Tao Xin, Song Xue, Xianbin Zhang, Jujie Sun, Dianbin Mu, Yongsheng Gao, Zhaoqiu Chen, Xingchen Ding, Jinming Yu and Man Hu Tags: Research Source Type: research

Estimating the tolerance of brachial plexus to hypofractionated stereotactic body radiotherapy: a modelling-based approach from clinical experience
Brachial plexopathy is a potentially serious complication from stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) that has not been widely studied. Therefore, we compared datasets from two different institutions and g... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 7, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Irina Kapitanova, Sharmi Biswas, Sabrina Divekar, Eric J. Kemmerer, Robert A. Rostock, Kenneth M. Forster, Rachel J. Grimm, Carla J. Scofield, Jimm Grimm, Bahman Emami and Anand Mahadevan Tags: Research Source Type: research

Outcomes with multi-disciplinary management of central lung tumors with CT-guided percutaneous high dose rate brachyablation
Centrally located lung tumors present treatment challenges given their proximity to mediastinal structures including the central airway, esophagus, major vessels, and heart. Therapeutic options can be limited ... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 7, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Stephanie M. Yoon, Robert Suh, Fereidoun Abtin, Drew Moghanaki, Scott Genshaft, Mitchell Kamrava, Alexandra Drakaki, Sandy Liu, Puja Venkat, Alan Lee and Albert J. Chang Tags: Research Source Type: research

Geometric and dosimetric impact of 3D generative adversarial network-based metal artifact reduction algorithm on VMAT and IMPT for the head and neck region
We investigated the geometric and dosimetric impact of three-dimensional (3D) generative adversarial network (GAN)-based metal artifact reduction (MAR) algorithms on volumetric-modulated arc therapy (VMAT) and... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 6, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Mitsuhiro Nakamura, Megumi Nakao, Keiho Imanishi, Hideaki Hirashima and Yusuke Tsuruta Tags: Research Source Type: research

Cardiac-sparing radiotherapy for locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer
We have carried out a study to determine the scope for reducing heart doses in photon beam radiotherapy of locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC). (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - June 3, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Louise Turtle, Neeraj Bhalla, Andrew Willett, Robert Biggar, Jonathan Leadbetter, Georgios Georgiou, James M. Wilson, Sindu Vivekanandan, Maria A. Hawkins, Michael Brada and John D. Fenwick Tags: Research Source Type: research

Concurrent chemoradiotherapy with S-1 compared with concurrent chemoradiotherapy with docetaxel and cisplatin for locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma
This retrospective study was to assess and compare the toxicity and efficacy of concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) with S-1 or docetaxel and cisplatin in patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cel... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - May 26, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Xi-Lei Zhou, Chang-Hua Yu, Wan-Wei Wang, Fu-Zhi Ji, Yao-Zu Xiong, Wei-Guo Zhu and Yu-Suo Tong Tags: Research Source Type: research

Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy in patients with unresectable locally advanced sigmoid colon cancer: clinical feasibility and outcome
Patients with locally advanced sigmoid colon cancer (LASCC) have limited treatment options and a dismal prognosis with poor quality of life. This retrospective study aimed to further evaluate the feasibility... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - May 24, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Shao-Qing Niu, Rong-Zhen Li, Yan Yuan, Wei-Hao Xie, Qiao-Xuan Wang, Hui Chang, Zhen-Hai Lu, Pei-Rong Ding, Li-Ren Li, Xiao-Jun Wu, Zhi-Fan Zeng, Wei-Wei Xiao and Yuan-Hong Gao Tags: Research Source Type: research

High dose simultaneous integrated boost for node positive cervical cancer
This study reports ... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - May 17, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Iresha Ayatilakebanda, Yat Man Tsang and Peter Hoskin Tags: Research Source Type: research

DE-MR simulation imaging for prone radiotherapy after breast-conserving surgery: assessing its application in lumpectomy cavity delineation based on deformable image registration
The application of delayed-enhancement magnetic resonance (DE-MR) simulation imaging in lumpectomy cavity (LC) delineation for prone radiotherapy in patients with an invisible seroma or a low seroma clarity sc... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - May 17, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Changhui Zhao, Jianbin Li, Wei Wang, Guanzhong Gong, Liang Xu, Yingjie Zhang, Fengxiang Li, Qian Shao, Jinzhi Wang, Xijun Liu and Min Xu Tags: Research Source Type: research

Outcome of early stage Merkel carcinoma treated by exclusive radiation: a study of 53 patients
Early stage Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare and aggressive primary skin cancer. The standard of care for MCC is broad excision and adjuvant external beam radiation therapy (EBRT). However, for some patie... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - May 14, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Manon Dubois, Henry Abi Rached, Alexandre Escande, Fr édéric Dezoteux, Franck Darloy, Anaïs Jouin, Maeva Kyheng, Julien Labreuche, Véronique Dziwniel, Xavier Mirabel and Laurent Mortier Tags: Research Source Type: research

Deep-inspirational breath-hold (DIBH) technique in left-sided breast cancer: various aspects of clinical utility
Studying the clinical utility of deep-inspirational breath-hold (DIBH) in left breast cancer radiotherapy (RT) was aimed at focusing on dosimetry and feasibility aspects. (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - May 13, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Szilvia Ga ál, Zsuzsanna Kahán, Viktor Paczona, Renáta Kószó, Rita Drencsényi, Judit Szabó, Ramóna Rónai, Tímea Antal, Bence Deák and Zoltán Varga Tags: Research Source Type: research

Comparison of hypofractionation and standard fractionation for post-prostatectomy salvage radiotherapy in patients with persistent PSA: single institution experience
Hypofractionated post-prostatectomy radiotherapy is emerging practice, however with no randomized evidence so far to support it ’s use. Additionally, patients with persistent PSA after prostatectomy may have ag... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - May 12, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Jure Murgic, Blanka Jaksic, Marin Prpic, Davor Kust, Amit Bahl, Mirjana Budanec, Angela Prgomet Secan, Pierfrancesco Franco, Ivan Kruljac, Borislav Spajic, Nenad Babic, Bozo Kruslin, Mario Zovak, Eduardo Zubizarreta, Eduardo Rosenblatt and Ana Fr öbe Tags: Research Source Type: research

Technical assessment of the NDI Polaris Vega optical tracking system
The Polaris product line from Northern Digital Inc. is well known for accurate optical tracking measurements in research and medical environments. The Spectra position sensor, to date often found in image guid... (Source: Radiation Oncology)
Source: Radiation Oncology - May 12, 2021 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Giovanni Fattori, Antony John Lomax, Damien Charles Weber and Sairos Safai Tags: Short report Source Type: research