The impact of patient age and procedure type on postoperative opioid use following ambulatory pediatric urologic procedures
AbstractPurposeThe aim of this study is to determine whether patient age and procedure type are associated with duration of opioid use in pediatric patients undergoing ambulatory urologic procedures.MethodsWe retrospectively reviewed pediatric patients who underwent outpatient urologic procedures from 2013 to 2017. At postoperative visits, parents reported the number of days their child took opioid pain medication. Factors associated with duration of opioid use were evaluated using negative binomial regression models.Results805 patients were included: 320 infants (39.8%), 430 children (53.4%), and 55 adolescents (6.8%). Ov...
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - June 29, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Surgery of pancreas tumors in pediatric and adolescent patients: a single institution experience in South America
ConclusionsSPN was the most frequent cause of surgical treatment for pediatric and adolescent patients in the high-volume cancer center in Peru and was associated with favorable survival. Pancreaticoduodenectomy was safely performed in this patient group with acceptable morbidity and zero mortality. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - June 29, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Gynecological and psycho-sexual aspects of women with history of anorectal malformations
ConclusionThis study confirms the importance of a multidisciplinary long-term follow-up for ARM patients, including a careful study of the reproductive tract to detect and treat those conditions that could affect the fertility. Moreover, an appropriate psychological support should be provided. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - June 29, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Preventive effect of prophylactic intravenous antibiotics against cholangitis in biliary atresia: a randomized controlled trial
ConclusionLong-term intravenous antibiotics can be replaced by the short-term regimen in the general protection against post-Kasai cholangitis. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - June 29, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Refinements in surgical techniques for visualized tunnel formation in laparoscopic-assisted anorectoplasty
ConclusionOur experience demonstrates that a visualized tunnel formation in the LMT center can be achieved by the clamp-dilator introduction technique in LAARP for both high and intermediate ARMs (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - June 29, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Percutaneous nephrolithotomy in children
ConclusionsRefinements in percutaneous access techniques, miniaturization of instruments, and technologic advances in energy sources for lithotripsy have led to improvement of outcomes and have lowered the morbidity rates in children following PCNL. It is a safe and effective means of clearing large volumes of renal calculi with minimal morbidity. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - June 29, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Impact of preservation of the azygos vein during surgical repair of esophageal atresia-tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF): a systematic review and meta-analysis
AbstractEsophageal atresia-tracheoesophageal fistula (EA-TEF) is one of the common congenital anomalies occurring in newborns. Over the last eight decades, various technical modifications have been proposed in the surgical repair of EA-TEF. Preservation of azygos vein is one such modification that has gained considerable attention. However, a consensus statement regarding the superiority of its preservation over its division is lacking. We aim to compare the outcomes of surgery between the two groups of newborns, i.e., those undergoing repair with and without azygos vein preservation, in terms of its complications. The aut...
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - June 29, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Anal canal duplication in children: a monocentric experience of 12 cases
ConclusionDiagnosis of anal canal duplication should be suspected when a perineal opening positioned behind the anus is present, and necessitates further exploration by a comprehensive clinical examination and imaging. Surgery is always required, typically performed via a posterior sagittal approach. The postoperative course is usually uncomplicated. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - June 29, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Comment on “Do post-operative phone calls enhance family satisfaction and outcomes after outpatient pediatric urological surgeries? A prospective study”
(Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - June 29, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Magnet ingestion in children and its implications: tertiary centre experience
ConclusionsMagnets ingestion in children can be tricky when it comes to management. Complications can happen quite often and carry severe risks on children. An updated structured algorithm is proposed to manage children with magnet ingestion. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - June 2, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Impact of Clostridium difficile infection on pediatric appendicitis
This study utilizes the combined 2009 and 2012 Kids ’ Inpatient Database. Statistical analysis is weighted and was done using Survey Sampling and Analysis procedures in SAS 9.4.ResultsWe identified 176,934 cases with appendicitis and 0.2% (n = 358) had a concurrent diagnosis ofC. difficile. The proportion of cases withC. difficile in perforated appendicitis was greater than in the non-perforated cases (0.39% vs. 0.06%;p 
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - June 2, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Comparison  of non-invasive physiological assessment tools between simple and perforated appendicitis in children
AbstractPurposeThe role of non-invasive measures of physiologic reserve, specifically the Compensatory reserve index (CRI) and the Shock index pediatric age-adjusted (SIPA), is unknown in the management of children with acute appendicitis. CRI is a first-in-class algorithm that uses pulse oximetry waveforms to continuously monitor central volume status loss. SIPA is a well-validated, but a discontinuous measure of shock that has been calibrated for children.MethodsChildren with suspected acute appendicitis (2 –17 years old) were prospectively enrolled at a single center from 2014 to 2015 and monitored with a Cip...
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - June 2, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Impact of overweight/obesity on clinical outcomes after reduction for intussusception in children
AbstractPurposeChildhood obesity is a worsening epidemic. Little is known about the impact of overweight and obesity (OV –OB) on clinical outcomes after reduction for intussusception in children. The aim of this study was to compare clinical outcomes after primarily air enema reduction for intussusception in grouped OV–OB (body mass index-for-age percentile ≥ 85) pediatric patients compared with no OV–OB p atients.MethodsA retrospective study of 564 children who had undergone intussusception reduction via pneumatic reduction (PR) from April 2018 to January 2020 was conducted with assessme...
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - June 2, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Same-day discharge after laparoscopic appendectomy for non-perforated appendicitis is safe and cost effective
AbstractAim of the studyTo compare the outcomes and hospital charges of patients who underwent laparoscopic appendectomy for non-perforated appendicitis and were discharged home either shortly after the operation after being admitted for overnight observation.MethodsPostoperative (30-day) emergency department (ED) visits, hospital readmissions, and reoperations were compared between patients who were discharged shortly after surgery (same-day discharge [SDD] group) and patients who were discharged after spending one night in the hospital (overnight observation group). Study period: July/2015 to June/2019. Patients with per...
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - June 2, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Radiation burden in patients with esophageal atresia: a systematic review
AbstractEsophageal atresia (EA) is the most common congenital esophageal disorder. Radiological imaging facilitates diagnosis, surgical interventions, and follow-up. Despite this, standardized monitoring guidelines are lacking. We aimed to: (1) review the literature regarding radiation burden in children with EA; (2) establish the presence of guidelines for diagnosis and follow-up in children with EA. The systematic review was performed according to PRISMA protocol. Two investigators conducted independent searches (PubMed, Ovid, Cochrane Review) and data extraction. Analysis focused on pre- and post-operative imaging type ...
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - June 2, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

A retrospective review of gastroschisis epidemiology and referral patterns in northern Ghana
ConclusionsImproving access to surgical care and reducing neonatal mortality related to gastroschisis in northern Ghana is critical. This study provides a baseline to inform future gastroschisis interventions at TTH. Priority areas may include special management of low birth weight newborns, better referral systems, empowerment of community health workers, and increasing access to timely, affordable, and safe neonatal transport. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 31, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Preoperative risk factors for the early failure of the Kasai portoenterostomy in patients with biliary atresia
ConclusionDue to bad prognosis found in EF-K patients, we believe that it could be reasonable to offer them a primary LTx. PELD score was found to be the strongest preoperative parameter that allows predicting which patient will likely have an early failed KP. Further prospective and multicenter studies are needed to reinforce these results. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 31, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

The fragility index may not be ideal for paediatric surgical conditions: the example of foetal endoscopic tracheal occlusion
(Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 29, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Evaluation of work-related musculoskeletal problems in pediatric surgeons
ConclusionsPediatric surgeons ’ complaints are related to their total numbers of surgery. Higher BMI and lower physical activity seem to be the major contributing factors for developing musculoskeletal symptoms. The study results indicated that surgeons should keep their BMI levels to the optimum and increase their physical ac tivity levels. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 27, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Re: role of urodynamics in male patients of high-anorectal malformations: a prospective study
(Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 27, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Establishment and characterization of an ovarian yolk sac tumor patient-derived xenograft model
ConclusionWe have successfully established an OYST PDX model. This OYST model preserves the basic molecular features of the primary human tumor, thereby providing a valuable method to preclinically evaluate new treatments and explore disease pathogenesis. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 24, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Comparison of super-mini versus mini percutaneous nephrolithotomy for the treatment of upper urinary tract stones in children: a single centre experience
AbstractPurposeThe efficacy and safety of super-mini percutaneous nephrolithotomy (SMP, 14 Fr) was compared with mini percutaneous nephrolithotomy (MPCNL, 16 Fr) for the treatment of upper urinary tract stones in children (
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 21, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Association of same-day discharge with hospital readmission after pediatric thyroidectomy
AbstractBackgroundStudies have demonstrated that same-day discharge (SDD) following thyroid resection is safe and feasible in adults but there are no similar studies in the pediatric age group. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the influence of SDD on 30-day readmission rates following thyroid surgery in pediatric patients.MethodsThis retrospective cohort study used the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program –Pediatric database to evaluate 30-day readmission rates among patients 
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 20, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Retraction Note to: Effect of a high fat diet on lipid absorption and fatty acid transport in a rat model of short bowel syndrome
A correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00383-021-04924-z (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 19, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Ultrasound characteristics combined with gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase for diagnosis of biliary atresia in infants less than 30 days
ConclusionsGallbladder classification was more valuable than fibrotic cord thickness in the diagnosis of BA among infants less than 30 days. Combined with gallbladder classification and GGT, the sensitivity for the diagnosis of BA can reach 100.0%. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 19, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Topical corticosteroids for phimosis in children: a network meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials
ConclusionTopical methylprednisolone, hydrocortisone, and betamethasone were observed with better clinical resolution of phimosis compared to other corticosteroids. Very high potent corticosteroids like beclomethasone and clobetasol were not observed with superior benefits compared to other corticosteroids. Considering low-potency, hydrocortisone shall be preferred until further evidence emerges. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 15, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Implementation of an evidence-based accelerated pathway: can hospital length of stay for children with blunt solid organ injury be safely decreased?
AbstractBackgroundRecent work has demonstrated that an accelerated pathway for pediatric patients with blunt solid organ injuries is safe; however, this is not well-studied in a dual trauma center. We hypothesized that implementation of an accelerated pathway would decrease length of stay (LOS) and hospitalization cost without increased mortality.MethodsRetrospective review of patients  
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 12, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Ultrasonography is useful in differentiating between cystic biliary atresia and choledochal cyst
This study was to assess whether CBA can be distinguished from CC by US.MethodsWe retrospectively studied the clinical data of 98 BCM patients aged less than 130  days between January 2013 and November 2015. The patients were divided into the CBA group and the CC group based on intraoperative cholangiography. The ultrasonographic features in each group were then analyzed.ResultsThirty-one children had CBA (type I: 24, type III: 7) and 67 children had CC (all: type I). The cyst volume did not show a significant change in the CBA group while the cyst volume increased postnatally in the CC group. Preoperative cyst volume...
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 12, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Skip segment Hirschsprung ’s disease: diagnostic clues and surgical management
AbstractIt is challenging to establish a definitive diagnosis and initiate timely management for skip segment Hirschsprung ’s disease (SSHD). Herein, we report three cases of SSHD at our institution between December 2008 and March 2018. Patient #1 was misdiagnosed and underwent three successive operations within 2 years. Patient #2 and #3 were diagnosed timely based on previous experience. A segmental narrowing detec ted by barium enema may raise the possibility of SSHD. Laparoscopic-guided multipoint biopsy is regarded as a mini-invasive and purposeful way to take representative samples after locating the segme...
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 12, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Paediatric adhesive bowel obstruction: a systematic review
AbstractAdhesions following abdominal surgery remain a common cause of bowel obstruction. The incidence is between 1 and 12.6% in children who have had previous abdominal surgery. While conservative management is usually trialled in all patients (including children) suspected of having ASBO, the majority will require surgical intervention. New materials such as Seprafilm® have been studied in the paediatric population, with promising results of its use in index abdominal surgeries to prevent the formation of adhesions. In this article, we conducted a systematic review to present an overview of the current knowledge on ...
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 12, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Crystallized phenol for treatment of pilonidal sinus disease in children: a comparative clinical study
ConclusionsThe findings showed that the CP procedure was advantageous for treatment of PSD, because it was minimally invasive, cost-effective, provided good cosmesis, and had a high success rate and low complication rate. Furthermore, it did not require prior examination, and could be performed under local anesthesia. Therefore, the CP procedure may be useful as a first-line treatment option in children with PSD. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 12, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

The fat anchor orchiopexy technique: results and outcomes from 150 cases surgical experience
ConclusionThe original Spinelli ’s technique (FAO) proves to be a safe and effective method for the treatment of palpable or distal-to-external-inguinal-ring testes. No immediate and delayed post-surgery complications were reported. In all cases, the anchored testicle remained in the scrotal position with normal vascularization. This novel surgical technique could give better options for scrotal fixation in case of low-lying cryptorchid testes. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 11, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

A pediatric surgeon ’s dilemma: does cholecystectomy improve symptoms of biliary dyskinesia?
AbstractBackgroundBiliary dyskinesia (BD) is a well-established gallbladder pathology in adult patients and rates of cholecystectomy for BD continue to rise in the United States. Many pediatric patients with vague abdominal pain of variable duration are evaluated for biliary dyskinesia. It remains unknown which cohort of pediatric patients diagnosed with BD are most likely to have sustained improvement in symptoms following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We aimed to determine whether cholecystectomy resulted in symptom relief and led to a reduction in the number of medical visits related to gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms af...
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 11, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Fragility index of meta-analyses in paediatric surgery
(Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 10, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

The combination of conventional ultrasound and shear-wave elastography in evaluating the segmental heterogeneity of liver fibrosis in biliary atresia patients after Kasai portoenterostomy
AbstractObjectiveTo retrospectively assess the value of the combination of conventional ultrasound and shear-wave elastography (SWE) in evaluating the segmental heterogeneity of liver fibrosis in biliary atresia (BA) patients after Kasai portoenterostomy.MethodsA total of 35 BA patients with liver segmental deformation were enrolled. The segmental deformation was assessed by conventional ultrasound followed with SWE examinations for evaluating the liver stiffness. Liver biopsy was performed in 11 patients in the region of SWE measurement and liver fibrosis was assessed using the Metavir classification. Aminotransferase to ...
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 9, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Gastrointestinal and oncologic outcomes of pediatric gastrointestinal lymphoma following upfront resection or biopsy of bowel masses
AbstractPurposeComplete upfront resection of pediatric gastrointestinal lymphomas is recommended over biopsy whenever feasible, but either approach may have adverse sequelae. We sought to compare gastrointestinal and oncological outcomes of pediatric gastrointestinal lymphomas who underwent attempted upfront resection or biopsy of the presenting bowel mass.MethodsWe retrospectively reviewed charts of children with gastrointestinal lymphomas treated on LMB89 and LMB96 protocols from 2000 to 2019 who underwent upfront gastrointestinal surgery, and compared resection and biopsy groups.ResultsOf 33 children with abdominal lymp...
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 8, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Functional outcomes of pediatric laparoscopic pyeloplasty: post-operative functional recovery is superior in infants compared to older children
ConclusionsThe safety profile and success of LP in infants was comparable to older children. Infant LP took shorter time to perform, while older children had increased incidence of extrinsic obstruction. Infant kidneys demonstrated better functional improvement than older children after LP. These findings should encourage more surgeons to utilize LP for pyeloplasty even in infants. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 4, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Surgical site infection after open and laparoscopic surgery in children: a systematic review and meta-analysis
AbstractSurgical site infections (SSIs) are the most common healthcare-associated infections in patients undergoing surgery. Various randomised control trials (RCTs) indicate that laparoscopic procedures can be associated with better outcomes compared to open procedures. However, how open versus laparoscopic approaches compare across various paediatric procedures with respect to SSI rate remains poorly defined. In this review, we examined RCTs that directly compare SSI rates after open versus laparoscopic operations for appendicitis, gastro-esophageal reflux, inguinal hernia, and pyloric stenosis. MEDLINE, Embase, and Web ...
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - May 1, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

In vitro models of fetal lung development to enhance research into congenital lung diseases
ConclusionWe report efficient protocols for ex vivo culture systems of pseudoglandular stage mouse embryonic lungs. These models can be applied to human samples and could be useful to  paediatric surgeons to investigate normal lung development, understand the pathogenesis of congenital lung diseases, and explore novel therapeutic strategies. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - April 7, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

The application of virtual segmentectomy based on three-dimensional computed tomography and angiography in thoracoscopic segmentectomy for children and infants
ConclusionsBased on the 3D-CTBA technique, the specific pulmonary segments invaded by the lesions and the relationship between the corresponding pulmonary vessels and bronchi can be acknowledged before the operation, which is of positive significance for the resection of complex pulmonary segments and good preoperative surgical planning. It ’s worth popularizing in the pediatric population. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - April 5, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Regional variation in gastroschisis: a nationwide database review of demographics and outcomes
AbstractBackgroundGastroschisis is an index neonatal malformation with an increasing incidence from earlier decades. The aim of this study was to investigate regional variations in patient demographics, outcomes, and costs in gastroschisis.Materials and methodsThe 2016 kid ’s inpatient database (KID) obtained from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) was used to obtain gastroschisis birth, demographic, and outcome data across four U.S. geographical regions: Northeast, Midwest, South, and West. Categorical variables were analyzed with Pearson’s Chi-sq uared test. Odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidenc...
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - March 31, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Long-term outcome and efficiency of symptom-selective approach to assess gastroesophageal reflux prior to gastrostomy in neurologically impaired children
ConclusionRoutine screening for GER is not necessary prior to gastrostomy in neurologically impaired children. Symptom-selective screening algorithm is safe and efficient in the long term. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - March 30, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

C-reactive protein/albumin ratio is a prognostic indicator for predicting surgical intervention and mortality in neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis
AbstractPurposeThe role of hypoalbuminemia and raised C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in predicting critical prognosis has been described extensively in adult literature. However, there are limited studies in pediatrics, particularly neonates. The CRP/albumin (CRP/ALB) ratio  is often associated with higher mortality, organ failure and prolonged hospital stay. We hypothesized that the serum CRP/ALB ratio has a prognostic value in predicting surgery and mortality in neonates with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).MethodsRetrospective review of all neonates with clinical and radiological evidence of non-perforated NEC tha...
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - March 29, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

The risk factors for cholestasis in patients with duodenal atresia in a single institutional cohort
ConclusionsThe occurrence of cholestasis in patients with duodenal atresia was associated with preterm delivery and severity of the inflammatory response during the perioperative period. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - March 25, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Megaprepuce: a systematic review of a rare condition with a controversial surgical management
This article is a systematic review of the literature on Megaprepuce; in par ticular the embryology, history, aetiology, and the surgical techniques available for the correction of this unique penile anomaly will be presented and discussed in this study. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - March 24, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Management of thoracic empyema in children: a survey of the Australia and New Zealand Association of Paediatric Surgeons (ANZAPS)
ConclusionAcross Australia and New Zealand there exists significant variation surrounding the intra- and post-intervention management of thoracic empyema in children. The surveyed paediatric surgeons demonstrated a preference for fibrinolytics over the use of VATS. All management regimens were within published local guidelines. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - March 22, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Analysis of chest wall elevation after the Nuss procedure using 3D body scanning technique in patients with pectus excavatum
ConclusionChest depression was effectively elevated 39  mm at the deepest point after Nuss procedure. An indirect elevation effect by pectus bars was found on the wide area of the anterior chest. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - March 19, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Neonatal surgical outcomes: a prospective observational study at a Tertiary Academic Hospital in Johannesburg, South Africa
ConclusionGram-negative sepsis was a major contributing factor in the development of morbidity and mortality in our cohort. Prevention and improvement in infection control are imperative if we are to improve outcomes in our surgical neonates. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - March 19, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Correction to: Postoperative intestinal obstruction in patients with biliary atresia impedes biliary excretion and results in subsequent liver transplantation
A correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00383-021-04873-7 (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - March 16, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

COVID-19 pre-procedural testing strategy and early outcomes at a large tertiary care children ’s hospital
ConclusionCW successfully developed a multi-disciplinary pre-procedural COVID-19 testing protocol that enabled resumption of near-normal procedural volume within three months while limiting in-hospital viral transmission and resource use. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - March 14, 2021 Category: Surgery Source Type: research